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Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent fatal cancers in the world. Despite advances in early diagnosis and improvements in surgical techniques, the survival of patients with HCC even after resection is poor because of the high incidence of recurrences. Therefore, the identification of prognostic factors may be helpful in the development of new treatment protocols. Aims: To investigate HER-2/neu status in HCC by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), and to explore the possibility of using trastuzumab in the treatment of HCC. Methods.. Eight hundred and sixty eight surgical samples from patients with primary HCC were examined for their HER-2/neu status. IHC for HER-2/neu was performed with the HercepTest kit; FISH analysis was performed with the PathVysion HER-2 DNA probe kit. The correlations between HER-2/neu overexpression and clinicopathological characteristics were analysed statistically. Results: HER-2/neu overexpression was detected in 21 (2.42%) of the 868 primary HCCs. Only one specimen showed HER-2/neu gene amplification by FISH. No significant associations were found between HER-2/neu overexpression and the clinicopathological parameters. Conclusions: There is a low frequency of HER-2/neu overexpression/amplification in HCC. There appears to be no role for HER-2/neu as a prognostic marker and no benefit of anti-HER-2/neu trastuzumab treatment in patients with HCC.  相似文献
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The human aspartyl beta-hydroxylase is a highly conserved enzyme that hydroxylates epidermal growth factorlike domains in transformation-associated proteins. The aspartyl beta-hydroxylase gene is upregulated in many human malignancies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of aspartyl beta-hydroxylase in hepatocellular carcinoma. Aspartyl beta-hydroxylase mRNA levels were measured in 161 hepatocellular carcinomas and paired nontumorous liver tissues by conventional and real-time RT-PCR. Immunohistochemical staining of aspartyl beta-hydroxylase was performed using EnVision Plus system. The results showed that aspartyl beta-hydroxylase was overexpressed in 150 of 161 hepatocellular carcinomas (93 %), including 45 of 48 unifocal small hepatocellular carcinomas (94 % ). Aspartyl beta-hydroxylase was highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma cells in contrast to its low level of expression in non-neoplastic liver cells. The protein expression level of aspartyl heta-hydroxylase in the hepatocellular carcinoma was parallel with the mRNA expression level (r=0. 659 4, P〈 0. 000 1). A significantly higher tumor aspartyl beta-hydroxylase overexpression level was associated with the presence of intrahepatic metastasis and the progression of histological grades.  相似文献
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Background:Aberrance of retinoblastoma protein (RB) signal pathway is known to play an important role in the carcinogenesis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). p28GANK, originally purified from human 26S proteasome as a nonATPase subunit, was recently found in HCC and shown to interact with RB. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression profile of p28GANK and its correlation with RB in HCC. Methods:The expression of p28GANK was evaluated in 55 surgically resected HCCs by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and the associations were explored between p28GANK level and clinicopathologic features as well as tumor suppressor RB. Western blotting was performed to determine p28GANK expression level in 12 HCCs. Immunofluorescence stainings of p28GANK and RB in U2-OS cells were examined by confocal microscopy. Results:Positive p28GANK cytoplasmic staining was recognized in 55 HCCs. Nuclear positive occurrence of p28(GANK) in HCCs was more frequent than paracancerous hepatic tissues (P〈0. 05). The overexpression probability of p28GANK was inversely associated with Edmonson's grade:overexpression occurred in nine out of 11 (81.8%), 22 out of 35 (62.9%) and two out of nine (22.2%) in Ⅰ -Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ graded cases, respectively (P=0. 004). Total cellular expression of p28GANK had curvilinear correlation with the nuclear expression of RB (r= 0. 475, P = 0.019), while the nuclear expression of p28GANK had not. Western blot analysis showed that up-regulation of p28GANK expression was found in nine out of 12 HCCs compared with paracancerous liver tissues. Exogenously expressed p28GANK colocalized with RB in cytoplasm of U2-OS cells. Conclusion: These results confirm the role of p28GANK as a highly expressed oncoprotein in HCC by in situ examination. Its overexpression correlates with the differentiation status of HCC. The whole cellular p28GANK activation, not nuclear portion only, influences the alteration of RB. Underlying nuclear translocation of p28GANK may contribute to the counteraction against RB through a feed back loop. These data provide new evidence for p28GANK to be used as a promising drug target of a therapeutic agent against HCC.  相似文献
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The aim of this article is to discuss the management of retrohepatic inferior vena cava injury during hepatectomy for neoplasms. Step-by-step hepatic vascular exclusion, digital compression, finger pinching, and surface-to-surface suturing were used in the management of retrohepatic inferior vena cava injury during hepatic resection in 16 cases: 12 patients underwent exclusion of the hepatic artery and portal vein by portal triad clamping (PTC) only;  相似文献
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BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent fatal cancers in the world. Despite advances in early diagnosis and improvements in surgical techniques, the survival of patients with HCC even after resection is poor because of the high incidence of recurrences. Therefore, the identification of prognostic factors may be helpful in the development of new treatment protocols. AIMS: To investigate HER-2/neu status in HCC by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), and to explore the possibility of using trastuzumab in the treatment of HCC. METH ODS: Eight hundred and sixty eight surgical samples from patients with primary HCC were examined for their HER-2/neu status. IHC for HER-2/neu was performed with the HercepTest kit; FISH analysis was performed with the PathVysion HER-2 DNA probe kit. The correlations between HER-2/neu overexpression and clinicopathological characteristics were analysed statistically. RESULTS: HER-2/neu overexpression was detected in 21 (2.42%) of the 868 primary HCCs. Only one specimen showed HER-2/neu gene amplification by FISH. No significant associations were found between HER-2/neu overexpression and the clinicopathological parameters. CONCLUSIONS: There is a low frequency of HER-2/neu overexpression/amplification in HCC. There appears to be no role for HER-2/neu as a prognostic marker and no benefit of anti-HER-2/neu trastuzumab treatment in patients with HCC.  相似文献
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