首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   49篇
  综合类   49篇
  2017年   1篇
  2015年   1篇
  2011年   1篇
  2010年   2篇
  2009年   3篇
  2004年   2篇
  2003年   3篇
  2002年   1篇
  2001年   1篇
  2000年   4篇
  1999年   1篇
  1998年   3篇
  1997年   4篇
  1996年   5篇
  1995年   4篇
  1994年   4篇
  1990年   2篇
  1989年   2篇
  1986年   1篇
  1985年   2篇
  1984年   2篇
排序方式: 共有49条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
2.
Objective. To investigate the changes and influencing factors of early postoperative pulmonary function of thoracotomy.Methods. Pre-and early postoperative pulmonary function was studied in 64 consecutive cases with optimal thoracotomy. Pain assessment was done before pulmonary function test, and the chief complaints of patients were recorded after the procedure. The changing curves of pulmonary function were done and the differences associated with groups, surgical styles, pain assessment, epidural analgesia, chief complaint and preoperative conditions were analyzed.Results. Pulmonary function was severely lowered to about 40% of the base line on the first day, and it was rehabilitated to about 60% of the base line on the eighth day. There was a greater gradient on the recovery curve on the 3rd and 4th days. Epidural analgesia was able to improve pain relaxation and pulmonary function in some degree. Single-factor analysis showed that postoperative pain, postoperative day and surgical style were the si  相似文献
3.
THYMIC CARCINOMA (REPORT OF 14 CASES)   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
This paper reports of 14 cases of thymic carcinoma. Most of them with symptoms of chest pain, chest stuffy and discomfort, but without combined with extrathoracic syndrome, The tumors always were large in size and frequently invaded adjacent organs, hence with low resection rate. In this series, complete resection of tumor only 2 cases, partial resection in 7 cases, exploratory thoracotomy in 5 cases. Thymic carcinoma was an extremely malignant tumor with extensive invasion intrathoracally and early metastasis extrathoracally. The common sites of metastasis were bone, liver,lung and extrathoracic lymph nodes. Adjurant therapy postoperatively was given to all patienxs. Follow up of 1-8 years showed 10 cases death,of which 5 coses diod within the first year after surgery,3 eases within the second year. Four patients were still alive so far, in which 3 patients were within 1.5 years postoperativaly. Pathological studies revealed 9 cases of squamous epithelial cell thymic carcinoma ,3 of lymphoepithelioma-like thymic carcinoma and 2 of small cell undifferentiate thymic carcinoma.  相似文献
4.
SURGICAL TREATMENT AND PROGNOSIS OF BRONCHIAL CARCINOID TUMOR   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
In order to understand the effect of surgery in the treatment of the bronchial carcinoid tumor and thefactors affecting prognosis, 18 cases of bronchial carcinoid tumor are presented, including 5 cases withCushing‘s syndiome. There were Iobectoray in 10, lung wedge resection in 3, excision of intraluminal tumor of bronchus in 3, exploratory thoracotomy in 2 cases.No operation death.Pathological examinstion revealed 14 cases were typical carcinoid tumor and 4 cases were atypical carcinoid tumor.By 2-13 years fol-low-up,3,5 and 10 years survival rate were 82%,78% and 70% respectively.Bronchial carcinoid tumor is often confused microscopic and immunohistochemistry studies.Those patients accompanied with ectopicACTH secretion always have Cushing‘‘s syndrome,resection of tumor can produce good result.Proper operation method depnds on the location of the tumor and patient‘‘s extent of cardiac and pulmonary peserve.Atypical carcinoid tumor had high malignancy and poor prognosis.The size of tumor,lymph node involve ment and adjuvant therapy seem no definite effect on the patients‘‘ survival rate.  相似文献
5.
胸腺瘤并纯红细胞再生障碍性贫血2例报告   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
张志庸  陈书长 《北京医学》1994,16(6):366-367
6.
胸腺类癌导致肿瘤性低磷软骨病一例   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
肿瘤性低磷软骨病(tumor-induced osteomalacia,TIO)是以低磷血症、尿磷排泄增多、低1,25(OH)2D3水平、骨骼矿化障碍为特点的罕见代谢性骨病。TIO多由良性间质肿瘤引起,尚未见胸腺类癌导致的报道,本例为首次报道。  相似文献
7.
自发性食管破裂的诊治   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
目的 重视自发性食管破裂的早期诊断,探讨其外科治疗方法。方法 回顾性分析经外科处理的15例自发性食管破裂患的临床资料。结果 本组患经胸部平片,胸腔穿刺,上消化道造影及胃镜确诊。发病至确诊时间平均4.9天。保守治疗4例,死亡率50.0%。修补手术9例,修补处漏发生率33.3%。其中延迟修补4例,全部成功。食管切除胃食管吻合术2例。手术组死亡率18.2%。结论 呕吐病史和胸腔穿刺及上消化道造影等检查可明确诊断。早期及时手术修补是治疗首选,延时诊断经保守治疗后延期修补是安全有效的。手术强调分层修补,组织加固。  相似文献
8.
PULMONARY LEIOMYOSARCOMA——REPORT OF THREE CASES   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Three cases of pulmonary leiomyosarcoma were presented.The characteristic clinical features were described with review of literature.In comparison with bronchogenic carcinoma,the leiomyosarcoma has some characteristics;1)On chest X-ray,it usually appears as a sharply demarcated,even density round mass,growing rapidly within the lung,it rarely accompanies with hilar or mediastinal lymph node merastasis.2)The preoperative cytological or pathological diagnosis is difficult either by sputum smear or by bronchoscopic biopsy or by fine needle percutaneous aspiration biopsy.3)Pathological differential diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma of lung from apaplastic lung cancer is difficult.In conclusion,the primary pulmonary leioyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor,detecting the present illness seriously,paying attention to the chest X-ray films characterise,early surgical resection is the only way to get diagnosis and effective treatment method.  相似文献
9.
肋软骨炎的诊治进展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
肋软骨炎(costal chondritis)是门诊或心胸外利术后常见疾病,分为化脓性肋软骨炎和非特异性肋软骨炎(Tietze’s综合征)。治疗方法繁多但效果不佳,病程迁延且易复发。就其诊断、手术方法等治疗进展综述如下。  相似文献
10.
心包减压后引起肺水肿是一个严重并发症,主要由于回心静脉血突然增加,使左心室超负荷引起。要准确测量术中失血,术后避免过量输血辅液。作心包减压时要缓慢放液,特别对舒张期左室顺应性差的病人更应注意。为缓解腹水及静脉高压,彻底切除右心及腔静脉区的心包是必要的。但是。如不能松解左心,则可能引起心或肺超负荷,导致肺水肿。及早使用强心剂对防治此并发症是重要的。  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号