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BackgroundPrealbumin is a more sensitive serum biomarker in reflecting liver function and nutritional status than albumin, because of its shorter half-life and its characteristics that could hardly be affected by supplemental venous infusion of albumin or blood transfusion. This study aimed to identify whether preoperative prealbumin level was associated with postoperative mortality and morbidity after hepatic resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).MethodsFrom a Chinese multicenter database, patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC were divided into the low and normal prealbumin groups by using 17 mg/dL as the cut-off level for serum prealbumin taken within a week before surgery. Using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses, independent predictors associated with postoperative 30-day and 90-day mortality, 30-day overall and major morbidity, and postoperative hepatic insufficiency were identified.ResultsAmong 1356 patients, 409 (30.2%) had a low preoperative prealbumin level. Postoperative 30-day and 90-day mortality, and 30-day overall and major morbidity in the low prealbumin group were significantly higher than the normal prealbumin group (2.9% vs. 0.5%, 5.1% vs. 1.5%, 35.7% vs. 18.4%, and 14.4% vs. 6.5%, respectively, all P < 0.001). Multivariable analyses identified that preoperative prealbumin level, but not albumin level, was independently associated with postoperative 30-day mortality (OR: 3.486, 95% CI: 1.184–10.265), 90-day mortality (2.504, 1.219–5.145), 30-day overall morbidity (1.727, 1.302–2.292), 30-day major morbidity (1.770, 1.155–2.711) and postoperative hepatic insufficiency (1.967, 1.119–3.427).ConclusionsPreoperative prealbumin level could be used to predict postoperative morbidity and mortality for patients treated with hepatic resection for HCC.  相似文献   

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《Injury》2023,54(2):778-783
PurposeThe study aimed to introduce anterior superior iliac spine distraction to treat severe and recalcitrant diabetic foot ulcers. For comparison, we also included another group of diabetic foot ulcers treated with proximal tibial cortex transverse distraction.MethodsFrom February 1998 to February 2020, 87 patients (87 feet) with severe and recalcitrant diabetic foot ulcers were treated. The mean age of patients at surgery was 64 years (range, 47 to 87 years). The severity of the narrowed artery was assessed using the ankle-brachial index test. For comparison, another group of 91 patients (91 diabetic foot ulcers) treated with proximal tibial cortex transverse distraction was included.ResultsThe mean preoperative ankle-brachial indexes of the two groups were 0.41±0.07 and 0.39±0.05 (OR 0.65 [95% CI -0.77 to 1.58]; P=0.62), respectively. The mean preoperative limb pain was 3.42±2.84 cm and 3.52±3.11 cm (OR 1.54 [95% CI -077 to 1.35]; P=0.083), respectively. At the 2-year follow-up visit, ulcers healed in 72 (83%) and 74 (81%) patients, respectively (P=0.188). The mean postoperative limb pain was 0.52±0.23 cm and 0.49±0.41 cm (OR 2.32 [95% CI -0.27 to 1.66]; P=0.078), respectively. Pin-site infection occurred in 2 patients and 8 patients (P=0.09), respectively. Ulcer recurrence occurred in 13 (15%) patients and 15 (16%) patients (P=0.205), respectively.ConclusionsAnterior superior iliac spine transverse distraction may be an effective alternative treatment for severe and recalcitrant diabetic foot ulcers. It may be associated with fewer distraction-site complications than proximal tibial cortex transverse distraction.Level of evidenceTherapeutic study, Level IIa.  相似文献   

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BackgroundPerioperative anemia and transfusions are associated with adverse operative outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Their individual association with long-term outcomes is unclear.MethodsPatients aged 65 years and older who had undergone CABG and were in The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (n = 504,596) from 2011 to 2018 were linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service data to assess long-term survival. The association of intraoperative anemia defined by intraoperative nadir hematocrit (nHct) and red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, and their interactions, on long-term mortality were assessed with Kaplan-Meier estimates and multivariable Cox regression. Restricted cubic splines were used to explore the association between nHct as a continuous variable and long-term mortality.Results258,398 on-pump CABG STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database patients surviving the perioperative period were linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service claims files. Per World Health Organization criteria, 41% had preoperative anemia. Mean intraoperative nHct was 24%; RBC transfusion rate was 43.7%. Univariable analysis associated both RBC transfusion and lower nHct with worse survival. Lower nHct was only marginally associated with risk-adjusted mortality: adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) 1.04 (95% CI, 1.01-1.06) and 1.07 (95% CI, 1.00-1.14) at nHct 20% and at nHct 14%, respectively. RBC transfusion was associated with significantly higher adjusted mortality irrespective of timing of transfusion: AHR intraoperative 1.21 (95% CI, 1.18-1.27); AHR postoperative 1.26 (95% CI, 1.22-1.30); AHR both 1.46 (95% CI, 1.40-1.52) and across all levels of nHct. RBC transfusion was not associated with improved survival at any level of nHct.ConclusionsAmong Medicare CABG patients, RBC transfusions were associated with increased risk-adjusted late mortality across all levels of nHct whereas intraoperative anemia was only marginally so. Tolerance of lower intraoperative nHct than currently accepted may be preferable to transfusions.  相似文献   

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《Neuro-Chirurgie》2023,69(4):101442
IntroductionPostoperative complications after craniotomy for brain tumors include pain, nausea/vomiting, and infection. A standardized enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is not widely accepted for this common neurosurgical procedure. Few studies have explored its application.MethodsA literature search of PubMed, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases was performed between January 1992 and March 2023. Original studies that implemented an ERAS protocol for patients that underwent craniotomy for brain tumors were included. The following variables were evaluated: hospital length of stay (LOS), postoperative pain, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis, non-opioid analgesia, and quality of life (QOL).ResultsTwelve studies with a total of 1309 patients met inclusion criteria, including ten randomized controlled trials, one nonrandomized controlled trial, and one quality control study. Most frequently assessed metrics included hospital LOS, PONV prophylaxis, and non-opioid analgesia. A significant reduction in postoperative LOS was observed in 7 studies with ERAS or ERAS components. ERAS was significantly associated with pain reduction on the visual analog scale and verbal numerical rating scale (n = 8). Non-opioid analgesia in ERAS improved postoperative pain control (n = 4) and decreased the duration of pain (n = 1). Three of six studies found no difference in PONV in ERAS vs. control. No studies reported an increase in postoperative complications using ERAS vs. control. One study showed greater patient satisfaction at 30-day follow-up with improved QOL.ConclusionImplementing ERAS protocol may enhance outcomes and quality of life in patients with moderate evidence for improved recovery in those undergoing craniotomy for brain tumors.  相似文献   

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PurposeTo compare a newly developed preoperative computed tomography physical status (CT-PS) score with the American Society of Anesthesiology performance status (ASA-PS) scale in the assessment of patient preoperative health status and stratification of perioperative risk before left colectomy.Materials and methodsPreoperative chest-abdomen-pelvis CT examinations of patients who were scheduled to undergo elective laparoscopic left colonic resection for cancer in two centers were reviewed by two radiologists blinded to clinical data for the presence of several key imaging features in order to assess general, cardiac, pulmonary, abdominal, renal, vascular and musculoskeletal status. CT examinations of patients from center 1 were used to build a CT-PS score to predict ASA-PS  III. CT-PS score was further validated using an external cohort of patients from center 2.ResultsDuring a 2-year period, 117 consecutive patients (63 men, 54 women; mean age, 65 ± 13 [SD] years; age range: 53–90 years) who underwent laparoscopic left colectomy for cancer in center 1 (66 patients, building cohort) and center 2 (51 patients, validation cohort) were retrospectively included. Ninety-one percent of patients were ASA-PS 1–2. Overall postoperative morbidity was 23% and severe morbidity 12%. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of CT-PS score was 0.968 (95% CI: 0.901–1.000) in the building cohort and 0.828 (95% CI: 0.693–0.963) in the validation cohort. The optimal thresholds yielded 87% (95% CI: 83–91%) sensitivity and 100% (95% CI: 91–100%) specificity in the building cohort and 75% (95% CI: 69–81%) sensitivity and 83% (95% CI: 77–88%) specificity in the validation cohort for the prediction of ASA-PS.ConclusionPreoperative chest-abdomen-pelvis CT thoroughly and wisely read is highly accurate to differentiate patients with ASA-PS I/II from those with ASA-PS III/IV before left colectomy.  相似文献   

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Study objectiveTo determine the effect of cognitive impairment (CI) and dementia on adverse outcomes in older surgical patients.DesignA systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Various databases were searched from their inception dates to March 8, 2021.SettingPreoperative assessment.PatientsOlder patients (≥ 60 years) undergoing non-cardiac surgery.MeasurementsOutcomes included postoperative delirium, mortality, discharge to assisted care, 30-day readmissions, postoperative complications, and length of hospital stay. Effect sizes were calculated as Odds Ratio (OR) and Mean Difference (MD) based on random effect model analysis. The quality of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Risk Bias Tool for RCTs and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for observational cohort studies.ResultsFifty-three studies (196,491 patients) were included. Preoperative CI was associated with a significant risk of delirium in older patients after non-cardiac surgery (25.1% vs. 10.3%; OR: 3.84; 95%CI: 2.35, 6.26; I2: 76%; p < 0.00001). Cognitive impairment (26.2% vs. 13.2%; OR: 2.28; 95%CI: 1.39, 3.74; I2: 73%; p = 0.001) and dementia (41.6% vs. 25.5%; OR: 1.96; 95%CI: 1.34, 2.88; I2: 99%; p = 0.0006) significantly increased risk for 1-year mortality. In patients with CI, there was an increased risk of discharge to assisted care (44.7% vs. 38.3%; OR 1.74; 95%CI: 1.05, 2.89, p = 0.03), 30-day readmissions (14.3% vs. 10.8%; OR: 1.36; 95%CI: 1.00, 1.84, p = 0.05), and postoperative complications (40.7% vs. 18.8%; OR: 1.85; 95%CI: 1.37, 2.49; p < 0.0001).ConclusionsPreoperative CI in older surgical patients significantly increases risk of delirium, 1-year mortality, discharge to assisted care, 30-day readmission, and postoperative complications. Dementia increases the risk of 1-year mortality. Cognitive screening in the preoperative assessment for older surgical patients may be helpful for risk stratification so that appropriate management can be implemented to mitigate adverse postoperative outcomes.  相似文献   

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ObjectiveFor patients with thymic epithelial tumors, accurately predicting clinicopathological outcomes remains challenging. We aimed to investigate the performance of machine learning-based radiomic computed tomography phenotyping for predicting pathological (World Health Organization [WHO] type and TNM stage) and survival outcomes (overall and progression-free survival) in patients with thymic epithelial tumors.MethodsThis retrospective study included patients with thymic epithelial tumors between January 2001 and January 2022. The radiomic features were extracted from preoperative unenhanced computed tomography images. After strict feature selection, random forest and random survival forest models were fitted to predict pathological and survival outcomes, respectively. The model performance was assessed by the area under the curve (AUC) and validated internally by the bootstrap method.ResultsIn total, 124 patients with a median age of 61 years were included. The radiomics random forest models of WHO type and TNM stage showed satisfactory performance with an AUCWHO of 0.898 (95% CI, 0.753-1.000) and an AUCTNM of 0.766 (95% CI, 0.642-0.886). For overall survival and progression-free survival prediction, the radiomics random survival forest models showed good performance (integrated AUCs, 0.923; 95% CI, 0.691-1.000 and 0.702; 95% CI, 0.513-0.875, respectively), and the integrated AUCs increased to 0.935 (95% CI, 0.705-1.000) and 0.811 (95% CI, 0.647-0.942), respectively, when combined with clinicopathological features.ConclusionsMachine learning-based radiomic computed tomography phenotyping might allow for the satisfactory prediction of pathological and survival outcomes and further improve prognostic performance when integrated with clinicopathological features in patients with thymic epithelial tumors.  相似文献   

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PurposeTo compare the diagnostic capabilities of MR enterography (MRE) using contrast-enhanced (CE) sequences with those of MRE using diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging for the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence at the neo-terminal ileum and/or anastomosis after ileocolonic resection in patients with Crohn disease (CD), and to clarify the role of additional DW imaging to CE-MRE in this context.Material and methodsForty patients who underwent ileal resection for CD, and both endoscopy and MRE within the first year after surgery were included. There were 21 men and 19 women, with a mean age of 38 years ± 12 (SD) years (range: 18–67 years). MRE examinations were blindly analyzed independently by one senior (R1) and one junior (R2) radiologist for the presence of small bowel postoperative recurrence at the anastomotic site. During a first reading session, T2-, steady-state- and DW-MRE were reviewed (DW-MRE or set 1). During a separate distant session, T2-, steady-state- and CE-MRE were reviewed (CE-MRE or set 2). Lastly, all sequences were analyzed altogether (set 3). Performances of each reader for the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence were evaluated using endoscopic findings as the standard of reference (Rutgeerts score  i2b).ResultsFifteen patients out of 40 (37.5%) had endoscopic postoperative recurrence at the anastomotic site. Sensitivity for the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence was 73% (95% CI: 51–96%) for R1 and 67% (95% CI: 43–91%) for R2 using set 1, and 80% (95% CI: 60–100%) for both readers using set 2. There was no significant differences in sensitivity between reading set 1 and reading set 2, for either R1 or R2 (R1, P  > 0.99; R2, P = 0.48). Specificity was 96% (95% CI: 88–100%) for both readers using set 1 or using set 2. Reading set 3 yielded an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.93 (95% CI: 0.84–1) versus 0.89 (95% CI: 0.75–1) with set 1 (P = 0.18) and versus 0.89 (95% CI: 0.78–1) with set 2 (P = 0.21). No significant differences in AUC were found between set 1 or 2 and set 3 (P = 0.18), nor between set 1 and 2 (P = 0.76). Accuracies were 88% (95% CI: 74–95%) and 85% (95% CI: 71–93%) for DW-MRE for R1 and R2, respectively; 90% (95% CI: 77–96%) for CE-MRE for both readers; and 93% (95% CI: 80–97%) and 88% (95% CI: 74–95%) for R1 and R2 with set 3, respectively.ConclusionDW-MRE has diagnostic capabilities similar to those of CE-MRE for the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence of CD at the anastomotic site.  相似文献   

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IntroductionThe Nuss repair for pectus excavatum is associated with significant postoperative pain. Our institution developed protocols to standardize pain management for pectus excavatum patients in the immediate postoperative period. We present our experience with protocol implementation and patient outcomes.MethodsWe standardized regional anesthesia with a 0.25% bupivacaine incisional soaker catheter (post-implementation 1, PI1) before transitioning to intercostal nerve cryoablation (INC) (post-implementation 2, PI2). Patient outcomes were tracked using statistical process control charts in AdaptX™ OR Advisor and run charts in Tableau. Chi-squared tests assessed demographic differences between cohorts.Results244 patients were included: 78 pre-implementation, 108 PI1, and 58 PI2. Average age was 15.9–16.5 years. Patients were majority male, non-Hispanic white, and English speaking. Hospital length of stay decreased 4.1–2.4 days. INC increased surgery time (99–125 min) but decreased PACU time (112-78 min). Maximum pain scores improved in PACU (7.7–6.0) and 0–24 h postoperatively (8.3–6.8) but were not different 24–48 h postoperatively (5.4–5.8). Average opioid dosing decreased 0–48 h from 1.9 to 0.8 mg/kg morphine milliequivalents and was associated with reduction in post-operative nausea and constipation. There were no 30-day readmissions.ConclusionAn institution-wide pain management protocol using INC for pectus excavatum patients was implemented. Intercostal nerve cryoablation was found to be superior to bupivacaine incisional soaker catheters and reduced hospital length of stay, immediate postoperative pain scores, morphine milliequivalent opioid dosing, postoperative nausea, and constipation.Level of EvidenceLevel IV.  相似文献   

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ObjectiveThe study objective was to examine pulmonary function and quality of life improvement after robotic-assisted thoracoscopic tracheobronchoplasty for patients with different degrees of obstructive airway disease.MethodsWe performed a retrospective review of a prospective database of patients who underwent robotic-assisted thoracoscopic tracheobronchoplasty between 2013 and 2020.ResultsA total of 118 patients underwent robotic-assisted thoracoscopic tracheobronchoplasty. Preoperative and postoperative pulmonary function tests were available for 108 patients. Postoperative pulmonary function tests at a median of 16 months demonstrated a significant increase in percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (preoperative median: 76.76% predicted, postoperative: 83% predicted, P = .002). Preoperative and postoperative St George Respiratory Questionnaires were available for 64 patients with a significant decrease in postoperative score at a median of 7 months (preoperative median: 61, postoperative: 41.60, P < .001). When stratified by preoperative degree of obstruction, robotic-assisted thoracoscopic tracheobronchoplasty improved forced expiratory volume in 1 second in moderate to very severe obstruction with a statistically significant improvement in moderate (preoperative median: 63.91% predicted, postoperative median: 73% predicted, P = .001) and severe (preoperative median: 44% predicted, postoperative median: 57% predicted, P = .007) obstruction. St George Respiratory Questionnaire scores improved for all patients. Improvement for mild (preoperative median: 61.27, postoperative median: 36.71, P < .001) and moderate (preoperative median: 57.15, postoperative median: 47.52, P = .03) obstruction was statistically significant.ConclusionsRobotic-assisted thoracoscopic tracheobronchoplasty improves obstruction and symptoms. With limited follow-up, subgroup analysis showed forced expiratory volume in 1 second improved in severe preoperative obstruction and quality of life improved in moderate obstruction. Future follow-up is required to determine robotic-assisted thoracoscopic tracheobronchoplasty effects on the most severe group, but we cannot conclude that increased degree of preoperative obstruction precludes surgery.  相似文献   

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BackgroundDeep sternal wound infection (DSWI) is a rare but severe complication after cardiac surgical procedures and has been associated with increased early morbidity and mortality. Studies reporting long-term outcomes in patients with DSWI have shown contradictory results. We performed a study-level meta-analysis evaluating the impact of DSWI on short- and long-term clinical outcomes.MethodsA systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies comparing short- and long-term outcomes of patients submitted to cardiac surgical procedures who developed DSWI and patients who did not. The primary outcome was overall mortality. Secondary outcomes were in-hospital mortality, follow-up mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events, myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization. Postoperative outcomes were also investigated.ResultsTwenty-four studies totaling 407 829 patients were included. Overall, 6437 (1.6%) patients developed DSWI. Mean follow-up was 3.5 years. DSWI was associated with higher overall mortality (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.99; 95% CI, 1.66-2.38; P < .001), in-hospital mortality (odds ratio, 3.30; 95% CI, 1.88-5.81; P < .001), follow-up mortality (IRR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.39-2.94; P = .001), and major adverse cardiovascular events (IRR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.60-2.59; P < .001). No differences in myocardial infarction and repeat revascularization were found, but limited studies reported those outcomes. DSWI was associated with longer postoperative hospitalization, stroke, myocardial infarction, and respiratory and renal failure. Sensitivity analyses on isolated coronary artery bypass grafting studies and by adjustment method were consistent with the main analysis.ConclusionsCompared with patients who did not develop DSWI, patients with DSWI after cardiac surgical procedures had increased risk of death as well as short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes.  相似文献   

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PurposeTo determine the capabilities of MRI-based traditional radiomics and computer-vision (CV) nomogram for predicting lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) in patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC).Materials and methodsA total of 184 women (mean age, 52.9 ± 9.0 [SD] years; range, 28–82 years) with EC were retrospectively included. Traditional radiomics features and CV features were extracted from preoperative T2-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced MR images. Two models (Model 1, the radiomics model; Model 2, adding CV radiomics signature into the Model 1) were built. The performance of the models was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) in the training and test cohorts. A nomogram based on clinicopathological metrics and radiomics signatures was developed. The predictive performance of the nomogram was assessed by AUC of the ROC in the training and test cohorts.ResultsFor predicting LVSI, the AUC values of Model 1 in the training and test cohorts were 0.79 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.702–0.889; accuracy: 65.9%; sensitivity: 88.8%; specificity: 57.8%) and 0.75 (95% CI: 0.585–0.914; accuracy: 69.5%; sensitivity: 85.7%; specificity: 62.5%), respectively. The AUC values of Model 2 in the training and test cohorts were 0.93 (95% CI: 0.875–0.991; accuracy: 94.9%; sensitivity: 91.6%; specificity: 96.0%) and 0.81 (95% CI: 0.666–0.962; accuracy: 71.7%; sensitivity: 92.8%; specificity: 62.5%), respectively. The discriminative ability of Model 2 was significantly improved compared to Model 1 (Net Reclassification Improvement [NRI] = 0.21; P = 0.04). Based on histologic grade, FIGO stage, Rad-score and CV-score, AUC values of the nomogram to predict LVSI in the training and test cohorts were 0.98 (95% CI: 0.955–1; accuracy: 91.6%; sensitivity: 91.6%; specificity: 96.0%) and 0.92 (95% CI: 0.823–1; accuracy: 91.3%; sensitivity: 78.5%; specificity: 96.8%), respectively.ConclusionsMRI-based traditional radiomics and computer-vision nomogram are useful for preoperative risk stratification in patients with EC and may facilitate better clinical decision-making.  相似文献   

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ObjectiveTo evaluate differences in postoperative pain control and opioids requirement in thoracic surgical patients following implementation of an Enhanced Recovery after Thoracic Surgery protocol with a comprehensive postoperative pain management strategy.Material and MethodsA retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing pulmonary resections by robotic thoracoscopy or thoracotomy from January 1, 2017, to January 31, 2019, was conducted. Multimodal pain management strategy (opioid-sparing analgesics, infiltration of liposomal bupivacaine to intercostal spaces and surgical sites, and elimination of thoracic epidural analgesia use in thoracotomy patients) was implemented as part of Enhanced Recovery after Thoracic Surgery on February 1, 2018. Outcome metrics including patient-reported pain levels, in-hospital and postdischarge opioids use, postoperative complications, and length of stay were compared before and after protocol implementation.ResultsIn total, 310 robotic thoracoscopy and 62 thoracotomy patients met the inclusion criteria. This pain management strategy was associated with significant reduction of postoperative pain in both groups with an overall reduction of postoperative opioids requirement. Median in-hospital opioids use (morphine milligram equivalent per day) was reduced from 30 to 18.36 (P = .009) for the robotic thoracoscopy group and slightly increased from 15.48 to 21.0 (P = .27) in the thoracotomy group. More importantly, median postdischarge opioids prescribed (total morphine milligram equivalent) was significantly reduced from 480.0 to 150.0 (P < .001) and 887.5 to 150.0 (P < .001) for the thoracoscopy and thoracotomy groups, respectively. Similar short-term perioperative outcomes were observed in both groups before and following protocol implementation.ConclusionsImplementation of Enhanced Recovery after Thoracic Surgery allows safe elimination of epidural use, better pain control, and less postoperative opioids use, especially a drastic reduction of postdischarge opioid need, without adversely affecting outcomes.  相似文献   

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ObjectiveWe sought to describe characteristics and operative outcomes of children who underwent repair of truncus arteriosus and identify risk factors for the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in the immediate postoperative period in a contemporary multicenter cohort.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective review of children who underwent repair of truncus arteriosus between 2009 and 2016 at 15 centers within the United States. Patients with associated interrupted or obstructed aortic arch were excluded. MACE was defined as the need for postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or operative mortality. Risk factors for MACE were identified using multivariable logistic regression analysis and reported as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).ResultsWe reviewed 216 patients. MACE occurred in 44 patients (20%) and did not vary significantly over time. Twenty-two patients (10%) received postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, 26 (12%) received cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and 15 (7%) suffered operative mortality. With multivariable logistic regression analysis (which included adjustment for center effect), factors independently associated with MACE were failure to diagnose truncus arteriosus before discharge from the nursery (OR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.3-7.4), cardiopulmonary bypass duration >150 minutes (OR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.5-8.5), and right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit diameter >50 mm/m2 (OR, 4.7; 95% CI, 2.0-11.1).ConclusionsIn a contemporary multicenter analysis, 20% of children who underwent repair of truncus arteriosus experienced MACE. Early diagnosis, shorter duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, and use of smaller diameter right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduits represent potentially modifiable factors that could decrease morbidity and mortality in this fragile patient population.  相似文献   

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ObjectiveNew-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after cardiac surgery is common, with rates up to 60%. POAF has been associated with early and late stroke, but its association with other cardiovascular outcomes is less known. The objective was to perform a meta-analysis of the studies reporting the association of POAF with perioperative and long-term outcomes in patients with cardiac surgery.MethodsWe performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis of studies that presented outcomes for cardiac surgery on the basis of the presence or absence of POAF. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were assessed; 57 studies (246,340 patients) were selected. Perioperative mortality was the primary outcome. Inverse variance method and random model were performed. Leave-one-out analysis, subgroup analyses, and metaregression were conducted.ResultsPOAF was associated with perioperative mortality (odds ratio [OR], 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.58-2.33), perioperative stroke (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.90-2.49), perioperative myocardial infarction (OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.06-1.54), perioperative acute renal failure (OR, 2.74; 95% CI, 2.42-3.11), hospital (standardized mean difference, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.53-1.07) and intensive care unit stay (standardized mean difference, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.24-0.86), long-term mortality (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.54; 95% CI, 1.40-1.69), long-term stroke (IRR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.21-1.46), and longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation (IRR, 4.73; 95% CI, 3.36-6.66).ConclusionsThe results suggest that POAF after cardiac surgery is associated with an increased occurrence of most short- and long-term cardiovascular adverse events. However, the causality of this association remains to be established.  相似文献   

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ObjectiveThe effect of ventricular dominance and previous atrioventricular valve (AVV) surgery on patient outcomes after Fontan operation remains unclear. We sought to determine the effect of ventricular dominance and previous AVV surgery on transplantation-free survival and long-term AVV competency in patients with atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) and Fontan circulation.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study of 1703 patients in the Australia and New Zealand Fontan Registry, who survived Fontan operation between 1987 and 2021.ResultsOf 174 patients with AVSD, 60% (105/174) had right ventricular (RV) dominance and 40% (69/174) had left ventricular (LV) dominance. The cumulative incidence of moderate or greater AVV regurgitation at 25 years after Fontan operation in patients with LV dominance was 56% (95% CI, 35%-72%), compared with 54% (95% CI, 40%-67%) in patients with RV dominance (P = .6). Nonetheless, transplantation-free survival at 25 years in patients with LV dominance was 94% (95% CI, 86%-100%), compared with 67% (95% CI, 52%-87%) in patients with RV dominance (hazard ratio, 5.9; 95% CI, 1.4-25.4; P < .01). Of note, transplantation-free survival was not different in patients who underwent AVV surgery before or at Fontan completion compared with those who did not (15 years: 81% [95% CI, 62%-100%] vs 88% [95% CI, 81%-95%]; P = .3).ConclusionsIn patients with AVSD and Fontan circulation the rate of moderate or greater common AVV regurgitation is similar in those with LV and RV dominance. RV dominance, rather than previous AVV surgery, is a risk factor for death or transplantation.  相似文献   

18.
《The spine journal》2023,23(5):739-745
Background ContextMeasurement of frailty with the Risk Analysis Index (RAI) has demonstrated improved outcome prediction compared to other frailty indices across the surgical literature. However, the generalizability and clinical utility of preoperative RAI scoring for prediction of postoperative morbidity after adult spinal deformity surgery is presently unknown. Thus, recent studies have called for an RAI analysis of spine deformity outcomes.PurposeThe present study sought to evaluate the discriminatory accuracy of preoperative frailty, as measured by RAI, for predicting postoperative morbidity among adult spine deformity surgery patients using data queried from a large prospective surgical registry representing over 700 hospitals from 49 US states and 11 countries.Study Design/SettingSecondary analysis of a prospective surgical registry.Patient SampleAmerican College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database (2011–2020).Outcome MeasuresThe primary endpoint was “adverse discharge outcome” (ADO) defined as discharge to a non-home, non-rehabilitation nursing/chronic care facility.MethodsAdult spine deformity surgeries were queried from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database (2011–2020) using diagnosis and procedure codes. The relationship between increasing preoperative RAI frailty score and increasing rate of primary endpoint (ADO) was assessed with Cochran-Armitage linear trend tests. Discriminatory accuracy was tested by computation of concordance statistics (with 95% confidence interval [CI]) in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.ResultsA total of 3104 patients underwent spine deformity surgery and were stratified by RAI score: 0–10: 22%, 11–15: 11%, 16–20: 29%, 21–25: 26%, 26–30: 8.0%, 31–35: 2.4%, and 36+: 1.4%. The rate of ADO was 14% (N=439/3094). The rate of ADO increased significantly with increasing RAI score (p<.0001). RAI demonstrated robust discriminatory accuracy for prediction of ADO in ROC analysis (C-statistic: 0.71, 95% CI: 0.69–0.74, p<.001). In pairwise comparison of ROC curves (DeLong test), RAI demonstrates superior discriminatory accuracy compared to the 5-factor modified frailty index (mFI-5; p<.001).ConclusionPreoperative frailty, as measured by RAI, is a robust predictor of postoperative morbidity (measured by ADO) after adult spine deformity surgery. The frailty score may be translated directly to the bedside with a user-friendly risk calculator, deployed here: https://nsgyfrailtyoutcomeslab.shinyapps.io/spineDeformity  相似文献   

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BackgroundMany breast cancer clinical trials with PARPi have been completed or are currently carried out, either by monotherapy or combined with chemotherapy. We aim to assess the efficacy and safety of PARPi in breast cancer patients as compared to chemotherapy.MethodsA comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, conference meetings and clinical trial registry was performed. The primary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR). The secondary outcome was safety profile. The comparative effects were measured using hazard ratio (HR) or relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on types of intervention and baseline characteristics of patients.ResultsSix RCTs (n = 1953) were included. Two RCTs were recognized as high risk. PARPi was associated with an improved PFS (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.56–0.74), OS (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.73–1.01), and a higher ORR (RR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.05–1.82). PARPi, however, significantly increased risk of grade 3–4 thrombocytopenia (RR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.06–2.52). Monotherapy was observed with lower risk of disease progression and higher ORR rate than combination therapy, 0.56 to 0.65 and 2.21 to 1.05, respectively. For patients without prior platinum treatment, PARPi significantly improved PFS (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.52–0.79).ConclusionsPARPi was observed with a significantly improved efficacy in aspects of PFS and ORR, but also higher risk of grade 3–4 thrombocytopenia as compared to chemotherapy. PARPi was a better choice for patients who had not received previous platinum treatment.  相似文献   

20.
IntroductionThis report evaluates whether health related quality of life (HRQoL) and patient-reported arm morbidity one year after axillary surgery are affected by the omission of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND).MethodsThe ongoing international non-inferiority SENOMAC trial randomizes clinically node-negative breast cancer patients (T1-T3) with 1–2 sentinel lymph node (SLN) macrometastases to completion ALND or no further axillary surgery. For this analysis, the first 1181 patients enrolled in Sweden and Denmark between March 2015, and June 2019, were eligible. Data extraction from the trial database was on November 2020. This report covers the secondary outcomes of the SENOMAC trial: HRQoL and patient-reported arm morbidity. The EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-BR23 and Lymph-ICF questionnaires were completed in the early postoperative phase and at one-year follow-up. Adjusted one-year mean scores and mean differences between the groups are presented corrected for multiple testing.ResultsOverall, 976 questionnaires (501 in the SLN biopsy only group and 475 in the completion ALND group) were analysed, corresponding to a response rate of 82.6%. No significant group differences in overall HRQoL were identified. Participants receiving SLN biopsy only, reported significantly lower symptom scores on the EORTC subscales of pain, arm symptoms and breast symptoms. The Lymph-ICF domain scores of physical function, mental function and mobility activities were significantly in favour of the SLN biopsy only group.ConclusionOne year after surgery, arm morbidity is significantly worse affected by ALND than by SLN biopsy only. The results underline the importance of ongoing attempts to safely de-escalate axillary surgery.Trial registrationThe trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov prior to initiation (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT 02240472).  相似文献   

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