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1.
背景 孕产妇尿失禁(UI)发病率高,严重影响了女性生活质量。研究表明,盆底肌训练是UI有效的防治手段,本研究前期进行了一项随机对照试验(RCT),结果发现相比于常规宣教,基于移动医疗APP的盆底肌训练并未显现出预防优势,其原因需要进一步深入探讨。 目的 本研究拟对一项基于APP的妊娠期盆底肌训练的干预研究的阴性结果进行探索性分析,旨在探讨产后UI预防效果的影响因素以及获益的亚组人群。 方法 本研究数据来源于前期开展的一项RCT,采用方便抽样法,于2020年6—10月在南方医科大学深圳医院产科门诊招募了126例研究对象,采用随机数字表法分为干预组与对照组,每组各63例。对照组采用常规护理,干预组在此基础上使用"有爱屋"APP进行尿失禁自我管理,干预周期为2个月。产后42 d随访时收集两组产后相关资料,包括产后42 d UI发生情况。以产后是否发生UI为结局指标,将研究对象分为病例组和对照组,采用Logistic回归分析探讨混杂因素及其与干预方式之间的交互作用对产后UI发生的影响。针对Logistic回归分析的结果进行分层分析,探讨是否存在能从APP干预中获益的亚组人群。 结果 病例组和对照组阴道分娩史、入组时存在UI、Broome盆底肌自我效能量表(BPMSES)得分比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。Logistic回归分析结果显示,入组时存在UI是产后发生UI的危险因素〔OR=15.897,95%CI(4.724,53.495),P<0.001〕;BPMSES得分与干预方式的交互作用可影响产后UI的发生〔OR=1.034,95%CI(1.017,1.051),P<0.001〕。分层分析结果显示,入组时存在UI症状的孕妇,干预组产后UI发生率低于对照组(χ2=4.18,P=0.041);入组时不存在UI症状的孕妇,两组产后UI发生率比较,差异无统计学意义(χ2=1.89,P=0.284)。 结论 推荐有UI症状的孕妇使用"有爱屋"APP或许可预防产后UI的发生。而对于妊娠期没有UI症状的人群使用"有爱屋"APP预防产后UI发生的证据尚不充分。另外,不管有无UI症状,盆底肌训练自我效能高的孕妇有望从APP干预中获益。  相似文献   
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《Indian heart journal》2022,74(4):302-306
BackgroundThe alarming rise in prevalence of hypertension warrants psychosocial methods supplementing pharmacotherapy for better management and prevention of cardiac emergencies. The objective of the study was to assess the differential impact of the form and frequency of knowledge intervention on management of primary hypertension.Materials and methodThe study was conducted on 256 hypertensive patients recruited through purposive sampling at health centers in Hyderabad, India. Pretest post-test control group quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. There were two forms of the knowledge intervention, namely ‘Direct Interaction’ and ‘Audio-Visual’. Each form was presented in two frequencies namely ‘single exposure’ and ‘double exposure’. The four groups were labelled as Direct Intervention Single (DIS), Direct Intervention Double (DID), Audio-Visual Single (AVS) and Audio-Visual Double (AVD). Adherence and management of hypertension were assessed at baseline and six weeks post experiment. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was applied using IBM SPSS Statistics version 20.ResultsANCOVA followed by Bonferroni Multiple Group Comparison Test revealed significant differences between the four intervention groups and control group on adherence (p< .001). In case of hypertension management significant differences were observed between Control group and DIS, DID (p < .001), Control and AVS (p < .01). Control group did not differ from AVD.ConclusionThere was a positive impact of Knowledge Intervention on adherence and management of hypertension. Double exposure in audio visual form was counterproductive in hypertension management.  相似文献   
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目的:探讨体质指数与糖尿病交互作用对肛周脓肿术后复发的影响。方法:选取2015年1月至2016年3月贵州中医药大学第一附属医院收治的肛周脓肿住院患者790例的临床资料作为研究对象,进行回顾性分析,通过Cox比例风险模型及似然比检验分析体质量指数(BMI)和糖尿病对术后复发的交互作用。结果:合并有糖尿病的脓肿患者,每增加1个1 kg/m~2的BMI,将会增加28%的术后脓肿复发的风险(HR=1.28,95%CI 1.05,1.56,P交互=0.03)。结论:脓肿术后复发风险在患有糖尿病且BMI高的人群中较高,从而有助于早期识别高危患者,改善预后。  相似文献   
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王福成    齐平  蒋剑军  黄永  杨晓玲 《现代预防医学》2020,(13):2310-2313
目的 针对铜陵市天桥社区居民体检数据中多因素、有效样本有限的情况,挖掘与分析高血压影响因素与因素间的交互效应,为高血压干预提供参考。方法 选取2017年该社区801例体检数据为研究对象,采用随机森林方法,筛选出重要性评分较大的特征,代入logistic完全二次回归模型,逐步回归分析影响因素及因素间的交互效应。结果 随机森林模型准确率83.67%,特征重要性前10项为年龄、糖尿病、锻炼频率、体质指数、总胆固醇、吸烟情况、饮酒情况、中心性肥胖、甘油三酯、血尿素氨。Logistic完全二次回归模型准确率84.17%,输出2条主效应、8条二次交互效应。主效应中有统计学意义(P<0.05)的特征有年龄、锻炼频率,二次交互效应中有统计学意义(P<0.05)的特征有年龄、糖尿病、体质指数、总胆固醇、吸烟情况、饮酒情况、甘油三酯、血尿素氨。结论 随机森林与logistic完全二次回归模型相结合,解决了经典方法难以从多因素、样本有限的数据中挖掘交互效应的问题,获得高血压影响因素与因素间的交互效应,为高血压干预提供有益的指导。  相似文献   
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ObjectivesTo explore consequences of interpreter mediation of visit communication on patient centered dialogue and patient satisfaction with interpreter listening.MethodsFifty-five professionally interpreted primary care visits were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS). Two corresponding quantitative measures of patient-centered dialogue were calculated as ratios of psycho-emotional to biomedical statements based on (1) patient and clinician expressed codes and (2) interpreter conveyed codes. Multilevel models examined consequences of interpreter mediation on patient-centered dialogue and patient ratings of interpreter listening.ResultsStudy participants included 27 Cantonese, 17 Mandarin and 11 Spanish-speaking primary care patients and 31 of their clinicians. Overall, clinicians expressed 2.26 times more statements and patients expressed 1.74 times more statements than interpreters conveyed. Interpreters conveyed significantly less patient-centered dialogue than expressed by patients and clinicians. All differences were evident within each study language. Interpreter conveyed patient centered dialogue positively predicted patient ratings of interpreter listening (B = 0.817; p < .007).ConclusionsThe level of interpreter-conveyed patient-centered dialogue was both substantially lower than that expressed by patients and clinicians and a positive predictor of patient satisfaction with interpreter listening.Practice implicationsFuller interpretation of patient-centered dialogue may enhance patient experience with interpreters and thereby increase care quality.  相似文献   
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Dietary supplements and foods can interact with various drugs, leading to possible clinical concerns. This study aimed to investigate the effect of orally administered sinapic acid (SA) on the pharmacokinetics of aripiprazole (APZ) in rats and its possible modulatory effects on hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP3A2 and CYP2D6) expression in the liver tissues. Single dose and multiple dose parallel groups of wistar rats were categorized into six groups (n = 6 each) which abstained from food for 12 h prior to the experiment, while water was allowed ad libitum. The investigation was carried out for single dose: Group I was treated with normal saline orally for 15 days (normal control). Group II was administered normal saline orally for 15 days and received APZ (3 mg/kg p.o.) on day 15. Group III received SA (20 mg/kg p.o.) for 15 days and received APZ (3 mg/kg p.o.) on day 15. Group IV was treated with SA (20 mg/kg p.o.) for 15 days. For the multiple dose study, Group I was treated with normal saline orally for 15 days (normal control); Group II received APZ (3 mg/kg p.o.) daily for 15 days; Group III was administered with SA (20 mg/kg p.o.) and APZ (3 mg/kg p.o.) for 15 days and Group IV received SA (20 mg/kg p.o.) for 15 days. The group I and IV were kept common in single and multiple dose groups. After last APZ dose, plasma samples were collected and APZ concentrations were determined using an UPLC-MS/MS technique. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using a non-compartmental analysis. The concomitant administration of APZ with SA (as single or multiple dose) resulted in an increase in APZ absorption and a decrease on its systemic clearance. This was associated with a reduction in CYP3A2 and CYP2D6 protein expressions by 33–43% and -71–68% after the single and multiple co-administration, which are two enzymes responsible of the metabolism of APZ. Therefore, a reduction in the metabolic clearance appears to be the mechanism underlying the drug interaction of dietary supplement containing SA with APZ. Therefore, the concomitant administration of SA and APZ should be carefully viewed. Further investigations are required to assess the clinical significance of such observations in humans.  相似文献   
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