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**排序方式：**共有3510条查询结果，搜索用时 15 毫秒

1.

An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of hexoestrol (HES) was developed, optimized and validated for the analysis of HES in pork. Many parameters, such as the volume ratio of solution A and solution B, colour developing time, pH value, incubation time, the volume ratio of the standard solution and diluted antiserum, blocking solution, blocking condition, coating solution and coating condition were studied and optimized in the paper. The regression equation of the final inhibition curve is y = - 0.3345x + 1.4955, R

^{2}=0.9913. The linear range is 0.1-8.1 ng/ml, and the IC_{50}is 0.671 ng/ml. The specificity of the assay was evaluated by the cross-reactivity rates of six compounds, of which two structurally related compounds had a relatively higher cross-reactivity rate of 25% and 6%. HES was added into a pork sample at 5 ng/g level and then the sample was extracted. The recovery is between 49.6% and 79.2%, and the variation coefficient is 0.164. 相似文献2.

Frederick H. Epstein John P. Mugler James R. Brookeman 《Magnetic resonance in medicine》1994,31(2):164-177

A number of pulse sequence techniques, including magnetization-prepared gradient echo (MP-GRE), segmented GRE, and hybrid RARE, employ a relatively large number of variable pulse sequence parameters and acquire the image data during a transient signal evolution. These sequences have recently been proposed and/or used for clinical applications in the brain, spine, liver, and coronary arteries. Thus, the need for a method of deriving optimal pulse sequence parameter values for this class of sequences now exists. Due to the complexity of these sequences, conventional optimization approaches, such as applying differential calculus to signal difference equations, are inadequate. We have developed a general framework for adapting the simulated annealing algorithm to pulse sequence parameter value optimization, and applied this framework to the specific case of optimizing the white matter-gray matter signal difference for a

*T*_{1}-weighted variable flip angle 3D MP-RAGE sequence. Using our algorithm, the values of 35 sequence parameters, including the magnetization-preparation RF pulse flip angle and delay time, 32 flip angles in the variable flip angle gradient-echo acquisition sequence, and the magnetization recovery time, were derived. Optimized 3D MP-RAGE achieved up to a 130% increase in white matter-gray matter signal difference compared with optimized 3D RF-spoiled FLASH with the same total acquisition time. The simulated annealing approach was effective at deriving optimal parameter values for a specific 3D MP-RAGE imaging objective, and may be useful for other imaging objectives and sequences in this general class. 相似文献3.

Hendrik Koffijberg Koen Degeling Maarten J. IJzerman Veerle M.H. Coupé Marjolein J.E. Greuter 《Value in health》2021,24(2):206-215

**Objectives**Metamodeling can address computational challenges within decision-analytic modeling studies evaluating many strategies. This article illustrates the value of metamodeling for evaluating colorectal cancer screening strategies while accounting for colonoscopy capacity constraints.

**Methods**In a traditional approach, the best screening strategy was identified from a limited subset of strategies evaluated with the validated Adenoma and Serrated pathway to Colorectal CAncer model. In a metamodeling approach, metamodels were fitted to this limited subset to evaluate all potentially plausible strategies and determine the best overall screening strategy. Approaches were compared based on the best screening strategy in life-years gained compared with no screening. Metamodel runtime and accuracy was assessed.

**Results**The metamodeling approach evaluated >40 000 strategies in <1 minute with high accuracy after 1 adaptive sampling step (mean absolute error: 0.0002 life-years) using 300 samples in total (generation time: 8 days). Findings indicated that health outcomes could be improved without requiring additional colonoscopy capacity. Obtaining similar insights using the traditional approach could require at least 1000 samples (generation time: 28 days). Suggested benefits from screening at ages <40 years require adequate validation of the underlying Adenoma and Serrated pathway to Colorectal CAncer model before making policy recommendations.

**Conclusions**Metamodeling allows rapid assessment of a vast set of strategies, which may lead to identification of more favorable strategies compared to a traditional approach. Nevertheless, metamodel validation and identifying extrapolation beyond the support of the original decision-analytic model are critical to the interpretation of results. The screening strategies identified with metamodeling support ongoing discussions on decreasing the starting age of colorectal cancer screening. 相似文献

4.

以缓和加氢裂化数据为基础,对于两种典型的加氢裂化动力学模型－－Stangeland模型和改进MHC模型,使用Shor最优化法进行了参数的拟合,比较了这两种动力学模型的结果、算法、复杂度以及预测能力。结果表明,改进MHC模型是一种更为合理的动力学模型,该模型也可用于实际加氢过程。 相似文献

5.

Koichi Yasuda Hideki Minatogawa Yasuhiro Dekura Seishin Takao Masaya Tamura Nayuta Tsushima Takayoshi Suzuki Satoshi Kano Takatsugu Mizumachi Takashi Mori Kentaro Nishioka Motoyasu Shido Norio Katoh Hiroshi Taguchi Noriyuki Fujima Rikiya Onimaru Isao Yokota Keiji Kobashi Shinichi Shimizu Akihiro Homma Hiroki Shirato Hidefumi Aoyama 《Journal of radiation research》2021,62(2):329

Pharyngeal cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) using a model-based approach were retrospectively reviewed, and acute toxicities were analyzed. From June 2016 to March 2019, 15 pharyngeal (7 naso-, 5 oro- and 3 hypo-pharyngeal) cancer patients received IMPT with robust optimization. Simulation plans for IMPT and intensity-modulated X-ray therapy (IMXT) were generated before treatment. We also reviewed 127 pharyngeal cancer patients with IMXT in the same treatment period. In the simulation planning comparison, all of the normal-tissue complication probability values for dysphagia, dysgeusia, tube-feeding dependence and xerostomia were lower for IMPT than for IMXT in the 15 patients. After completing IMPT, 13 patients completed the evaluation, and 12 of these patients had a complete response. The proportions of patients who experienced grade 2 or worse acute toxicities in the IMPT and IMXT cohorts were 21.4 and 56.5% for dysphagia (

*P*< 0.05), 46.7 and 76.3% for dysgeusia (*P*< 0.05), 73.3 and 62.8% for xerostomia (*P*= 0.43), 73.3 and 90.6% for mucositis (*P*= 0.08) and 66.7 and 76.4% for dermatitis (*P*= 0.42), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that IMPT was independently associated with a lower rate of grade 2 or worse dysphagia and dysgeusia. After propensity score matching, 12 pairs of IMPT and IMXT patients were selected. Dysphagia was also statistically lower in IMPT than in IMXT (*P*< 0.05). IMPT using a model-based approach may have clinical benefits for acute dysphagia. 相似文献6.

数据库系统和操作系统一样，在计算机上安装成功后，还需要进一步配置和优化，从而使其具有更强大的功能和运行在最佳状态。SGA（System Globle Area）各部分的分配是否合理，使用效率是否正常，会大大影响数据库系统的性能。 相似文献

7.

Enshuai Wang Fei Yang Xinmin Shen Haiqin Duan Xiaonan Zhang Qin Yin Wenqiang Peng Xiaocui Yang Liu Yang 《Materials》2022,15(10)

An acoustic metamaterial absorber of parallel–connection square Helmholtz resonators is proposed in this study, and its sound absorption coefficients are optimized to reduce the noise for the given conditions in the factory. A two–dimensional equivalent simulation model is built to obtain the initial value of parameters and a three–dimensional finite element model is constructed to simulate the sound absorption performance of the metamaterial cell, which aims to improve the research efficiency. The optimal parameters of metamaterial cells are obtained through the particle swarm optimization algorithm, and its effectiveness and accuracy are validated through preparing the experimental sample using 3D printing and measuring the sound absorption coefficient by the standing wave tube detection. The consistency between the experimental data and simulation data verifies feasibility of the proposed optimization method and usefulness of the developed acoustic metamaterial absorber, and the desired sound absorption performances for given conditions are achieved. The experimental results prove that parallel–connection square Helmholtz resonators can achieve an adjustable frequency spectrum for the low frequency noise control by parameter optimization, which is propitious to promote its application in reducing the noise in the factory. 相似文献

8.

Optimized Formulation of Magnetic Chitosan Microspheres Containing the Anticancer Agent,Oxantrazole

**总被引：7，自引：0，他引：7**A combined emulsion/polymer cross-linking/solvent evaporation technique was used to prepare magnetic chitosan microspheres (MCM) containing the anticancer drug, oxantrazole. A central composite experimental design was used to simultaneously evaluate a variety of formulation factors on a number of response variables, such as the percentage of oxantrazole entrapped in the MCM. In association with the study design, statistical optimization procedures indicated the factors that significantly influence MCM preparation and what levels of the factors are needed to produce optimum MCM. Entrapment of anticancer agents into biodegradable microspheres is difficult because of low aqueous drug solubility and porosity of the particles. The latter effect was circumvented by a chitosan cross-linking step that resulted in 3% (w/w) oxantrazole entrapment in the MCM via the optimization procedures. The combined formulation and statistical optimization strategy provide a basis to develop other microparticulate systems and led to a dosage form that can be used for future

*in vivo*investigations. 相似文献9.

Energy harvesting devices made of piezoelectric material are highly anticipated energy sources for power wireless sensors. Tremendous efforts have been made to improve the performance of piezoelectric energy harvesters (PEHs). Noticeably, topology optimization has shown an attractive potential to design PEHs with enhanced energy conversion efficiency. In this work, an alternative yet more practical design objective was considered, where the open-circuit voltage of PEHs is enhanced by topologically optimizing the through-thickness piezoelectric material distribution of plate-type PEHs subjected to harmonic excitations. Compared to the conventional efficiency-enhanced designs, the open-circuit voltage of PEHs can be evidently enhanced by the proposed method while with negligible sacrifice on the energy conversion efficiency. Numerical investigations show that the voltage cancellation effect due to inconsistent voltage phases can be effectively ameliorated by optimally distributed piezoelectric materials. 相似文献

10.

In this paper, eight variables of cement, blast furnace slag, fly ash, water, superplasticizer, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and flow are used as network input and slump is used as network output to construct a back-propagation (BP) neural network. On this basis, the learning rate, momentum factor, number of hidden nodes and number of iterations are used as hyperparameters to construct 2-layer and 3-layer neural networks respectively. Finally, the response surface method (RSM) is used to optimize the parameters of the network model obtained previously. The results show that the network model with parameters obtained by the response surface method (RSM) has a better coefficient of determination for the test set than the model before optimization, and the optimized model has higher prediction accuracy. At the same time, the model is used to evaluate the influencing factors of each variable on slump. The results show that flow, water, coarse aggregate and fine aggregate are the four main influencing factors, and the maximum influencing factor of flow is 0.875. This also provides a new idea for quickly and effectively adjusting the parameters of the neural network model to improve the prediction accuracy of concrete slump. 相似文献