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Introduction

Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is estimated to occur in 10%–25% of the general intensive care unit (ICU) population and is frequently seen as regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs). Although RWMA is mostly attributed to myocardial ischemia or infarction, some studies have suggested that nonischemic RWMA might also be prevalent. We sought to establish that RWMA can be seen in critically ill patients with normal coronary arteries and to explore reasons for RWMA in this population.

Methods

In this retrospective study, data from the hospital angiography register and the ICU register were collated between 2012 and 2019. Patients were identified who underwent angiography in conjunction with their ICU stay and had RWMA on echocardiography. Patients were divided into either those with non-obstructed or those with obstructed coronary arteries. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) examinations were reviewed if they had been performed on patients with non-obstructed coronaries.

Results

We identified 53 patients with RWMA and non-obstructed coronary arteries and 204 patients with RWMA and obstructed coronary arteries. Patients with non-obstructed coronary arteries were more often female, younger, and had fewer cardiovascular risk factors. They less commonly had ST elevation, but more frequently had T-wave inversion or serious arrhythmias. Troponin levels were higher in patients with obstructed coronary arteries, but NT-proBNP was similar between the groups. There were no differences in risk-adjusted 90-day mortality between patients with non-obstructed versus obstructed coronary arteries (OR 1.21, [95% CI 0.56–2.64], p = .628). In those with non-obstructed coronary arteries, follow-up echocardiography was available for 38 patients, of whom 30 showed normalization of cardiac function. Of the 14 patients with non-obstructed coronary arteries on whom cMRI was performed, 7 had a tentative diagnosis of Takotsubo syndrome or myocardial stunning; 4 had a myocardial infarction (preexisting in 3 cases); 1 patient had acute myocarditis; 1 patient had post-myocarditis; and 1 patient was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy.

Conclusion

RWMA can be seen to occur in critically ill patients in the absence of coronary artery obstruction. Several conditions can cause regional hypokinesia, and cMRI is useful to evaluate the underlying etiology.  相似文献   
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Mediastinal teratoma rarely causes pericarditis. We report a case of a 22-year-old young female admitted to the emergency department for inspiratory chest pain and fever with severe pericardial effusion, unexepectable the cause of pericarditis was a mediastinal teratoma.  相似文献   
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《Journal of cardiac failure》2022,28(7):1185-1201
Sacubitril/valsartan is an angiotensin receptor/neprilysin inhibitor that the Food and Drug Administration has indicated to reduce the risk of cardiovascular hospitalization and death in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction below normal and with no specified ejection-fraction cut-off. However, clinically significant patient groups were excluded or minimally represented in sacubitril/valsartan's pivotal clinical trials. Clinicians often encounter scenarios in which a sacubitril/valsartan off-label use may be beneficial, but limited resources are available to evaluate the efficacy and safety in these patients. This state-of-the-art review describes contemporary literature for sacubitril/valsartan Food and Drug Administration off-label indications to help clinicians assess its appropriateness in these selected, clinically important groups of patients: those with acute decompensated heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, peripartum cardiomyopathy, chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy, adult congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy in dialysis patients, right ventricular failure, or durable left ventricular assist device.  相似文献   
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