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1.
目的 观察体外冲击波联合肌内效布贴扎治疗跖腱膜炎的疗效及护理体会.方法 将41例跖腱膜炎患者随机分组,在常规体外冲击波治疗并由护士指导患者康复治疗的基础上分别联合(联合组21例)与不联合(对照组20例)肌内效布贴扎.两组患者分别于体外冲击波首次治疗前和治疗后5周(每周1次治疗,5周1个疗程)、10周采用视觉模拟评分法(VAS)进行疼痛评分以评估疗效.结果 治疗前,两组患者VAS评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.01);经体外冲击波或联合肌内效布贴扎治疗5周、10周后,两组均较治疗前相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),10周后治疗有效率分别达71.43%(联合组)和51.22%(对照组);且10周后联合组VAS评分较对照组明显减少(P<0.01).结论 在指导患者康复治疗的基础上,体外冲击波联合肌内效布贴扎治疗跖腱膜炎远期疗效更显著.  相似文献
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目的:探讨肌内效贴扎对青年女性膝关节肌力的影响。方法20名健康女大学生,用等速测试仪,以60°/s角速度,测量无贴扎、肌内效贴扎、安慰贴扎3种状态下的膝关节屈伸向心性收缩及离心性收缩相对峰力矩;用表面肌电图测试股内侧肌、股直肌、股外侧肌的肌电振幅均方根值(RMS)。结果向心性收缩时,肌内效贴扎时伸肌相对峰力矩明显高于无贴扎、安慰贴扎时(P<0.01),屈肌相对峰力矩3种状态下无显著性差异(P>0.05);股内侧肌在肌内效贴扎时RMS标化值明显低于未贴扎时(P<0.01);股外侧肌肌内效贴扎时RMS标化值明显低于未贴扎时、安慰贴扎时(P<0.01);股直肌RMS标化值3种状态下无显著性差异(P>0.05)。离心性收缩时,肌内效贴扎时伸肌、屈肌相对峰力矩均明显高于无贴扎、安慰贴扎时(P<0.01);股内侧肌、股外侧肌在肌内效贴扎时RMS标化值低于未贴扎时(P<0.01);股直肌RMS标化值3种状态下无显著性差异(P>0.05)。结论肌内效贴扎可以提高股四头肌向心性、离心性收缩肌力,增加腘绳肌离心性收缩肌力,提高股内侧肌及股外侧肌的肌纤维募集能力。  相似文献
3.
肌内效贴疗法是一种在运动损伤中较常用到的治疗方法。近几年来,肌内效贴在中枢性损伤康复中的作用逐渐受到关注。本文就近年来肌内效贴在中枢性损伤康复中疗效和作用机制的相关研究进行综述。  相似文献
4.

Objective

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a kinesio taping® strip on epicondylians’ muscle activity at rest, according to the way of laying (distoproximal or proximodistal).

Methods

A strip of kinesio taping® was positioned on the forearm of 54 subjects, divided in two groups of 27 subjects according to the way of laying. The surface electromyographic activity (EMG) was recorded on the epicondylian muscles at rest, before and after laying the strip.

Results

In the distoproximal group, the EMG activity at rest was significantly lower with the kinesio taping® strip than the activity without the strip (40.2 mV vs 53.6 mV; P = 0.0035). There wasn’t any significant effect of the strip in the proximodistal group.

Discussion

The distoproximal laying of the kinesio taping® strip had a detoning effect on epicondylians’ EMG activity at rest. The proximodistal laying didn’t have any effects.  相似文献
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Background

Kinesio taping is a commonly used intervention for patients with chronic low back pain. However, the medium term effects of kinesio taping in these patients are unknown.

Objective

To investigate the effectiveness of kinesio taping in patients with chronic low back pain after 6 months from randomization.

Methods

This was a randomized controlled trial with a 6 months follow up. One hundred and forty eight participants were randomly assigned to the experimental (kinesio taping with skin convolutions) or control (kinesio taping without convolutions—Sham Taping) group. Participants from both groups had the tape reapplied twice a week for four weeks. The outcomes were pain, disability and global impression of recovery after 6 months.

Results

One participant was lost to follow up in the experimental group (n = 73, response rate 99%) and two in the control group (n = 72, response rate 97%). After 6 months there were no statistically significant between-group differences in pain intensity (between-group difference ?0.8 points, 95% CI ?1.7 to 0.2), global impression of recovery (0.4, ?0.7 to 1.5), or disability (?1.1, ?3.0 to 0.7).

Conclusion

Four weeks of kinesio taping treatment was no better than sham taping for patients with chronic low back pain, at 6 months follow-up.Trial Registration Number (http://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/): RBR-7ggfkv (Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials).  相似文献
8.
Background: Lymphedema is known as a secondary complication of breast cancer treatment, caused by reduction on lymphatic flow and lymph accumulation on interstitial space. The Kinesio Taping (KT) has become an alternative treatment for lymphedema volume reduction. The objective of the study was to evaluate the literature through a systematic review on KT effects on lymphedema related to breast cancer.

Methods: Search strategies were performed by the following keywords: “Kinesio Taping,” “Athletic Tape,” “Cancer,” “Neoplasm,” “Lymphedema,” and “Mastectomy” with derivations and different combinations. The following databases were accessed: SCIELO, LILACS, MEDLINE via PubMed, and PEDro, between 2009 and 2016. Studies published in English, Portuguese, and Spanish were considered for inclusion. The studies’ methodological quality was assessed by the PEDro scale.

Results: Seven studies were identified by the search strategy and eligibility. All of them showed positive effect in reducing lymphedema (perimeter or volume) before versus after treatment. However, with no effects comparing the KT versus control group or others treatments (standardized mean difference = 0.04, confidence interval 95%: ?0.24; 0.33), the average score of the PEDro scale was 4.71 points.

Conclusions: KT was effective on postmastectomy lymphedema related to breast cancer; however, it is not more efficient than other treatments.  相似文献

9.
Background: Kinesio Taping® has been used as a physiotherapy treatment in musculoskeletal disorders. However, few studies have evaluated its effectiveness in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objectives: To analyze the effects of Kinesio Taping® associated with conventional physiotherapy, on the maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) of patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbation. Methods: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. Sixty-two participants who were randomized into two groups: 1) control (medication and standard physiotherapy treatment); and 2) Kinesio Taping® (standard treatment plus application of Kinesio Taping® on the respiratory muscles). The outcomes were assessed 24 hours after the treatment. Results: After the intervention, the Kinesio Taping® group showed a statistically significant increase in all outcomes assessed. However, when the mean differences between groups were analyzed, there were no statistically significant differences in MIP, MEP, FEV1, and PEF. Differences were found only in SpO2 that was improved in the Kinesio Taping® group. Conclusions: The application of Kinesio Taping® associated with physiotherapy improved SpO2 of non-hypoxemic patients with COPD exacerbation. Further studies should be conducted to evaluate the method in the long run and in another outcome.  相似文献
10.
目的:观察腰椎稳定性训练结合肌内效贴治疗慢性非特异性腰背痛的临床疗效。方法:将38例慢性非特异性腰背痛患者随机分为对照组和观察组各19例。对照组患者接受常规康复治疗,观察组患者在常规康复治疗的同时接受家庭腰椎稳定性训练和肌内效贴治疗。在康复治疗前、后用目测类比评分法(VAS),腰痛障碍指数(ODI)对患者进行评定。结果:经过4周的治疗,2组VAS及ODI评分均较治疗前明显下降(均P<0.05);且观察组患者VAS及ODI评分均明显低于对照组(均P<0.05)。结论:慢性非特异性腰背痛患者在接受常规康复治疗的同时,进行家庭腰椎稳定性训练联合肌内效贴治疗能有效地缓解腰痛,改善功能,值得临床上应用、推广。  相似文献
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