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Abstract: Parker, Tupling & Brown's Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), a self-rating scale for the measurement of perceived rearing attitudes of parents, was translated into Japanese and distributed to final-year high school students and to their parents. For each PBI score, ratings of each parent, made independently by family members, were weakly but significantly correlated. The social desirability score showed only a modest correlation to PBI scores. A factor analysis of the data, limiting the number of the factors retained to two, resulted in factor loading patterns similar to those reported by Parker, Tupling & Brown.  相似文献
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Impact of the Children''s Epilepsy Program on Parents   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:1  
A randomized controlled trial was conducted in Santiago, Chile to test the efficacy of the Children's Epilepsy Program, a child-centered, family-focused intervention developed and pilot tested in Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A., using a counseling model for parents of children with seizure disorders to help them (a) deal with their anger, resentment, and grief related to the loss of a normal child; (b) increase their knowledge about caring for their child; (c) reduce anxieties related to having a child with a seizure disorder; and (d) improve their decision-making skills. All parents were pretested and then retested 5 months after the educational interventions. Parents in the experimental group (n = 185) and their children separately attended four 1 1/2-h sessions and then met together at the end of each session to share learning experiences. Comparison group parents (n = 180) and their children jointly attended three 2-h lecture sessions followed by question-and-answer periods. Although parents' overall knowledge of epilepsy was relatively high initially, it improved considerably in both comparison and experimental groups. With regard to anxiety, at the 5-month evaluation, experimental group parents and mothers in particular were more likely than control parents to state that they were less anxious (p less than 0.001), and their anxiety, as measured by the Taylor Manifest Anxiety scale, was significantly reduced (p less than 0.01).  相似文献
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This community-based study examined the influence of early teaching interventions on children diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Disorders, and the dynamics between the time intensity of the interventions and parenting stress, on child outcomes. Intellectual, educational, and adaptive behavior and social functioning were all measured. Sixty-five children were divided into four groups, based on the levels of time intensity of their intervention, and on their parents' stress levels. There were gains in intellectual, educational, and adaptive behavioral and social skills, and there was a positive relationship between the time intensity of the early teaching interventions and child outcome gains. More importantly, however, high levels of parenting stress counteracted the effectiveness of the early teaching interventions.  相似文献
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Abstract: We investigated the age- and sex-distribution of Typus melancholicus (TM) score by Kasahara's scale and the relationship of that score to various clinical characteristics in 110 unipolar depressive outpatients. The following results were obtained: The TM score in depressives is always constant regardless of age or sex, and has no relationship to clinical characteristics such as age, onset age, severity of depression, previous episodes, stress of life events, existence of melancholia, and the 4-month outcome. Patients with a higher TM score had no history of previous hypomanic episodes, while patients with a lower TM score had a significantly lower prevalence of early parental loss compared to those with moderate and higher TM scores. No difference in the prevalence of depressive family history was found between patients with different TM scores.  相似文献
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PURPOSE: Validity studies on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scales for pediatric epilepsy are few, and cross-validation with other samples has not been reported. This study was designed to assess the validity of three parent-rated measures of HRQOL in pediatric epilepsy: (a) the Impact of Childhood Illness Scale (ICI), (b) the Impact of Child Neurologic Handicap Scale (ICNH), and (c) the Hague Restrictions in Epilepsy Scale (HARCES). METHODS: Retrospective data were examined for 44 children with intractable epilepsy. Validity was assessed by evaluating differences across epilepsy severity groups as well as correlations between HRQOL scales and neurologic variables (seizure severity, epilepsy duration, current/prior antiepileptic medications) and psychosocial measures (emotional functioning, IQ, social skills, adaptive behavior). Scale overlap with a global QOL rating also was assessed. RESULTS: The HRQOL measures were moderately to highly intercorrelated. The scales differed in terms of their associations with criterion measures. The HARCES was related to the highest number of neurologic variables and the ICNH to the fewest. All three scales were related to psychosocial functioning and to global quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the three measures are likely adequate measures of HRQOL for use in intractable childhood epilepsy. The measures were highly intercorrelated, and they were all broadly related to criterion measures reflecting specific domains of HRQOL as well as global QOL. Some differences between scales emerged, however, that suggest care in choosing HRQOL instruments for children with epilepsy.  相似文献
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A community-based early intervention psychology service for pre-school children with emotional and behavioural problems is described. The intervention included parent training groups, a weekly open clinic, and multi-agency training, liaison and consultancy. The aims were to provide successful intervention to families, to maximise liaison with community staff and to provide a seamless service to and from the main hospital department. Evidence indicated improvements in parental coping and children's behavioural difficulties using standardised measures and gains were maintained at 6- and 12-month follow-up. This article outlines a framework for service delivery in a small community with high socio-economic deprivation.  相似文献
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目的探讨Wingspan支架辅助弹簧圈栓塞治疗症状性载瘤动脉狭窄合并未破裂动脉瘤的临床疗效。方法回顾性分析Wingspan支架辅助弹簧圈栓塞治疗的35例颅内未破裂动脉瘤合并症状性载瘤动脉狭窄患者的临床资料,分析手术技术成功率、操作相关并发症、造影和临床随访结果。结果35例患者技术成功率为100%;术后载瘤动脉平均残余狭窄率为17.4%;操作相关致残率为5.7%(2/35);动脉瘤完全栓塞25例(71.4%),次全栓塞7例(20.O%),不全栓塞3例(8.6%)。35例患者临床随访1d-37月,平均18-3个月;终点事件(病变血管供血区域发生的卒中或死亡)发生率为11.4%(4/35)。31例患者脑血管造影平均随访10.6个月,支架内再狭窄率为12.9%(4/31),动脉瘤再通率为6.5%(2,31)。结论Wingspan支架辅助弹簧圈栓塞治疗症状性载瘤动脉狭窄合并未破裂动脉瘤具有较好的临床疗效。  相似文献
10.
南通市青少年网络成瘾现状及与父母教养方式的关系   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
目的 了解南通市青少年网络成瘾现状及与父母教养方式之间的关系,为预防和干预青少年网瘾提供理论依据.方法 采用自制一般情况调查表、Young网络成瘾问卷(IAII)、父母养育方式评价量表(EMBU),对分层、随机抽样收集的3400例中小学生进行调查,小学生、初中生、高中生实际人数比为3∶2∶1.结果 (1)南通市青少年上网率92.14%,男生高于女生(P<0.05);(2)网络成瘾现患率3.29%,男生高于女生(P<0.01);(3)初中生和高中生网络成瘾的现患率明显高于小学生 (P<0.01);(4)学习成绩差的网瘾率明显高于成绩较好和成绩中等者(P<0.01);(5)成瘾组的EM-BU父母严厉惩罚、过分干涉、拒绝否认、过度保护因子分均显著高于非成瘾组(P<0.01),而父母的情感温暖因子分非成瘾组显著高于成瘾组(P<0.01).结论 南通市青少年网络成瘾与父母教养方式密切相关,须引起重视.  相似文献
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