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ObjectiveTo investigate the presence of symptoms of moral injury in obstetric and neonatal nurses.DesignA secondary qualitative analysis using an analytic expansion of three primary studies.SettingPostal mail and electronic surveys.ParticipantsI used three primary studies: participants in the first consisted of 78 labor and delivery nurses, participants in the second consisted of 75 nurse-midwives, and participants in the third consisted of 22 NICU nurses.MethodsI used Krippendorff’s content analysis method for qualitative data to reanalyze the three primary data sets. The categories I used in this analysis were the 10 symptoms of moral injury that are assessed by the Moral Injury Symptoms Scale–Health Professionals Version.ResultsWhen combining the three types of obstetric and neonatal participants, the top three most frequently cited symptoms of moral injury were moral concern, guilt, and self-condemnation. For participants in labor and delivery units and NICUs, moral concern was the most often described symptom, whereas for participants in midwifery it was guilt. None of the participants reported loss of meaning in their lives, loss of faith, or religious struggle. Participants who worked in NICUs did not describe any symptoms of shame or difficulty forgiving.ConclusionIn addition to the primary symptoms of moral injury, reported secondary consequences of moral injury can include depression, anxiety, anger, self-harm, and social problems. Interventions such as acceptance and commitment therapy are needed to help nurses address the potential for moral injury and repair its effects. Since the COVID-19 pandemic, now more than ever, moral injury needs to be recognized in obstetric and neonatal nurses and not just in the military population.  相似文献   
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The objectives of this study were to factor analyze the Moral Distress Scale–Revised (MDS-R) in NICU nurses and to evaluate the relationships among dimensions of the MDS-R and the demoralization, exhaustion, and loss of motive dimensions of the Burnout Measure (BM). A total of 142 NICU nurses completed modified pen-and-paper versions of the MDS-R and BM. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the MDS-R-14 was a relatively good fit for the data. The compromised care dimension predicted BM demoralization (β = 0.24) and exhaustion (β = 0.22), the futile care dimension predicted BM exhaustion (β = 0.18), and the untruthful care dimension predicted BM demoralization (β = .25). Strategies to mitigate moral distress and resulting burnout in NICU nurses should address futile care, compromised care, and untruthful care.  相似文献   
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背景 孕产妇尿失禁(UI)发病率高,严重影响了女性生活质量。研究表明,盆底肌训练是UI有效的防治手段,本研究前期进行了一项随机对照试验(RCT),结果发现相比于常规宣教,基于移动医疗APP的盆底肌训练并未显现出预防优势,其原因需要进一步深入探讨。 目的 本研究拟对一项基于APP的妊娠期盆底肌训练的干预研究的阴性结果进行探索性分析,旨在探讨产后UI预防效果的影响因素以及获益的亚组人群。 方法 本研究数据来源于前期开展的一项RCT,采用方便抽样法,于2020年6—10月在南方医科大学深圳医院产科门诊招募了126例研究对象,采用随机数字表法分为干预组与对照组,每组各63例。对照组采用常规护理,干预组在此基础上使用"有爱屋"APP进行尿失禁自我管理,干预周期为2个月。产后42 d随访时收集两组产后相关资料,包括产后42 d UI发生情况。以产后是否发生UI为结局指标,将研究对象分为病例组和对照组,采用Logistic回归分析探讨混杂因素及其与干预方式之间的交互作用对产后UI发生的影响。针对Logistic回归分析的结果进行分层分析,探讨是否存在能从APP干预中获益的亚组人群。 结果 病例组和对照组阴道分娩史、入组时存在UI、Broome盆底肌自我效能量表(BPMSES)得分比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。Logistic回归分析结果显示,入组时存在UI是产后发生UI的危险因素〔OR=15.897,95%CI(4.724,53.495),P<0.001〕;BPMSES得分与干预方式的交互作用可影响产后UI的发生〔OR=1.034,95%CI(1.017,1.051),P<0.001〕。分层分析结果显示,入组时存在UI症状的孕妇,干预组产后UI发生率低于对照组(χ2=4.18,P=0.041);入组时不存在UI症状的孕妇,两组产后UI发生率比较,差异无统计学意义(χ2=1.89,P=0.284)。 结论 推荐有UI症状的孕妇使用"有爱屋"APP或许可预防产后UI的发生。而对于妊娠期没有UI症状的人群使用"有爱屋"APP预防产后UI发生的证据尚不充分。另外,不管有无UI症状,盆底肌训练自我效能高的孕妇有望从APP干预中获益。  相似文献   
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Monitoring variations in the functioning of the autonomic nervous system may help personalize training of runners and provide more pronounced physiological adaptations and performance improvements. We systematically reviewed the scientific literature comparing physiological adaptations and/or improvements in performance following training based on responses of the autonomic nervous system (ie, changes in heart rate variability) and predefined training. PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science were searched systematically in July 2019. Keywords related to endurance, running, autonomic nervous system, and training. Studies were included if they (a) involved interventions consisting predominantly of running training; (b) lasted at least 3 weeks; (c) reported pre- and post-intervention assessment of running performance and/or physiological parameters; (d) included an experimental group performing training adjusted continuously on the basis of alterations in HRV and a control group; and (e) involved healthy runners. Five studies involving six interventions and 166 participants fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Four HRV-based interventions reduced the amount of moderate- and/or high-intensity training significantly. In five interventions, improvements in performance parameters (3000 m, 5000 m, Loadmax, Tlim) were more pronounced following HRV-based training. Peak oxygen uptake () and submaximal running parameters (eg, LT1, LT2) improved following both HRV-based and predefined training, with no clear difference in the extent of improvement in . Submaximal running parameters tended to improve more following HRV-based training. Research findings to date have been limited and inconsistent. Both HRV-based and predefined training improve running performance and certain submaximal physiological adaptations, with effects of the former training tending to be greater.  相似文献   
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