首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   5篇
  眼科学   5篇
  1992年   4篇
  1991年   1篇
排序方式: 共有5条查询结果,搜索用时 62 毫秒
1
1.
Posterior capsule opacification.   总被引:68,自引:0,他引:68  
A complication of extracapsular cataract extraction with or without posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) implantation is posterior capsule opacification. This condition is usually secondary to a proliferation and migration of residual lens epithelial cells. Opacification may be reduced by atraumatic surgery and thorough cortical clean-up. Clinical, pathological and experimental studies have shown that use of hydrodissection, the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and specific IOL designs may help reduce the incidence of this complication. Capsular-fixated, one-piece all-polymethylmethacrylate PC-IOLs with a C-shaped loop configuration and a posterior convexity of the optic are effective. Polymethylmethacrylate loops that retain "memory" create a symmetric, radial stretch on the posterior capsule after in-the-bag placement, leading to a more complete contact between the posterior surface of the IOL optic and the taut capsule. This may help form a barrier against central migration of epithelial cells into the visual axis. Various pharmacological and immunological methods are being investigated but conclusive data on these modalities are not yet available.  相似文献
2.
The posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis technique has been advocated in cases of posterior capsule rupture during extracapsular cataract extraction. The authors compared posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis with posterior capsular sharp-edged tears. Two different types of forces were experimentally created on the posterior capsule of 30 human eyes obtained after death: (1) implantation and dialing of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOLs) and (2) increased intravitreal pressure by injection of balanced salt solution. All posterior capsular tears extended toward the equator, causing major capsular defects. In contrast, the posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis remained intact in all cases. This experimental study proves that in cases where an inadvertent posterior capsular tear occurs, a posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis is useful in preventing further capsular damage. Also, in cases where a posterior capsulotomy is indicated, a smooth edge created by a posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis may be useful to maintain the integrity of the capsular bag for PC IOL capsular implantation.  相似文献
3.
The effect of posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) dimensions, design, style, loop fixation, and anterior capsular tears on decentration were investigated in an experimental model. Nine posterior chamber IOLs of various designs and styles with loop diameters between 12.0 and 14.0 mm and optic diameters between 5.0 and 7.0 mm were implanted in human eyes obtained post mortem. Symmetrical and asymmetrical fixation were investigated in eyes with and without radial tears using the Miyake posterior view technique. Location of IOL loops proved to be the most significant factor in IOL decentration. Decentration was least with symmetrical bag/bag fixation and no radial tears (mean = 0.20 +/- 0.05 mm). Asymmetrical bag/sulcus fixation in the presence of anterior capsular tears was associated with the highest decentration rate (mean 0.68 +/- 0.28 mm). Optic size and total loop diameter had no apparent effect on IOL centration in the immediate postoperative period.  相似文献
4.
Silicone, as manufactured today, appears to be a biocompatible material. The safety and efficacy of silicone lenses are primarily related to the intraocular lens (IOL) design. We compared the edge finish of two three-piece polypropylene loop foldable silicone IOL designs (Allergan Medical Optics) and three one-piece designs (Staar Surgical Co., CooperVision-Cilco). Except for an early Staar one-piece design, all lenses including the more recent Staar lenses had acceptably smooth edges with minimal molding flash.  相似文献
5.
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号