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1.
ObjectiveTo summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi on lower limb proprioception in adults older than 55.Data SourcesSeven databases (Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, CNKI) were searched from inception until April 14, 2018.Study SelectionEleven randomized controlled trials were included for meta-analysis.Data ExtractionTwo independent reviewers screened potentially relevant studies based on the inclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed methodological quality of the eligible studies using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro).Data SynthesisThe pooled effect size (standardized mean difference [SMD]) was calculated while the random-effects model was selected. Physiotherapy Evidence Database scores ranged from 5 to 8 points (mean=6.7). The study results showed that Tai Chi had significantly positive effects on lower limb joint proprioception. Effect sizes were moderate to large, including ankle plantar flexion (SMD=−0.55; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], −0.9 to −0.2; P=.002; I2=0%; n=162), dorsiflexion (SMD=−0.75; 95% CI, −1.11 to −0.39; P<.001; I2=0%; n=162), nondominant or left knee flexion (SMD=−0.71; 95% CI, −1.10 to −0.41; P<.001; I2=25.1%; n=266), dominant or right knee flexion (SMD=−0.82; 95% CI, −1.06 to −0.58; P<.001; I2=33.8%; n=464).ConclusionsThere is moderate to strong evidence that suggests that Tai Chi is an effective intervention to maintain and improve lower limb proprioception in adults older than 55. More robust multicenter studies including oldest-old participants, with longer follow-ups and validated outcome measures, are needed before a definitive conclusion is drawn.  相似文献   

2.
ObjectiveThis study systematically reviews previous work on the effects of whole body vibration exercise (WBVE) on pain associated with chronic musculoskeletal disorders.Data SourcesSeven electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane, Physiotherapy Evidence Database [PEDro], and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure) were searched for articles published between January 1980 and September 2018.Study SelectionRandomized controlled trials involving adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP), osteoarthritis (OA), or fibromyalgia were included. Participants in the WBVE intervention group were compared with those in the nontreatment and non-WBVE control groups.Data ExtractionData were independently extracted using a standardized form. Methodological quality was assessed using PEDro.Data SynthesisSuitable data from 16 studies were pooled for meta-analysis. A random effects model was used to calculate between-groups mean differences at 95% confidence interval (CI). The data were analyzed depending on the duration of the follow-up, common disorders, and different control interventions.ResultsAlleviation of pain was observed at medium term (standardized mean difference [SMD], -0.67; 95% CI, -1.14 to -0.21; I2, 80%) and long term (SMD, -0.31; 95% CI, -0.59 to -0.02; I2, 0%). Pain was alleviated in osteoarthritis (OA) (SMD, -0.37; 95% CI, -0.64 to -0.10; P<.05; I2, 22%) and CLBP (SMD, -0.44; 95% CI, -0.75 to -0.13; P<.05; I2, 12%). Long-term WBVE could relieve chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions of OA (SMD, -0.46; 95% CI, -0.80 to -0.13; P<.05; I2, 0%). WBVE improved chronic musculoskeletal pain compared with the treatment “X” control (SMD, -0.37; 95% CI, -0.61 to -0.12; P<.05; I2, 26%), traditional treatment control (SMD, -1.02; 95% CI, -2.44 to 0.4; P>.05; I2, 94%) and no treatment control (SMD, -1; 95% CI, -1.76 to -0.24; P<.05; I2, 75%).ConclusionsEvidence suggests positive effects of WBVE on chronic musculoskeletal pain, and long durations of WBVE could be especially beneficial. However, WBVE does not significantly relieve chronic musculoskeletal pain compared with the traditional treatment. Further work is required to identify which parameters of WBVE are ideal for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.  相似文献   

3.
ObjectiveThe aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of laser therapy in temporomandibular disorders (TMD).MethodsRandomized controlled trials (RCTs) in regard to this issue were searched in electronic databases. Three investigators independently screened the eligible studies, and the quality of the included studies was assessed according to the risk of bias tool recommended by the Cochrane handbook. The primary outcome measure was the degree of pain, reported on a visual analog scale (VAS), and the secondary outcome measures were TMJ function, including maximum active vertical opening (MAVO), maximum passive vertical opening (MPVO), left and right lateral movement (LLE, RLE). Pooled effect sizes were calculated using random effects models and 95% confidence interval (95% CI).ResultsA total of 28 randomized controlled trials were included. Laser therapy had a more significant effect in terms of VAS (SMD=﹣1.88; 95% CI=﹣2.46 to﹣1.30; P < 0.00001; I2 =93%), MAVO (MD = 4.90; 95% CI= 3.29–6.50; P < 0.00001; I2 =72%), MPVO (MD=5.82; 95% CI= 4.62–7.01; P < 0.00001; I2 =40%) and RLE (MD = 0.73; 95% CI= 0.23–1.22; P = 0.004; I2 = 0%) as compared to placebo group. However, there was no significant difference in LLE between two groups (MD= 0.35; 95% CI=﹣0.31–1.01; P = 0.30; I2 =0%).ConclusionsLaser therapy can effectively reduce pain but have small effect on improving mandibular movement of TMD patients. More well-designed RCTs with large sample sizes are needed for further validation. And these studies should report detailed laser parameters and provide complete outcome measure data.  相似文献   

4.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the effectiveness of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) in the treatment of hemiplegic shoulder pain.Data SourcesPubMed, EMBASE, Elsevier, Springer, Cochrane Library, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, CNKI, and VIP were researched from the earliest records to September 1, 2020.Study SelectionRandomized controlled trials that compared shoulder BTX-A injections vs a control intervention in patients with a history of hemiplegic shoulder pain after stroke were selected. Among the 620 records screened, 9 trials with 301 eligible patients were included.Data ExtractionOutcome data were pooled according to follow-up intervals (1, 2, 4, and 12 wk). The primary evaluation indices were pain reduction (visual analog scale [VAS] score) and range of motion (ROM) improvement. The second evaluation indices were upper limb functional improvement, spasticity improvement, and incidence of adverse events. Cochrane risk-of-bias was used to assess the methodological quality of studies independently by 2 evaluators.Data SynthesisMeta-analysis revealed a statistically significant decrease in the VAS score in the BTX group vs the control group at 1, 4, and 12 weeks postinjection (wk 1: standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.91; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.27 to 1.54; wk 4: SMD, 1.63; 95% CI, 0.76 to 2.51; wk 12: SMD, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.44 to 2.47). Furthermore, the meta-analysis demonstrated a statistically significant increase in abduction at 1, 4, and 12 weeks postinjection (wk 1: SMD, 3.71; 95% CI, 0 to 7.41; wk 4: SMD, 8.8; 95% CI, 2.22 to 15.37; wk 12: SMD, 19.59; 95% CI, 9.05 to 30.13) and external rotation at 1, 2, 4 weeks postinjection (wk 1: SMD, 5.67; 95% CI, 0.88 to 10.47; wk 2: SMD, 9.62; 95% CI, 5.57 to 13; wk 4: SMD, 6.89; 95% CI, 2.45 to 11.33) in the BTX group.ConclusionsBTX-A injection provided greater analgesic effects and increased shoulder abduction and external rotation ROM compared with steroid or placebo injection for the treatment of HSP.  相似文献   

5.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the best option among orthoses for carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA) of the thumb, using a network meta-analysis.Data SourcesMedline, Embase, Cochrane, and ClinicalTrials.gov registry databases were used. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Cochrane, and other databases were used without language restrictions.Study SelectionWe searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on adults with OA of the thumb by studying any orthosis from the beginning to March 10, 2020.Data ExtractionData were extracted and checked for accuracy and completeness by pairs of reviewers. Outcomes were pain and function. Comparative treatment effects were analyzed by random-effects model for direct pairwise comparisons and Bayesian network meta-analyses to integrate direct and indirect evidence.Data SynthesisEleven RCTs involving 619 patients were included. We evaluated 5 groups, for 4 different orthoses: short thermoplastic CMC splint (rigid CMC) (n=5), long thermoplastic carpometacarpal-metacarpophalangeal splint (rigid CMC-MCP) (n=7), short neoprene CMC splint (soft CMC) (n=1), long neoprene CMC-MCP splint (soft CMC-MCP) (n=5), and one as a control group (n=5). Our results show that all splints were superior to placebo to reduce pain intensity and the top-ranked intervention was the rigid CMC-MCP (surface under the cumulative ranking curve analysis [SUCRA], score: 65.4). In function evaluation, we report a 71.6 SUCRA for rigid CMC.ConclusionsAlthough the current evidence is unclear on the use of the splint in OA of the thumb, it is not known which orthosis is more effective and whether the orthosis is more effective than other interventions. The network meta-analysis shows that a long thermoplastic splint it is the best choice for pain relief and the short thermoplastic CMC splint is the best treatment to increase function. These results may suggest initial treatment with a long rigid orthosis and then a short rigid orthosis.  相似文献   

6.
PurposeNebulized colistin (NC) is a potential therapy for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP); however, the clinical efficacy and safety of NC remain unclear. This study investigated whether NC is an effective therapy for patients with VAP.Materials and methodsWe performed a search in Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to retrieve randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies published at any time until February 6, 2023. The primary outcome was clinical response. Secondary outcomes included microbiological eradication, overall mortality, length of mechanical ventilation (MV), length of intensive care unit stay (ICU-LOS), nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and bronchospasm.ResultsSeven observational studies and three RCTs were included. Despite exhibiting a higher microbiological eradication rate (OR,2.21; 95%CI, 1.25–3.92) and the same nephrotoxicity risk (OR,0.86; 95%CI, 0.60–1.23), NC was not significantly different in clinical response (OR,1.39; 95%CI, 0.87–2.20), overall mortality (OR,0.74; 95%CI, 0.50–1.12), MV length (mean difference (MD),-2.5; 95%CI, −5.20–0.19), and the ICU-LOS (MD,-1.91; 95%CI, −6.66–2.84) than by the intravenous antibiotic. Besides, the risk of bronchospasm raised significantly (OR, 5.19; 95%CI, 1.05–25.52) among NC.ConclusionNC was associated with better microbiological outcomes but did not result in any remarkable changes in the prognosis of patients with VAP.  相似文献   

7.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) for patients with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a meta-analysis.Data SourcesPubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane’s Library, and EMBASE databases.Study SelectionRandomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of PRE on mobility and function in patients with TKA.Data ExtractionA random-effects model was applied if significant heterogeneity was detected; otherwise, a fixed-effects model was applied.Data SynthesisSeven randomized controlled trials. Compared with a rehabilitation program without PRE, physiotherapy including PRE was associated with improvements in the 6-minute walking test (weighed mean difference [WMD], 19.22m; P=.04) with a wide confidence interval (CI, 0.48~37.95). However, sensitivity analysis by omitting 1 study with preoperative rehabilitation revealed nonsignificant results (WMD, 15.15m; P=.16). Moreover, PRE did not significantly improve the maximal walking speed (WMD, 0.05m/s, 95% CI, 0.00~0.11; P=.05). However, PRE was associated with improved knee strength of extension (standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.72; 95% CI, 0.47~0.96; P<.001) and flexion (SMD, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.19~0.74; P<.001) but not self-reported physical function (SMD, ?0.17; 95% CI, ?0.37~0.03; P=.10) or changes in pain score (SMD, 0.11; 95% CI, ?0.15~0.37; P=.40). PRE did not increase the risk of adverse events (risk ratio, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.52~2.71; P=.68).ConclusionsPRE may lead to improvements in physical function among patients receiving a TKA. PRE leads to higher ultimate strength in the surgical knee and is safe to perform.  相似文献   

8.
ObjectivesTo evaluate the benefits of aerobic training (AT) programs on cardiorespiratory fitness, functional capacity, balance, and fatigue in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify the optimal dosage of AT programs for individuals with MS via a systematic review with meta-analysis.Data sourcesTwo electronic databases were searched until March 2020 (PubMed-Medline and Web of Science).Study SelectionStudies examining the effect of AT program on cardiorespiratory fitness, functional capacity, balance, and fatigue were included.Data ExtractionAfter applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we included 43 studies. A total sample of 1070 individuals with MS (AT group, n=680; control group, n=390) were analyzed.Data SynthesisThe AT group demonstrated a significant increase in cardiorespiratory fitness (standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.29; P=.002), functional capacity (timed Up and Go Test: SMD, –1.14; P<.001; gait speed: SMD, –1.19; P<.001; walking endurance: SMD, 0.46; P<.001), and balance (SMD, 3.49; P<.001) after training. Fatigue perception also decreased (SMD, –0.45; P<.001). However, no significant differences were observed when compared with the control group in either cardiorespiratory fitness (SMD, 0.14; P=.19) or fatigue perception. Nevertheless, we observed significant differences between the AT and control groups in balance (P=.02), gait speed (P=.02), and walking endurance (P=.03), favoring the participants who performed AT. Regarding the subgroup analysis, no significant differences were observed between subgroups in any of the variables studied except for gait speed, for which a greater increase in posttraining was observed when the AT program applied the continuous method (χ2=7.75; P=.005) and the exercises were performed by walking (χ2=9.36; P=.002).ConclusionsAerobic training improves gait speed, walking endurance, and balance. Cardiorespiratory fitness and fatigue perception also improved after AT, but we found no differences with the control group. In addition, subgroup analysis suggested that training using continuous and walking methods could optimize gait speed.  相似文献   

9.
ObjectiveTo assess the evidence of the effectiveness of noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) for rehabilitation of pediatric motor disorders after brain injury.Data SourcesOvid, Cochrane, Science Direct, Web of Science, EBSCOhost, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases were searched up to August 2017 by 2 independent reviewers.Study SelectionRandomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English were included if they met the following criteria. Population: Pediatric patients with motor disorders following brain injury. Intervention: NIBS, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Outcomes: Measures related to motor disorders (upper limb functional abilities, gait, balance, and spasticity). Fourteen RCTs were included (10 studies used tDCS, while 4 studies used rTMS).Data ExtractionPredefined data were tabulated by 1 reviewer and verified by another reviewer. Methodological quality was assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale; also levels of evidence adapted from Sackett were used.Data SynthesisA grouped meta-analysis was performed on balance, gait parameters, and upper limb function. Data were pooled using a random-effects model to assess the immediate effect and 1-month follow-up of NIBS. According to the PEDro scale, 3 studies were excellent, 8 studies were good, and 3 studies were fair. The level of evidence of all of the included studies was 1b, except for 3 studies with grade 2a. There were significant improvements in all upper limb functions (standardized mean differences [SMDs] ranging from 0.94 to 1.83 [P values=.0001]), balance (SMDs ranging between -0.48 to 0.83 [P values<.05]) and some gait variables.ConclusionPediatric patients with brain injury can be safely stimulated by NIBS, and there is evidence for the efficacy of rTMS in improving upper limb function, and tDCS in improving balance and majority of gait variables with persisted effects for 1 month. The efficacy of spasticity is uncertain.  相似文献   

10.
ObjectiveTo assess the effectiveness of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) to other treatments or placebo in athletes or participants without extremity or spinal conditions and individuals with upper extremity, lower extremity, and spinal conditions.Data SourcesThe MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro electronic databases were searched from January 1998 to March 2018.Study SelectionRandomized controlled trials of participants without extremity or spinal conditions or athletes and people with upper extremity, lower extremity, or spinal conditions, who revived IASTM vs other active treatment, placebo, or control (no treatment), to improve outcome (function, pain, range of motion).Data ExtractionTwo independent review authors extracted data, assessed the trials for risk of bias using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool in included studies, and performed the rating of quality of individual trials per outcome across trials was also performed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluations guidelines.Data SynthesisNine trials with 43 reported outcomes (function, pain, range of motion, grip strength), compared the addition of IASTM over other treatments vs other treatments. Six trials with 36 outcomes reported no clinically important differences in outcomes between the 2 groups. Two trials with 2 outcomes displayed clinically important differences favoring the other treatment (without IASTM) group. Six trials with 15 reported outcomes (pressure sensitivity, pain, range of motion, muscle performance), compared IASTM vs control (no treatment). Three trials with 5 outcomes reported no clinically important differences in outcomes between the 2 groups. Furthermore, in 1 trial with 5 outcomes, IASTM demonstrated small effects (standard mean difference range 0.03-0.24) in terms of improvement muscle performance in physically active individuals when compared to a no treatment group.ConclusionThe current evidence does not support the use of IASTM to improve pain, function, or range of motion in individuals without extremity or spinal conditions or those with varied pathologies.  相似文献   

11.
ObjectiveTo summarize and systematically review the efficacy and safety of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) for depression in patients with stroke.Data SourcesSix databases (Wanfang, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) were searched from inception until November 15, 2018.Study SelectionSeventeen randomized controlled trials were included for meta-analysis.Data ExtractionTwo independent reviewers selected potentially relevant studies based on the inclusion criteria, extracted data, and evaluated the methodological quality of the eligible trials using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database.Data SynthesisWe calculated the combined effect size (standardized mean difference [SMD] and odds ratio [OR]) for the corresponding effects models. Physiotherapy Evidence Database scores ranged from 7 to 8 points (mean=7.35). The study results indicated that HF-rTMS had significantly positive effects on depression in patients with stroke. The effect sizes of the SMD ranged from small to large (SMD, -1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.36 to -0.66; P<.001; I2, 85%; n=1053), and the effect sizes of the OR were large (response rates, 58.43% vs 33.59%; OR, 3.31; 95% CI, 2.25-4.88; P<.001; I2, 0%; n=529; remission rates, 26.59% vs 12.60%; OR, 2.72; 95% CI, 1.69-4.38; P<.001; I2, 0%; n=529). In terms of treatment side effects, the HF-rTMS group was more prone to headache than the control group (OR, 3.53; 95% CI, 1.85-8.55; P<.001; I2, 0%; n=496).ConclusionsHF-rTMS is an effective intervention for poststroke depression, although treatment safety should be further verified via large sample multicenter trials.  相似文献   

12.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the outcomes, safety, and efficacy of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with newer P2Y12 inhibitors compared with clopidogrel in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiac arrest (CA) or cardiogenic shock (CS).Patients and MethodsMEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were queried systematically from inception to January 2021 for comparative studies of adults (≥18 years) with AMI-CA/CS receiving DAPT with newer P2Y12 inhibitors as opposed to clopidogrel. We compared outcomes (30-day or in-hospital and 1-year all-cause mortality, major bleeding, and definite stent thrombosis) of newer P2Y12 inhibitors and clopidogrel in patients with AMI-CA/CS.ResultsEight studies (1 randomized trial and 7 cohort studies) comprising 1100 patients (695 [63.2%] receiving clopidogrel and 405 [36.8%] receiving ticagrelor or prasugrel) were included. The population was mostly male (68.5%-86.7%). Risk of bias was low for these studies, with between-study heterogeneity and subgroup differences not statistically significant. Compared with the clopidogrel cohort, the newer P2Y12 cohort had lower rates of early mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.60; 95% CI, 0.45 to 0.81; P=.001) (7 studies) and 1-year mortality (OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.36 to 0.71; P<.001) (3 studies). We did not find a significant difference in major bleeding (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 0.71 to 2.06; P=.48) (6 studies) or definite stent thrombosis (OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 0.63 to 6.45; P=.24) (7 studies).ConclusionIn patients with AMI-CA/CS receiving DAPT, compared with clopidogrel, newer P2Y12 inhibitors were associated with lower rates of early and 1-year mortality. Data on major bleeding and stent thrombosis were inconclusive.  相似文献   

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BackgroundPediatric tuina is used to prevent and treat disease by employing various manipulative techniques on specific parts of the body, appropriate to the child’s specific physiological and pathological characteristics.ObjectiveTo evaluate the effects and safety of pediatric tuina as a non-pharmaceutical therapy for anorexia in children under 14 years.MethodsRandomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing pediatric tuina with medicine for anorexia were included in this review. Six electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2019. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Significant effective rate (defined as appetite improved and food intake returning to 3/4 or more of normal intake) was used as primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included food intake, compliance and adverse events. Trial sequential analysis (TSA) was used to calculate the required information size in a meta-analysis and to detect the robustness of the results. Certainty of the evidence was assessed using the online GRADEpro tool.ResultsOf the included 28 RCTs involving 2650 children, the majority had a high or unclear risk of bias in terms of allocation concealment, blinding, and selective reporting. All trials compared tuina with western medicine or Chinese herbs. For significant effective rate, meta-analysis showed that tuina was superior to western medicine (risk ratio (RR) 1.68, 95 % confidence interval (CI) [1.35, 2.08]) and Chinese herbs (RR 1.36, 95 % CI [1.19, 1.55]). For food intake, 9 trials evaluated it in the form of score (1 points, 2 points, 4 points and 6 points) calculated according to the reduction degree of food intake. Six points represented the most serious. Meta-analysis showed tuina was superior to western medicine (mean difference (MD) -0.88, 95 % CI [-1.27, -0.50]) and Chinese herbs (MD -0.69, 95 % CI [-1.00, -0.38]) on lightening the reduction degree of food intake. Two trials reported compliance and six trials reported no adverse events occurred in pediatric tuina group. TSA for significant effective rate demonstrated that the pooled data had insufficient power regarding both numbers of trials and participants.ConclusionsLow certainty of evidence suggested pediatric tuina was beneficial and safe for the treatment of anorexia in children under 14 years. Furthermore well-designed RCTs with adequate sample sizes are needed.  相似文献   

15.
ObjectivesTo determine whether ballistic resistance training is feasible, safe, and effective in improving muscle strength, power generation, and mobility in adults with neurologic conditions.Data SourcesNine electronic databases were searched from inception to March 2019 in addition to the reference lists of included articles.Study SelectionArticles were independently screened by 2 authors and were included if they were full-text; English-language articles published in a peer-reviewed journal; investigated ballistic resistance training for adults with a neurologic condition; and reported on feasibility, safety, strength, power, or mobility.Data ExtractionTwo authors independently extracted data. Study quality was assessed using the McMaster critical review form and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale.Data SynthesisThe search identified 1540 articles, with 13 articles describing 9 studies meeting the criteria for inclusion. Five studies were randomized controlled trials and 4 were cohort studies. Ballistic resistance training was feasible and safe with only 1 intervention-related adverse event reported. Findings indicated improvements in strength for hip abduction, leg press, knee flexion, and ankle dorsiflexion, but not for hip flexion, hip extension, knee extension, or ankle plantarflexion. Muscle power generation improved for hip flexion, hip abduction, leg press, knee extension, and knee flexion, but not for ankle plantarflexion. Treatment effect was positive for self-selected walking speed, with a standardized mean difference (SMD) of 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01-1.38) from 3 studies. However, fastest comfortable walking speed results were inconclusive with a SMD from 4 studies of 0.45 (95% CI, –0.01 to 0.91).ConclusionsBallistic training is safe and feasible for people with a neurologic condition. The effects on muscle strength, power generation, and mobility were found to be positive but not conclusive.  相似文献   

16.
ObjectiveTo identify gait- and posture-related factors associated with changes in hip pain and physical function in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA).DesignProspective cohort study.SettingClinical biomechanics laboratory of a university.ParticipantsConsecutive sampling of female patients with mild-to-moderate secondary hip OA (N=30).Main Outcome MeasuresHip pain (visual analog scale) and physical function (physical component summary of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey) were measured at baseline and 12 months later. With changes in hip pain and physical function as dependent variables, linear regression analyses were performed with gait- and posture-related factors as independent variables with and without adjustment for age, joint space width, and hip pain or physical function at baseline. Posture-related factors included angles of thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, sacral inclination, spinal inclination, and spinal mobility. Gait-related factors were walking speed, steps per day, joint angles, external hip joint moment impulses, and daily cumulative hip moments.ResultsMultiple linear regression analyses showed that limited hip extension (adjusted standardized B coefficient [95% confidence interval]: −0.52 [−0.88 to −0.17]) and limited external rotation angles (−0.51 [−0.85 to −0.18]) during walking were associated with the worsening of hip pain. An increased thoracic kyphosis (−0.54 [−0.99 to −0.09]), less sacral anterior tilt (0.40 [0.01-0.79]), reduced thoracic spine mobility (0.59 [0.23-0.94]), less steps per day (0.53 [0.13-0.92]), and a slower walking speed (0.45 [0.04-0.86]) were associated with deterioration in physical function.ConclusionsGait- and posture-related factors should be considered when assessing risk and designing preventive interventions for the clinical progression of secondary hip OA.  相似文献   

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18.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy of continuous passive motion (CPM) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and whether the use of CPM is related to improved clinical and functional outcomes.Data SourcesA systematic MEDLINE search via Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and PubMed databases was conducted.Study SelectionEnglish-language articles published between January 2000 and May 2018 reporting the related clinical outcomes of CPM after TKA were included. A total of 3334 titles and abstracts were preliminarily reviewed, of which 16 studies were included according to the eligibility criteria.Data ExtractionTwo different reviewers were selected to perform the study extraction, independent of each other. If there were any disagreements regarding the final list of studies, the third reviewer reviewed the list as an arbitrator for completeness.Data SynthesisA total of 16 trials with 1224 patients were included. The pooled results revealed that use of CPM did not show a statistically significant improvement of postoperative knee range of motion (ROM) except for middle-term passive knee extension and long-term active knee flexion ROM. Also, CPM therapy did not show a significant positive effect on the functional outcomes. No significant reduction in length of stay (LOS) and incidence of adverse events (AEs) was identified.ConclusionAmong patients undergoing TKA, neither the ROM nor the functional outcomes could be improved by CPM therapy. Moreover, the risk of AEs and LOS could not be reduced by application of CPM. The current available evidence suggested that this intervention was insufficient to be used routinely in clinical practice.  相似文献   

19.
BackgroundHeart rate variability (HRV) is one of the tools that can assess autonomic activities during exercise or recovery. Massage is an often-used recovery method with varying recovery outcome. This study was to investigate the effect of lower limb massage on recovery HRV following repeated knee flexion and extension exercise-to-exhaustion.MethodsNine healthy men aged between 20 and 30 years old were recruited and randomly assigned to a control group (n = 5) and massage group (n = 4). The HRV spectral analysis was performed at baseline, pre-exercise, post-exercise and immediately post-intervention. For intervention, the participants in the massage group received a 10-min massage on the quadriceps and hamstring muscles of the dominant leg whereas the control group received none. The HRV was presented as low-frequency (LF) peak (Hz), power (ms2), power (normalised unit; n.u.) and high-frequency (HF), peak (Hz), power (ms2), power (n.u.) as well as LF/HF ratio.ResultsSpectral power analysis showed there were no significant differences in the LF indices and LF/HF ratio with massage. HRV normalisation data revealed a within-subject difference with massage.ConclusionsMassage caused an immediate parasympathetic activation during recovery from a single exhaustive muscle contraction exercise. Hence, massage may be used to potentiate recovery.  相似文献   

20.
ObjectiveTo describe a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify if intradialytic exercise improves the removal of solutes and the hemodialysis adequacy.Data SourcesA systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were performed. The sources were MEDLINE (via PubMed), Web of Science, LILACS, and SciELO, from inception until July 2018.Study SelectionClinical trials including patients on chronic hemodialysis submitted to the intervention of aerobic intradialytic exercise.Data ExtractionEvaluating as outcomes the removal of solutes (creatinine, phosphate, potassium) and/or adequacy parameters (Kt/V-urea).Data SynthesisThe systematic review included 23 studies (7 evaluating the effect of 1 exercise session and 16 evaluating the effect of training, lasting from 6 to 25 weeks). Eleven RCT were included in the meta-analyses. It was observed that the aerobic intradialytic exercise increased the Kt/V-urea (0.15; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.08-0.21) and decreased creatinine (–1.82 mg/dL; 95% CI, –2.50 to –1.13), despite the high heterogeneity of the analysis. No differences were found in phosphorus and potassium removal.ConclusionThe aerobic intradialytic exercise may be suggested to improve the Kt/V-urea and the creatinine removal during the dialysis.  相似文献   

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