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BackgroundPost-operative elderly hip fracture patients require significant rehabilitation. Nandrolone is an anabolic steroid used to promote muscle growth. This study aims to examine the effect of nandrolone in improving rehabilitation and quality of life in elderly female patients with hip fractures undergoing hemiarthroplasty.MethodsThis is a double-blinded prospective randomized-controlled-trial consisting of female patients above the age of 65 with an isolated neck of femur fracture planned for a hip hemiarthroplasty. Participants were randomized into two arms of the study – 50 mg intramuscular nandrolone vs normal saline placebo administered on post-operative day 0, and weeks 2, 6 and 12. The participants were followed up across a 1-year period following the surgery. Clinical outcomes such as time taken to achieve rehabilitation milestones, distance of ambulation and thigh muscle girth, and functional scoring with SF-36 questionnaire were recorded at intervals of 2, 6 and 12 weeks, 6 months and 1 year following the surgery.ResultsThere were a total of 23 subjects with 11 in the steroid group and 12 in the placebo group. There was no significant difference in demographics and injury patterns between both groups. There was no significant difference for time taken to achieve various rehabilitation milestones and distance of ambulation. SF-36 scores on discharge and at 1-year follow-up mark were comparable. There was no difference in the complication rate between both groups.ConclusionIntra-muscular Nandrolone after hip surgery in elderly female patients does not result in short to mid-term improved rehabilitation or functional outcomes. Nandrolone did not result in increased short-term complications after hip surgery.Level of evidenceI.  相似文献   
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Given that the global population of elderly individuals is expanding and the difficulty of recovery, hip fractures will be a huge challenge and a critical health issue for all of humanity. Although people have spent more time at home during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, hip fractures show no sign of abating. Extensive studies have shown that patients with hip fracture and COVID-19 have a multifold increase in mortality compared to those uninfected and a more complex clinical condition. At present, no detailed research has systematically analyzed the relationship between these two conditions and proposed a comprehensive solution. This article aims to systematically review the impact of COVID-19 on hip fracture and provide practical suggestions. We found that hip fracture patients with COVID-19 have higher mortality rates and more complicated clinical outcomes. Indirectly, COVID-19 prevents hip fracture patients from receiving regular medical treatment. With regard to the problems we encounter, we provide clinical recommendations based on existing research evidence and a clinical flowchart for the management of hip fracture patients who are COVID-19 positive. Our study will help clinicians adequately prepare in advance when dealing with such patients and optimize treatment decisions.  相似文献   
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儿童处于生长发育特殊阶段,其颌面部解剖结构、牙列情况及心理状态与成年人有明显区别。颌面部骨折患儿常出现面部发育畸形、张口受限、咬合关系紊乱等,严重影响患儿的日常生活。因此,儿童颌面部骨折的诊疗一直是临床上的难题,也是国内外的研究热点。颌面部骨折好发于青少年,损伤原因多为意外跌倒、交通伤及运动伤。近年来,数字化外科技术为儿童颌面部骨折提供精确的诊断及微创的治疗。国内外学者对于儿童颌面部骨折治疗理念逐渐倾向于手术治疗,选择可吸收材料对儿童颌面部骨折进行固定,降低对儿童面部发育的影响。长期随访对于儿童颌面部骨折患儿具有重要意义,有助于监测患儿面部发育情况。此外,临床医生应注意患儿的心理状态。对于创伤较重或发现有心理问题的患儿,应尽早干预治疗。文章就近年儿童颌面部骨折流行病学特点、诊断、治疗原则及伴发的心理问题做一综述。  相似文献   
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The aim of the study was to compare automated and manually conducted (slice-by-slice) virtual orbital wall reconstruction in terms of PSI design, manufacture, and clinical application for orbital fracture management.Patients with orbital wall fractures were evaluated for the potential for treatment with PSI, based on automated virtual wall reconstruction; these formed the main group. The surgical outcomes of these main-group patients' treatments were compared with those of the control group, which comprised patients randomly selected for this study, each of whom had the same orbital trauma patterns and were also managed with PSI. However, the control group patients were treated using ‘slice-by-slice’ virtual orbital reconstruction.Mean volume differences between the intact and reconstructed orbit were 0.65 ± 0.26 cm3 in the main group (n = 23) and 0.57 ± 0.23 cm3 in the control (n = 27; p = 0.837). In both groups, no cases of implant malposition or enophthalmos were detected after surgery. Orbital shape difference was similar for the main group and the control, at ?3.3 ± 3.5% and 3.25 ± 2.5%, respectively (p = 0.929). Diplopia was diagnosed at the 3-month follow-up in 13.0% of the main group and in 11.1% of the control (p = 0.651). The average times spent on computer-aided design (CAD) procedures, including segmentation, virtual orbital reconstruction, and PSI design, were 36.7 ± 6.9 min in the main group and 72.9 ± 7.7 min in the control group (p < 0.001).Within the limitations of the study it seems that PSI based on automated virtual reconstruction is a relevant alternative treatment option for orbital fractures because of its clinical efficacy that is similar to PSI based on a ‘slice-by-slice’ CAD protocol.  相似文献   
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【摘要】 目的 对比分析单双侧经皮椎体成形术治疗骨质疏松性椎体压缩性骨折的临床效果。方法 选取2018 年 5 月至 2020 年 6 月河南省洛阳正骨医院收治的 104 例骨质疏松性椎体压缩性骨折患者作为研究对象, 并按照治疗方法将其分为单侧组与双侧组, 每组 52 例。单侧组患者采用单侧经皮椎体成形术治疗, 双侧组患者采用双侧经皮椎体成形术治疗, 对比两组患者手术时间、视觉模拟评分法 (VAS) 评分、椎体前缘高度、Cobb 角以及并发症发生情况。 结果 单侧组患者手术时间明显短于双侧组 (t = 29.664, P < 0.001); 术后 1 个月, 单侧组患者VAS评分、椎体前缘高度及 Cobb 角与双侧组无明显差异 ( t = 0.312、0.487、0.657, P = 0.756、0.627?0.513); 单侧组患者并发症发生率与双侧组无明显差异 (χ2= 0.343, P = 0.558)。结论 单双侧经皮椎体成形术治疗骨质疏松性椎体压缩性骨折均可取得满意的治疗效果, 但单侧经皮椎体成形术手术时间较短, 操作更简便。  相似文献   
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