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1.
PurposeTo evaluate the feasibility and safety of robot-assisted transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using a new coaxial microcatheter driving controller-responder robot (CRR) system.Materials and MethodsA single-center prospective pilot study approved by the institutional review board was conducted using this CRR developed after analyzing 20 cases of conventional TACE procedures from May to October 2021. The study included 10 patients with HCCs: 5 (median age, 72 years; range, 64–73 years) underwent robot-assisted TACE, and 5 (median age, 57 years; range, 44–76 years) underwent conventional TACE for comparison. The feasibility and safety of robot-assisted TACE were evaluated by assessing the technical success, procedure time, adverse event rate, radiation dose, and early tumor response.ResultsThe entire TACE procedure was divided into 30 steps, of which 8 could be robotized. In robot-assisted TACE, technical success was achieved in 4 (80%) of 5 patients. No procedure-related adverse event was observed. The median procedure time was 56 minutes. At the 1-month follow-up, 3 of the 4 patients showed a complete or partial response after robot-assisted TACE. The median radiation doses for the operator and patients were 0.4 and 2,167.5 μSv in robot-assisted TACE and 53.2 and 2,989.7 μSv in conventional TACE, respectively.ConclusionsRobot-assisted TACE using a new CRR system was feasible and safe for the treatment of HCC and could remarkably decrease radiation exposure for the operators.  相似文献   

2.
PurposeTo evaluate the natural history of incidental enhancing nodules (IENs) on contrast-enhanced cone-beam computed tomography (CT) during transarterial treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Material and MethodsA single-center retrospective analysis of 100 patients with HCC who underwent contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT prior to transarterial treatment from August 2015 to June 2019 was performed. Inclusion criteria were patients with segmental distribution sublobar HCC, contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT of the target lesion and nontarget liver parenchyma, and follow-up cross-sectional imaging. Patients with IENs ≥3 mm that did not meet imaging criteria for HCC were analyzed. Exclusion criteria included biphenotypic tumors and IEN present inside the treated area of the liver.ResultsFifty-six patients demonstrated 154 IENs on contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT, of which 13 IENs (8.5%) progressed to HCC. The mean primary tumor size was 29 mm (range: 10.2–189 mm). Ten patients had ≥4 IENs, and 46 patients had 1–3 IENs. The mean IEN size was 6.8 mm (range: 3.0–16.3 mm). The median follow-up interval after contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT was 282 days (interquartile range: 143–522). Increased alpha-fetoprotein before treatment (≥15.5 ng/mL, P = .035), having ≥4 IENs (P = .020), and hepatitis C virus (P = .015) were significantly correlated with IEN progression to HCC. No statistically significant differences were identified in baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, targeted HCC characteristics (size, macrovascular invasion, infiltrative pattern, enhancement pattern, and satellite lesions), and IEN size between those with IEN progression to HCC and those without.ConclusionsMost IENs of ≥3 mm on contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT in patients with segmental distribution sublobar HCC do not progress to HCC. Patients with segmental distribution sublobar HCC with ≥4 IENs, alpha-fetoprotein elevation (≥15.5 ng/mL), or hepatitis C virus have an increased risk of IEN progression to HCC.  相似文献   

3.
PurposePolyethylene glycol drug-eluting microspheres (PEG-DEMs) can be loaded to elute doxorubicin. The current study evaluated the pharmacokinetic profile and safety of PEG-DEMs in the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Materials and methodsThe current prospective, multicenter, dose-escalation study enrolled 25 patients (68% men) with early or intermediate stage HCC and a performance status of 0. Patients in Cohort I were assigned to receive target doxorubicin doses of 75, 100, or 150 mg. Analyses were performed on the basis of the specific dose of doxorubicin that the patients received because some patients received less than the assigned dose. Patients in Cohort II received the maximum safe tested dose. Adverse events were classified according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03. The tumor response was evaluated every 3 months according to the European Association for the Study of the Liver criteria and modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors.ResultsThe maximum tested safe dose of doxorubicin was 150 mg. For the groups that received ≤75, 75–100, and 101–150 mg of doxorubicin, the peak plasma concentrations were 286.7 ng/mL ± 220.1, 157.1 ng/mL ± 94.6, and 245.4 ng/mL ± 142.8, respectively; the areas under the curves calculated from 0 to 24 h were 421.7 (ng × h)/mL ± 221.2, 288.1 (ng × h)/mL ± 100.9, and 608.3 (ng × h)/mL ± 319.3, respectively, with almost complete clearance at 24 h. There was no death within 30 d. The best objective response rate was 81%, and the disease control rate was 91%. The median overall survival was 27.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.5 months to not evaluated [n.e.]); the median progression-free survival was 9.8 months (95% CI, 5.5 months to n.e.).ConclusionsPEG-DEMs demonstrated a favorable safety profile with low systemic concentration of doxorubicin, and promising efficacy.  相似文献   

4.
PurposeTo investigate the safety of replacing doxorubicin with tirapazamine in conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in an Asian population with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to determine the optimal tirapazamine dose for phase II studies.Materials and MethodsThis was a phase I, 3 + 3 dose-escalation study for patients with unresectable early- and intermediate-stage HCC who received 5, 10, or 20 mg/m2 of intra-arterial (IA) tirapazamine followed by ethiodized oil/gelatin sponge-based embolization. Key eligibilities included HCCs no more than 10 cm in diameter, prior embolization allowed, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, Child-Pugh score of 5–7, and platelet count of ≥60,000 μL. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was defined as any grade 3 nonhematological or grade 4 hematological toxicity, with the exception of transient elevation of aminotransferase levels after the procedure.ResultsSeventeen patients were enrolled, 59% of whom had progression from a prior HCC therapy and 35% of whom had progression or recurrence after TACE. All patients tolerated the tirapazamine TACE well without any DLT or serious adverse event. Using the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, the complete response (CR) rate was 47%, and the CR + partial response rate was 65%. The median duration of response was not reached. The median time to progression was 12.6 months (95% confidence interval, 5.1–not reached). The median overall survival was 29.3 months. The selected phase II dose was set at a fixed dose of 35 mg of IA tirapazamine.ConclusionsIA tirapazamine with transarterial embolization was well tolerated and showed promising efficacy signals in intermediate-stage HCC, justifying pursuit of a phase II study.  相似文献   

5.
PurposeTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of microwave (MW) ablation as first-line locoregional therapy (LRT) for bridging patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to liver transplant.Materials and MethodsThis retrospective study evaluated 88 patients who received percutaneous MW ablation for 141 tumors as first-line LRT for HCC and who were listed for liver transplantation at a single medical center between 2011 and 2019. The overall survival (OS) rate statuses after liver transplant, waitlist retention, and disease progression were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier techniques.ResultsAmong the 88 patients (72 men and 16 women; mean age, 60 years; Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, 11.2) who were listed for transplant, the median waitlist time was 9.4 months (interquartile range, 5.5–18.9). Seventy-one (80.7%) patients received transplant after a median waitlist time of 8.5 months. Seventeen (19.3%) patients were removed from the waitlist; of these, 4 (4.5%) were removed because of tumors outside of the Milan criteria (HCC-specific dropout). No difference in tumor size or alpha-fetoprotein was observed in the transplanted versus nontransplanted patients at the time of ablation (2.1 vs 2.1 cm and 34.4 vs 34.7 ng/mL for transplanted vs nontransplanted, respectively; P > .05). Five (5.1%) of the 88 patients experienced adverse events after ablation; however, they all recovered. There were no cases of tract seeding. The local tumor progression (LTP) rate was 7.2%. The OS status after liver transplant at 5 years was 76.7%, and the disease-specific survival after LTP was 89.6%, with a median follow-up of 61 months for all patients.ConclusionsMW ablation appears to be safe and effective for bridging patients with HCC to liver transplant without waitlist removal from seeding, adverse events, or LTP.  相似文献   

6.
PurposeTo investigate the clinical relevance of serum chemokine ligand 14 (sCCL14) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the effect of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) on the expression level of sCCL14 and the immune microenvironment.Materials and MethodsIn this prospective single-center observational study, 52 patients with HCC were recruited from January 2019 to December 2021, their clinical data and blood samples were collected, and the relationship between sCCL14 and progression-free survival (PFS) and TACE treatment response was analyzed.ResultsAmong the 52 patients with HCC (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer [BCLC] Stage A, 25.0%; BCLC Stage B, 44.2%; and BCLC Stage C, 30.8%), patients with BCLC Stage C HCC had significantly lower sCCL14 levels than those of patients with BCLC Stages A and B HCC (P = .001). sCCL14 levels were significantly higher in the first week after treatment than before TACE treatment (P = .024). Baseline sCCL14 levels in patients who showed complete response after TACE treatment were significantly higher than those in other groups, and lower baseline sCCL14 values were associated with shorter PFS times. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that sCCL14 level (hazard ratio, 1.855; 95% CI, 1.039–3.311; P = .037) was an independent prognostic factor of PFS. sCCL14 levels negatively correlated with the proportion of B lymphocytes and regulatory T cells in circulating blood and positively correlated with the absolute T-lymphocyte count.ConclusionssCCL14 may be a predictive biomarker of TACE effectiveness. Further studies are needed to validate and outline the role of combination immunotherapy.  相似文献   

7.
PurposeTo evaluate differences in waitlist mortality and dropout in liver transplant candidates with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who undergo radiofrequency (RF) ablation versus transarterial chemoembolization (TACE).Material and MethodsFrom 2004 to 2013, 11,824 patients with HCC in the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients who underwent RF ablation or TACE were included and followed until December 31, 2019, or 5 years, whichever came first, and were stratified by the Milan criteria. Competing risk and Cox regression analyses to compare waitlist mortality and dropout were performed using adjusted hazard ratios (asHRs, with RF ablation group as reference). Regression models were adjusted for age, race, sex, calculated Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, tumor size, and number.ResultsThere was no difference in waitlist mortality and dropout for patients outside the Milan criteria (n = 1,226) who underwent TACE (19.2%) or RF ablation (19.0%) (asHR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.79–1.03). There was also no difference for patients inside the Milan criteria (n = 10,598) in waitlist mortality/dropout (TACE 13.4% vs RF ablation 12.9%) (asHR, 1.29; 95% CI, 0.79–2.09). A subgroup analysis within the Milan criteria demonstrated no difference between TACE and RF ablation treatments in patients with a single tumor of ≤3 cm (asHR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.77–1.10), with a single tumor of >3 cm (asHR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.79–1.34), or with >1 tumor (asHR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.72–1.09).ConclusionsUsing the national registry data, no difference was found in waitlist mortality and dropout for transplant candidates with HCC who received TACE versus RF ablation.  相似文献   

8.
PurposeThis pilot study aims to evaluate the effect of hepatic intraarterial norepinephrine injection in vasculature modulation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumors.Materials and MethodsThis is a single-center prospective study of patients with HCC with proven single-lobe tumors > 3 cm. Eight patients were included, with a mean age of 63 y ± 8. All patients had Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B HCC and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0. Mean tumor size was 6.1 cm ± 1.8; all tumors were hypervascular. Patients underwent CT hepatic perfusion before and after injection of 24 μg of norepinephrine intraarterially (4 μg/mL; total 6 mL injected at a rate of 1 mL/s). Color-coded perfusion maps were used to assess the effects of local therapy on hepatic perfusion values. Tumor-to-liver ratio (TLR) was calculated from the ratio of tumor perfusion to background liver perfusion value.ResultsSeven of 8 patents had significant (P = .04) absolute increase in tumor perfusion vs background liver, varying from incremental (–2 mL/min/100 mL) to 290 mL/min/100 mL. There was a nonsignificant increase in TLR from 2.7 ± 1.3 to 2.9 ± 1.4 after norepinephrine injection (P = .8). Mean peak time to maximal increase in tumor perfusion after injection was 6.1 s (range, 4.5–9.1 s). Norepinephrine injection was well tolerated without major adverse events.ConclusionsNorepinephrine causes increased blood flow toward HCC tumors, but with a corresponding smaller increase in blood flow to noncancerous liver tissue, with no observed systemic side effects.  相似文献   

9.
PurposeTo assess the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) and risk factors in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have undergone transarterial chemoemblization (TACE) with cisplatin–ethiodized oil emulsion.Materials and MethodsBetween September 2014 and December 2019, patients with HCC in the authors’ institution undergoing TACE with cisplatin–ethiodized oil emulsion were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical, laboratory, and imaging data (including age, sex, etiology of HCC, serum bilirubin, albumin, alpha-fetoprotein, prothrombin time, dose of cisplatin, and details of TACE procedure) and data on procedural complications were retrieved from the registry of TACE. The incidence of HSRs was calculated, and variables were compared between the patient groups with and without HSRs. Predictive factors were analyzed using binary logistic regression.ResultsA total of 882 TACE procedures were involved in 257 patients with HCC. The median number of TACE procedures performed per patient was 3 (range, 1–23). The median dose of cisplatin per TACE session was 4.58 mg (range, 0.42–21 mg), and the median accumulated dose of cisplatin per patient was 15.42 mg (range, 0.52–125 mg). HSRs were identified in 22 (2.49%) of 882 procedures (17 [6.61%] of 257 patients). The median number of TACE procedures performed in these patients was 2.5 (range, 1–17). The median dose of cisplatin per TACE session was 5.42 mg (range, 0.63–20 mg), and the median accumulated dose of cisplatin per patient was 18.44 mg (range, 3.33–47.99 mg). Upon binary logistic regression analysis, parameters that showed statistically significant and independent association with HSRs included performance of ≥6 TACE procedures (odds ratio, 3.773; P = .012).ConclusionsPerformance of ≥6 TACE procedures was found to be independently associated with the incidence of HSRs. Patients undergoing multiple TACE procedures should be monitored closely for HSRs.  相似文献   

10.
PurposeTo determine the hemodynamic effects of intra-arterial nitroglycerin on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using 2-dimensional (2D) perfusion angiography.Materials and MethodsTwo-dimensional perfusion angiograms obtained prior to radioembolization from September 2019 to February 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criteria were the presence of Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System-5 tumors and angiographically distinguishable tumor and background liver. The exclusion criteria were previously treated tumors and motion-degraded studies. Thirteen patients with 2D perfusion angiograms obtained before and 2 minutes ± 1 after the administration of intra-arterial nitroglycerin were analyzed. The mean patient age was 72 years ± 9 and 11 of 13 (85%) had cirrhosis. The mean maximum tumor dimension was 4.6 cm ± 2.1. Eight tumors were in the right lobe and 5 were in the left lobe. The tumor and background liver 2D perfusion data were processed and the areas under the time-density curves were calculated. The relative perfusion of HCC to background liver was compared before and after nitroglycerin administration using a 2-tailed paired t-test.ResultsThe mean rate of contrast administration was 1.4 mL/s ± 0.7 and the mean volume administered was 7.1 mL ± 3.3. The mean nitroglycerin dose was 281 μg ± 69. Ten of 13 patients (77%) demonstrated a relative increase in tumor perfusion. The mean HCC to background liver area under the curve ratio was 1.94 ± 0.76 before and 2.40 ± 0.89 after nitroglycerin administration (P < .05).ConclusionsIntra-arterial nitroglycerin increases previously untreated HCC perfusion relative to background liver as measured by 2D perfusion angiography, but this effect is variable among patients and should be validated with 3-dimensional imaging techniques.  相似文献   

11.
PurposeTo evaluate whether same-day discharge increased the incidence of 30-day readmission (30dR) after conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at a single institution.Materials and MethodsIn this retrospective study, 253 patients with HCC underwent 521 transarterial chemoembolization procedures between 2013 and 2020. TACE was performed with 50-mg doxorubicin/10-mg mitomycin C/5–10-mL ethiodized oil/particles. Patients not requiring intravenous pain medications were discharged after a 3-hour observation, and 30dR was tracked. The primary objective was to determine the incidence of 30dR in same-day discharge patients versus patients admitted for observation using the chi-square test. Secondary objectives assessed factors associated with overnight admission and factors predictive of 30dR using generalized estimated equation calculations and logistic regression.ResultsIn the cohort, 24 readmissions occurred within 30 days (4.6%). Same-day discharge was completed after 331 TACE procedures with sixteen 30dRs (4.8%). Patients admitted overnight were readmitted 8 times after 190 TACE procedures (4.2%). This difference was not statistically significant (P = .4). Factors predicting overnight admission included female sex (58/190 [30.5%] vs 58/331 [17.5%], P < .001) and tumor size of ≥3.8 cm (104/190 [55%] vs 85/190 [45%]). Factors predicting 30dR included female sex (10/116 [8.6%] vs 14/405 [0.2%]) and younger age (median [interquartile range], 63 years [55–65 years] vs 65 years [59–71 years]). At regression, factors predictive of 30dR were Child-Pugh Class B/C (odds ratio [OR], 2.1; P = .04) and female sex (OR, 2.9; P = .004).ConclusionsSame-day discharge after conventional TACE is a safe and effective strategy with 30dR rate of <5%, similar to overnight observation.  相似文献   

12.
PurposeTo compare the clinical results of microwave ablation (MWA) between patients downstaged to Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) Stage A with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and those initially classified as BCLC Stage A.Materials and MethodsFrom January 2012 to May 2017, 1,087 patients were reviewed retrospectively using propensity score matching (1:1): 86 patients underwent MWA as a curative treatment after downstaging to BCLC Stage A by TACE (downstaging group) and 86 patients initially classified as BCLC Stage A underwent MWA (control group). The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) between the 2 groups were compared.ResultsThe 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 95.3%, 79.1%, and 58.1%, respectively, in the downstaging group and 93.0%, 81.4%, and 61.6%, respectively, in the control group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.75; 95% CI, 0.50–1.13; P = .162). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year DFS rates were 80.2%, 50.0%, and 24.4%, respectively, in the downstaging group and 77.9%, 52.3%, and 27.9%, respectively, in the control group (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.76–1.53; P = .678). No significant differences were found in OS and DFS.ConclusionsThe long-term prognosis in patients with HCC who underwent MWA after downstaging to BCLC Stage A using TACE was similar to that in patients with initial BCLC Stage A.  相似文献   

13.
PurposeTo evaluate safety and efficacy of segmental yttrium-90 (Y90) radioembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement. The hypothesis was liver sparing segmental Y90 for HCC after TIPS would provide high antitumor response with a tolerable safety profile.Materials and MethodsThis single-arm retrospective study included 39 patients (16 women, 23 men) with ages 49–81 years old who were treated with Y90. Child-Pugh A/B liver dysfunction was present in 72% (28/39) with a median Model for End-stage Liver Disease score of 18 (95% confidence interval, 16.4–19.4). Primary outcomes were clinical and biochemical toxicities and antitumor imaging response by World Health Organization (WHO) and European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) criteria. Secondary outcomes were orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), time to progression (TTP), and overall survival (OS) estimates by the Kaplan-Meier method.ResultsThe 30-day mortality was 0%. Grade 3+ clinical adverse events and grade 3+ hyperbilirubinemia occurred in 5% (2/39) and 0% (0/39), respectively. Imaging response was achieved in 58% (22/38, WHO criteria) and 74% (28/38, EASL criteria), respectively. Median TTP was 16.1 months for any cause and 27.5 months for primary index lesions. OLT was completed in 88% (21/24) of listed patients at a median time of 6.1 months (range, 0.9–11.7 months). Median OS was 31.6 months and 62.9 months censored and uncensored to OLT, respectively.ConclusionsSegmental Y90 for HCC appears safe and efficacious in patients after TIPS. Preserved transplant eligibility suggests that Y90 is a useful tool for bridging these patients to liver transplantation.  相似文献   

14.
PurposeTo investigate the safety of yttrium-90 radioembolization in combination with checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Materials and MethodsThis single-center retrospective study included 26 consecutive patients with HCC who received checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy within 90 days of radioembolization from April 2015 to May 2018. Patients had preserved liver function (Child-Pugh scores A–B7) and either advanced HCC due to macrovascular invasion or limited extrahepatic disease (21 patients) or aggressive intermediate stage HCC that resulted in earlier incorporation of systemic immunotherapy (5 patients). Clinical documentation, laboratory results, and imaging results at 1- and 3-month follow-up intervals were reviewed to assess treatment-related adverse events and treatment responses.ResultsThe median follow-up period after radioembolization was 7.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.6–11.8). There were no early (30-day) mortality or grades 3/4 hepatobiliary or immunotherapy-related toxicities. Delayed grades 3/4 hepatobiliary toxicities (1–3 months) occurred in 2 patients in the setting of HCC disease progression. One patient developed pneumonitis. The median overall survival from first immunotherapy was 17.2 months (95% CI, 10.9–23.4). The median overall survival from first radioembolization was 16.5 months (95% CI, 6.6–26.4). From first radioembolization, time to tumor progression was 5.7 months (95% CI, 4.2–7.2), and progression-free survival was 5.7 months (95% CI, 4.3–7.1).ConclusionsRadioembolization combined with checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy in cases of HCC appears to be safe and causes limited treatment-related toxicity. Future prospective studies are needed to identify the optimal combination treatment protocols and evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy.  相似文献   

15.
PurposeTo determine the safety and feasibility of percutaneous high-frequency irreversible electroporation (HFIRE) for primary liver cancer and evaluate the HFIRE-induced local immune response.Materials and MethodsHFIRE therapy was delivered percutaneously in 3 canine patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the absence of intraoperative paralytic agents or cardiac synchronization. Pre- and post-HFIRE biopsy samples were processed with histopathology and immunohistochemistry for CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD79a. Blood was collected on days 0, 2, and 4 for complete blood count and chemistry. Numeric models were developed to determine the treatment-specific lethal thresholds for malignant canine liver tissue and healthy porcine liver tissue.ResultsHFIRE resulted in predictable ablation volumes as assessed by posttreatment CT. No detectable cardiac interference and minimal muscle contraction occurred during HFIRE. No clinically significant adverse events occurred secondary to HFIRE. Microscopically, a well-defined ablation zone surrounded by a reactive zone was evident in the majority of samples. This zone was composed primarily of maturing collagen interspersed with CD3+/CD4/CD8 lymphocytes in a proinflammatory microenvironment. The average ablation volumes for the canine HCC patients and the healthy porcine tissue were 3.89 cm3 ± 0.74 and 1.56 cm3 ± 0.16, respectively (P = .03), and the respective average lethal thresholds were 710 V/cm ± 28.2 and 957 V/cm ± 24.4 V/cm (P = .0004).ConclusionsHFIRE can safely and effectively be delivered percutaneously, results in a predictable ablation volume, and is associated with lymphocytic tumor infiltration. This is the first step toward the use of HFIRE for treatment of unresectable liver tumors.  相似文献   

16.
PurposeTo compare the safety and effectiveness of transarterial radioembolization (TARE) and transarterial chemoembolization with drug-eluting embolic agents combined with percutaneous ablation (transarterial chemoembolization [TACE] + ablation) in the treatment of treatment-naïve, unresectable, solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) of ≥3 cm.Materials and MethodsTwenty-nine patients with treatment-naïve, unresectable, solitary HCC of ≥3 cm received combined TACE + ablation, and 40 patients received TARE at a single institution. Local tumor response, tumor progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival, need for reintervention, bridge to transplant, and major complications were compared. Clinical variables and outcomes were compared before and after propensity score matching (PSM).ResultsBefore PSM, patients who underwent TARE had a larger tumor size (3.7 vs 5.5 cm; P = .0005) and were older (61.5 vs 69.3 years; P = .0014). After PSM, there was no difference in baseline characteristics between the 2 groups, with the mean tumor sizes measuring 3.9 and 4.1 cm in the TACE + ablation and TARE cohorts, respectively. After PSM (n = 19 in each group), no statistically significant difference was observed in local radiological response (disease control rates, 100% vs 94.7%; P = .31), survival (subdistribution hazard ratio [SHR], 0.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.28–1.80; P = .469), PFS (SHR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.21–1.71; P = .342), bridge to transplant (21.1% vs 31.6%, P = .46), and major adverse event rates (15.8% vs 10.5%, P = .63) between the 2 groups. The mean total number of locoregional interventions was higher in the TACE + ablation cohort (1.9 vs 1.3 sessions, P = .02), with an earlier median reintervention trend (SHR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.20–1.32; P = .167).ConclusionsThe present study showed that TARE and the combination of TACE and ablation are comparable in safety and effectiveness for treating treatment-naïve, unresectable, solitary HCC of ≥3 cm.  相似文献   

17.
PurposeTo evaluate the pathologic outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with Yttrium-90 radiation segmentectomy using glass microspheres prior to liver transplantation and explore parameters associated with pathologic necrosis.Materials and MethodsA single-institution retrospective analysis of HCC patients who received radiation segmentectomy prior to liver transplantation from November 2016 to May 2020 was performed. Patients were included if the treatment angiosome encompassed the entire tumor and could be correlated with available gross pathology. Archived histology slides were reviewed for percentage of pathologic necrosis. Thirty-three patients with 37 tumors were evaluated. The median tumor size was 2.3 cm (range, 1–6.7 cm).ResultsAll tumors received a single treatment. The median time from radiation segmentectomy to transplantation was 206 days (range, 58–550 days). Objective response per Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) was 92% (complete response, 76%; partial response, 16%). A total of 68% (n = 25) of tumors demonstrated ≥99% pathologic necrosis. Complete pathologic necrosis was present in 53% and 75% of tumors treated with >190 Gy (n = 18) and >500 Gy (n = 8) single-compartment Medical Internal Radiation Dose, respectively. Complete response per mRECIST, posttreatment angiosome T1 hypointensity, dose >190 Gy, microsphere specific activity >297 Bq, and a longer time between treatment and transplant were associated with ≥99% tumor necrosis (P < .05). No posttransplant tumor recurrences occurred within a median follow-up of 604 days (range, 138–1,223 days).ConclusionsRadiation segmentectomy can serve as an ablative modality for the treatment of HCC prior to liver transplant.  相似文献   

18.
PurposeTo evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for the prevention of gastric variceal rebleeding in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Materials and MethodsThis multicenter retrospective study included 126 cirrhotic patients (mean age, 54.1 ± 10.2 years; 110 men) with HCC who underwent TIPS creation for the prevention of gastric variceal rebleeding. Of these, 110 (87.3%) patients had gastroesophageal varices and 16 (12.7%) patients had isolated gastric varices. Thirty-five (27.8%) patients had portal vein tumor thrombus.ResultsTIPS creation was technically successful in 124 (98.4%) patients. Rebleeding occurred in 26 (20.6%) patients during the follow-up period. The 6-week and 1-year actuarial probabilities of patients remaining free of rebleeding were 98.3% ± 1.2% and 81.2% ± 3.9%, respectively. Forty-nine (38.8%) patients died during the follow-up period. The 6-week and 1-year actuarial probabilities of survival were 98.4 ± 1.1% and 65.6 ± 4.4%, respectively. Two (1.6%) patients had major procedure-related complications, including acute liver failure (n = 1) and intra-abdominal bleeding (n = 1). Thirty-three (26.2%) patients had at least 1 episode of overt hepatic encephalopathy during the follow-up period. Shunt dysfunction occurred in 15 (11.9%) patients after a median follow-up time of 11.4 months (range, 1.4–41.3 months). Lung metastasis occurred in 3 (2.4%) patients, 3.9–32.9 months after TIPS creation.ConclusionsTIPS creation may be effective and safe for the prevention of gastric variceal rebleeding in patients with HCC.  相似文献   

19.
PurposeTo investigate the safety and efficacy of locoregional therapy plus adoptive transfer of allogeneic gamma delta (γδ) T cells for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).MethodsThirty patients with HCC and 29 patients with ICC were randomly assigned to receive locoregional therapy (HCC, Group A, n = 15; ICC, Group C, n = 15) or locoregional therapy plus γδ T cell therapy (HCC, Group B, n = 15; ICC, Group D, n = 14). Groups A and C only received locoregional ablation (cryoablation or irreversible electroporation), whereas Groups B and D received locoregional therapy followed by adoptive transfer of allogeneic γδ T cells. The primary endpoints were safety, distant progression-free survival (PFS), local PFS, and overall survival (OS).ResultsThe median distant PFS was significantly longer in the combined treatment groups than the locoregional treatment groups (HCC: 8 vs 4 months, P = .04; ICC: 8 vs 4 months, P = .021). There was no significant difference in local PFS between the 2 treatment modalities. Patients with HCC in the combined treatment group had a longer OS (median OS: 13 vs 8 months, P = .029). However, there was no significant difference in OS in patients with ICC between the 2 treatment modalities (median OS: 9.5 vs 8 months, P = .546). All adverse events were manageable with no significant difference in incidence between groups.ConclusionsThe novel combination of locoregional ablation with adoptive transfer of allogeneic γδ cells was safe, with encouraging clinical efficacy against HCC and ICC.  相似文献   

20.
PurposeTo assess the safety of locoregional treatment (LRT) combined with nivolumab for intermediate and advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Materials and MethodsA single-center retrospective review included 29 patients undergoing 41 LRTs—transarterial chemoembolization or yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization—60 days before or concurrently with nivolumab. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory values and adverse events were reviewed before and after nivolumab initiation and after each LRT. Treatment response and time to progression were assessed using Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Clinical events, including nivolumab termination, death, and time of last follow-up, were assessed.ResultsOver a median nivolumab course of 8.1 months (range, 1.0–30) with a median of 14.2 2-week cycles (range, 1–53), predominantly Child–Pugh A (22/29) patients—12 Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) B and 17 BCLC C—underwent 20 transarterial chemoembolization and 21 transarterial radioembolization LRTs at a median of 67 days (range, 48–609) after nivolumab initiation. Ten patients underwent multiple LRTs. During a median follow-up of 11.5 months (range, 1.8–35.1), no grade III/IV adverse events attributable to nivolumab were observed. There were five instances of grade III/IV hypoalbuminemia or hyperbilirubinemia within 3 months after LRT. There were no nivolumab-related deaths, and 30-day mortality after LRT was 0%.ConclusionsLRTs performed concurrently with nivolumab immunotherapy demonstrate an acceptable safety profile in patients with intermediate and advanced HCC.  相似文献   

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