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1.
BACKGROUNDGuillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare disorder that typically presents with ascending weakness, pain, paraesthesias, and numbness, which mimic the findings in lumbar spinal stenosis. Here, we report a case of severe lumbar spinal stenosis combined with GBS.CASE SUMMARYA 70-year-old man with a history of lumbar spinal stenosis presented to our emergency department with severe lower back pain and lower extremity numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of severe lumbar spinal stenosis. However, his symptoms did not improve postoperatively and he developed dysphagia and upper extremity numbness. An electromyogram was performed. Based on his symptoms, physical examination, and electromyogram, he was diagnosed with GBS. After 5 d of intravenous immunoglobulin (0.4 g/kg/d for 5 d) therapy, he gained 4/5 of strength in his upper and lower extremities and denied paraesthesias. He had regained 5/5 of strength in his extremities when he was discharged and had no symptoms during follow-up.CONCLUSIONGBS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spinal disorder, even though magnetic resonance imaging shows severe lumbar spinal stenosis. This case highlights the importance of a careful diagnosis when a patient has a history of a disease and comes to the hospital with the same or similar symptoms.  相似文献   
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Background Context

The concept of dynamic stabilization (DS) of the lumbar spine for treatment of degenerative instability has been introduced almost two decades ago. Dynamic stabilization follows the principle of controlling movement in the coronal plane by providing load transfer of the spinal segment without fusion and, at the same time, reducing side effects such as adjacent segment disease (ASD). So far, only little is known about revision rates after DS due to ASD and screw loosening (SL).

Purpose

The present study aimed to evaluate the longitudinal revision rates following dynamic pedicle screw stabilization in the lumbar spine and to determine specific risk factors predictive for ASD, SL, and overall reoperation in a large cohort with considerable follow-up.

Design

We carried out a post hoc analysis of a prospectively collected database in a level I spine center.

Patients Example

The patient sample comprised 283 (151 female/132 male) consecutive patients suffering from painful degenerative lumbar segmental instability with or without spinal stenosis who underwent DS of the lumbar spine (Ulrich Cosmic, Ulrich Medical, Ulm, Germany) between January 2008 and December 2011.

Outcome Measures

Longitudinal reoperation rate and risk factors predictive for revision surgery were evaluated.

Methods

We analyzed the longitudinal reoperation rate due to ASD and SL and overall reoperation. Risk factors such as age, gender, body mass index, lumbar lordosis (LL), number of segments, and number of previous surgeries were taken into account. Regular and mixed model logistic regressions were performed to determine risk factors for revision surgery on a patient and on a screw level.

Results

The mean age was 65.7±10.2 years (range 31–88). One hundred thirty-two patients were stabilized in 1 segment, 134 in 2 segments, 15 in 3 segments, and 2 patients in 4 segments. Reoperation rate for ASD and SL after 1 year was 7.4 %, after 2 years was 15.0%, and after a mean follow-up of 51.4±15 months was 22.6%. Reasons for revision were SL in 19 cases (6.6%), ASD in 39 cases (13.7%), SL and ASD in 6 cases, hematoma in 2 cases (0.7%), cerebrospinal fluid fistulae in 3 cases (1.1%), infection in 6 cases (2.1%), and implant failure in 1 case (0.4%). The patients' age, the number of stabilized segments, and the number of previous surgeries and postoperative LL had a significant influence on the probability for revision surgery.

Conclusions

Reoperation rates after DS of the lumbar spine are comparable with rigid fixations. The younger the patient and the more segments are involved, the lower the LL and the more previous surgeries were found, the higher was the risk of revision. Risk of revision was almost twice as high in men compared with women. We therefore conclude that for clear clinical indication and careful evaluation of preoperative imaging data, DS using the Cosmic system seems to be a possible option. The presented data will help to further tailor indication and patient selection.  相似文献   
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Ewing sarcoma (ES) is a rare primary neoplasm in the lumbar adult spine and may mimic a benign tumor. In this case, after a patient's three-month history of lower back pain and rapidly progressing leg numbness and weakness, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a mass in the third lumbar vertebra. At a two-month follow-up, imaging showed a fracture, compression and lesion enlargement. Decompression and fixation confirmed ES, and the patient began combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Two months postoperatively, residual ES was suspected on MRI. The patient underwent a second surgery, and histopathology confirmed necrosis. A six-month follow-up after the first surgery showed no tumor recurrence. This case supports the inclusion of ES in the differential diagnosis of pathologic spinal fracture. Early decompression and spinal fixation are critical for preserving neurologic and spinal functions in ES complicated by a compression fracture. Combined adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy remain the standard therapeutic strategy.  相似文献   
7.
目的:分析针刀与针灸配合应用于腰椎间盘突出症患者中的临床治疗效果。方法:在我院针灸康复科2017年12月-2018年12月治疗的腰椎间盘突出症患者中选取64例,并严格按照系统随机分配原则分为对照组和观察组,各32例。其中对照组采用针灸进行治疗,观察组采用针刀与针灸配合治疗,观察对比两组患者治疗后临床效果和治疗前后运动功能评分(Fugl-Meyer)、腰椎日本骨科学会(Japanese Orthopaedic Association,JOA)评分、视觉模拟评分法(Visual Analogue Scale,VAS)评分以及临床症状改善情况。结果:两组患者治疗前Fugl-Meyer、VAS、JOA评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),治疗后对照组VAS评分高于观察组,Fugl-Meyer、JOA评分低于观察组,且对照组总有效率低于观察组,对照组腰骶疼痛评分和腿疼痛评分均低于观察组,直腿抬高度高于观察组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:予以腰椎间盘突出症患者针刀与针灸配合治疗效果显著,效果优于单一使用针灸治疗,可有效缓解患者疼痛感,改善临床症状,值得推广。  相似文献   
8.
目的 分析腰椎间盘突出症手术疗效不佳的原因,探讨提高疗效的方法。方法 随访本院1993-2003年腰椎间盘突出症行后路髓核摘除术病例236例,对术后腰腿痛症状未缓解或症状消失后再复发者复查X片、CT或MRI了解病因。结果手术疗效不佳者25例。疗效不佳的主要原因为残留髓核再突出、术后脊柱不稳倾向增加、对侧隐窝狭窄认识不足、神经根损伤、极外侧型椎问盘突出漏切、感染、术后椎管内瘢痕黏连等。全椎板切除术较椎板问开窗术更易发生椎管内瘢痕黏连(P<0.01)。结论首次手术时应尽可能取净髓核组织,对动力位摄片发现有椎问不稳倾向者行后外侧植骨或椎体问植骨融合,常规探查并妥善处理侧隐窝,牵拉神经根时间不应过长且用力轻柔。行腰椎间盘CT和MRI扫描时,应注意包括椎间盘相邻上下椎体的1/3部,以防止遗漏极外侧型椎问盘突出,尽量采用椎板间开窗术式以减少脊柱创伤,术中间断冲洗,术毕持续负压引流,以减少术后黏连,术中应严格无菌操作。  相似文献   
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目的:探讨椎管扩大成形术治疗腰椎管狭窄的效果。方法:椎板减压后复位,用棘突或髂骨植于一侧开槽处扩大椎管,并进行椎板及关节突关节植骨,对54例随访病人的手术前后临床表现及X线和CT进行比较。结果:随访6—39个月,临床优良率为81.1%。随访X线片显示椎板明显后移,CT测量与术前对比显示椎管内径扩大明显。结论:椎管扩大成形术操作简单,效果满意,术后并发症少,是治疗腰椎管狭窄的又一选择。  相似文献   
10.
Facet joints play an important role in intervertebral load transmission and are crucial for rotational kinematics. Clinically, the role of facet joints as a possible source of low back pain is seen as controversial and at present is not sufficiently investigated. In this study, human lumbar facet (zygapopyhysial) joints from donors with advanced age were analyzed macroscopically, for degenerative changes. The aim was to determine the extent and morphology of degenerative changes in these joints. Lumbar facet joints (L1–L5) of 32 donors were studied (mean age 80.1±11.2 years). Joint capsules were carefully removed and joint surfaces (5 zones) examined using magnifying glasses and probes. In the result, the majority of facet joints showed cartilage defects of varying extent. Defects were located mostly at the margins of the articular surface, the central zone being relatively well preserved. Defect localization was different between superior (most cartilage defects in superior zone) and inferior (most defects inferiorly) facets. Further, defects were more severe caudal (level of L5) and in older persons. Osteophytes were present in up to 30%, located mostly at the latero-dorsal enthesis of the joint capsule on the superior facet. In conclusion, most margins of the articular facets are subject to degenerative changes in the lumbar spine of elderly persons, the topographical pattern being different in superior and inferior facets. This observation can be explained by the segmental motion patterns during extension/flexion movements of the facets. Sometimes, due to the marginal extension, it is obvious that not all changes can be assessed by CT or MRI.  相似文献   
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