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1.
郑武  笪琴  张薇  汤恒  彭国平 《实用预防医学》2018,25(11):1325-1328
目的 分析湖北省接受艾滋病HAART患者CD4+T淋巴细胞变化趋势及影响因素。 方法 筛选2012年1月1日以后接受HAART的成年患者,利用一般线性模型、重复测量方差分析来分析患者的基线、治疗后6、12个月的CD4+T淋巴细胞计数情况及影响因素。 结果 1 843例研究对象基线CD4+T淋巴细胞计数均值为(218.94±143.96)个/μl,接受HAART后6个月为(334.31±188.62)个/μl,12个月后为(382.79±204.44)个/μl,差异有统计学意义(F=6 856.98,P=0.000)。影响HAART治疗后CD4+T淋巴细胞计数上升的主要因素是:性别、开始治疗年龄、WHO临床分期、初始治疗方案、基线CD4+T淋巴细胞计数。受性别、基线CD4+T淋巴细胞计数、开始治疗年龄、初始治疗方案等影响,治疗后CD4+T淋巴细胞计数随时间推移呈线性上升趋势;其中,女性、开始治疗年龄越小、基线CD4+T淋巴细胞计数越高、初始治疗方案含二线药物的患者上升较快。受WHO临床分期因素影响,治疗后CD4+T淋巴细胞计数随时间推移上升趋势符合二次方曲线方程,WHO临床分期越靠前,上升速度较快。 结论 湖北省艾滋病患者接受HAART后CD4+T淋巴细胞计数上升受多种因素影响,建议针对不同的患者及早开展HAART,提高抗病毒治疗的效果和患者生命质量。  相似文献   
2.

Background

Late or inadequate therapeutic management increases the risk of mortality associated with HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study was to analyze the proportion and factors associated with loss of follow-up in HIV patients who receiving antiretroviral therapy at Conakry.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study was conducted in HIV patients aged over 15 years and who receiving antiretroviral therapy. Between August 1, 2008 and July 31, 2015, all patients managed by the ambulatory treatment center of the Guinean Women Association against AIDS and sexually and transmissible infection were included. Loss of follow-up was defined as no follow-up visit within 3 months. Kaplan–Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression models were used to analyze factors associated with loss of follow-up. Analyses were performed by using Stata 13 software.

Results

614 patients aged 36.3 ± 11.2 years, mainly females (68.4%) and living in Conakry (80.5%) were included. Among them, 104 were loss to follow-up, corresponding to a proportion rate of 16.9% (95% CI: 14.2–19.7%) or 5.79/100 person-years. The results of multivariate analyses showed that factors independently associated with loss of follow-up were malnutrition (AHR = 7.05; 95% CI: 2.05–24.27; P = 0.002) and CD4 cells account at the initiation of AHR (2.35; 95% CI: 1.61–6.39; P = 0.016) in patients with 201–350 CD4/μL and 5.83 (95% CI: 2.85–11.90; P < 0.001) in patients with less than 150 CD4/μL.

Conclusion

Despite efforts of health care workers and free antiretroviral therapy, many patients were loss to follow-up. Multivariate analysis showed that malnutrition and low CD4 account were independently associated with loss to follow-up.  相似文献   
3.
Miziara ID  Weber R 《Oral diseases》2006,12(4):402-407
INTRODUCTION: Oral candidosis (OC) and hairy leukoplakia (OHL) are important markers of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection immune status. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate if OC and/or OHL should be considered clinical predictors of immune and virologic failure on HIV-infected Brazilian adults undergoing Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART). METHODS: 124 HIV-infected patients who used HAART for a minimum of six months were prospectively evaluated. All of them under-took oral examination and serum CD4+ count and viral load (VL), being divided in two groups, P and A, respectively according to the presence or absence of OC and/or OHL. During a six month period, patients belonging to group A were followed. They were re-examined for new oral lesions. New blood samples were collected and they were subdivided into groups P6 and A6. CD4+ count and VL were compared between groups at baseline and after the six months period. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and relative risk (RR) were obtained in order to assess the accuracy of using OC and OHL as predictors of immune and virologic failure, at baseline and after a six month period. RESULTS: At baseline and after six months, patients with OC and OHL have mean CD4+ count lower and mean VL higher than patients of group A and A6 (p < 0.001). OC had high PPV for immune failure and a moderated PPV for virologic failure. OHL had low PPVs for both measures. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: OC and OHL still indicate low serum CD4+ count and high VL, but OC seems to be a better predictor of immune and virologic failure in patients undergoing HAART than OHL.  相似文献   
4.
5.
艾滋病腹泻作为艾滋病患者常见的并发症之一,其病程较长、反复发作、缠绵难愈、病情较重,严重影响艾滋病患者的健康。西医治疗采用补液、抗生素、微生态制剂等方法。中医辨证治疗:脾胃虚弱证:治法:健脾化湿。推荐方药:参苓白术散加减。推荐中成药:参苓白术散。寒热错杂证:治法:清热散寒,辛开苦降,补气和中,扶正祛邪。推荐方药:半夏泻心汤加减。推荐中成药:乌梅丸。脾肾阳虚证:治法:温补脾肾,固涩止泻。推荐方药:加味赤石脂禹余粮汤合四神丸加减。推荐中成药:四神丸。临证应做到中西医优势互补,提高艾滋病相关慢性腹泻中西医结合诊疗的规范化。  相似文献   
6.
目的 了解海南省2005—2019年艾滋病病毒感染者/艾滋病病人(human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,HIV/AIDS)开始抗病毒治疗(antiretroviral therapy,ART)时的流行病学特征。方法 收集海南省2005—2019年首次接受艾滋病抗病毒治疗的HIV/AIDS病人基线相关资料进行回顾性分析。结果 3 301例研究对象中,男性占85.8%,男女性别比为6.05∶1;平均年龄为(35.95±13.37)岁;未婚者占53.6%;感染途径以性传播为主,占82.4%;WHO临床分期Ⅰ期者占82.9%;治疗病人治疗前基线CD4+T淋巴细胞计数M(P25,P75)为271(139,391)个/mm3;从确诊到开始治疗的时间间隔中位数为1.35个月。2005—2019年首次接受抗病毒治疗的HIV/AIDS 病人中,男性、未婚者、≥50岁年龄组、同性性传播感染者、治疗时临床分期为Ⅰ期、确诊到治疗的时间间隔小于1个月者的构成比呈增加趋势,CD4+T淋巴细胞计数<200个/mm3者的构成比呈逐年下降趋势( P<0.001)。结论 海南省艾滋病抗病毒治疗以青壮年男性为主,其覆盖面逐渐扩大,治疗时机有所提前,应进一步采取有效措施,早发现,早治疗。  相似文献   
7.
8.
Background: In HIV‐infected patients the risks for cardiovascular disease are multifactorial. Autonomic dysfunction has been detected in the early phase of HIV infection as well as in AIDS patients with advanced cardiomyopathy. Methods: Forty AIDS patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), 40 HIV+ naïve of HAART, and 40 control subjects were studied. Computerized analysis of heart rate variability was performed using an analog to digital converter. R‐R intervals were obtained from a standard ECG, recorded in DII lead in supine rest and after the cold‐face and tilt tests. The series of R‐R intervals were assessed in time and frequency domains using an autoregressive algorithm. Results: There was no difference regarding to mean values of R‐R intervals and variance in baseline. The normalized power of the low‐frequency (LF) component and the low‐frequency/high‐frequency (HF) ratio (LF/HF) was significantly decreased in the HIV group. Responses of normalized HF and LF/HF ratio during the cold‐face test were significantly decreased in the HIV group, as compared to the control. During the tilt test, a higher augmentation of normalized LF and the LF/HF ratio was observed in the HIV group compared with the control. The AIDS group was similar to the control in baseline and after cold‐face and tilt tests. Conclusion: The HIV group presented in baseline conditions, a shift of cardiac sympathovagal balance, an exacerbated response of the LF component during the tilt test, and an ineffective cardiac vagal response to the cold‐face test suggesting sympathetic and parasympathetic dysfunction. AIDS patients receiving HAART did not present these autonomic alterations.  相似文献   
9.

Background

Providing anti-retroviral therapy (ART) to patients free of charge enhances their wellbeing, reduces the number of opportunistic infections and enables them to live productive lives, but only if these drugs are taken regularly every day for the rest of their lives. Patients’ ART adherence levels are difficult and expensive to estimate. If simple available measures, such as pharmacy refill records, could be correlated with laboratory test results for improved CD4 counts (indicating immunological recovery) and decreased viral loads (VLs – indicating virological recovery), these could be used as preliminary measures of adherence.

Objective

The objective was to determine whether the combination of pharmacy refill records and pill counts (including counts for all medications in the HAART regimen) could predict immunological and virologic responses through increased CD4 cell counts and suppressed VL.

Results

Correlations were compiled for patients’ pharmacy refill records, pill counts, CD4 cell counts, VL counts and self-reported ART adherence at one clinic in Gaborone, Botswana. There was a weak positive, relationship between ART adherence, CD4 cell counts and VL. Pharmacy refills and pill counts adherence measurement methodologies scored high on sensitivity and positive predictive values.

Conclusions

Pharmacy refill records and pill counts are useful indicators of patients’ ART adherence levels, but should be supplemented with CD4 and VL counts at regular intervals.  相似文献   
10.
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