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Somatic and visceral sensory information enters the central nervous system (CNS) via root entry zones where sensory axons span an environment consisting of Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the CNS. While the embryonic extension of these sensory axons into the CNS has been well-characterized, little is known about the subsequent, largely postnatal development of the glial elements of the root entry zones. Here we sought to establish a comparative developmental timecourse of the glial elements in the postnatal (P0, P3, P7, P14) and adult rat of three root entry zones: the spinal nerve dorsal root entry zone, the trigeminal root entry zone, and the vagal dorsal root entry zone. We compared entry zone development based on the expression of antigens known to be expressed in astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, oligodendrocyte precursor cells, Schwann cells, radial glial fibres and the PNS extracellular matrix. These studies revealed an unexpected distribution among glial cells of several antigens. In particular, antibodies used to label mature oligodendrocytes (RIP) transiently labelled immature Schwann cell cytoplasm, and a radial glial antigen (recognized by the 3CB2 antibody) initially decreased, and then increased in postnatal astrocytes. While all three root entry zones had reached morphological and antigenic maturity by P14, the glial elements comprising the PNS–CNS interface of cranial root entry zones (the trigeminal root entry zone and the vagal dorsal root entry zone) matured earlier than those of the spinal nerve dorsal root entry zone.  相似文献
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