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1.
BackgroundA widened temporal window of integration (TWI) in audiovisual processing has been detected for children with autism spectrum disorder. However, research indicates a narrowing of this TWI and an associated change in audiovisual integration in the course of development.MethodsTo further elucidate audiovisual integration processes in adulthood, we compared adult participants with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) to healthy controls (HC) by using the sound-induced double flash illusion. For a better understanding of underlying neural mechanisms, event-related potentials were measured via electroencephalography (EEG).ResultsThe number of reported sound-induced flash illusions indicated audiovisual integration. A similar TWI size for both, participants with AS and HC, was found. Additionally, enhanced P2 amplitudes were detected for participants with AS compared to HC.ConclusionResults indicate an involvement of attentional processes in audiovisual perception in participants with AS.  相似文献   
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目的研究异牡荆素(ISO)对非小细胞性肺癌(NSCLC)细胞的影响和潜在的机制。方法将A549和H1650细胞分别分为空白组、低剂量实验组(4μmol·L-1 ISO)和高剂量实验组(16μmol·L-1 ISO)。用噻唑蓝法检测NSCLC细胞活性,用肿瘤球形成实验检测NSCLC细胞的细胞球形成率,用Western blot法检测NSCLC细胞凋亡、自我更新、无翅型MMTV整合位点家族/β-连环蛋白(Wnt/β-catenin)信号通路相关蛋白的表达水平。结果与空白组比较,低、高剂量实验组中A549和H1650细胞在24,48和72 h的细胞活性均显著降低。低、高剂量实验组和空白组中A549细胞的细胞球形成率分别为(4.18±0.45)%,(2.01±0.67)%和(6.02±0.57)%,切割的半胱氨酸蛋白酶-3相对表达量分别为0.24±0.08,1.25±0.13和0.06±0.07,SRY相关高迁移率族盒蛋白-2相对表达量分别为0.49±0.04,0.25±0.03和1.00±0.09,Kruppel样因子4相对表达量分别为0.68±0.04,0.44±0.03和1.01±0.06,Wnt1相对表达量分别为0.63±0.06,0.28±0.04和1.00±0.06,β-catenin相对表达量分别为0.41±0.05,0.22±0.03和1.01±0.09;与空白组比较,低、高剂量实验组中A549细胞的上述指标的差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01)。上述3组中H1650细胞的上述指标也呈现一致的现象。结论ISO可能通过抑制Wnt/β-catenin信号通路来抑制NSCLC细胞活性和自我更新,并促进其凋亡。  相似文献   
3.
目的 系统整合脑卒中幸存者运动依从性的影响因素。方法 计算机检索PubMed、Web of Science、Cochrane library、Embase、CINAHL、PsycINFO、百度、Google、中国期刊全文数据库、万方数据库、中国生物医学数据库和维普中文期刊数据库中有关脑卒中运动依从性影响因素的相关研究,检索时间自建库至2021年11月15日。2名研究员独立筛选、提取、评价文献,遇到分歧小组协商讨论。结果 纳入符合标准的文献13篇,共提炼出完整的研究主题62个,归纳组合形成6个新的类别,2个综合的整合结果。整合结果1: 影响脑卒中患者运动依从性的个人因素;包括个人动机因素,个人能力因素及个人心理因素;整合结果2:影响脑卒中患者运动依从性的外在因素;包括人际关系因素、康复团队因素及社会系统因素。结论 深入理解影响卒中患者康复运动依从性的驱动和阻碍因素,找准提高康复运动依从性的突破口,进而提高患者的运动积极性,提高其生活质量。  相似文献   
4.
The self is a multifaceted phenomenon that integrates information and experience across multiple time scales. How temporal integration on the psychological level of the self is related to temporal integration on the neuronal level remains unclear. To investigate temporal integration on the psychological level, we modified a well‐established self‐matching paradigm by inserting temporal delays. On the neuronal level, we indexed temporal integration in resting‐state EEG by two related measures of scale‐free dynamics, the power law exponent and autocorrelation window. We hypothesized that the previously established self‐prioritization effect, measured as decreased response times or increased accuracy for self‐related stimuli, would change with the insertion of different temporal delays between the paired stimuli, and that these changes would be related to temporal integration on the neuronal level. We found a significant self‐prioritization effect on accuracy in all conditions with delays, indicating stronger temporal integration of self‐related stimuli. Further, we observed a relationship between temporal integration on psychological and neuronal levels: higher degrees of neuronal integration, that is, higher power‐law exponent and longer autocorrelation window, during resting‐state EEG were related to a stronger increase in the self‐prioritization effect across longer temporal delays. We conclude that temporal integration on the neuronal level serves as a template for temporal integration of the self on the psychological level. Temporal integration can thus be conceived as the “common currency” of neuronal and psychological levels of self.  相似文献   
5.
以培养创新型人才为目标,大连医科大学制定实施了“5+3”创新人才培养改革方案,以导师制培养为载体,在医学本科教育全过程中,制定分阶段创新能力培养体系,涵盖课程、讲座、实验设计、论文等基本科研能力训练,强化本科生科研能力培养。通过对首届“5+3”学生阶段性培养成果的统计学分析发现,“5+3”学生发表中文期刊、SCI,主持国家级创新项目、省级创新项目的比例均显著高于普通5年制学生,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。虽然实施过程中存在一些问题和不足,但以导师制为核心的科研基础训练对提高学生科研思维和创新能力效果显著,对培养医学创新型人才具有可实施性。  相似文献   
6.
王雨田  何玉成  闫桂权  杨雪 《中草药》2020,51(6):1669-1676
中药材专业市场交易量逐渐下降,产地市场交易成为趋势。研究产地市场整合程度有利于了解中药材市场的运行情况,对于合理规划中药材生产和提高市场效率具有重要意义。选取大宗中药材金银花、枸杞子、板蓝根和太子参研究中药材市场整合程度,利用2013—2019年价格指数,运用协整检验、误差修正模型和格兰杰因果检验进行实证分析。结果表明,我国中药材产地市场长期整合程度较高;中药材产地市场的短期整合程度远不及长期整合程度。为此提出4点政策建议:完善中药材价格信息平台、打造非道地产区中药材优质品牌、加快建成中药材质量追溯体系和建设中药材现代物流体系。  相似文献   
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ABSTRACT

The size-weight illusion is a perceptual illusion where smaller objects are judged as heavier than equally weighted larger objects. A previous informal report suggests that visual form agnosic patient DF does not experience the size-weight illusion when vision is the only available cue to object size. We tested this experimentally, comparing the magnitudes of DF’s visual, kinesthetic and visual-kinesthetic size-weight illusions to those of 28 similarly-aged controls. A modified t-test found that DF’s visual size-weight illusion was significantly smaller than that of controls (zcc = ?1.7). A test of simple dissociation based on the Revised Standardized Difference Test found that the discrepancy between the magnitude of DF’s visual and kinesthetic size-weight illusions was not significantly different from that of controls (zdcc = ?1.054), thereby failing to establish a dissociation between the visual and kinesthetic conditions. These results are consistent with previous suggestions that visual form agnosia, following ventral visual stream damage, is associated with an abnormally reduced size-weight illusion. The results, however, do not confirm that this reduction is specific to the use of visual size cues to predict object weight, rather than reflecting more general changes in the processing of object size cues or in the use of predictive strategies for lifting.  相似文献   
9.
BackgroundThe feeling of body ownership relies on the binding of multisensory body-related signals. Various sensory abnormalities have been described in Parkinson's disease (PD).ObjectiveTo assess the rubber hand illusion (RHI) in patients with PD (PwPD) and age-matched healthy controls (CTRL). To evaluate the influence of the dopaminergic system in a PwPD subgroup OFF medication.MethodsThe RHI paradigm was applied to 42 PwPD and 48 CTRL. In this experimental setup, stroking a visible plastic hand simultaneously with the covered real hand elicits the feeling of ownership over the seen hand. Asynchronous stroking served as a control condition. Proprioceptive bias and an illusion score based on a questionnaire were used as measures of the RHI. Seventeen PwPD additionally underwent the experiments “OFF medication”.ResultsCompared to CTRL, PwPD showed higher proprioceptive bias independent of the stroking condition (p = 0.015), and had higher illusion scores in the asynchronous condition (p < 0.05). In PwPD, there were no significant differences between ON- and OFF-medication state.ConclusionIn PwPD, responses to the RHI are less specific with respect to the degree of synchronicity of brushstrokes. This might be attributed to a less stable body representation, internal “noise” during multisensory integration, or a blur of temporal discrimination in PD. The fact that RHI measures did not differ between ON- and OFF-medication states indicates an involvement of non-dopaminergic transmitter systems in this finding.  相似文献   
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