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1.
《Journal of emergency nursing》2022,48(2):202-210.e1
IntroductionA sexual assault nurse examiner role exemplifies the high-stress and highly emotional patient interactions that are often associated with burnout. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of burnout among sexual assault nurse examiners in North Carolina.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was an anonymous survey of practicing sexual assault nurse examiners within North Carolina using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and additional demographics. Results were analyzed with odds ratios, confidence intervals, Fisher exact, chi-square, and Kruskal Wallis tests as appropriate.ResultsAmong 95 respondents, burnout was more frequent in sexual assault nurse examiners who stopped both emergency and nurse examiner work (55.6%, odds ratio 4.41, 95% confidence interval 1.07-18.06) and in dual function nurses (both emergency and nurse examiner work, 35.7%, odds ratio 2.71, 95% confidence interval 1.04-7.06). Sexual assault nurse examiners who had a high percentage of pediatric cases (above the median of 40%) were more likely to meet burnout thresholds for emotional exhaustion scores > 26 (48.78% vs 25.93%, χ2 = 5.30, P = .02) and more likely to meet burnout thresholds for depersonalization scores > 9 (48.78% vs 24.07%, χ2 = 6.28, P = .01).DiscussionHigher frequency of burnout threshold criteria was found in those people who worked concurrently as a sexual assault nurse examiner and an emergency nurse and in those who had retired from both specialties. We also found that sexual assault nurse examiners with a higher case mix of pediatric cases had higher emotional exhaustion scores and higher depersonalization scores.  相似文献   
2.
罗晓  何茜  李海冰  涂丽  张海玲  穆琼 《中国全科医学》2022,25(25):3184-3190
背景 我国基层全科医生的离职意愿较高,调查其离职意愿并分析影响因素,可以为减少基层卫生人才流失提供思路。目前,完成"5+3"模式(5年临床医学本科教育+3年住院医师规范化培训)培养的订单定向医学毕业生逐步履约进入基层工作,而针对该部分全科医生离职意向的研究相对较少。 目的 调查贵州省"5+3"模式订单定向医学毕业生回归基层工作后的离职意愿及影响因素,为完善吸引卫生人才留任、建设基层全科医生队伍相关政策提供依据。 方法 以贵州省截至2020年底已完成"5+3"模式培养并履约到基层医疗卫生机构工作的2015—2017级订单定向医学毕业生为研究对象。于2021-01-20至2021-02-10对其开展电子问卷调查,内容包括毕业生的一般情况、职业满意度、离职意愿、服务期满后职业方向。共回收问卷347份,其中有效问卷311份,问卷有效回收率为89.6%。采用单因素分析及多元逐步线性回归分析全科医生离职意愿的影响因素。 结果 贵州省"5+3"订单定向医学毕业生的整体离职意愿得分为(3.98±0.98)分,具有离职倾向者229例(73.6%)。不同性别、单位地理位置、每日工作量者的离职意愿得分比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。多元逐步线性回归分析显示,单位负责人对待下属的方式、在工作中获得的成就感、对当前收入满意程度、家人对工作的支持程度、当地激励政策执行程度是"5+3"订单定向医学毕业生离职意愿的影响因素(P<0.05)。服务期满后,计划留任原基层医疗卫生机构者12例(3.9%),计划去其他基层医疗卫生机构者21例(6.7%),计划离开基层去上级医院工作者196例(63.0%),计划攻读全日制硕士学位者60例(19.3%)。 结论 贵州省"5+3"模式订单定向医学毕业生的离职意愿较高,预计服务期满后基层全科人才流失较多,需从提高收入、重视全科医生心理需求、优化全科医生培养与使用、发展基层医疗卫生机构、加强全科宣传等方面着手改善。  相似文献   
3.
BackgroundBurnout in teachers has been linked to decreased effectiveness as educators, and suboptimal interactions with students. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the outcomes of a brief Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program for public school staff.Materials and methodsThis single-arm, prospective trial involved an investigation of the effects of a brief SMART program on participant stress, anxiety, resilience, gratitude, happiness, life satisfaction, and quality of life (QOL).ResultsSignificant improvements were noted in participant anxiety (P < 0.001), stress (P = 0.003), gratitude (P = 0.001), happiness (P < 0.001), life satisfaction (P < 0.001), and QOL (P < 0.001). Most participants reported that the skills learned positively affected interactions with students (77.2%) and coworkers (72.2%).ConclusionsThe SMART program showed promising effectiveness for improving anxiety, stress, gratitude, happiness, life satisfaction and QOL. Given the prevalence and impact of teacher burnout, larger, controlled trials and broader dissemination of the intervention are warranted.  相似文献   
4.
目的 调查郑州市三甲医院急诊科护士的道德困境与职业倦怠的现状,并分析两者之间的相关性。方法 采用便利抽样法选取郑州市5所三甲医院的228名急诊科护士作为研究对象,采用一般资料调查表、中文版护士道德困境量表、护士职业倦怠量表对其进行问卷调查。结果 郑州市三甲医院急诊科护士道德困境总分为(49.41±13.35)分,职业倦怠总分为(63.51±17.25)分。单因素分析显示,不同学历、工作年限的急诊护士的道德困境得分比较,差异均有统计学意义(F=4.830,P=0.015; F=6.302,P=0.001);不同年龄急诊护士的职业倦怠得分比较,差异有统计学意义 (F=8.328,P=0.005),急诊科护士道德困境与职业倦怠呈正关性(r=0.412,P<0.05)。结论 郑州市三甲医院急诊科护士的道德困境与职业倦怠普遍存在,护士的道德困境与职业倦怠呈正相关。  相似文献   
5.
目的了解企业员工的工作倦怠状况,探讨社会支持对企业员工工作倦怠的影响并提出组织管理建议。方法以社会支持问卷和MBI-GS问卷对588名企业员工进行调查。结果企业员工的工作倦怠程度并不高,但仍存在.且以情绪耗竭的程度教高;社会支持与工作倦怠及共各构面部分呈显着负相关,社会支持对工作倦怠及其各构面具有显着的预测力,结论社会支持对企业员工工作倦怠有一定的影响.应引起管理者的重视。  相似文献   
6.
An inverse relationship between workplace status and morbidity is well established; higher job status has been associated with reduced risks of heart disease, hypertension, and injury. Most research on job status, however, has focused on salaried populations, and it remains unclear whether job status operates similarly among hourly workers. Our objectives were to examine whether hourly status itself influences risk of hypertension after adjustment for socioeconomic confounders, and to explore the role of fine-scale job grade on hypertension incidence within hourly and salaried groups. We examined data for 14,999 aluminum manufacturing employees in 11 plants across the U.S., using logistic regression with adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity and other individual characteristics. Propensity score restriction was used to identify comparable groups of hourly and salaried employees, reducing confounding by sociodemographic characteristics. Job grade (coded 1 through 30, within hourly and salaried groups) was examined as a more refined measure of job status. Hourly status was associated with an increased risk of hypertension, after propensity restriction and adjustment for confounders. The observed effect of hourly status was stronger among women, although the propensity-restricted cohort was disproportionately male (96%). Among salaried workers, higher job grade was not consistently associated with decreased risk; among hourly employees, however, there was a significant trend, with higher job grades more protective against hypertension. Increasing the stringency of hypertension case criteria also increased the risk of severe or persistent hypertension for hourly employees.  相似文献   
7.
精神科护士的职业压力调查   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
目的调查精神科护士在工作中面临的职业压力。方法采用问卷调查法,对贵州省贵阳市两所医院精神科61名护士与贵州省贵阳市多所医院173名护士的职业压力进行调查分析。结果精神科护士职业压力处于较高水平,其他科护士压力处于中等水平。结论建议从管理角度减轻精神科护士工作压力,并对精神科护士进行减轻工作压力的训练。  相似文献   
8.
Objective  The objective of this study was to describe the perceived health status of the meat industry employees—i.e., working in the slaughtering, cutting, and boning of large animals and poultry—and its relation to their organisational and psychosocial constraints at work. Methods  This postal survey included all 3,000 employees of the meat industry (beef, pork and poultry) in four districts in Brittany, France, whose companies were affiliated with the agricultural branch of the national health insurance fund. The questionnaire asked for social and demographic data and information describing their job and the organisation of their work. The psychosocial factors at work were described according to Karasek’s questionnaire (demand, latitude and social support at work). Perceived health was measured with the Nottingham Health Profile perceived health indicator. Results  This study shows the high prevalence of poor health reported by the workers in this industry. This poor perceived health was worse in women and increased regularly with age. Among the psychosocial factors studied, high quantitative and qualitative demand at work, inadequate resources for good work and to a lesser extent, inadequate prospects for promotion appear especially associated with poor perceived health. Other factors often associated with poor perceived health included young age at the first job and work hours that disrupt sleep rhythms (especially for women). Conclusion  Our results show that this population of workers is especially vulnerable from the point of view of perceived physical and psychological health and is exposed to strong physical, organisational and psychosocial constraints at work. They also demonstrate that poor perceived health is associated with some psychosocial (such as high psychological demand and insufficient resources) and organisational factors at work. These results, in conjunction with those from other disciplines involved in studying this industry, may help the companies to develop preventive activities.  相似文献   
9.
目的 通过对疾控(CDC)人员职业倦怠进行潜在剖面分析识别不同的职业倦怠类别,探讨工作特征各维度与职业倦怠类别间的独立效应。 方法 采用中文版职业倦怠量表(MBI-GS)、工作特征量表和自编一般资料调查表对943名疾控人员进行调查。使用潜在剖面分析方法识别疾控人员职业倦怠潜在类别,多分类Logistic回归分析探讨工作特征各维度与不同职业倦怠类别间的独立效应。 结果 疾控人员职业倦怠存在3种类别:低倦怠型(Ⅰ,54.7%)、高倦怠型(Ⅱ,24.1%)和成就感低落型(Ⅲ,21.2%)。高工作反馈、高工作意义是个体进入高倦怠型组的独立保护因素(OR=0.561;OR=0.612),高工作负荷、高工作对个体控制及情绪表达的要求是个体进入高倦怠型组的独立风险因素(OR=1.693;OR=1.770);高工作自主性是个体进入成就感低落型组的独立风险因素(OR=1.810),高工作对个体控制及情绪表达的要求是个体进入成就感低落型组的独立保护因素(OR=0.582)。 结论 疾控人员可区分出3种潜在职业倦怠类别,工作特征不同维度与潜在职业倦怠类别间存在独立效应。  相似文献   
10.
目的:编制职业过劳测验.方法:将职业过劳测验、艾森克人格问卷简式量表中国版、明尼苏达工作满意度问卷-短式修订版、一般自我效能感量表对162名销售人员进行测量.结果:职业过劳测验包含精疲力竭和焦虑两个因素,它们与人格、工作满意度、自我效能感和销售业绩排名之间存在复杂的关系.结论:职业过劳测验信度、效度较好,适用于实际测量.  相似文献   
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