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BackgroundFindings on the usefulness of massage therapy (MT) in postoperative pain management are often inconsistent among studies.ObjectivesThis study’s aim is to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) to clarify the effects of massage therapy in the treatment of postoperative pain.MethodsThree databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched for RCTs published from database inception through January 26, 2021. The primary outcome was pain relief. The quality of RCTs was appraised with the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool. The random-effect model was used to calculate the effect sizes and standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95 % confidential intervals (CIs) as a summary effect. The heterogeneity test was conducted through I2. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were used to explore the source of heterogeneity. Possible publication bias was assessed using visual inspection of funnel plot asymmetry.ResultsThe analysis included 33 RCTs and showed that MT is effective in reducing postoperative pain (SMD, −1.32; 95 % CI, −2.01 to −0.63; p = 0.0002; I2 = 98.67 %). A similar significant effect was found for both short (immediate assessment) and long terms (assessment performed 4–6 weeks after the MT). Remarkably, we found neither the duration per session nor the dose had an impact on the effect of MT and there seemed to be no difference in the effects of different MT types. In addition, MT seemed to be more effective for adults. Furthermore, MT had better analgesic effects on cesarean section and heart surgery than orthopedic surgery.LimitationsPublication bias is possible due to the inclusion of studies in English only. Additionally, the included studies were extremely heterogeneous. Double-blind research on MT is difficult to implement, and none of the included studies is double-blind. There was some heterogeneity and publication bias in the included studies. In addition, there is no uniform evaluation standard for the operation level of massage practitioners, which may lead to research implementation bias.ConclusionsMT is effective in reducing postoperative pain in both short and long terms.  相似文献   
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《Survey of ophthalmology》2023,68(2):257-264
RationaleObstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has been linked to various ocular disorders, including floppy eyelid syndrome (FES). Previous studies have hypothesised the underlying association between the 2 , but results are currently still inconclusive.ObjectiveTo investigate the association between OSA and FES.MethodsFour databases (Pubmed, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library) were searched from inception until 28 February 2022 for observational studies and randomized controlled trials assessing the association between OSA and FES. Two reviewers selected studies, extracted data, graded the risk of bias using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale and the quality of assessment using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. Random-effects models were used to metaanalyze the associations.ResultsTwelve studies were included in the systematic review, of which nine were suitable for metaanalysis, with a combined cohort of 1,109 patients. Risk of bias was low to moderate. The overall analysis showed a significant positive association between OSA and FES (OR = 1.89, 95% CI = 1.27–2.83, I 2 = 44%). Further analysis revealed that the more severe the OSA was, the higher the risk of developing FES. Patients with severe OSA had the nominally highest risk of developing FES (OR = 3.06, 95% CI = 1.62–5.78, I 2 = 0%), followed by moderate OSA (OR = 2.53, 95% CI = 1.29–4.97, I 2 = 0%), and patients with mild OSA had the lowest risk (OR = 1.76, 95% CI = 0.85–3.62, I 2 = 0%).ConclusionOur metaanalysis reports a positive association between OSA and FES, with increasing severity of OSA correlating with a significantly higher risk of FES. More longitudinal studies with sufficient duration of follow-up are needed to better characterise the relationship between OSA and FES.  相似文献   
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ObjectivesThe aim of this meta-analysis was to conduct a contemporary systematic review of high quality non-randomised controlled trials to determine the effect of pre-liver transplantation (LT) transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) on long-term survival and complications of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients.BackgroundTACE is used as a neoadjuvant therapy to mitigate waitlist drop-out for patients with HCC awaiting LT. Previous studies have conflicting conclusions on the effect of TACE on long-term survival and complications of HCC patients undergoing LT.MethodsCINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science were systematically searched. Baseline characteristics included number of patients outside Milan criteria, tumour diameter, MELD score, and time on the waiting list. Primary outcomes included 3- and 5-year overall and disease-free survival. Secondary outcomes included tumour recurrence, 30-day postoperative mortality, and hepatic artery and biliary complications.ResultsTwenty-one high-quality NRCTs representing 8242 patients were included. Tumour diameter was significantly larger in TACE patients (3.49 cm vs 3.15 cm, P = 0.02) and time on the waiting list was significantly longer in TACE patients (4.87 months vs 3.46 months, P = 0.05), while MELD score was significantly higher in non-TACE patients (10.81 vs 12.35, P = 0.005). All primary and secondary outcomes displayed non-significant differences.ConclusionPatients treated with TACE had similar survival and postoperative outcomes to non-TACE patients, however, they had worse prognostic features compared to non-TACE patients. These findings strongly support the current US and European clinical practice guidelines that neoadjuvant TACE can be used for patients with longer expected waiting list times (specifically >6 months). Randomised controlled trials would be needed to increase the quality of evidence.  相似文献   
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BackgroundFiliform needle acupuncture (FNA), the most classical and widely applied acupuncture method based on traditional Chinese medicine theory, has shown a promising effect in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR).ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy, safety, cost-effectiveness, and patient preference of FNA in the treatment of AR by comparing FNA with sham acupuncture, no treatment, and conventional medication.Search strategyEight electronic databases were systematically searched from inception to October 14, 2021. Additional studies were acquired from clinical trial registration platforms and reference lists.Inclusion criteriaRandomized controlled trials were included if they compared FNA with either sham acupuncture, no treatment or conventional medication for AR.Data extraction and analysisTwo researchers extracted data independently of each other using a predesigned data acquisition form, and results were cross-checked after completion. The primary outcome was symptom score (Total Nasal Symptom Score or Visual Analogue Scale), and the secondary outcomes were the AR control questionnaire, quality of life (QoL) score (Different versions of Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire), medication score (use of rescue medication), mental health score, total IgE, adverse event rate, clinical economic indicators, and patient satisfaction score. Standardized mean difference (SMD) or mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval was used to calculate the effect size for continuous data, while risk ratio with 95% CI was used for dichotomous data.ResultsThirty studies were included in this review. Compared with sham acupuncture, FNA significantly reduced the symptom score (SMD: ?0.29 [?0.43, ?0.15]), AR’s impact on QoL (SMD: ?0.23 [?0.37, ?0.08]) and medication score (SMD: ?0.3 [?0.49, ?0.11]). Compared with no treatment, FNA dramatically reduced the symptom score (SMD: ?0.8 [?1.2, ?0.39]) and AR’s impact on QoL (SMD: ?0.82 [?1.13, ?0.52]). There were no increased rates of adverse events with FNA compared to sham acupuncture and no treatment. FNA increased patient satisfaction and may be cost-effective. Most pieces of evidence from the above two comparisons were of high confidence. Moreover, FNA significantly outperformed conventional medication in reducing the symptom score (SMD: ?0.48 [?0.85, ?0.1]) and displayed a lower rate of adverse events, but the quality of evidence was very low.ConclusionFNA is an effective and safe intervention for AR and can help with symptom relief, QoL improvement, reducing medication usage, and increasing patient satisfaction. Further studies are needed to verify its cost-effectiveness and superiority over conventional medication and the best therapeutic strategies.  相似文献   
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目的 系统评价益气活血法联合西药治疗特发性肺纤维化(idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis,IPF)的疗效及安全性。方法 系统检索中国知网、维普网、万方数据库、EMbase、PubMed、Cochrane Library图书馆等数据库,检索时限从数据库建库至2021年1月,纳入益气活血法联合西药治疗特发性肺纤维化的随机对照试验(randomized controlled trial,RCT),由2名研究人员独立筛选并交叉核对纳入结果,提取有效数据后,应用RevMan 5.3软件进行Meta分析。结果 纳入16项随机对照试验共计1160例IPF患者。分析结果显示益气活血法联合西药组可提高临床总有效率(OR= 3.71,95% CI [2.68,5.14],P<0.00001);改善患者肺功能:用力肺活量(MD=0.31,95% CI [0.23,0.38],P<0.00001)(MD=3.59,95% CI [1.51,5.66],P=0.0007),一氧化碳弥散量(MD=2.54,95% CI [1.83,3.25],P<0.00001);提高生活质量,降低圣乔治评分:呼吸困难(MD=-12.70,95% CI [-21.07,-4.32],P=0.003),活动能力(MD=-8.38,95% CI [-13.66,-3.10],P=0.002),疾病影响(MD=-13.87,95% CI [-22.53,-5.22],P=0.002);并可降低患者中医症状积分:喘息(MD=-0.66,95% CI [-0.84,-0.49],P<0.00001),咳嗽(MD=-0.71,95% CI [-1.04,-0.37],P<0.0001);有效提高动脉血氧分压(MD=5.92,95% CI [4.61,7.22],P<0.00001);且不增加不良事件发生率(OR=0.55,95% CI [0.27,1.14],P=0.11)。结论 益气活血法联合西药治疗IPF可提高临床治疗有效率,改善患者生活质量,且不增加临床不良事件(便秘、嗜睡、口干、恶心呕吐、皮肤瘙痒、腹泻等)发生率。但本研究纳入文献质量参差不齐,仍需更多大样本、高质量、多中心的RCT试验验证结论。  相似文献   
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目的 系统评价中药治疗哮喘-慢阻肺(ACO)的疗效与安全性。方法 全面检索PubMed、Cochrane Library、Web of Science、中国知网、万方、维普、中国医学文献数据库,纳入有关中医药治疗ACO的随机对照试验(RCT),运用Cochrane手册对纳入研究的方法学质量进行评估,采用Review Manager 5.3进行Meta分析。结果 共纳入32项RCT,包括2688例ACO患者,其中试验组1361例,对照组1327例。Meta分析结果显示,中医药可以显著改善ACO患者的中医证候疗效[RR=1.19,95% CI(1.13,1.25),P<0.00001]、CAT评分[MD=-3.62,95% CI(-4.37,-2.87),P<0.00001]、ACT评分[MD=3.42,95% CI(2.23,4.62),P<0.00001],、中医证候总积分[MD=-3.61,95% CI(-4.83,-2.39),P<0.00001]、FEV1[MD=0.59,95% CI(0.08,1.10),P=0.02]、FEV1%[MD=8.61,95% CI(5.20,12.1),P<0.00001]、FEV1/FVC[MD=6.52,95% CI(4.24,8.80),P<0.00001]、6 min步行实验[MD=41.18,95% CI(22.15,60.21),P<0.0001]、急性发作次数[MD=-2.46,95% CI(-3.62,-1.13),P<0.0001]。所有研究均未报道严重不良反应。结论 中药治疗ACO,可以显著提高临床疗效,改善患者的肺功能且具有较好安全性,但是需要更高质量、多样本、多中心的随机对照试验进一步确认。  相似文献   
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