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1.
目的:分析SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6联合检测在儿童感染性疾病中的诊断价值。方法:选择2019年1月~2020年10月某院收治的72例感染性疾病患儿开展研究,根据患儿的病原体检测结果划分为病毒感染组和细菌感染组各36例,另选择同期体检的36名健康儿童作为研究的参照组,分别比较3组的SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6等指标水平的差异。结果:细菌感染组的SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6等指标水平及阳性率均高于病毒感染组、参照组,同时病毒感染组的SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6等指标水平及阳性率高于参照组(P<0.05);SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6联合诊断的敏感度、准确度、阳性预测值、阴性预测值均高于SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6三个指标单独检测的敏感度、准确度、阳性预测值、阴性预测值,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);联合检测的特异度与单独检测特异度对比无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6联合诊断在儿童感染性疾病中具备较高的诊断价值,临床可将SAA、hs-CRP、IL-6作为该病的诊断辅助指标,有效提高疾病的诊断准确性。  相似文献   
2.
Defects of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein affect the homeostasis of chloride, bicarbonate, sodium, and water in the airway surface liquid, influencing the mucus composition and viscosity, which induces a severe condition of infection and inflammation along the whole life of CF patients. The introduction of CFTR modulators, novel drugs directly intervening to rescue the function of CFTR protein, opens a new era of experimental research. The review summarizes the most recent advancements to understand the characteristics of the infective and inflammatory pathology of CF lungs.  相似文献   
3.
PurposeThe variation in the immune response to Bartonella spp. infection in humans remains unclear. The present study compares the expression of selected interleukins, cytokines and cathelicidin (LL-37) in rheumatology clinic patients suffering from musculoskeletal symptoms with healthy blood donors. The patients had previously been tested for the presence of Bartonella henselae antibodies.MethodsGene expression of LL-37, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12, interferon-(IFN)-γ, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α)-α was determined in blood samples using quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR). Statistical analysis was prepared with STATISTICA.ResultsStatistically significant differences in the mRNA levels of the tested cytokines (IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12; p<0.0001) were observed between the healthy controls and patients; however, no difference was observed for LL37 mRNA (p ?= ?0.1974). No significant differences in mRNA expression were observed between IgG in anti-Bartonella seropositive and seronegative individuals (p>0.05). The only significant differences between the Bartonella spp. DNA positive and negative patients, indicated by PCR, were observed for TNF-α and IL-12 mRNA (p ?= ?0.0045 and p ?= ?0.0255, respectively).ConclusionA broadly similar immune response to the tested cytokines was observed among the participants irrespective of anti-Bartonella spp. IgG seropositivity. However, the Bartonella DNA-positive participants demonstrated significantly lower expression of IL-12 and TNF-α mRNA; this may indicate that these bacteria have a suppressive influence on the immune system.  相似文献   
4.
《Cancer cell》2022,40(2):153-167.e11
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5.
目的 借助网络药理学的方法,探究两组王琦教授新冠肺炎预防方(简称预防方)预防新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)的分子靶点和机制。方法 通过TCMSP数据库检索并筛选其活性成分及其作用靶点,通过Uniprot数据库进行蛋白标准化处理。从Genecards数据库中以“Novel coronavirus pneumonia”为关键词搜索获取COVID-19的靶标,构建相交靶点韦恩图。通过cytoscape3.7.2构建PPI蛋白互作网络,寻找富集数目最多的靶点。通过R语言对预防方治疗COVID-19的靶点进行GO和KEGG富集分析,并绘制气泡图。结果 预防方与新冠肺炎相关靶点涉IL-6、TNF、CXCL8、VEGFA、MMP9;GO功能富集分析分别获得53、57条通路;27、29条KEGG相关信号通路。结论 王琦教授新冠肺炎预防方中的主要活性成分为槲皮素、山奈酚、木犀草素、β-谷甾醇、植物甾醇等,可能通过作用于IL-6、TNF、CXCL8、VEGFA、MMP9、CXCL8、IL10、CCL2、IL1B等靶点和介导TNF信号通路、T细胞受体信号通路、Toll样受体信号通路等发挥作用,从而促进免疫反应、炎症反应及细菌防御反应,预防COVID-19。  相似文献   
6.
目的 基于网络药理学进行前列消汤治疗慢性前列腺炎的预测,同时采用临床试验进行验证,证明前列消汤对ⅢA型前列腺炎患者的临床疗效及对前列腺液(Expressed Prostatic Secretion, EPS)中白细胞介素17(interleukin 17, IL-17)及双头叉转录因子p3(Forkhead box p3, Foxp3)表达的影响。方法 采用网络信息学分析方法,筛选出前列消汤在ⅢA型前列腺炎治疗中发挥疗效的主要作用靶点,采用临床随机非盲法,将符合纳入标准的80例ⅢA型前列腺炎湿热下注证患者随机分为观察组和对照组各40例,观察组口服自拟前列消汤,对照组口服银花泌炎灵片。观察治疗前后两组的症状及证候评分情况、前列腺按摩液以及其IL17、Foxp3表达的差异。取40例正常男性前列腺液为正常对照。结果 网络药理学分析结果提示IL17信号通路为前列消汤治疗慢性前列腺炎的重要通路之一,临床试验结果提示经治疗后观察组有效率达89.19%,较对照组的73.68%为优(P < 0.05)。两组患者服药后的临床表现、前列腺按摩液WBC、症状及证候评分均存在明显改善。观察组和对照组IL-17水平较治疗前下降,Foxp3表达较治疗前升高(P < 0.05)。观察组对降低IL-17表达和提升Foxp3表达上较对照组差异更大(P < 0.05)。观察组治疗后与正常组IL-17和Foxp3水平比较差异较小(P > 0.05)。结论 网络药理学能一定程度上预测中药作用于疾病的相应靶点,前列消汤对ⅢA型前列腺炎湿热下注证患者的临床症状有明显改善作用,并能降低IL-17表达,对Foxp3表达有提升作用,在总有效率和对细胞因子的影响上较银花泌炎灵片组明显。  相似文献   
7.
The splanchnic anti-inflammatory pathway, the efferent arm of the endogenous inflammatory reflex, has been shown to suppress the acute inflammatory response of rats to systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here we show for the first time that this applies also to mice, and that the reflex may be engaged by a range of inflammatory stimuli. Experiments were performed on mice under deep anaesthesia. Half the animals were subjected to bilateral section of the splanchnic sympathetic nerves, to disconnect the splanchnic anti-inflammatory pathway, while the remainder underwent a sham operation. Mice were then challenged intravenously with one of three inflammatory stimuli: the toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 agonist, LPS (60 µg/kg), the TLR-3 agonist Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C, 1 mg/kg) or the TLR-2 and -6 agonist dipalmitoyl-S-glyceryl cysteine (Pam2cys, 34 µg/kg). Ninety minutes later, blood was sampled by cardiac puncture for serum cytokine analysis. The splanchnic anti-inflammatory reflex action was assessed by comparing cytokine levels between animals with cut versus those with intact splanchnic nerves. A consistent pattern emerged: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) levels in response to all three challenges were raised by prior splanchnic nerve section, while levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) were reduced. The raised TNF:IL-10 ratio after splanchnic nerve section indicates an enhanced inflammatory state when the reflex is disabled. These findings show for the first time that the inflammatory reflex drives a coordinated anti-inflammatory action also in mice, and demonstrate that its anti-inflammatory action is engaged, in similar fashion, by inflammatory stimuli mimicking a range of bacterial and viral infections.  相似文献   
8.
BackgroundIschemia reperfusion (I/R) play an imperative role in the expansion of cardiovascular disease. Sinomenine (SM) has been exhibited to possess antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anticarcinogenic properties. The aim of the study was scrutinized the cardioprotective effect of SM against I/R injury in rat.MethodsRat were randomly divided into normal control (NC), I/R control and I/R + SM (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg), respectively. Ventricular arrhythmias, body weight and heart weight were estimated. Antioxidant, inflammatory cytokines, inflammatory mediators and plasmin system indicator were accessed.ResultsPre-treated SM group rats exhibited the reduction in the duration and incidence of ventricular fibrillation, ventricular ectopic beat (VEB) and ventricular tachycardia along with suppression of arrhythmia score during the ischemia (30 and 120 min). SM treated rats significantly (P < 0.001) altered the level of antioxidant parameters. SM treatment significantly (P < 0.001) repressed the level of creatine kinase MB (CK-MB), creatine kinase (CK) and troponin I (Tnl). SM treated rats significantly (P < 0.001) repressed the tissue factor (TF), thromboxane B2 (TXB2), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and plasma fibrinogen (Fbg) and inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators.ConclusionOur result clearly indicated that SM plays anti-arrhythmia effect in I/R injury in the rats via alteration of oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction.  相似文献   
9.
目的:明确不同淋球菌体外感染单个核细胞对IL-1β、NLRP3表达的影响。方法:提取小鼠脾脏单个核细胞,通过利用分光光度计法定量菌液浓度,选取OD450值在0.2、0.6、1.0、1.4的菌液进行稀释,并感染所提取的单个核细胞,共培养6 h后采用实时荧光定量PCR检测各组细胞IL-1β、NLRP3 mRNA表达。结果:实时荧光定量PCR结果显示,IL-1β、NLRP3表达水平均显著高于空白对照组,且出现先升高后下降的趋势,以OD450值=0.6淋球菌悬液感染单核细胞时IL-1β表达最高,而淋球菌悬液OD450值=1.0感染时NLRP3表达最高。结论:淋球菌体外感染单个核细胞可导致其IL-1β、NLRP3的表达明显上调。  相似文献   
10.
目的:探究全反式维甲酸(ATRA)对IL-22处理后HaCaT细胞Cx43蛋白表达水平和细胞间隙连接通讯(GJIC)功能的影响,以及该过程是否与JNK通路有关,进一步阐明ATRA对GJIC功能影响的分子作用机制。方法:筛选ATRA影响IL-22处理HaCaT细胞最适处理时间;划痕标记染料示踪试验观察GJIC功能影响;免疫荧光检测ATRA和/或IL-22处理组Cx43、p-JNK、JNK表达水平的变化。结果:ATRA使HaCaT细胞的GJIC功能呈处理时间依赖性上升。ATRA作用于IL-22诱导HaCaT细胞后, Cx43蛋白表达水平增加, GJIC功能上调,p-JNK表达无明显变化。结论:ATRA可抑制IL-22介导的Cx43表达减少和GJIC下调作用,这一过程与JNK通路无关。  相似文献   
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