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Summary: Purpose: We compared quality of life (QOL) in youth with inactive or active epilepsy with that of a similar sample of youth with asthma. We explored 19 different dimensions in three domains (psychological, social, and school) and also determined differences related to illness severity and gender.
Methods: Subjects were 228 adolescents (117 with epilepsy and 111 with asthma). Data were collected from clinic records and from the adolescents, their mothers, and their teachers through questionnaires and structured interviews. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance.
Results: The analysis with all 19 QOL variables indicated a significant difference between the total asthma and the total epilepsy samples (multivariate F = 3.36, p = 0.0001). Further evaluation reflected differences between the epilepsy group and the asthma group on 13 of the 19 QOL variables. When active and inactive epilepsy and asthma groups were compared, youth with active epilepsy were faring worse than all other groups in 10 areas. Moreover, youth with inactive epilepsy were faring worse than those with inactive asthma in four areas. Illness severity and sex differences were more strongly related to QOL in the epilepsy sample than in the asthma sample. Sex-severity interactions suggested that girls with high seizure severity were most at risk for QOL problems.
Conclusions: Youth with active epilepsy generally had the poorest QOL. Severe seizures and female sex were associated with more problems. Sex-severity interactions should be explored in future research.  相似文献
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Academic achievement in children with epilepsy or asthma   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
The purposes of the study were to compare academic achievement between children with epilepsy and those with asthma and to identify child perception, school adaptive functioning, and condition severity factors related to academic achievement. Subjects were 225 children (117 with epilepsy and 108 with asthma) aged between 8 and 12 years. Academic achievement was measured using school-administered group tests. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure child attitudes and school self-concept. Teachers rated school adaptive functioning. Data were analyzed using ANCOVA and multiple regression. Children with epilepsy had significantly lower achievement scores than children with asthma. Boys with severe epilepsy were most at risk for underachievement. Factors related to poor academic achievement in both samples were: high condition severity, negative attitudes, and lower school adaptive functioning scores. Less variance was accounted for in the model for epilepsy ( R 2=0.25) than for asthma ( R 2=0.36). Boys with high seizure severity were most at risk for achievement-related problems. Future research in epilepsy should consider additional factors in the model predicting academic achievement.  相似文献
3.
A 4-year follow-up study of academic achievement in children aged between 11 and 17 years with epilepsy or asthma was carried out to identify differences between the two samples and to identify change in achievement over time. Differences based on sex and seizure severity also were explored. There were 98 subjects in the group with epilepsy and 96 subjects in the group with asthma. Academic achievement in five areas (Composite, Reading, Mathematics, Language, and Vocabulary) was measured using school-administered group test scores. To explore change over time in condition severity, each child was categorized as having a low or high condition severity at baseline (time I) and again 4 years later, resulting in four groups: low-low, low-high, high-low, and high-high. There were too few cases in the low-high group to be included in the analyses. Data were processed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), intraclass correlation coefficients, and paired t tests. At follow-up the children with epilepsy continued to perform significantly worse in all five achievement areas than the children with asthma. Children with either inactive or low-severity epilepsy had mean scores comparable to national norms; those with high seizure severity had mean scores ranging from 3 to 5 points below national norms. No changes were found in academic achievement over time for either sample, even among those whose conditions improved. Although boys with high-severity epilepsy continued to have the lowest achievement scores, there was no trend for them to decline in achievement over time.  相似文献
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