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1.
The coronavirus disease 2019, which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has since spread rapidly, evolving into a full-blown pandemic. We would like to report our experience after 1 year of this pandemic in the surgical service of a district hospital in Spain. There have been many changes (including new protocols) that our service and the hospital have undergone, to adapt to the new situation. We believe that this experience can be useful for other professionals who have lived and are living a similar situation.  相似文献   
2.
目的 研究新型冠状病毒肺炎常态化疫情防控下应急梯队护士的真实体验。提出针对性改善护士的心理状况的方法和建议。方法 于2021年10月选取上海市静安区闸北中心医院应急梯队的护士11名为研究对象,对其进行半结构式面对面谈话,并采用Colaizzi七步分析法进行资料分析。结果 进入应急梯队的护士普遍存在着紧张焦虑,情绪低落,身心疲惫等心理问题。而执行完应急任务后的成就感,社会的认同,多方的理解支持,有利缓解心理压力。结论 通过对新型冠状病毒肺炎常态化疫情防控下应急梯队护士的真实体验的了解,护士普遍存在各种心理问题,需要给予针对性的干预措施,提高应急梯队成员的心理素质和应急能力。  相似文献   
3.
《Journal of hand therapy》2019,32(3):334-344.e1
Study DesignGrounded theory.IntroductionThe broader perspective of health offered by the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health has had a significant bearing on how we view the measurement of health outcomes after surgical or therapy interventions for peripheral nerve disorders affecting the hand. The value of the patient's perspective is now recognized and outcomes which reflect this are being advocated in the clinical management and support of this population.Purpose of the StudyThis qualitative study sought to explore the lived experience of a hand nerve disorder and in particular the impact on body structure/function, activities, and participation.MethodsIn depth, one-to-one interviews with 14 people with a range of hand nerve disorders were conducted. Constructivist grounded theory methods were used to collect and analyze the data. Patients were also given the option of taking photographs to visually represent what it is like to live with a nerve disorder, to bring with them for discussion during the interview.ResultsThe impact of hand nerve disorders forms part of a wider narrative on adaptation. A process of “struggling” and then “overcoming” was experienced. This was followed by an interior aspect of adaptation described as “accepting.” This gave rise to participants “transforming,” being changed as a result of the journey that they had been on.ConclusionsThis study provides an explanatory theory on the adaptive process following a hand nerve disorder which may inform future patient-therapist interactions.  相似文献   
4.
以中国近代中医药期刊为主视角,以近代中医名家为研究主体,探讨近代上海名医文化区域特征。近代上海名医多家学渊源,国学功底深厚,以文会友,在期刊阵营中思想活跃;上海为近代中医药期刊创刊的主阵地,名医办刊办学,刊学相辅,使中医教育呈现出师承、家学、院校、函授等多种模式相结合的发展趋势。生逢乱世的近代上海名医,将中医的命运与民族命运紧密相连,注重扶持民族企业,研发自主品牌,这标志着近代中医民族品牌意识开始觉醒。近代上海名医具有传统中医的特色,深受江南地域文化影响,又注重吸收和借鉴西方医学,形成了异彩纷呈的海派特色。  相似文献   
5.
ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a new experience-based educational program aiming to teach social determinants of health (SDH) and health disparities, through a post-discharge home-visit conducted with patients recruited in hospital.Methods105 clinical-year students visited 177 patients living in disadvantaged circumstances. Their home-visit reports were analyzed employing mixed methodology. Content analysis was conducted for classifying issues raised by students, and quantitative analysis to compare reports by level of elaboration, gender and class.ResultsFifteen taxonomy items were identified. Social support and patients' medical conditions were most prevalent, followed by personal-related and community-related issues. Analysis demonstrated students' understanding of the relationship between SDH and patient health, and challenges patients face following discharge. Women and mixed couples provided more elaborate reports, which contained significantly greater critique of medical care.ConclusionsMeeting patients both in hospital and at home enhanced awareness of SDH. Students learned to view the patient comprehensively, and to understand the diverse factors affecting their health. Students, who had essentially sole responsibility for the home-visit, successfully integrated their skills to take action when needed.Practice implicationsThe ETGAR experience provided a means for effective learning about how social determinants impact on health.  相似文献   
6.
周亚滨教授从“伤寒最多心病”立意,通过总结《伤寒论》一书对于心病的脉证及遣方用药,指出六经辨证体系对于心病证治具有指导意义。六经辨证是涵盖了八纲以及脏腑经络辨证的学说,能够指导着脏腑经络生理、病理变化的辨证论治。文章整理周亚滨教授在基于六经病证分论的基础上,临证上运用六经辨证思维论治心病的辨证经验,用药上可概括以和、温、补、清、下法为多。  相似文献   
7.
BackgroundThe fulfilment of birth expectations is important to women and strongly related to birth satisfaction.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to investigate women’s expectations and experiences of birth and the postnatal period and associated factors. An additional aim was to explore if women's expectations were fulfilled.MethodsA longitudinal cohort study of 280 women where 226 were followed up two months after birth. Data were collected using questionnaires. Odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval were calculated between the explanatory background variables and expectations/experiences.ResultsThe majority (79%) rated continuity as important, but few (32%) actually had a known midwife assisting during birth. Positive birth expectations were found in 37% and a positive birth experience in 66%. Many women (56%) preferred a short postnatal stay, and 63% went home within 24 h. Thirty-six percent preferred postnatal home visits, but only eight women (3.5%) received this. Breastfeeding expectations were high with 86% rating it as important but after birth 63% reported exclusively breastfeeding. Only a few background factors were associated with women’s expectations and experiences. Most likely to be fulfilled were women’s expectations for a vaginal birth (83%), a positive birth experience (71%) and short length of postnatal stay (67%). Postnatal home visits (96%) and continuity of care (73%) were not fulfilled.ConclusionsPregnant women’s expectations about continuity are fulfilled only to a minor degree. The fulfilment of postnatal expectations varied and the preference for a short postnatal stay was fulfilled whereas home visits were not.  相似文献   
8.
9.
本文从理论与临床实践2方面总结了占永立教授从咽论治IgA肾病的经验。占教授将Ig A肾病分为3型进行辨证论治:1)肺气不足,热毒扰咽证; 2)脾气虚弱,热邪客咽证; 3)肾阴亏虚,余热留咽证。治疗上以清热解毒利咽为主,兼以扶正,根据病情灵活选方用药,取得较好的临床疗效。  相似文献   
10.
BackgroundDespite the widespread implementation of medical emergency teams (METs) in hospitals to provide immediate interventions to deteriorating ward patients, little is known about how junior doctors and nurses escalate care for deteriorating ward patients in hospitals with established MET services.ObjectivesThe objective of this research study was to explore the experiences of junior doctors and nurses in escalating care for clinically deteriorating patients in general wards.MethodsTwenty-four individual interviews were conducted with 10 junior doctors and 14 registered nurses of a 1000-bed acute general hospital with the most established MET service in Singapore. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using an interpretive thematic analysis approach.FindingsThree salient themes emerged from thematic analysis: (1) MET activations versus the primary team doctors' reviews, (2) challenges in obtaining medical reviews, and (3) unspoken rules of the escalation of care. Participants' decisions to call the MET or to escalate to the primary team doctors not only depended on the severity of a patient's deterioration and their perceptions of the primary team doctors' capacity to manage the patient but also were largely influenced by sociocultural factors that were shaped by the hierarchy of medical professions. Key challenges faced by nurses in obtaining medical reviews from junior doctors for patients with early deterioration included presenting “convincing” evidence of patient deterioration and “packaging” information about patient deterioration.ConclusionsThe decision to call a MET or the primary team doctors is a complex judgement that is greatly influenced by the dynamics of perceived hierarchy between the medicine and nursing professions and within the medicine profession. Educational and organisational changes that enhance doctor–nurse interprofessional and intraprofessional collaboration among all levels of doctors may improve the process of the escalation of care for deteriorating patients and thus improve patient safety for hospitalised patients.  相似文献   
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