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1.
陈红亮 《中医学报》2016,(6):910-912
目的:观察理筋通督手法治疗颈性眩晕的临床疗效。方法:将120例颈性眩晕患者随机分成3组,理筋通督组、传统手法组及安慰剂组。理筋通督组采用理筋通督手法;传统手法组采用传统手法;安慰剂组口服维生素C。结果:理筋通督手法可显著减缓患者基底动脉舒张期最低血流速度(P0.05)。理筋通督组有效率为93.67%,传统手法组有效率为67.5%,安慰剂组有效率为17.5%,3组比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05),理筋通督组明显优于其他两组。结论:理筋通督手法治疗颈性眩晕临床疗效显著。  相似文献   
2.
高血压病是我国发病率较高的疾病之一,西医治疗以长期服用降压药物为主要治疗方式,但常因依从性差的原因导致血压控制不佳,而用中医辨证治疗对于首次发现高血压的患者,可明显有效地降低高血压的发病率。高血压病在中医学中属"眩晕",在临床中常常会用半夏白术天麻汤来治疗眩晕,本文通过跟师医案及临床收集介绍半夏白术天麻汤治疗高血压眩晕临证方药的运用。  相似文献   
3.
目的:观察平肝定眩汤对肝阳上亢型后循环缺血性眩晕的疗效。方法:选取2017年6月-2018年10月烟台业达医院收治的后循环缺血性眩晕的患者120例,按随机数字表法分为治疗组和对照组。治疗组和对照组各60例,两组一般的资料经统计学方法,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),具有可比性。两组均给予改善循环,控制血压、血糖,调节血脂,抗血小板聚集等基础治疗。治疗组给予平肝定眩汤,对照组给予平眩胶囊。两组疗程均为4周,观察两组患者治疗前后总体症状,脑血流速度、血脂、血糖等指标改善情况。采用SPSS 11.0统计学软件进行计算。结果:治疗组总有效率91.7%(55/60),对照组总有效率61.6%(37/60),两组疗效比较有统计学意义(P<0.05)。治疗组三酰甘油(Triglyceride,TG)、血清总胆固醇(Serum Total Cholesterol,TC)、HDL-C、LDL-C治疗后显著改善,与治疗前比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);对照组TG及TC治疗前后差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(High Density Liptein Cholesterol,HDL-C)及低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(Low Density Liptein Cholesterol,LDL-C)治疗前后比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。两组治疗后TC比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。两组治疗后空腹血糖(Fasting Plasma Glucose,GLU)明显降低(P<0.05),两组间的治疗后比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。治疗组治疗后椎动脉(Vertebral Artery,VA)、基底动脉(Basilarartery,BA)平均血流速度(Mean Blood Flow Velocity,VM)明显提高,与对照组治疗后相比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:平肝定眩汤治疗后循环缺血性眩晕在改善患者症状、降低血液黏稠度,改善脑血流状况方面疗效显著。  相似文献   
4.
IntroductionCaloric testing is the most frequently used test to assess peripheral vestibular function since the beginning of the 20th century. However, the video head impulse test, vHIT, has gained prominence in the field of neurotology, as it is a faster examination, easier to perform and less uncomfortable for the patient.ObjectiveTo compare, through systematic review and meta-analysis, the proportion of altered cases between vHIT tests and caloric testing in patients with chronic dizziness, in addition to assessing the sensitivity and specificity of vHIT, with caloric testing as the gold standard.MethodsThe literature search was carried out in the PubMed, Scopus, BVS-Bireme, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane and ProQuest indexed databases, with no restrictions regarding the publication period. All articles that contained the results of the two tests were included in the evaluation of patients with dizziness. Two researchers independently conducted data selection and extraction from the studies, strictly following the inclusion and exclusion criteria defined in the research protocol. In case of disagreement during the selection, a discussion was carried out with a third evaluator.ResultsEleven of the 1293 initial articles met the eligibility criteria and were analyzed. 2670 patients were evaluated, of which 1112 (41.6%) were males and 1558 (58.4%) females, with a mean age of 51.6 years. The proportion of altered results in the vHIT was 21% (95%CI 9% –33%), and 55% in the caloric testing (95%CI 43% –67%).ConclusionThe vHIT does not substitute for caloric testing. The tests are complementary in assessing the patient with dizziness, as they describe the tonotopy of the ampullary crest at different frequency ranges of stimulation. In chronic cases, the vHIT has a low sensitivity and high diagnostic specificity in comparison to caloric testing.  相似文献   
5.
颈性眩晕的分型治疗及疗效分析   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
目的 将颈性眩晕分为上、下颈性眩晕,采取不同治疗方法并与常规治疗方法的疗效比较,以寻求更好的治疗方法。方法 将135例颈性眩晕随机分为试验组和对照组,对其治愈率及治疗时间进行统计学分析。结果 试验组的治愈率高于对照组,而试验组的治疗时间短于对照组,均有统计学意义。结论 对颈性眩晕进行分型并采用不同的治疗方法能提高治愈率,缩短治疗时间。  相似文献   
6.
经皮激光椎间盘减压术治疗颈性眩晕的临床研究   总被引:10,自引:2,他引:8       下载免费PDF全文
目的探讨经皮激光椎间盘减压术治疗颈性眩晕的疗效及机制。方法对31例颈性眩晕患者36个突出间盘行经皮激光椎间盘减压术,观察术后3个月以上的疗效。结果28例术后眩晕立即消除(90%),明显改善者2例(7%),无效者1例(3%),无神经损害、感染等并发症发生。结论导致颈性眩晕的主要原因是颈椎间盘突出、颈椎失稳,激惹交感神经诱发椎动脉痉挛。钩突关节肥大并非是主要致病因素。经皮激光椎间盘减压术使椎间盘内压骤然降低,加之局部直接热疗,从而可消除椎动脉痉挛,对治疗颈性眩晕有明显疗效。  相似文献   
7.
Benign positional vertigo is a potentially disabling condition characterized by episodic vertigo following certain provocative head movements. In most patients it is self limiting; however, in a few it may prove intractable, causing considerable social morbidity. In these patients surgery may be considered. Surgery previously involved section of the vestibular or singular nerves, involving a significant risk to hearing and to the facial nerve. Ablation of the labyrinth may even be considered. The new surgical technique of occlusion of the posterior semicircular canal has proved to be curative in most patients with benign positional vertigo with little risk to hearing. This paper describes our experience of fenestration and occlusion of the posterior semicircular canal in four patients.  相似文献   
8.
Phobic postural vertigo: a first follow-up   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Seventy-eight patients with phobic postural vertigo (PPV) and 17 patients with psychogenic disorder of stance and gait (PSG) were asked to evaluate their condition 6 months to 5.5 years after their original referral and short-term psychotherapy. Two results seem most important: (1) PPV had a favourable course with a 72% improvement rate (22% of patients becoming symptom free), whereas the majority of patients with PSG (52%) remained unchanged; (2) the majority of patients with PPV experienced complete remission or considerable improvement even if their condition had lasted between 1 and 20 years prior to diagnosis. Complete remission of PSG was observed only if the disorder had been present less than 4 months; there was no improvement if it had lasted longer than 2 years. PPV can be defined as a distinct clinical entity with a relatively benign course. It can be reliably diagnosed on the basis of typical features.  相似文献   
9.
10.
The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with better or worse quality of life in a sample of people with Menière's disease drawn from a UK self‐help group (the Menière's Society) and to assess the forms of support on which the respondents could draw. A postal survey was sent to 1000 randomly selected group members, containing validated questionnaires assessing: (1) quality of life (the Short Form 36 (SF‐36)); (2) factors that might predict quality of life; and (3) usage of resources provided to members by the Menière's Society. A total of 509 members completed the main survey, and 370 the second part of the survey. Factors associated with a less good quality of life included more severe vertigo, pressure in the ear, hearing loss and tinnitus, being younger, being female, living alone, having a lower occupational status and believing that the attitude of the consultant is unhelpful. Levels of vertigo severity in this sample were similar to those found in hospital samples, but it is possible that these respondents may differ in other respects from patients who do not join a self‐help group.  相似文献   
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