首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   9216篇
  免费   1103篇
  国内免费   241篇
耳鼻咽喉   245篇
儿科学   133篇
妇产科学   317篇
基础医学   375篇
口腔科学   140篇
临床医学   575篇
内科学   1198篇
皮肤病学   119篇
神经病学   315篇
特种医学   253篇
外国民族医学   10篇
外科学   2651篇
综合类   947篇
现状与发展   1篇
预防医学   178篇
眼科学   174篇
药学   266篇
  17篇
中国医学   157篇
肿瘤学   2489篇
  2024年   23篇
  2023年   199篇
  2022年   303篇
  2021年   529篇
  2020年   476篇
  2019年   491篇
  2018年   402篇
  2017年   434篇
  2016年   452篇
  2015年   449篇
  2014年   686篇
  2013年   612篇
  2012年   470篇
  2011年   558篇
  2010年   488篇
  2009年   436篇
  2008年   460篇
  2007年   434篇
  2006年   383篇
  2005年   343篇
  2004年   253篇
  2003年   283篇
  2002年   222篇
  2001年   202篇
  2000年   123篇
  1999年   148篇
  1998年   105篇
  1997年   106篇
  1996年   94篇
  1995年   75篇
  1994年   39篇
  1993年   50篇
  1992年   31篇
  1991年   23篇
  1990年   27篇
  1989年   18篇
  1988年   19篇
  1987年   9篇
  1986年   20篇
  1985年   22篇
  1984年   8篇
  1983年   14篇
  1982年   9篇
  1981年   10篇
  1980年   6篇
  1979年   7篇
  1978年   2篇
  1977年   2篇
  1976年   2篇
  1975年   2篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 296 毫秒
1.
目的 临床观察白花蛇舌草干预湿热瘀滞型肠内多发息肉患者内镜治疗术后复发情况。方法 采用前瞻性的随机空白对照试验设计,选取2019年9月1日—2020年12月31日上海中医药大学附属普陀医院消化科收治的门诊及住院结直肠多发息肉患者132例作为研究对象。采用随机方法分为对照组和试验组,每组66例。对照组行内镜治疗术给予常规治疗后无药物干预,试验组在对照基础上给予白花蛇舌草汤剂(每日取白花蛇舌草15 g、大枣3枚,煎取400 mL汤剂,分2次饭后温服)治疗,连续干预1年。观察并比较两组术前与术后1年肠道内息肉的复发率、息肉数目、息肉最大直径、中医证候评分及肝肾功能及血常规的差异。结果 干预1年后,试验组复发9例(14.75%),对照组复发21例(33.33%),两组息肉复发率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。试验组腺瘤、伴重度异型增生、体质量指数(BMI)≥24 kg·m-2患者治疗后息肉复发率均较对照组同类型降低,差异显著(P<0.05);术后1年试验组息肉最大直径及息肉数目均较对照组显著减小,差异显著(P<0.05);术后1年试验组中医证候各项评分均显著低于对照组(P<0.05);术后1年,两组中医证候疗效比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),且术前、术后1年两组患者肝肾功能、凝血功能等安全性指标无显著差异。结论 应用白花蛇舌草干预结直肠息肉术后患者,1年后明显降低肠内息肉的复发率,尤以腺瘤性息肉、重度异型增生、BMI超重患者更显著,不仅改善临床症状,还能有效预防结直肠息肉的复发,改善患者的预后。  相似文献   
2.
IntroductionWith the increasing reliance on targeted therapies and immunotherapy, no standard management strategy is today available for the treatment of locally, distant, or both renal cell carcinoma (RCC) recurrences, and their surgical treatment seems to play a crucial role. We report the 20-year experience of our center evaluating the short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergone surgical resection of RCC recurrences, and the possible role of repeated surgical resections of RCC recurrences.Materials and methodsFrom January 1999 to January 2019, 40 patients underwent surgical resection of isolated locally recurrent RCC (iLR-RCC-group), locally recurrent RCC associated with the presence of distant recurrence (LR-DR-RCC-group), and distant-only recurrent RCC (DR-RCC-group). Data regarding pre-, intra-, post-operative course, and follow-up, prospectively collected in an institutional database, were retrospectively analyzed and compared.ResultsiLR-RCC-group was composed of 9 patients, LR-DR-RCC-group of 6 patients, and DR-RCC-group of 25 patients. The recurrence rate was 55.6% (5/9 patients) in iLR-RCC-group, 50% (3/6 patients) in LR-DR-RCC-group, and 44% (11/25) patients in DR-RCC-group, p = 0.830. 3/5 (60%) patients in iLR-RCC-group, 2/3 (66.7%) patients in LR-DR-RCC-group, and 7/11 (63.6%) patients in DR-RCC group underwent to almost one further local treatments of their recurrences, respectively (p = 0.981). No differences in the mean disease-free survival (p = 0.384), overall survival (OS) (p = 0.881), and cancer-specific survival (p = 0.265) were reported between the three groups. In DR-RCC-group, patients who underwent further local treatments of new recurrences presented a longer OS: 150.7 versus 66.5 months (p = 0.004).ConclusionsA surgical resection of RCC recurrences should be always taken in consideration, also in metastatic patients and/or in those who have already undergone surgery of previous RCC recurrence, whenever radicality is still possible, because this approach may offer a potentially long survival.  相似文献   
3.
4.
BackgroundLymph node recurrences (LNR) from colorectal cancer (CRC) still represent a therapeutic challenge, as standardized recommendations have yet to be established. The aim of this study was to analyze short- and long-term oncological outcomes following resection of LNR from CRC.MethodsAll patients with previously resected CRC who underwent histopathologically confirmed LNR resection in 3 tertiary referral centers between 2010 and 2017 were reviewed. Short- and long-term outcomes were analyzed, mainly recurrence-free and overall survival. Further recurrences following LNR resection were also analyzed.ResultsOverall, 18 patients were included. Primary CRC was left-sided in 16 (89%) patients, staged T3-4 in 15 (83%), N+ in 14 (78%) and presented with synchronous metastases in 8 (43%). Median time interval between primary CRC and LNR resections was 31 months. Performed lymphadenectomies were aortocaval (n = 10), pelvic (n = 7), in hepatic pedicle (n = 3) and mesenteric (n = 1). Four patients had associated liver metastases resection. Three (17%) presented with postoperative complications, of which one Clavien-Dindo 3. Fourteen (78%) patients presented with further recurrences after a mean delay of 9 months, with 36% of patients presenting with early (<6 months) recurrence. Five (36%) patients could undergo secondary recurrence resection and 3 (21%) patients radiotherapy. Median overall survival following LNR resection reached 44 months.ConclusionsCurrent results suggest that LNR resection is feasible and associated with improved survival, in selected patients. Longer time interval between primary CRC resection and LNR occurrence appeared to be a favorable prognostic factor whereas multisite recurrence appeared to be associated with impaired long-term survival.  相似文献   
5.
PurposeAssess multiparametric-MRI (mp-MRI) diagnostic accuracy in the detection of local recurrence of prostate cancer (PCa) after radical prostatectomy (PR) and before radiation therapy (RT).Materials and methodsA total of 188 patients underwent 1.5-T mp-MRI after RP before RT. Patients were divided into 2 groups: with biochemical recurrence (group A) and without but with high risk of local recurrence (group B). Continuous variables were compared between 2 groups using Student-t test; categoric variables were analyzed using Pearson chi-square. ROC analysis was performed considering PSA before RT, ISUP, pT and pN as grouping variables.ResultsPCa recurrence (reduction of PSA levels after RT) was 89.8% in group A and 80.3% in group B. Comparing patients with and without PCa recurrence, there was a significant difference in PSA values before RT for group A and for PSA values before RT and after RT for group B. In group A, there was a significant correlation between PSA before RT and diameter of recurrence and between PSA before RT and time spent before recurrence. The mp-MRI diagnostic accuracy in detecting PCa local recurrence after RP is of 62.2% in group A and 38% in group B. Diffusion weighted imaging is the most specific MRI-sequence and dynamic contrast enhanced the most sensitive. For PSA = 0.5 ng/ml, the AUC decreases while sensitivity and accuracy increase for each MRI-sequence. For PSA = 0.9 ng/ml, dynamic contrast enhanced-AUC increases significantly.Conclusionmp-MRI should always be performed before RT when a recurrence is suspected. New scenarios can be opened considering the role of diffusion weighted imaging for PSA  0.5 ng/ml.  相似文献   
6.
目的 研究柴芍四金汤预防ERCP术后胆总管结石复发的临床疗效。方法 选取昆山市中医医院脾胃肝胆科2014年1月至2016年12月因胆总管结石行ERCP取石病例120例,按随机数字表法将120例病例随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组各60例,治疗组口服自拟柴芍四金汤,每日1剂,水煎400 mL,分早晚两次温服,随证加减;对照组口服熊去氧胆酸250 mg/次,3次/d,2组均连续药物治疗6月,观察术后2周血清中总胆红素(Tbil)、直接胆红素(Dbil)、碱性磷酸酶(ALP)、谷氨酰转肽酶(GGT)指标、术后半年临床症状(包括腹痛、腹胀、恶心、纳差)及术后6月、12月、18月胆总管结石复发情况。结果 治疗组术后6月、12月及18月结石复发率略低于对照组,但两者差异无统计学意义( P >0.05);治疗组在改善腹痛、腹胀、恶心、纳差症状方面优于对照组( P <0.05);治疗组在改善血清Tbil、Dbil、ALP、GGT水平方面优于对照组( P <0.01)。结论 柴芍四金汤能有效预防ERCP术后胆总管结石的复发,且能改善胆总管结石引起的临床症状及血清生化指标。   相似文献   
7.
Multimodality primary therapies for breast cancer combined with earlier detection have led to a sharp decline in the death rate from breast cancer in the UK over the last 40 years in the face of a rising incidence. The latest UK statistics from Cancer Research UK report 55,122 new cases of breast cancer in 2015 with 11,563 deaths from breast cancer recorded in 2016. Crudely, this equates to a cure rate of around 80% for all comers and demonstrates a clear improvement in outcome with 50,285 new cases in 2011 and 11,716 deaths in 2012. Despite this good news, there are still significant numbers of women (and men) who suffer from either a local recurrence or metastatic disease following apparently successful treatment for early breast cancer (Stage I to III). Only a minority of individuals, 6.6% with the stage recorded at diagnosis, present with stage IV disease. This review considers the treatment options available to individuals with locally recurrent and advanced breast cancer (ABC).  相似文献   
8.
The aim of this study is to review the literature to find out the exact etiology of anastomotic cancers of colon post resection and differentiate them between a recurrence, second primary, and metastatic disease (local manifestation of systemic disease). Web-based literature search was done, and datas collected. We searched PubMed for papers using the keywords colon cancer recurrence, anastomotic recurrence, and recurrent colon carcinoma. We also searched for systematic review in the same topic. In addition, we used our personal referrence archive. Anastomotic recurrences of colon are postulated to arise due to inadequate margins, tumor implantation by exfoliated cells, altered biological properties of bowel anastomosis, and missed synchronous lesions. Some tumors are unique with repeated recurrence after repeated resection. Duration after primary surgery plays a major role in differentiating recurrent and second primary lesions. Repeated recurrences after repeated resections have to be considered a manifestation of systemic disease or metastatic disease due to the virulence of the disease. A detailed analysis and study of patients with colonic anastomotic lesion are required to differentiate it between a recurrent, a second primary lesion, and a metastatic disease (local manifestation of a systemic disease). The nomenclature is significant to study the survival of these patients, as a second primary lesion will have different survival compared to that of recurrent lesions.  相似文献   
9.
目的探讨喉癌患者血小板表面血小板膜糖蛋白Ⅱb/Ⅲa纤维蛋白原受体(PAC-1)、血小板P-选择素(CD62P)阳性表达率以及与患者临床病理特征和复发的关系。方法选取2014年1月~2015年12月间在我院耳鼻喉科手术治疗的116例喉癌患者,随访≥2年,并选取同期在我院体检的健康人群60例为对照组,采用流式细胞仪检测法检测外周血PAC-1和CD62P阳性率,并分析与临床病理特征、复发的关系。结果喉癌患者PAC-1和CD62P阳性表达率分别为(17.82±1.76)%和(22.87±3.13)%,明显高于健康人群(P<0.05);而且在喉癌患者PAC-1表达和CD62P表达呈正相关性(r=0.238,P<0.05)。T3-T4分期或N2-N3分期患者PAC-1和CD62P阳性表达率高于T1-T2分期或N0-N1分期患者(P<0.05)。另外远处转移组PAC-1和CD62P阳性表达率高于未发生转移组(P<0.05);随访期间有24例患者复发,复发率为20.69%。复发喉癌患者PAC-1、CD62P阳性表达率分别为(17.02±0.85)%和(21.84±1.17)%,明显高于未复发的喉癌患者(P<0.05)。经Logistics回归分析,PAC-1和CD62P是喉癌患者复发的独立危险因素(P<0.05)。结论PAC-1和CD62P阳性表达率与喉癌患者T分期、淋巴结转移和远处转移密切相关,同时可作为喉癌局部复发、区域淋巴结转移、远处转移的预测指标。  相似文献   
10.
目的:探究原发性肝癌患者手术切除术后早期复发影响因素分析。方法:对广州市番禺区中医院2017年2月-2019年2月收治的原发性肝癌患者98例进行回顾性分析,依据各项临床指标分析手术切除术后早期复发的影响因素。结果:原发性肝癌患者经由手术切除后出现复发的可能性较高,同时手术切缘有残留、包膜不完整、肿瘤结节、心理因素、甲胎蛋白、血管侵犯、肝硬化及肿瘤直径等均是影响原发性肝癌手术期后再复发的高危因素。结论:原发性肝癌通常具有术后复发的生物学特性,依据对手术切除术之后早期复发因素的分析,对手术风险与治疗方案进行充分评估,同时要求患者进行定期复查及随访等工作,可对患者手术成功以及并发症的防治等均具有积极意义。  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号