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1.
包头市农牧区老年人生活质量的研究   总被引:14,自引:1,他引:13  
目的了解包头市农、牧区老年人生活质量的现状,分析其可能的影响因素,同时比较农、牧区老年人生活质量上存在的差异.方法采用WHO推荐的生活质量评价量表SF-36(theshort-formhealthsurveyquestionnaire,SF-36)入户访问调查.结果①农、牧区老年人SF-36量表的加权总分分别为64.16±18.76和73.94±17.48,经年龄和性别调整后表现为牧区老年人得分高于农村老年人(F=137.8,P<0.001).②多元线性回归分析结果表明影响农村老年人生活质量的主要因素有慢性病、年龄、就医情况、文化程度和性别.影响牧区老年人生活质量的因素主要有慢性病、就医情况、婚姻状况、年龄和经济收入.结论从生活质量角度来看,没有文化、丧偶、收入低的老年人是社会的脆弱人群,在制订和实施卫生服务以及社会保障政策时应予以重点考虑.  相似文献
2.
为了推进医疗设备售后服务工作,上海地区2008年继续开展了对放射诊断、超声诊断和内窥镜三类影像设备产品的售后服务调查。通过对68家医院的满意度调查数据进行统计分析,与2007年相比,三类医疗器械设备的满意度都有10%以上的提高。  相似文献
3.
INTRODUCTION: Medical student numbers in Britain are increasing rapidly, beyond the capacity of most teaching hospitals, with more clinical teaching taking place in district general hospitals (DGHs). Surveys show that students value the intensive clinical teaching, smaller student numbers and perceived greater friendliness in DGHs. This paper explores DGH staff attitudes to teaching--their level of initial enthusiasm, their attitudes to current teaching, its effect on the hospital and to the sustainability of DGH undergraduate teaching--as both student numbers and service workloads continue to rise. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 6 key informants were used to generate themes for a 19-question pre-piloted anonymous postal questionnaire sent to all 68 staff involved in undergraduate medical teaching in Northampton General Hospital. RESULTS: The total response included 85% of consultants. Responses in the 3 staff groups were similar. Most respondents felt enthusiastic at the prospect of medical students, although they realised that this would be intellectually challenging and increase time pressures. These predictions were largely fulfilled. Respondents felt that in comparison to teaching hospitals the DGH teaching was more clinically based and consultant-led, with more approachable staff. Currently 41 respondents (82%) felt that they had inadequate teaching time. A majority felt that the arrival of students had improved patient care and that their department had benefited. Thirty-seven responders (74%) felt that the planned doubling of student numbers would impose an unsustainable departmental load, and would compromise teaching quality. The change felt most necessary to support additional teaching was increased clinical medical staff. Better co-ordination between the DGH and the medical school was also felt necessary. The most popular choice for the distribution of extra teaching finance was to the teacher's directorate, i.e. speciality [33 (66%)]. Forty-four (86%) felt that increased student numbers would have a significant impact on the character of the hospital. The 108 free-text comments (2.1 per respondent) centred on hospital character and the benefits of students. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows a considerable initial enthusiasm for teaching in DGH staff, which is persisting despite increasing student numbers. However, the current teaching load is seen to be substantial. Teaching more students is likely to produce major problems, based on lack of teaching time and increasingly heavy service commitments rather than lack of patients. This is likely to be a widespread problem for DGHs. Failure to ensure adequate teaching staff and facilities as well as co-ordination could threaten the sustainability of this potentially valuable teaching initiative.  相似文献
4.
吴宝铮  王慧琴 《中国妇幼保健》2006,21(24):3404-3406
目的:了解小学生存在的心理行为问题。方法:对116名7~12岁的小学生分别用Achenbach儿童行为调查表、教师报告表、Conners父母症状问卷、Conners教师用简明问卷进行评定。结果:低、高年级组各行为问题分差异无显著性,教师问卷与家长问卷相比,大多数差异显著。儿童行为问题检出率20.0%。结论:结合家长与教师的评价,有助于全面了解学生;对注意缺陷多动障碍应严格按照诊断标准判断,以免将其扩大化。  相似文献
5.
INTRODUCTION: Whether or not third mailings are appropriate or worthwhile in postal epidemiological studies has not been thoroughly investigated and requires examination. METHODS: A self-completion postal questionnaire of 2184 individuals was conducted in 2000. The socio-demographic and health characteristics of four groups of individuals (first mailing respondents, second mailing respondents, third mailing respondents and non-respondents) were compared. RESULTS: Some significant differences between the groups were found, however, the inclusion of respondents to the third mailing did not significantly change the overall characteristics of respondents compared to non-respondents. DISCUSSION: When differences do exist between respondents and non-respondents, our results suggest that a third mailing is unlikely to remove many of these differences. The study supports our previous suggestion that the effort and resources expended in carrying out a third mailing may not be justified.  相似文献
6.
A survey was conducted to assess psychiatrists' knowledge and attitudes regarding the costs of various psychiatric treatments. Psychiatrists (n = 500) were randomly selected from the membership of the Ohio Psychiatric Association. The survey explored several aspects of psychiatrists' knowledge of costs, including estimated prices of 24 specific psychiatric treatments (frequently used psychotropic medications, laboratory tests, and inpatient and outpatient procedures) as well as their level of confidence in their estimates. The survey also asked a series of attitude/opinion questions and specific demographic data. The psychiatrists (n = 265, 59% response) perceived that knowing the costs of treatments was an important consideration when choosing a particular treatment. Psychiatrists' actual knowledge of the costs of treatment was inconsistent with their beliefs of the importance of knowing the costs as well as their reported confidence in their knowledge of costs. Information about the costs of psychiatric treatments is an important clinical consideration and a program to improve clinicians' knowledge of the costs of psychiatric treatment could occur during residency training.  相似文献
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8.
[目的]探索安徽省艾滋病流行县AIDS家庭中青少年心理卫生问题及其影响因素,为制定相应的干预措施提供科学依据。[方法]从安徽省6个艾滋病综合防治项目县(萧县、利辛、界首、临泉、濉溪、郎溪)抽取168个AIDS家庭(每户父母双方至少有一方HIV检测阳性),每个家庭调查1名10~18岁青少年,共调查了168名AIDS家庭中的青少年。使用症状自评量表(SCL-90)、多维学生生活满意度量表(MSLSS)、自尊量表(SES)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)、家庭支持量表(PSS-Fa)及一般项目进行调查。采用Pearson相关分析和Logistic回归分析对各组指标进行分析。[结果]AIDS家庭中青少年心理卫生问题总检出率为20.2%,年龄越大检出率越高。积极应对和消极应对得分与SCL-90各因子得分均显著相关。年龄越大、同学朋友关系疏远、消极应对得分越高是AIDS家庭中青少年心理卫生问题的危险因素,积极应对和家庭支持得分越高是AIDS家庭中青少年心理卫生问题的保护因素。AIDS家庭中青少年心理卫生问题主要受积极应对、消极应对、家庭支持和同学朋友关系的影响。[结论]改善AIDS家庭中青少年的应对方式,促进家庭成员间的相互支持,改变农村有关艾滋病歧视现象是促进AIDS家庭中青少年心理健康的重要途径。  相似文献
9.
In this article we present an example of our method for instrument development. This method is called the Development Cycle. It consists of four main stages: (1) defining the requirements for an instrument; (2) research, design and pilot testing; (3) implementation and (4) evaluation. An application of the Development Cycle was realized within a project for the development of a basic questionnaire about work and health, to be used at periodic health surveys. This questionnaire had to identify work and work-related health problems in employees with divergent occupations and working conditions. The design of the instrument and the results of its trial in 517 employees is presented. The evaluation of the test results and the modification of the questionnaire are discussed. From 1995, the questionnaire has been implemented in the Dutch OHS services quite successfully.  相似文献
10.
目的 探讨ST段抬高性心肌梗死(STEMI)急性期的心脏标记物与6个月后生存质量的关系.方法 测定76例STEMI患者入院时(0h)和发病24h的N-末端脑利钠肽前体(NT-proBNP)、心肌肌钙蛋白I(cTnI)、肌酸激酶同工酶MB(CK-MB)、肌红蛋白(Myo).6个月后应用SF-36量表进行生存质量调查,通过多元线性回归分析法筛选出与生存质量有关的心脏标记物.结果 SF-36量表总评分和生理功能、躯体疼痛、一般健康状况评分与入院时(0 h)和发病24 h的NT-proBNP呈负相关(P<0.05);SF-36量表总评分、生理功能和躯体疼痛评分与入院时(0 h)和发病24 h的cTnI呈负相关(P<0.05);SF-36量表总评分与躯体疼痛评分仅与发病24h的CK-MB呈负相关(P<0.05).生命活力评分仅与入院时(0h)的Myo呈负相关(P<0.05).结论 STEMI急性期的心脏标记物水平越高,可能预示其6个月后的生存质量越低.  相似文献
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