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1.
Vegetation water content (VWC) is the key input parameter for a soil moisture retrieval algorithm based on microwave remote sensing, and VWC uncertainty can limit the estimated accuracy of soil moisture. There has been little research on VWC algorithm development and validation in China, and the uncertainty of the VWC estimation method has not been well evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the uncertainty of the VWC estimation method used in the SMAP (Soil Moisture Active Passive) algorithm on three spatial scales (the point-scale, 30 m scale, and 1 km scale) for maize in northeast China. Results from three ground experimental datasets showed that the SMAP VWC estimation method was strongly biased with an average overestimation of 1.16 kg m?2,1.04 kg m?2, and 1.13 kg m?2 for the point-scale, 30 m scale, and 1 km scale respectively, and maximum bias occurred in the mid-stage of maize. Also, a new power relationship between NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and VWC was proposed for the 30 m scale based on Sentinel 2 NDVI and field VWC values from 2017 experiment, with respective R2 (coefficient of determination) and Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) values of 0.80 and 0.67 kg m?2. The results confirmed that this power relationship was still suitable for VWC estimation at the 1 km scale, and it has smaller bias than the original SMAP VWC method. Future work will be carried out to evaluate the applicability of this VWC estimation method over a lager region. It is expected that it can improve the accuracy of soil moisture by providing high precision VWC input parameters.  相似文献   
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Based on the physical randomization of completely randomized experiments, in a recent article in Statistics in Medicine, Rigdon and Hudgens propose two approaches to obtaining exact confidence intervals for the average causal effect on a binary outcome. They construct the first confidence interval by combining, with the Bonferroni adjustment, the prediction sets for treatment effects among treatment and control groups, and the second one by inverting a series of randomization tests. With sample size n, their second approach requires performing O(n4)randomization tests. We demonstrate that the physical randomization also justifies other ways to constructing exact confidence intervals that are more computationally efficient. By exploiting recent advances in hypergeometric confidence intervals and the stochastic order information of randomization tests, we propose approaches that either do not need to invoke Monte Carlo or require performing at most O(n2)randomization tests. We provide technical details and R code in the Supporting Information . Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
4.
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified behavioral activation treatment (MBAT) intervention on reducing depressive symptoms in rural left-behind elderly.

Method: This is a randomized study registered in Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-IOR-17011289). Eighty rural left-behind elderly people who had a Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score between 11 and 25 were randomly assigned to the intervention (n?=?40) and control group (n?=?40). The intervention group received both MBAT and regular treatment for 8 weeks while the control group received regular treatment. Both groups were assessed with the GDS, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) at baseline, immediately post-intervention, and at 3 months post-intervention.

Results: There were a total of 73 participants that completed the intervention. The scores of GDS and BAI decreased significantly, but the scores of OHQ increased significantly in the intervention group after 8 sessions of MBAT (P?<?.01). The reduction in depression symptoms after the intervention was maintained at the 3-month follow-up. Significant differences in GDS, BAI, and OHQ scores were observed between the intervention group and the control group (P?<?.01).

Conclusion: MBAT produced a significantly greater reduction in depressive symptoms than regular care in rural left-behind elderly.

Clinical or methodological significance of this article: A modified behavioral activation (BA) psychotherapy can significantly reduce the recurrence and seriousness of depression symptoms in the left-behind elderly with mild to moderate depression. This study also suggests that further study of the MBAT as an intervention will provide a direction for the management of mental health in rural left-behind elders.  相似文献   

5.
目的 检测蒜氨酸最低抑菌浓度(MIC)与最低杀菌浓度(MBC),探讨蒜氨酸体内外抗菌机制。方法 体外微量稀释法检测蒜氨酸MIC和MBC,荧光显微镜观察菌体表面蒜氨酸,探讨蒜氨酸抗菌机制。体内蒜氨酸和青霉素分别治疗金葡菌感染家兔脓肿,检测脓汁标本中细菌存活情况,探讨体内蒜氨酸抗菌作用。结果 蒜氨酸对大肠杆菌、伤寒杆菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、白色葡萄球菌的MIC分别为3.047 μg·mL-1、6.094 μg·mL-1、0.386 μg·mL-1、0.386 μg·mL-1,蒜氨酸体外无杀菌活性。浓汁标本:死菌率蒜氨酸治疗组显著高于阴性对照组(P < 0.01),与青霉素治疗组无明显差异(P > 0.05);活菌率蒜氨酸治疗组显著低于阴性对照组(P < 0.01),与青霉素治疗组无明显差异(P > 0.05)。结论 蒜氨酸与菌体蛋白、细菌酶蛋白结合阻断细菌与环境物质交换,抑制细菌生命活动,具有较强的抑菌作用,无杀菌活性;蒜氨酸体内代谢成大蒜素,具有较强杀菌作用。  相似文献   
6.
综述护士个人-组织契合度的概念、评估工具以及现状,通过分析影响护士个人-组织契合度的因素,明确提高护士个人-组织契合度的策略,以期为护理管理者改善护士工作环境,构建良好稳固的护理队伍提供参考.  相似文献   
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In a biological microenvironment, free fatty acids (FFA) as ubiquitous biological molecules might interact with nanoparticles (NPs) and consequently change the toxicological responses. However, whether the chemical structures of FFA could influence their interactions with NPs remain unknown. This study investigated the interactions between ZnO NPs and saturated or unsaturated FFA (complexed to BSA), namely stearic acid (SA, C18:0), oleic acid (OA, C18:1), and α-linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3). It was shown that BSA, SA, OA, and ALA increased the atomic force microscope (AFM) heights as well the polydispersity index (PDI) of ZnO NPs. BSA modestly protected THP-1 macrophages from ZnO NP exposure, whereas OA and ALA led to relatively less cyto-protective effects of BSA. Moreover, only co-exposure to ZnO NPs and SA significantly promoted the release of interleukin-8. BSA, SA, OA, and ALA equally changed intracellular ROS and Zn ions associated with ZnO exposure, but co-exposure to ZnO NPs and OA/ALA particularly activated the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-apoptosis genes. In combination, these results showed that FFA could influence the colloidal aspects and toxicological signaling pathway of ZnO NPs, which is dependent on the number of unsaturated bonds of FFA.  相似文献   
9.
目的 针对中医药大数据平台传统的加密方案效率不高的问题,提出一种高效的基于属性的内积加密的数据脱敏算法。方法 Hash(哈希)算法是应用广泛的高效的数据加密方法,但传统的哈希算法基于单一的控制策略,效率不高。本文提出一种基于属性的内积加密的数据脱敏算法,把批量的敏感数据分割为不同长度数据颗粒度,与特定密文的哈希进行内积处理。结果 在面对中医药大数据平台的海量数据加密的场景,与传统的哈希加密算法相比,本文提供的加密算法具有很好的性能。结论 为了保障个人隐私数据不被泄露,中医药大数据平台中的个人医疗数据需要加密脱敏后,才能进行分析处理或对外发布。本文提出的算法具备灵活的数据颗粒度、策略和高效的性能表现,适用于海量的中医药数据脱敏。  相似文献   
10.
目的:探讨lncRNA RP11-86H7.1在川崎病(KD)患者血清中的表达及其与临床病理特征及预后的关系。方法:筛选KD特异相关的循环lncRNA,分KD治疗前患儿组、KD治疗后患儿组、普通发热患儿组及健康儿童组,采用qPCR检测各组血清lncRNA RP11-86H7.1相对表达。分析血清lncRNA RP11-86H7.1相对表达与KD临床病理特征间关系;绘制ROC曲线,分析血清lncRNA RP11-86H7.1表达水平对KD的诊断效能。结果:KD急性患儿组血清lncRNA RP11-86H7.1相对表达量高于各对照组(P<0.05);年龄和性别比例与低表达组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);qPCR发现lncRNA RP11-86H7.1在KD急性期患儿血清中表达水平明显高于KD恢复期、健康儿童及发热儿童组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:血清lncRNA RP11-86H7.1在KD患者中表达上调,其可作为KD早期诊断和评估预后的潜在的生物标志物。  相似文献   
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