首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   230718篇
  免费   21154篇
  国内免费   8021篇
耳鼻咽喉   1392篇
儿科学   6096篇
妇产科学   3765篇
基础医学   42091篇
口腔科学   4874篇
临床医学   14767篇
内科学   40653篇
皮肤病学   3848篇
神经病学   18740篇
特种医学   5522篇
外国民族医学   60篇
外科学   19561篇
综合类   26141篇
现状与发展   32篇
预防医学   11079篇
眼科学   2642篇
药学   28613篇
  47篇
中国医学   7442篇
肿瘤学   22528篇
  2023年   3345篇
  2022年   5312篇
  2021年   9611篇
  2020年   8027篇
  2019年   9956篇
  2018年   9487篇
  2017年   8653篇
  2016年   8119篇
  2015年   9550篇
  2014年   13644篇
  2013年   15038篇
  2012年   13374篇
  2011年   15699篇
  2010年   13269篇
  2009年   12749篇
  2008年   12024篇
  2007年   10758篇
  2006年   9782篇
  2005年   8291篇
  2004年   7280篇
  2003年   6274篇
  2002年   4839篇
  2001年   4161篇
  2000年   3496篇
  1999年   3162篇
  1998年   2684篇
  1997年   2445篇
  1996年   2097篇
  1995年   1754篇
  1994年   1535篇
  1993年   1269篇
  1992年   1061篇
  1991年   960篇
  1990年   797篇
  1989年   678篇
  1988年   588篇
  1986年   478篇
  1985年   1728篇
  1984年   2517篇
  1983年   1615篇
  1982年   1817篇
  1981年   1638篇
  1980年   1375篇
  1979年   1202篇
  1978年   1035篇
  1977年   878篇
  1976年   975篇
  1975年   683篇
  1974年   585篇
  1973年   605篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
2.
PurposeAccording to the social determinants of health framework, income inequality is a potential risk factor for adverse mental health. However, few studies have explored the mechanisms suspected to mediate this relationship. The current study addresses this gap through a mediation analysis to determine if social support and community engagement act as mediators linking neighbourhood income inequality to maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms within a cohort of new mothers living in the City of Calgary, Canada.MethodsData collected at three years postpartum from mothers belonging to the All Our Families (AOF) cohort were used in the current study. Maternal data were collected between 2012 and 2015 and linked to neighbourhood socioeconomic data from the 2006 Canadian Census. Income inequality was measured using Gini coefficients derived from 2006 after-tax census data. Generalized structural equation models were used to quantify the associations between income inequality and mental health symptoms, and to assess the potential direct and indirect mediating effects of maternal social support and community engagement.ResultsIncome inequality was not significantly associated with higher depressive symptoms (β = 0.32, 95%CI = −0.067, 0.70), anxiety symptoms (β = 0.11, 95%CI = −0.39, 0.60), or lower social support. Income inequality was not associated with community engagement. For the depression models, higher social support was significantly associated with lower depressive symptoms (β = −0.13, 95%CI = −0.15, −0.097), while community engagement was not significantly associated with depressive symptoms (β = 0.059, 95%CI = −0.15, 0.27). Similarly, for the anxiety models, lower anxiety symptoms were significantly associated with higher levels of social support (β = −0.17, 95%CI = −0.20, −0.13) but not with higher levels of community engagement (β = 0.14, 95%CI = −0.14, 0.41).ConclusionThe current study did not find clear evidence for social support or community engagement mediating the relationship between neighbourhood income inequality and maternal mental health. Future investigations should employ a broader longitudinal approach to capture changes in income inequality, potential mediators, and mental health symptomatology over time.  相似文献   
3.
《Cancer cell》2022,40(3):318-334.e9
  1. Download : Download high-res image (268KB)
  2. Download : Download full-size image
  相似文献   
4.
背景 致密性骨炎(OCI)和其他疾病有时难以鉴别,探讨血清骨转换生化标志物可为OCI的鉴别诊断提供依据。 目的 探索女性OCI患者的血清骨转换生化标志物的水平变化及临床意义。 方法 回顾性选取2013年6月至2022年2月在北京积水潭医院门诊及住院诊断为OCI的61例女性患者作为观察组,年龄15~50岁,平均(33.8±6.6)岁,病程2周~15年。选择同期61例女性体检健康者作为对照组,年龄15~48岁,平均(35.6±7.6)岁。比较两组一般临床资料和血清骨转换生化标志物水平,并对血清骨转换生化标志物与病情相关指标进行相关性分析。 结果 观察组血清白蛋白(45.4±2.9)g/L低于对照组(46.5±2.8)g/L(t=2.190,P<0.05)。血清骨转换生化标志物比较结果显示,观察组血清1型胶原羧基末端肽β特殊序列(β-CTX)〔0.28(0.23,0.37)μg/L〕、N-端骨钙素(OC)〔13.1(11.2,16.2)μg/L〕、25-羟维生素D3〔25-(OH)VD3〕〔(14.1±5.1)μg/L〕低于对照组〔0.36(0.29,0.48)μg/L,15.6(13.7,17.3)μg/L,(17.5±6.6)μg/L〕(Z=-2.983、-3.255,t=3.081,P<0.05)。长病程亚组OC水平〔14.6(12.4,18.5)μg/L〕高于短病程亚组〔11.7(10.2,14.0)μg/L〕(Z=-2.407,P<0.05)。多孕亚组β-CTX〔0.25(0.22,0.32)μg/L〕、OC水平〔12.2(10.3,15.0)μg/L〕低于非多孕亚组〔0.33(0.26,0.44)μg/L、13.4(12.0,18.8)μg/L〕(Z=-2.486、-1.897,P<0.05)。相关性分析显示,观察组血清1型前胶原氨基端延长肽(tP1NP)与妊娠次数、生产次数均呈负相关(rs=-0.276、-0.298,P<0.05),OC与体质指数(BMI)、视觉模拟评分法(VAS)评分、妊娠次数均呈负相关(rs=-0.284、-0.374、-0.360,P<0.05),25-(OH)VD3水平与BMI呈正相关(rs=0.275,P<0.05)。 结论 女性OCI患者血清OC、β-CTX水平明显降低,可为鉴别其他疾病提供依据;血清OC水平可以反映OCI患者的严重程度,同时OC水平与患者妊娠次数相关;tP1NP与妊娠次数、生产次数相关。  相似文献   
5.
6.
Neoadjuvant programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade exhibits promising efficacy in patients with mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (CRC). However, discrepancies between radiological and histological findings have been reported in the PICC phase II trial (NCT 03926338). Therefore, we strived to discern radiological features associated with pathological complete response (pCR) based on computed tomography (CT) images. Data were obtained from the PICC trial that included 36 tumors from 34 locally advanced dMMR CRC patients, who received neoadjuvant PD-1 blockade for 3 months. Among the 36 tumors, 28 (77.8%) tumors achieved pCR. There were no statistically significant differences in tumor longitudinal diameter, the percentage change in tumor longitudinal diameter from baseline, primary tumor sidedness, clinical stage, extramural venous invasion status, intratumoral calcification, peritumoral fat infiltration, intestinal fistula and tumor necrosis between the pCR and non-pCR tumors. Otherwise, tumors with pCR had smaller posttreatment tumor maximum thickness (median: 10 mm vs 13 mm, P = .004) and higher percentage decrease in tumor maximum thickness from baseline (52.9% vs 21.6%, P = .005) compared to non-pCR tumors. Additionally, a higher proportion of the absence of vascular sign (P = .003, odds ratio [OR] = 25.870 [95% CI, 1.357-493.110]), nodular sign (P < .001, OR = 189.000 [95% CI, 10.464-3413.803]) and extramural enhancement sign (P = .003, OR = 21.667 [2.848-164.830]) was observed in tumors with pCR. In conclusion, these CT-defined radiological features may have the potential to serve as valuable tools for clinicians in identifying patients who have achieved pCR after neoadjuvant PD-1 blockade, particularly in individuals who are willing to adopt a watch-and-wait strategy.  相似文献   
7.
8.
9.
BackgroundVitamin D is essential in the host defense against tuberculosis (TB). Suboptimal vitamin D status is common in the hemodialysis population. Hemodialysis patients have an increased risk compared to the general population latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). However, the association between vitamin D deficiency and LTBI in this population remains unclear.Materials and methodsWe conducted a cross-sectional study between March and May 2017. Interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) through QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube was used to assess LTBI. Plasma 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD) levels were measured by Elecsys Vitamin D Total assay. Suboptimal vitamin D levels included vitamin D insufficiency 20–29 ng/mg and vitamin D deficiency <20 ng/mL. Predictors for LTBI were analyzed.ResultsA total of 287 participants were enrolled. The suboptimal vitamin D level was 31.4% (90/287), which including the vitamin D deficiency was 13.9% (40/287). A total of 49.1% (141/287) people received nutritional vitamin D supplementation. The prevalence of IGRA positivity in this study was 25.1% (72/287). There was no significant difference in vitamin D concentrations or the proportion of vitamin D supplementation among the IGRA-positive and IGRA-negative groups (p = 0.789 and 0.496, respectively). In multivariate analysis, age >65 years old (odds ratio (OR), 1.89; 95% CI, 1.08–3.31; p = 0.026) and TB history (OR, 3.51; 95% CI, 1.38–8.91; p = 0.008) were independent predictors of IGRA positivity.ConclusionThis is the first study to report that vitamin D deficiency was not associated with IGRA positivity in a hemodialysis population. Aging and TB history were both independent predictors for LTBI.  相似文献   
10.
Transfusion transmissible infections (TTIs) have been a public health challenge for the accessibility, quality and safety of blood transfusion. The present study aimed to consider the prevalence and the trends of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis across the ten years among retrospective blood donors. A retrospective investigation of blood donors’ data covering the period from 22 May 2009 to 22 May 2019 was done. Data was accumulated and analyzed from Blood Transfusion Center records, pertaining to all donors who were screened for various TTIs using respective immunological techniques. Out of the 682,171 screened donors in the 2009–2019 study period, 2470 (0.36 %) were infected with at least one infectious agent. The overall prevalence of HBV, HCV, HTLV-1, HIV and syphilis were 1700 (0.25 %), 184 (0.027 %), 335 (0.05 %), 4 (0.0.05 %) and 247 (0.036 %), respectively. The study showed male dominated donor pool (96.79 %) with higher prevalence (0.34 %) of TTIs compared to female donors (0.02 %) with 3.21 % population. Despite the low prevalence of TTIs in our study, HBV, HCV, syphilis and HIV have remained a big threat to safe blood transfusion in Iran. Strict adherence to selection criteria, algorithm of donor screening, use of highly sensitive and specific methods for detection of TTIs, regular consultation and health education programs, prevention and sanitization strategies to reduce the risk of TTIs are recommended to reduce the risk of TTIs and ensure the safety of blood transfusion for recipient.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号