首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   12460篇
  免费   862篇
  国内免费   121篇
耳鼻咽喉   9篇
儿科学   57篇
妇产科学   40篇
基础医学   557篇
口腔科学   7篇
临床医学   2834篇
内科学   1904篇
皮肤病学   18篇
神经病学   3157篇
特种医学   398篇
外科学   308篇
综合类   1484篇
预防医学   801篇
眼科学   18篇
药学   622篇
  5篇
中国医学   1209篇
肿瘤学   15篇
  2024年   42篇
  2023年   221篇
  2022年   557篇
  2021年   705篇
  2020年   675篇
  2019年   660篇
  2018年   678篇
  2017年   615篇
  2016年   553篇
  2015年   435篇
  2014年   1182篇
  2013年   1204篇
  2012年   841篇
  2011年   859篇
  2010年   642篇
  2009年   570篇
  2008年   494篇
  2007年   453篇
  2006年   397篇
  2005年   298篇
  2004年   233篇
  2003年   197篇
  2002年   144篇
  2001年   121篇
  2000年   88篇
  1999年   84篇
  1998年   65篇
  1997年   64篇
  1996年   40篇
  1995年   63篇
  1994年   38篇
  1993年   33篇
  1992年   35篇
  1991年   21篇
  1990年   22篇
  1989年   19篇
  1988年   9篇
  1987年   8篇
  1986年   13篇
  1985年   16篇
  1984年   6篇
  1983年   7篇
  1982年   5篇
  1981年   5篇
  1980年   3篇
  1979年   7篇
  1978年   5篇
  1977年   4篇
  1976年   5篇
  1971年   1篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.

Purpose

Endovascular treatment with mechanical thrombectomy devices demonstrated high recanalization rates but functional outcome did not correlate with high rates of recanalization obtained. Patient selection prior to the endovascular treatment is very important in the final outcome of the patient. The primary aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of posterior circulation Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (pc-ASPECTS) and Pons-Midbrain Index (PMI) scores in patients with Basilar Artery Occlusion (BAO) treated with successful angiographic recanalization after mechanical thrombectomy.

Methods

Retrospective single-center study including 18 patients between 2008 and 2013 who had acute basilar artery occlusion managed with endovascular treatment within 24 hours from symptoms onset and with successful angiographic recanalization. The patients were initially classified into two groups according to clinical outcome and mortality at 90 days. For analysis we also divided patients into groups based on pc-ASPECTS (≥8vs.< 8) and PMI (≥3vs.< 3) on non-contrast CT (NCCT) and CT Angiography Source Images (CTASI). Imaging data were correlated to clinical outcome and mortality rate.

Results

CTASI pc-ASPECTS, dichotomized at < 8 versus≥8, was associated with a favorable outcome (RR: 2.6; 95% CI: 1.3-5.2) and a reduced risk of death (RR: 6.5: 95% CI: 7.8-23.3). All patients that survived and were functionally independent had pc-ASPECTS score≥8. None of the 5 patients with CTASI pc-ASPECTS score less than 8 survived.

Conclusion

PC-ASPECTS on CTASI is helpful for predicting functional outcome after BAO recanalization with endovascular treatment. These results should be validated in a randomized controlled trial in order to decide whether or not to treat a patient with BAO.  相似文献   
2.
3.
4.
《Revue neurologique》2019,175(9):519-527
Background and purposeHospitals admitting acute strokes should offer access to mechanical thrombectomy (MT), but local organisations are still based on facilities available before MT was proven effective. MT rates and outcomes at population levels are needed to adapt organisations. We evaluated rates of MT and outcomes in inhabitants from the North-of-France (NoF) area.MethodWe prospectively evaluated rates of MT and outcomes of patients at 3 months, good outcomes being defined as a modified Rankin scale (mRS) 0 to 2 or like the pre-stroke mRS.ResultsDuring the study period (2016–2017), 666 patients underwent MT (454, 68.1% associated with intravenous thrombolysis [IVT]). Besides, 1595 other patients received IVT alone. The rate of MT was 81 (95% confidence interval [CI] 72–90) per million inhabitants-year, ranging from 36 to 108 between districts. The rate of IVT was 249 (95% CI 234–264) per million inhabitants-year, ranging from 155 to 268. After 3 months, 279 (41.9%) patients who underwent MT had good outcomes, and 167 (25.1%) had died. Patients living outside the district of Lille where the only MT centre is, were less likely to have good outcomes at 3 months, after adjustment on age, sex, baseline severity, and delay.ConclusionThe rate of MT is one of the highest reported up to now, even in low-rate districts, but outcomes were significantly worse in patients living outside the district of Lille, and this is not only explained by the delay.  相似文献   
5.
目的探讨高血压合并脑卒中患者的血浆同型半胱氨酸(Hcy)水平与其他危险因素对于脑卒中复发的影响。 方法分析徐州市中心医院心内科和徐州医科大学附属医院神经外科自2012年5月至2013年12月收治的1623例高血压脑卒中患者的基线资料,中位随访4.9年,根据随访事件中是否发生脑卒中分为复发组(312例)与未复发组(1311例)。Kaplan-Meier生存分析比较不同危险因素脑卒中复发率的差异,单因素与多因素Cox回归模型分析影响脑卒中复发的独立危险因素,以及危险因素之间的交互作用。 结果复发组年龄、空腹血糖、Lg Hcy的水平,以及糖尿病、房颤的患病率均高于未复发组(P<0.05)。Kaplan-Meier生存分析显示,糖尿病、房颤、年龄≥60岁、空腹血糖≥7.0 mmol/L、Hcy≥15 μmol/L的脑卒中复发率明显升高(Log-rank检验,P<0.05)。多因素Cox回归模型分析显示,高龄、Lg Hcy水平升高,以及房颤、糖尿病是脑卒中复发的独立危险因素。Lg Hcy分别与糖尿病、空腹血糖、年龄存在交互作用。 结论血浆Hcy水平升高既是高血压合并脑卒中患者卒中复发的独立危险因素,又通过与糖尿病、高龄、空腹血糖水平升高的交互作用显著增加脑卒中复发风险。  相似文献   
6.
Background and purposeChoice of anesthesia type on outcome for mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in acute ischemic stroke remains controversial. The goal of our research was to study the impact of anesthesia strategy on the delay, angiographic and neurological outcome of MT performed under general anesthesia (GA) vs. conscious sedation (CS).MethodsThis prospective, single-center observational study included patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (ACLVO) strokes treated with MT within 6 hours of symptom onset. All time metrics were evaluated. Angiographic and clinical outcomes were assessed by recanalization rate (mTICI) and 3-month functional independence (mRs). Complications and mortality rate were recorded as safety outcomes.ResultsIn total, 303 consecutive thrombectomies were performed, 86.8% under GA. NIHSS was higher in GA, with median of 19.0 for GA and 16.5 for CS (P = 0.049). Median time from arrival in hospital (door) to groin puncture was 83 min (IQR = 45.0–109.5) for GA compared to 72 min (IQR = 35.0–85.3) for CS, P = 0.170). Median time from arrival in the angiosuite to groin puncture was 20 min (IQR = 15.0–29.0) for GA compared to 15 min (IQR = 10.0–20.0) for CS, P = 0.017). There were no significant differences in recanalization time metrics, successful revascularization rate, functional independence and mortality rate at three months.ConclusionsGA induced a 5 to 10 minutes delay for groin puncture, without impact on recanalization time metrics, or neurological outcome at 3 months. Our results demonstrate that a well-organized workflow is associated with reasonable delay in performing GA for MT, without effect on outcome compared to sedation.  相似文献   
7.
8.
9.
Background: Little is known of stroke outcomes in low- and middle-income countries with limited formal stroke rehabilitation services and of homebased-stroke services delivered within the primary health care (PHC) context by community health workers (CHWs).

Objectives: To describe and analyze the outcomes of patients with stroke from a rural PHC setting in the Western Cape, South Africa.

Methods: In a longitudinal survey, 93 stroke patients, referred to home and community-based care services (HCBC) between June 2015 and December 2017, were assessed at baseline, one month and three months. Changes in function (Barthel Index (BI)), caregiver strain (Caregiver Strain Index (CSI)), impact of environmental factors and satisfaction with stroke care were measured.

Results: HCBC was delayed, fragmented and brief (median session duration 20 minutes (IQR 15.0–30.0)). Although function improved significantly, dependence remained high: median BI score changed from 40.0 (IQR 15.0–70.0) to 62.5 (IQR 30.0–81.25) (p = .019). A third (33.0% (30/91)) of caregivers initially experienced strain and the median CSI score remained 3.0 (IQR 0.0–7.0) (p = .672). Overall, patient and caregiver satisfaction with HCBC was low with only 46.9% (31/66) of caregivers and 17.4% (12/69) of patients satisfied with all aspects of care. Only 47.6% of assistive product needs were met. Environmental factors negatively impacted on patient function and caregiving.

Conclusions: Clinical practice pathways and referral guidelines should be developed for the HCBC platform. Specific training of CHWs, focusing on how to educate, support and train family caregivers, provide assistive devices and refer to health services is needed.  相似文献   

10.
高同型半胱氨酸血症与脑卒中相关性研究   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
目的探讨血浆同型半胱氨酸(H cy)水平对脑卒中临床亚型、复发及痴呆的影响,并研究高同型半胱氨酸血症(HH)与脑卒中传统危险因素之间的相关性。方法应用酶联免疫吸附试验(EL ISA)检测90例急性脑卒中患者血浆H cy水平。将研究对象分为不同临床亚型,脑白质损伤组与非脑白质损伤组,青年组与老年组,痴呆组与非痴呆组。对不同类型脑卒中患者血浆H cy水平进行比较,对HH脑卒中传统危险因素进行相关与回归分析。结果首次发作(FCS)组血浆H cy水平明显低于复发(RCS)组(P<0.01),HH发生率比较RCS组明显高于FCS组(P<0.05)。痴呆组血浆H cy水平与对照组有差别(P<0.01)。饮酒者血浆H cy含量明显高于不摄入酒精者(P<0.05)。结论HH是脑卒中的独立危险因素,脑卒中患者普遍存在HH,在复发性脑卒中患者中尤其明显。血浆H cy水平随年龄增加而增加,同时HH与血管性痴呆和/或变性性痴呆有关。  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号