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天鹅型记忆接骨器治疗肱骨骨折和骨不连的三维有限元分析   总被引:41,自引:4,他引:37  
目的:研究天鹅型记忆接骨器(SMC)治疗骨折和骨不连及其产生的动态记忆应力促进骨愈合的生物学基础。方法:利用计算机仿真三维有限元技术,对SMC固定肱骨的生物力学行为进行模拟,接骨器有限元模型共划分了3487个单元,节点数为5397,单元采用20节点四面体三维砖块单元;肱骨有限元模型共划分5783个单元,节点数9863,单元采用10节点四面体三维单元,结果:接骨器固定肱骨后其内表面受拉力,外表面受压力,变形最大的加压部第一结构主应力最大值分别为224.5MPa和-34MPa,远小于其极限应力与疲劳极;其维持轴向的动态记忆持骨力为125.05N,纵向动态记忆加压力196N,被固定肱骨应力分布均匀,各节点所受应力主要为正应力。结论:SMC有良好的耐疲劳与重复使用性,其固定后产的动态记忆加压应力场,有利于固定肱骨的稳定并促进骨愈合。  相似文献
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Objective: To treat humerus fracture with three dimensional pattern and finite element analysis, providing mechanical basis for treating humerus fracture. Methods: Humerus pattern was established based on the CT images, and calculation was done by ANSYS5. 6 software. Three dimensional ten-node tetrahedron unit was selected and were divided into 2 729 nodes, 49 041 units. Distribution and amount of axial compression of humerus were analyzed when clip angle was 30°, 45°, 90° between fracture face and axial line with fixed X, Y, Z directions. Results: The distribution of stress was greatly different between fracture face and non fracture face. Stress in fracture part was fairly concentrated with incomplete symmetric distribution around the center of fracture face; Greater stress distributed in the regions 10 mm from fracture face, which was 2-3 times that of other stress regions. Conclusion: Required load must be estimated under various conditions as to select the suitable internal fixation implants dur  相似文献
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解剖型桡骨远端记忆聚合器的力学稳定性   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
目的:探讨解剖型桡骨远端记忆聚合器(anatomic distal radius Ni-tinol memory connector,ADRMC)的力学稳定性。方法:20根尸体湿桡骨标本分别制作成远端横断型骨折模型,以ADRMC或普通钢板(CP)固定,采用万能材料试验机和静态电阻应变仪进行环抱支轴向环抱力的测试和三点弯曲、扭转实验。结果:ADRMC环抱支产生的最大轴向环抱力为12.82MPa;三点弯曲实验显示,ADRMC组和CP组板对侧加压分别为(3.92±1.22)和(5.26±2.37)N·m,板侧加压分别为(3.32±1.14)和(3.14±1.06)N·m,侧方加压分别为(4.27±2.13)和(3.96±1.34)N·m;当扭转角度大于2°时,CP组的屈服扭矩明显高于ADRMC组(P<0.05)。结论:ADRMC在提供牢靠固定的同时,轴向环抱持骨有利于稳定,纵向加压及记忆效应的存在可显著降低应力遮挡率。  相似文献
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To study the memory biomechanical character of anatomic distal radius Nitinol memory connec-tor ( DRMC ) in treating distal radius fracture. Methods: Establishing three dimensional model and finite element anal-ysis, we calculated the stress in and around the fracture faces when distal radius fracture was fixated with DRMC. Re-suits: Axial holding stress produced by holding part of DRMC on distal radius was 14.66 MPa. The maximum stress of holding part was 40 - 70 MPa, the minimum stress was 3 - 7 MPa, and the stress of compression part was 20 - 40 MPa.Conclusion: The distribution of stress produced by DRMC around the fracture line is reasonable, and axial holding stress can help stabilize fracture during earlier period. The existence of longitudal compression and memory effect can transfer fixated disused section into developed section and enhance fracture healing.  相似文献
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