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Noninvasive imaging of cardiac fibrosis is important for early diagnosis and intervention in chronic heart diseases. Here, we investigated whether noninvasive, contrast agent-free MRI T2-mapping can quantify myocardial fibrosis in preclinical models of aging and pressure overload. Myocardial fibrosis and remodeling were analyzed in two animal models: (i) aging (15-month-old male CF-1 mice vs. young 6- to 8-week-old mice), and (ii) pressure overload (PO; by transverse aortic constriction in 4- to 5-month-old male C57BL/6 mice vs. sham-operated for 14 days). In vivo T2-mapping was performed by acquiring data during the isovolumic and early diastolic phases, with a modified respiratory and ECG-triggered multiecho TurboRARE sequence on a 7-T MRI. Cine MRI provided cardiac morphology and function. A quantitative segmentation method was developed to analyze the in vivo T2-maps of hearts at midventricle, apex, and basal regions. The cardiac fibrosis area was analyzed ex vivo by picro sirius red (PSR) staining. Both aged and pressure-overloaded hearts developed significant myocardial contractile dysfunction, cardiac hypertrophy, and interstitial fibrosis. The aged mice had two phenotypes, fibrotic and mild-fibrotic. Notably, the aged fibrotic subgroup and the PO mice showed a marked decrease in T2 relaxation times (25.3 ± 0.6 in aged vs. 29.9 ± 0.7 ms in young mice, p = 0.002; and 24.3 ± 1.7 in PO vs. 28.7 ± 0.7 ms in shams, p = 0.05). However, no significant difference in T2 was detected between the aged mild-fibrotic subgroup and the young mice. Accordingly, an inverse correlation between myocardial fibrosis percentage (FP) and T2 relaxation time was derived (R2 = 0.98): T2 (ms) = 30.45 – 1.05 × FP. Thus, these results demonstrate a statistical agreement between T2-map–quantified fibrosis and PSR staining in two different clinically relevant animal models. In conclusion, T2-mapping MRI is a promising noninvasive contrast agent-free quantitative technique to characterize myocardial fibrosis.  相似文献   
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Sports Imaging has dramatically increased in the past decade with increasing number of adolescents, young and middle-aged adults participating in non-competitive/hobby sports. Therefore, sports injuries are no longer confined to elite athletes. Furthermore, newer forms of sports such as mountain climbing, pickle ball and curling etc. are gaining popularity. Majority of the injuries in sports medicine are from musculoskeletal trauma. Therefore, it is imperative that the musculoskeletal radiologist becomes familiar with various sports related injury patterns as these are commonly encountered in daily practice. This update aims to briefly encapsulate the major aspects of sports imaging. It includes the imaging manifestations of various types of musculoskeletal injuries on different modalities (commonly US and MRI) and briefly mentions the various image guided interventions, performed both on the sports field and in the hospital setting.  相似文献   
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Endolymphatic hydrops features excess endolymph in the membranous labyrinth, and is a marker of Menière's disease. Between the early 1980s and late 2000s, MRI in Menière's disease aimed purely to rule out tumor or malformation as differential diagnoses for the pressure disorder. Progress in high-resolution MRI, however, now enables excess endolymph to be visualized in the membranous labyrinth, differentiating saccule and utricle in Menière's disease and in other clinical presentations such as cochleovestibular schwannoma. More recently, non-visibility of the saccule was demonstrated in a subgroup of Menière's disease patients, and utricle atelectasis in case of uni- or bilateral vestibular areflexia. Endolymph quantification remains highly controversial in terms of grading approach, but a simple semiology based on excess or deficient visualization of endolymph according to the compartment sheds light on the pathophysiological mechanisms of cochleovestibular disorder and may in future allow effective monitoring of medical and surgical treatment.  相似文献   
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ObjectivePrevious studies on glioblastomas (GBMs) have not reached a consensus on peritumoral edema (PTE)’s influence on survival. This study evaluated the PTE index’s prognostic role in newly diagnosed GBMs using a well-designed method.MethodsSelected patients were reviewed after a rigorous screening process. Their general information was obtained from electronic medical records. The imaging metrics (MTD, TTM, TTE) representing tumor diameter, laterality, and PTE extent were obtained by manual measurement in Syngo FastView software. The PTE index was a ratio of TTE to MTD. Multiple variables were evaluated using analysis of variance and Cox regression model.ResultsOf 143 patients, 62 were included in this study. MGMT promoter methylation and tumor laterality were both independent prognostic factors (p = 0.020, 0.042; HR = 0.272, 2.630). The lateral tumors’ index was higher than that of the medial tumors (57.7% vs. 42.6%, p = 0.027). Low-index tumors were located in relatively medial positions compared with high-index tumors (TTM, 4.9 vs. 12.8, p = 0.032). This finding indicated that the PTE index tended to increase with tumor laterality. Moreover, the patients with low-index tumors had a significant survival disadvantage in the univariate analysis but not in the multivariate analysis (p = 0.023, 0.220). However, further analysis found that the combination of tumor laterality and PTE statistically stratified the survival outcome. The patients with lateral high-index tumors survived significantly longer (p = 0.022, HR = 1.927).ConclusionsIn contrast with the previous studies, this study recommends combining PTE and tumor laterality for survival stratification in newly diagnosed GBMs.  相似文献   
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Objective: To evaluate the long-term clinical effect of high-intensity focussed ultrasound (HIFU) as a non-invasive modality for ablation of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) foci.

Methods: All women who were diagnosed with cutaneous endometriosis and underwent HIFU ablation and 4-year follow-up were included. Patient symptoms, imaging performed, HIFU ablation, recurrence, lesion location, size and number were collected and analyzed.

Results: A total of 51 women with 57 painful abdominal wall masses with a median volume of 4.00?cm3 and a mean age of 30.5±2.12 years were treated with HIFU. The main symptoms were a palpable painful abdominal mass (93%), protrusion of the skin (28.1%, 16) or lack of protrusion of the skin (71.9%, 41). Ultrasound was initially performed in 100% (51) of women, whereas 6% (3) required MRI examinations to distinguish the features and range of the masses. Ablation was performed with a median 300?s of sonication time, 40?min treatment time, 150?W of power and 41800?J of total energy to treat lesions that were a median volume of 3.83?cm3. No severe complications occurred, except in one patient with a first-degree skin burn, during the 48-month follow-up period. The pooled recurrence of cutaneous endometriosis occurred in 3.9% (2) of women.

Conclusion: The diagnosis of AWE should be confirmed with imaging of the lesion number, location, size and features before HIFU ablation. HIFU should be the first choice for the treatment of AWE as it is a non-invasive method, with high efficiency and safety and rapid postoperative recovery.  相似文献   

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