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1.
1 基本资料 患者,男,27岁,因头痛自服一片扑热息痛(0.3 g/片),约3 h后出现局部皮肤瘙痒难耐而就诊.查体:体温37 ℃,脉搏82次/min,呼吸20次/min,血压125/80 mm Hg.口唇红斑,下唇红斑上有2 cm×3 cm范围成片簇集血疱;双手虎口周围有4 cm×4 cm红斑,左手红斑上有0.5 cm×1cm血疱1个;左脚拇趾第一节趾骨背面有2 cm×4 cm红斑,右脚根部有3 cm×4 cm红斑.  相似文献   

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Objective:To evaluate whether the efficacy of Getong Tongluo Capsule(葛酮通络胶囊,GTC,consisted of total flavone of Radix Puerariae)on improving patients'quality of life and lowering blood pressure are superior to the extract of Ginkgo biloba(EGB)for patients with convalescent-phase ischemic stroke and primary hypertension.Methods:This randomized,positive-drug-and placebo-controlled,double-blind trial was conducted from September 2015 to October 2017.Totally 477 eligible patients from 18 hospitals in China were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to the following interventions,twice a day for 12 weeks:(1)GTC 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg(237 cases,GTC group),(2)EGB 40 mg plus GTC-matching placebo 250 mg(120 cases,EGB group)or(3)GTC-matching placebo 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg(120 cases,placebo group).Moreover,all patients were orally administered aspirin enteric-coated tablets 100 mg,once a day fo r 12 weeks.The primary outcome was the Barthel Index(Bl).The secondary outcomes included the control rate of blood pressure and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS)scores.The incidence and severity of adverse events(AEs)were calculated and assessed.Results:The Bl relative independence rates,the clinical recovery rates of NIHSS,and the total effective rates of NIHSS in the GTC and EGB groups were significantly higher than the placebo group at 12 weeks after treatment(P<0.05),and no statistical significance was found between the GTC and EGB groups(P>0.05).The control rate of blood pressure in the GTC group was significantly higher than the EGB and placebo groups at 12,18 and 24 weeks after treatment(P<0.01).There were no statistically significant differences in the incidences of AEs,adverse drug reactions,or serious AEs among the 3 groups(P>0.05).Conclusion:GTC exhibited significant efficacy in improving patients'quality of life as well as neurological function and controlling hypertension.  相似文献   

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人类的历史教训证明,包括大地震在内的严重自然灾害,对地域生态环境和人类居住条件造成极大的破坏,对灾区人员的健康造成沉重的打击.在这种情况下,发生重大传染病流行的风险将会显著增加.汶川大地震发生后,搜寻生还者,抢救伤病员是抗震救灾第一阶段的重点.  相似文献   

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Objective:To illustrate the academic influence of Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western medicine,and provide suggestions for further development of the Journal.Methods:Taking the China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI)database as main source and the Chinese Science Citation Database(CSCD)as reference,the researchers retrieved the related data of the Journal such as its publication quantity,citations,fund projects,authors,institutions and regions from 1981 to 2018,analyzed these data by means of bibliometrics and information visualization with EXCEL,SPSS,VISIO,MATLAB and other softwares.Results:Through the analysis of the main indicators,the relevant indicators of the Journal’s academic influence revealed the developing trend of the Journal.Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases,endocrine,digestive system,pharmacological research of Chinese medicine and gynecology,as the hot topics in the discipline and academic,were clarified.Conclusions:All indicators show that the Journal is a high-quality journal reflecting the excellent achievements in the field of integrated Chinese and Western medicine in China.Through further analysis of relevant indicators,the authors put forward some specific suggestions on how to run the Journal well.  相似文献   

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Objective:To investigate whether blood-brain barrier(BBB)served a key role in the edema-relief effect of bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-well points(HTWP)in traumatic brain injury(TBI)and the potential molecular signaling pathways.Methods:Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the shamoperated(sham),TBI,and bloodletting puncture(bloodletting)groups(n=24 per group)using a randomized number table.The TBI model rats were induced by cortical contusion and then bloodletting puncture were performed at HTWP twice a day for 2 days.The neurological function and cerebral edema were evaluated by modified neurological severity score(mNSS),cerebral water content,magnetic resonance imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining.Cerebral blood flow was measured by laser speckles.The protein levels of aquaporin 4(AQP4),matrix metalloproteinases 9(MMP9)and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway(MAPK)signaling were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot.Results:Compared with TBI group,bloodletting puncture improved neurological function at 24 and 48 h,alleviated cerebral edema at 48 h,and reduced the permeability of BBB induced by TBI(all P<0.05).The AQP4 and MMP9 which would disrupt the integrity of BBB were downregulated by bloodletting puncture(P<0.05 or P<0.01).In addition,the extracellular signal-regulated kinase(ERK)and p38 signaling pathways were inhibited by bloodletting puncture(P<0.05).Conclusions:Bloodletting puncture at HTWP might play a significant role in protecting BBB through regulating the expressions of MMP9 and AQP4 as well as corresponding regulatory upstream ERK and p38 signaling pathways.Therefore,bloodletting puncture at HTWP may be a promising therapeutic strategy for TBI-induced cerebral edema.  相似文献   

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分析目前考试制度存在的主要问题有命题、复习题、补考制度等方面的弊端,提出考试制度的改革要在加强"三风"建设、做好试题的编审工作、建立完善的考试管理制度、严肃补考纪律等方面下工夫,让严肃的考风带动良好的学风,从而提高教学质量.  相似文献   

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2006年4月5日至4月8日第26届国际心肺移植协会(ISHLT)年会在西班牙马德里隆重召开,来自全世界从事心肺移植的专家,包括心外科、胸外科、心内科、呼吸科、麻醉科、ICU、病理科、供体协调等从事基础及临床研究等相关科室的专家共2 000多人参加了此次盛会.  相似文献   

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1临床资料 患者,男,29岁.入院前10d双眼视力突然下降,伴轻微头痛,曾就诊于其他医院,经眼科常规检查及眼部B超检查,诊断为原发性视网膜脱离,用药不详,因治疗效果不佳,于2002年10月18日来本院就诊.入院时自诉头痛明显,全身状况不佳,视力:右眼指数/1 m,左眼指数/1 m,双眼轻度睫状充血,角膜后可见细小点状沉着物,房水闪辉阳性,瞳孔呈药物性散大,直径5.5 mm,晶体不混浊,玻璃体可见条状混浊,眼压正常.  相似文献   

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1病例患者,女,49岁。10日前出现中上腹不适,伴恶心呕吐,并开始出现尿量减少,全身浮肿,四肢无力,双手不能持物,双下肢不能站立,当时无咖啡样  相似文献   

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游泳是人类生活中最自然的生理活动和本能之一。不仅人类,哺乳动物也常有游泳行为,是生活中自然形成和掌握的一种本能。我们认为人和动物一样,生来就具有适应环境的能力。很多动物,无论大小都有游泳本领,不用谁来教,在水中通过多种姿势和划水方法,他们都会把鼻子露出水面,往岸上游。可是人类这种本能后来泯灭了。我们认为社会就是大海,人生就如在大海中游泳,从小让孩子在水中学会挣扎,锻炼拼搏精神,促进胎儿到婴幼儿神经及各脏器的持续发育,使生长的过程得到进一步、更高质量的发展,这对他们一生的好处都是不可估量的。  相似文献   

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近年新生儿、婴儿、成人麻疹患者逐年增加,临床表现一般仍较典型,成年人麻疹患者全身中毒症状较重。麻疹抗体检测结果阳性是主要的诊断依据。麻疹发病的双相移位的机理可能是,免疫保护力不足,婴儿出生时麻疹抗体力低。孕期母传胎的麻疹抗体减弱,母经乳汁传给婴儿的抗体减弱,成人麻疹抗体水平逐年下降。预防措施是怀孕前给予育龄妇女麻疹疫苗接种,鼓励母乳喂养,麻疹疫苗计划免疫适当提前,在成人追加麻疹疫苗的免疫,加强病毒变异的研究等。  相似文献   

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重度妊高征表现为高血压、蛋白尿、浮肿等症状 ,严重可以导致母婴死亡。对妊娠足月的重度妊高征 ,可以根据其临产与否及宫颈条件 ,立即决定其为阴道分娩或是剖宫产术。对于妊娠晚期的重度妊高征 ,因其胎龄不足月 ,胎儿生长发育及胎肺成熟度情况需通过一定时间的治疗 ,根据其病情变化来决定其治疗方案或终止妊娠的时机[1,2 ] 。这就需要我们对这一阶段的治疗进行监测 ,防止母儿并发症的发生。现将 2 0 0 0年至今我院收治妊娠晚期重度妊高征 30例的监测结果回顾分析如下。1 资料和方法1.1 研究对象 选择孕 31~ 36周重度妊高征 30例 ,其中 …  相似文献   

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本文报告80例局限于小腿或手或足的银屑病。均经皮肤组织病理检查确诊。因部位比较特殊。受多种理化因素影响,使皮疹形态发生轻重程度不同的变化,常看不到典型损害,因而误诊为神经性皮炎,湿疹,慢性皮炎及癣等。作者对误诊原因进行了分析后,提出了鉴别诊断方法。  相似文献   

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目的解决腰椎间盘突出症手术中神经压迫。方法对1980~1998年再手术资料进行统计分析,讨论分析再手术原因,再次手术前影像学检查,观察病理变化以确定再手术方法。结果对11例随访6个月~1年,优7例(68.4%),良3例(36.8%),差1例(2.8%)。结论初次手术前详细查体和分析X线片,术中用导尿管和神经剥离探查,尽量避免髓核遗留,手术范围不宜太大,尽量减少对软组织和脊柱结构的破坏,避免形成硬膜囊与神经根粘连而致单纯形疤痕。  相似文献   

15.
目的 探讨降钙素原变化率的测定对细菌性肺炎的评估价值.方法 选取住院治疗的细菌性肺炎患者72例,根据治疗效果分为治疗有效组(有效组)47例和治疗无效组(无效组)25例,对治疗有效组和无效组中的降钙素酶原变化及影响肺炎治疗效果的危险因素进行分析.结果 有效组治疗后3天及治疗后7天的降钙素酶原显著低于无效组的患者(P<0.05);年龄>65岁、心功能≥3级、COPD、糖尿病、肺部双侧受累(X线示)、菌血症、感染性休克和3天内降钙素酶原变化率<30%是影响细菌性肺炎治疗效果的危险因素;感染性休克、肺部双侧受累、3天内降钙素酶原变化率<30%及心功能≥3级是影响细菌性肺炎治疗效果的独立危险因素.结论 测定降钙素原变化率对细菌性肺炎的疗效评估具有重要临床意义,可在临床推广应用.  相似文献   

16.
人工全髋关节置换术的手术配合   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的:介绍人工全髋关节置换术的手术配合做法;方法:主要在手术配合的六个方面,解决防感染、防栓塞等问题。结果:30例人工全髋关节置换术均获成功,结论:手术配合是护士责任心和基本功的全面体现,对提高手术效果有至关重要的影响。  相似文献   

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以^3氢-胸腺嘧啶核苷放射自显影法及HE染色,观察并分别测定了18例正常子宫内膜增殖中期,15例增殖晚期的腺上皮细胞或间质细胞的标记指数、分裂指数。结果显示:子宫内膜增殖晚期腺上皮细胞或间质细胞之LI均明显高于增殖中期。同时,增殖晚间质细胞之MI也明显高于增殖中期,即此两种细胞在增殖晚期中增生明显,其增生状态初步获得了定位定量测定的正常值。  相似文献   

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