首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   13篇
  完全免费   2篇
  神经病学   15篇
  2011年   2篇
  2006年   1篇
  2003年   4篇
  2001年   5篇
  2000年   3篇
排序方式: 共有15条查询结果,搜索用时 46 毫秒
1.
OBJECTIVE: To describe tolerability and efficacy of risperidone in very young children with pervasive developmental disorders. METHOD: Twenty-four children aged 3.6 to 6.6 years (mean 4.6 years +/- 8 months) enrolled during 1999 and 2000 participated in a 16-week open-label trial with risperidone monotherapy. Outcome measures included the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale (CPRS), Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I), and Children's Global Assessment Scale (C-GAS). RESULTS: Two subjects did not complete the trial because of side effects. The optimal dose was 0.5 mg/day. After the treatment a 21% improvement in CPRS and a 14% improvement in CARS total scores was found. Items related to behavioral control (hyperactivity, fidgetiness, rhythmic motions) and affect regulation (lability of affect, angry affect) improved more than 25%. Based on improvement of at least 25% on the CPRS and a score of 1 or 2 on the CGI-I, eight subjects were considered responders. Functional impairment (C-GAS) improved more than 25%. Thirteen subjects (54%) were free of any side effects; in the other participants risperidone was well tolerated. Only three subjects had a weight gain greater than 10%. CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose risperidone may positively affect symptoms in young autistic children, improving disruptive/hyperactive behavior and affective dysregulation. Further controlled studies in this age group are warranted.  相似文献
2.
Although hyperprolactinemia is a common side effect during risperidone treatment in adult patients, no information is available on young children. The aim of this study is to report on serum prolactin levels in 25 young autistic children (22 males and 3 females, age range 3.9-7 years, mean age 4.10 years) during treatment with risperidone (dosage range 0.25-0.90 mg/day, mean dosage 0.52 mg/day). Prolactin levels were measured at baseline and after 10 weeks of treatment. The clinical outcome measure used was the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement. Serum prolactin was 9.77 +/- 3.94 ng/mL at baseline and 25.92 +/- 13.9 ng/mL during the 10th week of treatment (p < 0.001). Six children (24%) showed prolactin levels lower than 15 ng/mL, which is the upper normal level; eight children (28%) had prolactin levels higher than two times the upper limit (30 ng/mL). Hyperprolactinemia did not show significant correlations with age, weight, or risperidone dosage. There was no relation with clinical outcome. Dose reduction of risperidone resulted in a decrease of prolactin levels. None of the children showed clinical signs of hyperprolactinemia. Given the paucity of available data on potential effects of long-term hyperprolactinemia, a monitoring of prolactin during treatment with risperidone and other typical and atypical antipsychotics may be warranted.  相似文献
3.
Depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with dysthymic disorder   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
This report examines clinical features of 'pure' dysthymic disorder (DD, without superimposed major depressive disorder, MDD) in a sample of children and adolescents. Profiles of symptomatology and comorbidity as a function of age and gender are described. The sample consisted of 48 subjects (22 males, 26 females, age range 7-18 years, mean age 12.1 years) screened from consecutively referred children and adolescents. All subjects were comprehensively diagnosed with structured diagnostic interviews (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age, Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents-Revised), according to DSM-IV criteria. Depressed mood, irritability, loss of energy and fatigue, guilt and low self-esteem were present in more than 70% of the subjects. Differences in symptomatic profile between males and females were not significant. Children showed less symptoms than adolescents, but the symptomatic profile was comparable (only anhedonia was significantly more frequent in adolescents). Anxiety disorders were more commonly comorbid with DD, especially separation anxiety disorder in children (33%) and generalised anxiety disorder in adolescents (67%). Externalising disorders were less frequently represented in our sample (14%). An early diagnosis of 'pure' DD before the first episode of MDD is crucial for a timely intervention.  相似文献
4.
The aim of this preliminary study was to examine the short-term efficacy and safety of the atypical antipsychotic risperidone in preschool autistic children. The sample consisted of 10 subjects (7 males and 3 females) aged 3 9/12 to 6 6/12 years (mean age 4.7 years). A 16-week open-label trial with risperidone monotherapy was initiated at a starting dose of 0.25 mg daily and was increased to a maximum dose of 0.50 mg (0.027 mg/kg daily). Outcome measures were the Childhood Autism Rating Scale, the Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale, Clinical Global Impression (improvement score), and the Children's Global Assessment of Functioning. Two subjects did not complete the trial because of side effects (tachycardia and flushes, fever and hyporexia). After the 16-week treatment, data from the eight children who completed the trial indicated a modest improvement in the Childhood Autism Rating Scale total score, Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale total score, and Children's Global Assessment of Functioning. According to the Clinical Global Impression, the global improvement score for four subjects was much improved or very much improved; the score for the other four children was minimally improved. None of the children exhibited behavioral deterioration. The side effects in the eight children were not severe.  相似文献
5.
Medically unexplained physical symptoms are frequently endorsed by children and adolescents in both clinical and community samples. The aim of this exploratory study is to examine the prevalence of somatic symptoms in a sample of 162 Italian children and adolescents consecutively referred to a Division of Child Neurology and Psychiatry from emotional and/or behavioral disorders. The role of age, gender, and psychiatric status was considered as a variable. Each patient received a DSM-IV assessment, including a diagnostic structured interview (DICA-R). The sample was divided according to gender (96 males, 66 females), age (70 children younger and 92 adolescents older than 12 years), and psychiatric diagnosis (Anxiety, Depression, Depression/Anxiety, Other). The presence of medically unexplained somatic symptoms was based on the responses to the DICA-R. Somatic complaints were reported in 69.2% of the patients. Headache was the most frequent somatic symptom (50.6%). Younger children showed higher rates of abdominal complaints than adolescents. No gender differences in frequency of somatic complaints were reported. Subjects with anxiety and/or depression reported significantly higher rates of somatic complaints, namely headache, than subjects with other mental disorders. No differences in frequency of somatic symptoms were evident between patients with anxiety, depression, and comorbid anxiety-depression. Our data suggest that an unexplained somatic symptom can be often considered as indicative of a neglected anxiety and/or depressive disorder. A collaboration between primary care physicians, pediatricians, and child psychiatrists may promote early diagnoses and timely treatments and prevent negative social and scholastic consequences.  相似文献
6.
BACKGROUND: Previous family studies provided evidence that blepharospasm (BSP) can aggregate in families but did not give accurate and reliable information on the characteristics and degree of familial clustering. AIM: To evaluate the proportion of familial and non-familial BSP cases, the clinical expression of dystonia within families, the inheritance pattern, and the extent of penetrance. METHODS: The study was based on the examination of the first degree relatives of 56 probands with primary BSP. RESULTS: The 56 families produced a potential population of 436 first degree relatives of whom 296 were alive and 233 were examined. The proportion of index patients with at least one first degree relative affected by BSP, or adult onset dystonia other than BSP, was 27%. There was a remarkable degree of phenotypic variability of dystonia within families. Similar segregation ratios were calculated for probands' siblings and children. Under the assumption of autosomal dominant transmission of adult onset dystonia, penetrance was about 20%. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this family study are relevant for accurately counselling the families of patients with BSP and may help identify the most appropriate study design to explore genetic susceptibility in BSP.  相似文献
7.
The relation between age at dystonia onset and sex was investigated in 264 patients with cranial-cervical dystonia and 56 patients with upper limb dystonia. In cranial-cervical dystonia, women had a significantly greater age at the onset of dystonia than men. The association was independent of duration of disease and distance of referral, but it was no longer detectable after adjustment for educational level. In upper limb dystonia, men and women did not differ for age at dystonia onset, duration of disease, education level, or distance of referral. A significant inverse association between age at the onset of dystonia and education was observed in both cranial-cervical dystonia and upper limb dystonia series.  相似文献
8.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between primary hemifacial spasm and arterial hypertension. SUBJECTS: 114 patients with primary hemifacial spasm and 228 neurological controls, matched for age, sex, and referral centre, were recruited during an 18 month period from consecutive outpatients attending two neurological institutions. DESIGN: The association between exposure variables and case/control status was examined in conditional logistic regression models, adjusting simultaneously for disease duration and education level. RESULTS: Hypertension was more common among the patients with primary hemifacial spasm than among the controls. The association was independent of age, disease duration, years of schooling, and other diseases (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.76 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.43 to 5.33); p = 0.002). Hypertension was associated with hemifacial spasm in both the left sided group (adjusted OR, 2.76 (1.18 to 6.44); p = 0.02) and the right sided group (adjusted OR, 3.02 (1.13 to 8.1); p = 0.03). The association of hypertension with hemifacial spasm was apparently greater in the age group < 60 years (adjusted OR, 4.2 (1.4 to 12); p = 0.008) than in the age group >/= 60 years (adjusted OR, 2.5 (CI 1.3 to 4.6); p = 0.005), but the difference in the OR estimates between the two age groups was not significant. Among hypertensive patients, mean age at the diagnosis of hypertension was significantly lower than mean age at the onset of hemifacial spasm in the age group >/= 60 years, but not significantly different in the age group < 60 years. CONCLUSIONS: The findings support the hypothesised association of primary hemifacial spasm with hypertension and raise the possibility that a different mechanism underlies the association in different age groups.  相似文献
9.
10.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common psychiatric condition during childhood and adolescence, which continues to be underestimated and undertreated. For these reasons, it constitutes a primary cause of major disabilities in those ages and, sometimes, of permanent impairments later on. In these last few years, childhood and adolescence OCD has attracted an increasing focus which has promoted a deeper awareness of this illness, a better recognition with earlier interventions, as well as the set-up of more tailored and specific strategies, including psychotropic drugs. The aim of this paper is to present a critical review of paediatric OCD, with a special attention towards the most compelling reports available up to now and towards the most interesting areas for future research.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号