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目的观察分析眼球钝挫伤合并外伤性晶状体脱位患者周边隐匿性视网膜病变的临床特点及预后。 方法本研究纳入2013年1月至2020年1月在柳州市人民医院眼科住院诊断为眼球钝挫伤合并外伤性晶状体脱位,并行23G微创玻璃体切割联合白内障摘除手术的72例(72眼)患者。根据裂隙灯和超声生物显微镜(UBM)检查,将患者分为晶状体不全脱位组和全脱位组,详细记录2组患者的术中周边视网膜病变情况,并分析其临床特征及疗效。 结果眼球钝挫伤合并外伤性晶状体脱位患者中有周边隐匿性视网膜病变的占72.22%,其中晶状体不全脱位组发生率高达80.95%,显著大于晶状体全脱位组的60.00%(P<0.05)。2组患者的周边隐匿性视网膜病变均以隐匿性视网膜裂孔、变性和出血为最常见。所有患者术后视网膜情况稳定,视力预后较好。 结论眼球钝挫伤合并外伤性晶状体脱位患者常出现周边隐匿性视网膜病变,最常见的是视网膜裂孔、出血、变性。23G微创玻璃体切割联合白内障摘除手术是有效治疗手段,具有创伤小、并发症少的优势。  相似文献   
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BackgroundWhile studies have demonstrated favorable outcomes in utilization of primary total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) for the treatment of glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA), adverse events such as infections can still occur. Periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are associated with worse outcomes and patient morbidity. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare patient demographics amongst TSA patients with and without PJIs following primary TSA; and (2) identify patient-related risk factors for PJIs following primary TSA.MethodsPatients undergoing primary TSA for the treatment of glenohumeral OA were identified using the Mariner administrative claims database by CPT code 23,472. Laterality modifiers were utilized to ensure PJIs were developing in the correct laterality as those patients undergoing primary TSA. Inclusion for the study group consisted of patients who developed PJIs within 2-years after the index procedure, whereas patients who did not develop PJIs served as the comparison cohort. Primary outcomes analyzed included patient demographics and patient-related risk factors for PJIs following primary TSA. A stepwise backwards elimination multivariate binomial logistic regression analyses was performed to determine the odds (OR) of PJIs in patients undergoing primary TSA. A P value less than .05 was considered statistically significant.ResultsThe query yielded 15,396 patients who underwent primary TSA for glenohumeral OA, of which 191 patients developed PJIs and 15,205 did not develop PJIs. The study found statistically significant differences amongst patients who did and did not develop PJIs following primary TSA with respect to age, sex, and presence of comorbid conditions. Risk factors associated with developing PJIs following primary TSA included: pathologic weight loss (OR: 2.06, P < .0001), obesity (OR: 1.56, P = .0001), male sex (OR: 1.52, P = .007), and peripheral vascular disease (OR: 1.46, P = .022).ConclusionAs the number of primary TSAs for the treatment of glenohumeral OA increase worldwide, identifying modifiable risk-factors to reduce the incidence of infection is critical. The study found various modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors associated with developing PJIs following primary TSA. This study is valuable to orthopedists in order to identify and risk-stratify patients with regard to PJI in the setting of primary TSA for OA.Level of EvidenceLevel III; Case-Control Study  相似文献   
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In the present study, we aimed to observe the effects of ethanol extract of Oxalis corniculata L. on bleeding time (BT) and coagulation time (CT) and determine its acute toxicity in mice. Firstly, the ethanol extract of O. corniculata was administered to 40 mice, which were randomly divided into the normal control group, Yunnan Baiyao control group, low-dose group, and high-dose group. The low-dose (0.6 g/kg) and high-dose (1.2 g/kg) groups received ethanol extract of O. corniculata by gavage, and the BT and CT of the mice were measured by the slide method and tail clipping method, respectively. Secondly, the median lethal dose method was used with 50 mice to observe the physiological state, poisoning reaction, and death of the mice after intragastric administration. Finally, on the 14th day of the experiment, a necropsy was performed to observe any abnormality of the organs. In conclusion, in the coagulation and hemostasis tests, there were no statistical differences between the groups (P > 0.05), while there was a significant dose-response relationship, and the BT and CT were significantly shorter than those of the negative control group, which were comparable to the Yunnan Baiyao control group. Moreover, in the acute toxicity test, the median lethal dose of ethanol extract of O. corniculata was 6.0291 g/kg, with a 95% confidence interval of 5.3065–6.7829 mg/kg.  相似文献   
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目的基于人类免疫缺陷病毒Ⅰ型(HIV-1)感染者外周血单个核细胞(PBMCs)中HIV-1总DNA和RNA定量检测结果对感染细胞内病毒的转录活性进行区分。方法采集2017年10月至2018年12月于哈尔滨医科大学附属第四医院感染科就诊的HIV-1感染者血液样本,分离PBMCs细胞,采用PCR荧光探针法对PBMCs细胞内HIV-1总DNA和RNA进行定量检测,并计算两者比值(Ratio)。根据Ratio值筛选出HIV-1转录活跃组样本和相对非活跃组样本,另外选择健康人PBMCs样本作为对照组。对3组样本进行基因转录组表达谱检测以及人口特征差异性检验,并对基因表达谱检测结果进行主成分分析以验证对3组样本病毒转录活性区分的准确性。结果从60例感染HIV-1患者的PBMCs样本中筛选出HIV-1转录活跃组样本(10例)和相对非活跃组样本(11例),另外选择6例健康人PBMCs样本作为对照组。其中转录活跃组样本Ratio值为165.2~738.93,平均为(339.27±189.68);相对非活跃组Ratio值为4.67~42.39,平均为(17.65±11.78)。转录活跃组和相对非活跃组样本间的CD4+T细胞计数(P=0.049)和Ratio值(P<0.001)差异均具有统计学意义;3组样本年龄(P=0.989)和性别(P=0.650)分布差异无统计学意义。对3组样本的PBMCs基因表达谱主成分分析结果显示:对照组与HIV-1感染者(包括转录活跃组和相对非活跃组)间区分明显。转录活跃组和相对非活跃组间有部分样本重合,同时结果也显示当HIV-1感染者的CD4+T淋巴细胞计数与健康人无显著差异时,其细胞内的基因表达与健康人接近。结论基于HIV-1总DNA和RNA定量检测结果及两者间比值可以较好地区分PBMCs内病毒转录活性。HIV-1感染细胞内部病毒的不同转录激活状况可导致其基因表达谱的异质性。  相似文献   
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IntroductionSelective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) is a potential treatment of primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) deemed unsuitable for conventional therapy. RESIRT is the first-in-human study to evaluate safety and feasibility of SIRT for primary RCC.Patients and MethodsPatients with RCC, unsuitable for, or who declined conventional therapy, were eligible. A single transfemoral micro-catheter administration of yttrium-90 (Y-90) resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres) was delivered super selectively via the renal artery to the tumour at intended radiation doses of 75, 100, 150, 200, 300 Gy and a final cohort with a procedural endpoint of “imminent stasis,” in a dose-escalation design. Post-SIRT follow-up was 12 months. Study endpoints included safety and toxicity 30-days and 12-months post-SIRT and tumour response (RECIST v1.1).ResultsIn total, 21 patients were enrolled, mean (SD) age was 75 (9.3) years, WHO performance status was 0 in 81%, 12 (57%) had stage 3 chronic kidney disease, and 7 (33%) had prior contralateral nephrectomy. Overall, 71% of patients completed 12 months of follow-up. Intended doses were delivered without any dose-limiting toxicity. Seventeen out of 21 (81%) patients experienced an adverse event (AE) from any cause within 30 days post-SIRT; all SIRT-related AEs were grade 1 to 2. Best overall tumour responses were partial response 1/21 (4.8%), stable disease 19/21 (90.5%) and progressive disease 1/21 (4.8%).ConclusionThis study demonstrated good tolerability of SIRT at all dose levels including “imminent stasis” in treating primary tumours in RCC patients otherwise unsuitable for conventional therapy. SIRT with Y-90 resin microspheres may be a feasible treatment option for RCC.  相似文献   
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