首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
相似文献
 共查询到10条相似文献,搜索用时 28 毫秒
1.
目的探讨巨噬细胞中1-磷酸鞘胺醇受体(sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor,S1PR)的表达及其作用,观察干预S1PR3(S1P3)对脂多糖诱导的心肌损伤的影响。方法传代培养小鼠Ana-1巨噬细胞,给予脂多糖(lipopolysaccharide,LPS,100 ng/ml)刺激或S1P3特异性抑制剂CAY-10444(10μmol/L)干预,细胞随机分为对照组、LPS组、CAY-10444组、CAY-10444预处理2h+LPS组,Transwell小室观测巨噬细胞迁移,蛋白免疫印迹检测巨噬细胞S1PR的表达,并检测p-Akt/Akt蛋白水平。在体实验,6~8周龄雄性C57/B6小鼠,随机分为对照组、LPS组、CAY-10444组、CAY-10444干预+LPS组,每组12只,LPS(10 mg/kg)腹腔注射,或CAY-10444 1 mg/kg于LPS诱导后30 min腹腔注射干预,24 h后取心脏组织HE染色观察病理改变,免疫组化染色观察巨噬细胞浸润程度以及炎症因子的表达情况,实时荧光定量PCR检测心肌损伤标记分子BNP、巨噬细胞表面分子F4/80、炎症因子TNF-α、IL-1β、IL-6的mRNA水平。结果与对照组比较,LPS诱导巨噬细胞大量迁移S1P3蛋白表达增加(P0.01),p-Akt Ser473/Akt表达上调(P0.01);与LPS组相比,S1P3抑制剂CAY-10444干预后再给予LPS刺激,巨噬细胞迁移被抑制(P0.01),p-Akt Ser473/Akt表达也降低(P0.01);在体实验,LPS诱导小鼠后BNP mRNA水平明显上调(P0.01),同时F4/80以及炎症因子TNF-α、IL-1β、IL-6的mRNA水平上调(P0.01),HE染色可见心肌损伤及炎细胞浸润,免疫组化染色法显示F4/80及炎症因子的大量阳性表达(P0.01);使用S1P3抑制剂后,与LPS组比较,心肌损伤减轻免疫组化中巨噬细胞减少(P0.01),炎症因子表达降低(P0.01),BNP mRNA水平降低(P0.01),F4/80以及TNF-α、IL-1β、IL-6的mRNA水平也明显降低(P0.01)。结论抑制巨噬细胞S1P3表达可抑制巨噬细胞的迁移并提示p-Akt/Akt与了这一过程,此外,S1P3抑制剂的干预可有效减轻LPS诱导的心肌损伤。  相似文献   

2.
张田田  王长谦 《心脏杂志》2017,29(5):614-616
动脉粥样硬化(AS)不仅是一种炎症性疾病,而且属于一种代谢性疾病。肠道微生态的改变可对AS的发生发展产生双面影响。一方面,肠道菌群紊乱可以通过影响机体的胆碱代谢、氧化应激、炎症反应等机制直接促进AS产生发展,此外,可通过导致AS危险因素肥胖、高脂血症、糖尿病等的产生这些间接机制促AS的进展。另一方面,益生菌及益生元的增加则可有效地降低肠道微生物内毒素产生、增强肠道屏障、减轻机体质量、缓解炎症反应、改善胰岛素抵抗,进而在AS的进展方面发挥重要作用。因此,合理调控机体肠道微生态环境成为AS防治的新型重要手段。  相似文献   

3.
目的探讨老年2型糖尿病(T2DM)并发急性冠脉综合征(ACS)患者血清γ谷氨酰胺转肽酶(GGT)水平与经皮冠状动脉介入(PCI)治疗术后冠脉慢血流-无复流的相关性及其对预后的影响。方法选取188例诊断为ACS并行急诊PCI的老年T2DM患者,根据TIMI血流分级和校正的TIMI血流帧计数(c TFC)方法评价冠脉血流分为正常血流组(156例)和慢血流-无复流组(32例),分析GGT及其他危险因素与冠脉慢血流-无复流的相关性和主要不良心血管事件(MACE)的发生率。结果慢血流-无复流组的血清GGT水平高于正常血流组[(49±18)U/L vs.(31±13)U/L,P0.01]。相关分析结果显示,血清GGT与冠脉慢血流-无复流呈正相关(r=0.389,P0.01)。血清GGT与PCI术后冠脉慢血流-无复流、住院期间及术后12个月MACE独立相关(分别OR=1.093,95%CI:1.058~1.129,P0.01;OR=1.047,95%CI:1.012~1.082,P0.05及OR=1.058,95%CI:1.028~1.089,P0.01)。结论老年T2DM并发ACS患者血清GGT水平与冠脉慢血流-无复流相关,血清GGT可能是预测冠脉风险的评价指标。  相似文献   

4.
The 148 Isoleucine to Methionine protein variant(I148M)of patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3(PNPLA3),a protein is expressed in the liver and is involved in lipid metabolism,has recently been identified as a major determinant of liver fat content.Several studies confirmed that the I148M variant predisposes towards the full spectrum of liver damage associated with fatty liver:from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis and progressive fibrosis.Furthermore,the I148M variant represents a major determinant of progression of alcohol related steatohepatitis to cirrhosis,and to influence fibrogenesis and related clinical outcomes in chronic hepatitis C virus hepatitis,and possibly chronic hepatitis B virus hepatitis,hereditary hemochromatosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis.All in all,studies suggest that the I148M polymorphism may represent a general modifier of fibrogenesis in liver diseases.Remarkably,the effect of the I148M variant on fibrosis was independent of that on hepatic steatosis and inflammation,suggesting that it may affect both the quantity and quality of hepatic lipids and the biology of non-parenchymal liver cells besides hepatocytes,directly promoting fibrogenesis.Therefore,PNPLA3 is a key player in liver disease progression.Assessment of the I148M polymorphism will possibly inform clinical practice in the future,whereas the determination of the effect of the 148M variant will reveal mechanisms involved in hepatic fibrogenesis.  相似文献   

5.
Endoscopic polypectomy and endoscopic mucosal resection(EMR) are the established treatment standards for colorectal polyps. Current research aims at the reduction of both complication and recurrence rates as well as on shortening procedure times. Cold snare resection is the emerging standard for the treatment of smaller(< 5 mm) polyps and is possibly also suitable for the removal of noncancerous polyps up to 9 mm. The method avoids thermal damage, has reduced procedure times and probably also a lower risk for delayed bleeding. On the other end of the treatment spectrum, endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)offers en bloc resection of larger flat or sessile lesions. The technique has obvious advantages in the treatment of high-grade dysplasia and early cancer. Due to its minimal recurrence rate, it may also be an alternative to fractionated EMR of larger flat or sessile lesions. However, ESD is technically demanding and burdened by longer procedure times and higher costs. It should therefore be restricted to lesions suspicious for high-grade dysplasia or early invasive cancer.The latest addition to endoscopic resection techniques is endoscopic fullthickness resection with specifically developed devices for flexible endoscopy.This method is very useful for the treatment of smaller difficult-to-resect lesions,e.g., recurrence with scar formation after previous endoscopic resections.  相似文献   

6.
Outcome prediction based on tumor stage reflected by the American Joint Committee on Cancer(AJCC)/Union for International Cancer Control(UICC)tumor node metastasis(TNM)system is currently regarded as the strongest prognostic parameter for patients with colorectal cancer.For affected patients,the indication for adjuvant therapy is mainly guided by the presence of regional lymph node metastasis.In addition to the extent of surgical lymph node removal and the thoroughness of the pathologist in dissecting the resection specimen,several parameters that are related to the pathological work-up of the dissected nodes may affect the clinical significance of lymph node staging.These include changing definitions of lymph nodes,involved lymph nodes,and tumor deposits in different editions of the AJCC/UICC TNM system as well as the minimum number of nodes to be dissected.Methods to increase the lymph node yield in the fatty tissue include methylene blue injection and acetone compression.Outcome prediction based on the lymph node ratio,defined as the number of positive lymph nodes divided by the total number of retrieved nodes,may be superior to the absolute numbers of involved nodes.Extracapsular invasion has been identified as additional prognostic factor.Adding step sectioning and immunohistochemistry to the pathological work-up may result in higher accuracy of histological diagnosis.The clinical value of more recent technical advances,such as sentinel lymph node biopsy and molecular analysis of lymph nodes tissue still remains to be defined.  相似文献   

7.
Hepatitis B virus(HBV)genotypes have distinct genetic and geographic diversity and may be associated with specific clinical characteristics,progression,severity of disease and antiviral response.Herein,we provide an updated overview of the endemicity of HBV genotypes H and G in Mexico.HBV genotype H is predominant among the Mexican population,but not in Central America.Its geographic distribution is related to a typical endemicity among the Mexicans which is characterized by a low hepatitis B surface antigen seroprevalence,apparently due to a rapid resolution of the infection,low viral loads and a high prevalence of occult B infection.During chronic infections,genotype H is detected in mixtures with other HBV genotypes and associated with other co-morbidities,such as obesity,alcoholism and co-infection with hepatitis C virus or human immunodeficiency virus.Hepatocellular carcinoma prevalence is low.Thus,antiviral therapy may differ significantly from the standard guidelines established worldwide.The high prevalence of HBV genotype G in the Americas,especially among the Mexican population,raises new questions regarding its geographic origin that will require further investigation.  相似文献   

8.
The molecular scalpel of clustered regularly interspersed short palindromic repeats/CRISPR associated protein 9(CRISPR/Cas9) technology may be sharp enough to begin cutting the genes implicated in inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) and consequently decrease the 6.3 billion dollar annual financial healthcare burden in the treatment of IBD. For the past few years CRISPR technology has drastically revolutionized DNA engineering and biomedical research field. We are beginning to see its application in gene manipulation of sickle cell disease,human immunodeficiency virus resistant embryologic twin gene modification and IBD genes such as Gatm(Glycine amidinotransferase, mitochondrial),nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2, KRT12 and other genes implicated in adaptive immune convergence pathways have been subjected to gene editing, however there are very few publications. Furthermore,since Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis have shared disease susceptibility and share genetic gene profile, it is paramount and is more advantageous to use CRISPR technology to maximize impact. Although, currently CRISPR does have its limitations due to limited number of specific Cas enzymes, off-target activity,protospacer adjacent motifs and crossfire between different target sites. However,these limitations have given researchers further insight on how to augment and manipulate enzymes to enable precise gene excision and limit crossfire between target sites.  相似文献   

9.
Managing familial pancreatic cancer(FPC)is challenging for gastroenterologists,surgeons and oncologists.High-risk individuals(HRI)for pancreatic cancer(PC)(FPC or with germline mutations)are a heterogeneous group of subjects with a theoretical lifetime cumulative risk of PC over 5%.Screening is mainly based on annual magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and endoscopic ultrasound(EUS).The goal of screening is to identify early-stage operable cancers or high-risk precancerous lesions(pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia or intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms with high-grade dysplasia).In the literature,target lesions are identified in 2%-5%of HRI who undergo screening.EUS appears to provide better identification of small solid lesions(0%-46%of HRI)and chronicpancreatitis-like parenchymal changes(14%-77%of HRI),while MRI is probably the best modality to identify small cystic lesions(13%-49%of HRI).There are no specific studies in HRI on the use of contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS.EUS can also be used to obtain tissue samples.Nevertheless,there is still limited evidence on the accuracy of imaging procedures used for screening or agreement on which patients to treat.The cost-effectiveness of screening is also unclear.Certain new EUS-related techniques,such as searching for DNA abnormalities or protein markers in pancreatic fluid,appear to be promising.  相似文献   

10.
One unresolved issue of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)is post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP),which occurs in up to 40%of patients.Identification of risk factors for PEP is especially important in the field of ERCP practice because it may assist physicians in taking protective measures in situations with high risk.A decade ago,Freeman et al meticulously evaluated a large number of potentially relevant risk factors for PEP,which can be divided into patient-relat-ed and procedure-related issues.In this commentary, we summarize this classic article and reevaluate the risk factors for PEP from the current point of view.This is followed by assessment of strategies for prevention of PEP that can be divided into mechanical and pharmacologic methods.  相似文献   

设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号