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304例化脓性眼内炎细菌培养结果分析   总被引:27,自引:1,他引:26  
目的 分析化脓性眼内炎的细菌培养结果,寻找治疗有效的抗生素。方法 对304例(304只眼)经临床诊断为化脓性眼内炎患者的玻璃体液进行细菌培养,同时对培养阳性菌株的种类及药物敏感试验结果进行分析。结果 细菌检出纺为53%,不同年份的细菌检出率变化不明显(X^2=9.29,P〉0.05),敏感抗生素为头孢哌酮。结论 经玻璃体腔抽取的玻璃体液标本进行细菌培养有助于指导化脓性眼内炎的治疗。  相似文献
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带黑色虹膜隔后房型人工晶状体植入术的临床研究   总被引:15,自引:1,他引:14  
目的 探讨治疗无虹膜白内障或无晶状体眼的有效方法。方法 总结、分析33例(34只眼)因虹膜缺损在我中心接受带黑色虹膜隔人工晶状体(intraocular lens,IOL)植入手术患者的术后疗效。随访时间1~52个月。其中IOL I期植入18只眼,Ⅱ期植入16只眼。结果 术后矫正视力≥1.0者17只眼,0.5~0.9者11只眼,0.1~0.4者6只眼;全部患者畏光症状消失;术后无IOL脱位等并发症发生。结论 带黑色虹膜隔人工晶状体植入手术是治疗无虹膜白内障或无晶状体眼安全、有效的方法。  相似文献
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Z D Lin  S Z Li  Y Z Liu  L Lu 《眼科学报》1989,5(3-4):84-6, 109
The intraocular pressure (IOP) course during the first postoperative month was measured with Goldmann applanation tonometry in 93 eyes. The patients include 30 eyes of intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE), 32 eyes of extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) and 31 eyes of ECCE combined with posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) implantation. The preoperative average IOP was 13.30 +/- 3.24 mmHg in 93 eyes. The first day after cataract extraction was 25.33 +/- 8.18 mmHg and 59 eyes (63.44%) had an IOP higher than 23 mmHg. On the second day it was 16.03 +/- 7.54 mmHg. On the third day it was 14.69 +/- 5.45 mmHg. On the seventh day it was 13.32 +/- 3.44 mmHg and only 2 eyes (2.14%) IOP was higher than 23 mmHg. The first postoperative month average IOP was 12.93 +/- 1.31 mmHg and it was above 23 mmHg in only one eye. When compared with preoperation a significant increase in IOP was found postoperatively. But on the seventh day and after the first month there was no significant difference (P greater than 0.05). The IOP rise among ICCE group, ECCE group and PC-IOL group did not differ significantly.  相似文献
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目的:探讨用表面角膜镜片术治疗严重的Terrien's边缘角膜变性的效果。方法:全部病例为严重的周边角膜环形或部份变薄,厚度小于正常1/3,用带2mm环形巩膜的全角膜板层移植片移植到去除上皮的角膜植床。手术前及手术后定期行角膜曲率,散瞳验光检查。结果:本组病例随访时间3 ̄13个月,平均10个月。随访期间,镜片全部透明。术前角膜散光平均11.5D,术后散光平均3.9D。术后矫正视力除一例稍降外,3例  相似文献
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the position of iris-claw phakic intraocular lens (ICPIOL) in highly myopic eyes by Scheimpflug photography (SP) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). METHODS: Nine eyes of five patients aged 31+/-10 years with average spherical equivalent of -16.04+/-5.46 D (range -7.88 to - 22.88 D) were enrolled in this prospective study and implanted with Verisyse ICPIOLs (AMO). The anterior segment was evaluated by SP and UBM preoperatively and for at least 1 month postoperatively. The statistical significance may be questionable due to the limited number (nine) of eyes. RESULTS: By SP and UBM, the distance between corneal endothelium and lens (anterior chamber depth) preoperatively was 3.10+/-0.14 and 3.07+/-0.11 mm, respectively; between ICPIOL and corneal endothelium (pseudo-anterior chamber depth), 1.88+/-0.09 and 1.99+/-0.12 mm, respectively; between lens and posterior surface of ICPIOL (IL), 0.76+/-0.13 and 0.67+/-0.06 mm, respectively; between superior optic edge and iris (SOEI), 0.23+/-0.23 and 0.58+/-0.24 mm, respectively; between inferior optic edge and iris (IOEI), 0.07+/-0.13 and 0.41+/-0.22 mm, respectively; between ICPIOL haptics and the angle of anterior chamber (HA), 0.90+/-0.17 and 1.45+/-0.13 mm, respectively. ACD was well correlated between the two methods, but PACD, IL, OEI, HA were not. The postoperative measures, except IL, were significantly different between the two methods. CONCLUSION: The differences between measurements by SP and UBM reveal the ICPIOL's position variations with change of body position. Nevertheless, it seems adequate that space is maintained between ICPIOL and corneal endothelium, angle, and crystalline lens. The ICPIOL implanted in phakic eyes seems a safe alternative for treatment of high myopia.  相似文献
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