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1.
采用文献复习和实证研究经验的方法对《医疗质量管理办法》中涉及的医疗质量概念及相关问题进行探讨。《医疗质量管理办法》中的医疗质量的定义存在重大缺失,没有涉及医疗服务的结果,特别是患者安全。医疗质量的定义应与国际相关权威机构保持一致,应高度重视医疗服务的结果,特别是患者安全。  相似文献   
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目的探讨多元化联合教学模式在超声引导下疼痛介入治疗教学中的应用效果。方法选择2018年1月至2020年12月在北京大学第三医院疼痛科进修的30名医师作为研究对象,将其分为对照组与观察组;对照组采用常规教学模式;观察组采用多元化联合教学模式,比较两组医师技能考核成绩、教学质量评分和满意度评分。结果观察组医师技能考核成绩优良率为93.3%,高于对照组的73.3%(P<0.05);观察组医师对基础理论知识掌握、临床思维能力的提高、学习兴趣的激发、疾病诊治能力的提高4个方面的评分均高于对照组(P<0.01)。结论多元化联合教学模式可促进超声引导下疼痛介入治疗技能的提高,有利于提高学员的综合临床能力。  相似文献   
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  目的   探讨lncRNA ABHD11-AS1在非小细胞肺癌中的生物学功能和作用机制。  方法   选取2016年7月至2018年12月在广东医科大学附属医院行非小细胞肺癌手术的248例患者,采用χ2检验分析lncRNA ABHD11-AS1的表达与患者年龄、性别、临床病理分期、病理类型及吸烟状态的关系;采用Kaplan-Meier法分析ABHD11-AS1对非小细胞肺癌患者的预后意义;应用qRTPCR方法检测ABHD11-AS1在非小细胞肺癌组织和细胞系中的表达;通过体外功能测定评估敲低ABHD11-AS1对细胞增殖和转移的影响;通过Western blot实验探讨ABHD11-AS1在非小细胞肺癌中致癌作用的分子机制。  结果   lncRNA ABHD11-AS1高表达组较低表达组吸烟患者较少(P=0.02),分期更晚(P < 0.01);ABHD11-AS1高表达预示非小细胞肺癌患者预后不良;ABHD11-AS1在非小细胞肺癌组织和癌细胞株中高表达;敲低ABHD11-AS1的表达可抑制体外细胞增殖和迁移;敲低ABHD11-AS1表达抑制STAT1和STAT3癌蛋白的表达。  结论   ABHD11-AS1可能通过促进STAT1和STAT3癌蛋白的表达,从而增加非小细胞肺癌细胞的增殖、集落形成以及迁移和侵袭能力。   相似文献   
4.
IntroductionPredicting pathological complete response (pCR) for patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is crucial in establishing individualized treatment. Whole-slide images (WSIs) of tumor tissues reflect the histopathologic information of the tumor, which is important for therapeutic response effectiveness. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether predictive information for pCR could be detected from WSIs.Materials and methodsWe retrospectively collected data from four cohorts of 874 patients diagnosed with biopsy-proven breast cancer. A deep learning pathological model (DLPM) was constructed to predict pCR using biopsy WSIs in the primary cohort, and it was then validated in three external cohorts. The DLPM could generate a deep learning pathological score (DLPs) for each patient; stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) were selected for comparison with DLPs.ResultsThe WSI feature-based DLPM showed good predictive performance with the highest area under the curve (AUC) of 0.72 among the cohorts. Alternatively, the combination of the DLPM and clinical characteristics offered a better prediction performance (AUC >0.70) in all cohorts. We also evaluated the performance of DLPM in three different breast subtypes with the best prediction for the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype (AUC: 0.73). Moreover, DLPM combined with clinical characteristics and stromal TILs achieved the highest AUC in the primary cohort (AUC: 0.82) and validation cohort 1 (AUC: 0.80).ConclusionOur study suggested that WSIs integrated with deep learning could potentially predict pCR to NAC in breast cancer. The predictive performance will be improved by combining clinical characteristics. DLPs from DLPM can provide more information compared to stromal TILs for pCR prediction.  相似文献   
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目的:总结典型国家基层卫生服务提供中实现医防整合的经验,为我国基层医疗卫生服务整合提供借鉴。方法:本研究方法为文献研究。结果:在个人层面,英国、泰国、古巴培养全科医生作为"守门人"并将其作为提供医防整合服务的主体;在机构层面,各国基层机构组成服务网络,内部强调跨学科合作;在体系层面,通过横向合作和有序的首诊与转诊协调服务;国家立法保障和健康保险筹资等引导支持基层医疗卫生服务整合。结论:培养和配置高质量的医防一体的全科医生、促进机构跨学科融合、通过立法和筹资体系予以保障是各国提供基层整合型服务的核心,值得我国基层医防服务整合借鉴。  相似文献   
8.
IntroductionDespite advancements in surgical techniques complications like implant failure is very common after the fixation of intertrochanteric fractures. Classifying these complex fractures based on plain radiographs underestimates the complexity of these fractures which in turn leads to complications. We propose a comprehensive classification of the intertrochanteric fractures based on 3D Non Contrast Computed Tomography (3D NCCT) scan.Material and methodsA total of 102 patients (51 males and 51 females) with intertrochanteric fractures were included in this study conducted over a time period of 22 months in a Tertiary care center in North India. NCCT proximal femur of the intertrochanteric fracture patients was done to formulate a new CT classification system and classify all fractures. Intra and inter-observer reliability was tested using kappa variance.ResultsNew classification system was proposed which included 3 main and a total of 6 groups. All the fractures were classifiable into the new system. Kappa variance of the study showed a good intra and interobserver reliability (0.95 and 0.90) proving clinical agreement of the classification.ConclusionThis new 3D-CT based classification has the advantages of being easy, comprehensible with high intra and inter-observer reliability. This 3DCT based classification can prove to be useful to detect occult intertrochanteric fractures undetectable in plain radiographs as well as choosing the optimum treatment plan.  相似文献   
9.
ObjectiveImprovement in the quality of life is reflected in the narrowing of the gap between health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) and life expectancy (LE). The effect of megacity expansion on narrowing the gap is rarely reported. This study aimed to disclose this potential relationship.MethodsAnnual life tables were constructed from identified death records and population counts from multiple administrative sources in Guangzhou, China, from 2010 to 2020. Joinpoint regression was used to evaluate the temporal trend. Generalized principal component analysis and multilevel models were applied to examine the county-level association between the gap and social determinants.ResultsAlthough LE and HALE in megacities are increasing steadily, their gap is widening. Socio-economic and health services are guaranteed to narrow this gap. Increasing personal wealth, a growing number of newborns and healthy immigrants, high urbanization, and healthy aging have helped in narrowing this gap.ConclusionIn megacities, parallel LE and HALE growth should be highly considered to narrow their gap. Multiple social determinants need to be integrated as a whole to formulate public health plans.  相似文献   
10.
《Injury》2021,52(4):705-712
Intramedullary nails are the common treatment options for femoral intertrochanteric fractures. However, aseptic loosening is considered to be one of the primary forms of failure that can be caused by the stress shielding between the bone and implants. The matching in mechanical properties of implant and bone is a key issue to prevent this failure. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and Function-graded (FG) materials are widely used in clinical because of their excellent mechanical properties. In this study, to investigate the biomechanical behaviors of intramedullary nails made of Ti-6Al-4V alloy, Stainless Steel (SS), PEEK and two FG materials, three-dimensional finite element models of intertrochanteric fracture femur with intramedullary nail were constructed with ABAQUS. The maximum von Mises stress on the femoral fracture surface fixed by PEEK intramedullary nail was the largest, followed by FG intramedullary nail, which help stimulate bone growth and subsequently reduce fracture healing time. Compared with traditional metal intramedullary nails, PEEK and FG implants might increase von Mises stress along the same path in the proximal femur. The results showed that PEEK and FG intramedullary nails obviously changed the stress distributions in the bone and reduced stress shielding. This finding indicated that PEEK and FG intramedullary nails have the potential to become alternatives to the conventional metal intramedullary nails.  相似文献   
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