首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
相似文献
 共查询到20条相似文献,搜索用时 203 毫秒
1.
Objective Lung cancer cells associated with radioresistance are likely to give rise to local recurrence and distant metastatic relapse,but little is known about its underlying mechanisms.In the present paper,the effects of the HPV16 E6 and HPV16 E7 oncoprotein on the radiosensitivity of lung cancer cell lines were investigated.Methods The HPV16 E6 or HPV16 E7 oncoprotein was expressed by a transient transfection with pcDNA3-HPV16 E6 or pcDNA3-HPV16 E7 expression vector.Human lung cancer H2179 cells and mouse lung cancer Lewis cells were exposed to a γ-ray radiation source,cellular survival was evaluated by using a colony formation assay.The expression of HPV16 oncoproteins E6/E7,extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2(ERK1/2) and AKT signaling was determined by Western blot assay.VEGF secretion was determined by ELISA.Results Both HPV16 oncoproteins E6 and E7 significantly decreased radiosensitivity of H2179 cells,associated with a promotion of the ERK1/2 and AKT phosphorylation.A decrease of reactive oxygen species(ROS) and an increase of VEGF levels were observed in the cells expressing the HPV16 oncoproteins E6 and E7.Furthermore,a similar reduction of radiosensitivity mediated by the HPV16 oncoproteins E6 and E7 was also observed in a mouse lung cancer Lewis cells.Conclusion The findings indicate that the HPV16 oncoproteins E6 and E7 negatively affects susceptibility of lung cancer cells to radiotherapy via regulation of the ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathway and VEGF expression.  相似文献   

2.
Biomarkers,such as chromosome aberration and micronuclei assays,prove to be reliable for facilitating clinical diagnosis in radiation accidents.In a radiation accident in India,chromosomal aberration,γ-H2AX,as well as other blood markers,were detected in accidentally exposed victims.This multi-parametric approach aided in confirming that individuals had been exposed by ionizing radiation.However,doses were impossible to estimate because of a 30-day delay in accident awareness.Exposure dose for victims was estimated using a dose-response curve previously established.Dose estimation,blood cell depletion kinetics,and no appearance of prodromal symptoms suggested that doses of exposure were low.Hematologic investigation,sampling time,and chromosome aberration scoring were all proposed according to data from the victims exposed to 60Co.Finally,knowledge regarding chromosome aberration analysis and the importance of international co-operation and assistance should be shared from this accident.  相似文献   

3.
竹笋,即竹的嫩芽茎,古人称之为"竹肉"、"竹胎"、"竹芽"。竹笋可分为冬笋、春笋、鞭笋3类:冬季藏在土中的为冬笋,色泽洁白,肉质细嫩,鲜美无比,有"笋中皇后"之誉;春天  相似文献   

4.
目的 初步探索皮下应用Gd-DTPA-白蛋白的阳性磁共振淋巴造影检测隐匿转移性淋巴结的价值.方法 建立腘窝隐匿转移性淋巴结新西兰兔模型,分析隐匿转移性淋巴结在平扫及皮下注射0.10 mmol/肢Gd-DTPA-白蛋白后24 h时的MRI特征,并与病理检查对照.结果 12只兔的腘窝隐匿转移性淋巴结模型成功建立,其淋巴结大小为(6.7±0.2)mm.平扫时隐匿转移性腘窝淋巴结表现为T1WI上等信号,T2WI上高信号,与正常淋巴结相似.Gd-DTPA-白蛋白增强24 h,正常淋巴结呈明显、均匀的强化,而隐匿转移性淋巴结呈不均匀强化,强化形式有环状(4枚淋巴结)、云絮状(3枚)和不规则偏心"充盈缺损"(3枚),另有2枚淋巴结不强化.在脂肪抑制T1WI像上淋巴管呈明亮高信号,转移性淋巴结的引流淋巴管明显迂曲扩张.结论 皮下应用Gd-DTPA-白蛋白的阳性MR淋巴造影可清晰显示淋巴结和淋巴管,可用于检测隐匿转移性淋巴结.  相似文献   

5.
目的 观察补充维生素B2对急性低氧暴露小鼠外周血代谢组的影响.方法 采用随机数字表法将35只雄性昆明小鼠随机分为:正常对照组,低氧对照组,2倍、4倍及8倍维生素B2补充组,每组7只.以相应饲料(维生素B2含量分别为6 mg/kg、12 mg/kg、24 mg/kg和48 mg/kg)喂养2周后,除正常对照组外,其它各组均在模拟6000 m高度停留8 h,采集血浆,以核磁共振的方法分析其代谢组变化.结果 急性低氧暴露后,各组动物血浆代谢组在得分图中呈聚类型分布,且有先分离后同归的代谢模式变化轨迹,显示出补充不同剂量维生素B2后小鼠血浆代谢组逐渐恢复的趋势.代谢模式产生差别的原因是脂类、乳酸、丙氨酸、N-乙酰糖蛋白、谷氨酸、胆碱、牛磺酸、糖、肉碱、甘氨酸和肌酐等物质的水平发生了变化,表明相关的代谢途径发生了变化.结论 补充维生素B2使急性低氧暴露机体碳水化合物、脂肪、蛋白质代谢发生改变,而维生素B2可以改善碳水化合物代谢,并可能通过肉碱间接调节了脂肪代谢;同时还发现一些氨基酸代谢发生显著变化. Abstract: Objective To observe the effects of vitamin B2 supplementation on plasma metabonome of the mice which exposed to acute hypoxia. Methods Thirty-five male Kunming mice were randomly and averagely divided into 5 groups, among which the control and hypoxia control groups were fed the fodder containing 6, 12, 24, 48 mg/kg vitamin B2 respectively. All groups were exposed to simulated hypoxia environment (equivalent to 6000 meters above sea level) for 8 hours except control group. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer was used to test the change of metabonome from collected plasma. Results After acute hypoxia exposure, the metabonome pattern in all groups showed clustering distribution in scores plot and the metabonome changes were along the trail from segregation to regression. These indicated a gradual recover tendency on plasma metabonome when different doses of vitamin B2 supplemented. The changes of lipids, lactic acid,alanine, N-acetyl-glycoprotein (NAC), glutamate, choline, taurine, glucose, carnitine, glycine and creatinine were among the factors contributing significantly to the difference of metabonome pattern and indicated the changes of related metabolic pathway. Conclusions The metabonomes of carbohydrate, lipid and protein of acute hypoxia mice are improved by vitamin B2 supplementation.Vitamin B2 is helpful to improve carbohydrate metabolism and indirectly accommodate lipid metabolism through carnitine. Vitamin B2 supplementation also results in the significant change of amino acid metabonome.  相似文献   

6.
1病历简介 患者,男,43岁。因间断性排尿困难半月余,伴尿频、尿急、尿痛入院。患者于12年前因骨盆骨折合并尿道断裂在我院行尿道修补术,术后排尿功能良好。术后第3年出现排尿困难,经2次尿道扩张术后,排尿正常。查体:体温37.5℃,心、肺、腹无异常。外科情况:双脊肋角不饱满,双肾区轻微扣击痛,沿输尿管走行无压痛及扣击痛,下腹部正中可见8.0cm长的纵向愈合伤口。  相似文献   

7.
患者 男,28岁,菲律宾人,船员.以发热、干咳、胸闷1周入院.摄胸部正、侧位片提示间质性肺炎,检测血清抗HIV( ),痰结核杆菌( ). 胸片显示:胸廓饱满、对称,双肺透光度减低,可见对称性网格状模糊阴影,双肺野弥漫性均匀分布类椭圆形结节状高密度影,心膈尚可(图1,2).  相似文献   

8.
西米替丁致固定性红斑1例   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
1 病例介绍 患者,男性65岁.因突发上中腹持续性剧烈疼痛6h,持续不缓解于2006年2月10日收住.无发热、皮肤黄染、出皮疹.住院前未服药,入院查血淀粉酶诊断急性胰腺炎.给予静点西米替丁和氨苄青霉素治疗.用药2d后左大腿前面皮肤出现一直径3cm环形丘疹性充血斑,中心皮肤苍白.  相似文献   

9.
高原地区具有海拔高、严寒、缺氧、低气压、低温、低湿、强气流、紫外线强、地形复杂等特点,部队在进驻高原地区实施训练时,需要周密计划、精心安排、严密组织、合理施训。高原驻训要"十防":防紧张在部队离开营区进驻高原实施训练的前2周,需要对所有参训人员进  相似文献   

10.
报告1例应用超选择性肾动脉栓塞抢救肾活检后大出血成功,提示在肾活检率逐年提高、肾活检人数逐渐增多的今天,即使发生严重的大出血,不再必须切除肾脏,介入治疗可以取得良好效果,而且能够尽可能地保护残存的肾功能.  相似文献   

11.
12.
One of the factors of the successful military career guidance Cadet schools students is preserving and promoting their health. Medical support of children and adolescents aged 10-17 years should include the full range of medical and preventive measures defined for this group. The state of providing outpatient care for pupils at the Cadet School in St. Petersburg was studied. These results show that full medical care in accordance with the standards can be based only on children's health clinics. It is important that the organization of medical support pupils cadet schools should be cooperate with civilian health care.  相似文献   

13.
ESR-spectrometry was used to investigate radiation-induced paramagnetic centers in enamel of mammals: carnivores (polar bear and fox), ungulates (reindeer, European bison, moose), and man. Values at half the microwave power saturation of the radiation signal, P1/2, evaluated at room temperature, was found to range from 16 to 26 mW for animals and man. A new approach to discrimination of the radiation induced signal from the total ESR spectrum of reindeer enamel is proposed. ‘Dose-response’ dependencies of enamel of different species mammals were measured within the dose range from 0.48 up to 10.08 Gy. Estimations of ‘radiosensitivity’ enamel of carnivores and ungulates showed good agreement with radiosensitivity enamel of man by ESR method.  相似文献   

14.
带状疱疹是由水痘—带状疱疾病毒引起的皮肤科常见疾病。其主要的病理损害,一是受累神经的严重炎症性浸润,继而导致受侵犯神经节内神经细胞变性、坏死;二是皮肤的水泡。迅速抑制神经节和相应的感觉神经纤维的充血、水肿和坏死,防止粘连形成,达到迅速镇痛、改善皮损,缩短病程及防止后遗症的发生是治疗的关键。因而,尽早明确诊断,  相似文献   

15.
海马头部浅沟消失对海马硬化诊断价值的探讨   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
目的 探讨海马头部浅沟消失对海马硬化的诊断价值。方法 对 18例经组织学检查证实的海马硬化患者的MRI检查资料和 18例年龄相匹配的对照组进行回顾性分析 ,观察海马头部浅沟的显示情况、海马头部大小和信号改变。结果  18例海马硬化患者中 ,16例硬化侧海马头部浅沟消失 ,1例硬化侧海马头部浅沟明显变浅 ,几乎消失 ,1例硬化侧海马头部浅沟存在。硬化侧海马头部均有萎缩 ,并在T2 WI和液体衰减恢复 (FLAIR)成像呈高信号。海马头部浅沟消失对海马硬化诊断的敏感性为 88.9% ,特异性为 10 0 %。结论 海马头部浅沟消失是诊断海马硬化的一个可靠征象 ,结合患侧海马有萎缩性改变和T2 加权成像信号增高 ,可肯定诊断海马硬化。  相似文献   

16.
17.
18.
19.
肝癌转移机制研究进展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
肝癌细胞的侵袭和转移是肝癌治疗失败和患者致死的主要原因,因此,了解肝癌侵袭转移的相关机制十分重要。肿瘤转移是一个多步骤的复杂的生物学过程,多个因素参与了肿瘤转移的调控,癌基因的表达上调、抑癌基因的失活、免疫基因的失调、肿瘤细胞间粘附作用的丧失、新生血管的形成、蛋白水解酶的合成、细胞的迁移能力增强、肿瘤细胞和基底膜的粘附等等,都是促进肿瘤转移复发的重要因素。  相似文献   

20.
跟骨骨折临床治疗探讨   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的:探讨跟骨骨折的分型与临床治疗措施的选择。方法:自2002年1月-2008年1月,选择我科收治的跟骨骨折患者中的100例,分为手术组与非手术组,其中非手术组50例,手术组50例;男85例,女15例。结果:手术治疗组患者术后跟部疼痛不适、行走受限较非手术组明显轻。结论:手术治疗能大限度恢复跟骨的解剖结构,减少跟骨骨折所致的并发症。  相似文献   

设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号