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1.

Purpose  

Registration of 3D-anatomical model and kinematics data is reported to be an accurate method to provide 3D-joint simulation. We applied this approach to discrete kinematics analysis of upper cervical spine (UCS) during axial rotation (AR) and flexion extension (FE) to create anatomical models with movement simulation including helical axis.  相似文献
2.

Purpose

The lacertus fibrosus (LF) is involved in various surgical procedures. However, the anatomy, morphometry, topography and biomechanical involvements of LF are not clear. The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomical and morphometric variations of LF, and to correlate this with anthropometric and morphometric measurements of the upper limb. Furthermore, the presence or absence of a deep layer of LF was verified using forearm cross-sections and dissections.

Methods

This anatomical study was performed by observation of dissections and transverse sections obtained from 50 cadavers. Morphometric analyses [length and width of LF and biceps tendon, stature, length of upper limb, forearm, bi-epicondylar width, forearm perimeter, biceps brachii muscle perimeter (BBm)] were also performed.

Results

The results demonstrated that there was no significant correlation between LF morphology and morphometric upper limb measurements. The deep layer of LF was observed in all specimens.

Conclusion

Results of this paper indicate that the LF presents individual characteristics such as length and width. The deeper layer of LF was observed on all specimens. The possible role of LF in force transmission during flexion, BBm moment arm adjustment and supination reduction is discussed in view of these results.  相似文献
3.

Purpose

Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) is the most common procedure used to treat mandibular deformities. BSSO procedures include the Epker technique and the Dal Pont technique which are the most frequently used. Because of the intramandibular pathway of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), neurosensory disturbance of the lower lip and chin is the most common complication of BSSO. This study performed quantitative measurements from computed tomographic (CT) data obtained on dry human mandibles. The main aim of the study was to evaluate if mandibular divergence can predict the position of the IAN and the mylohyoid nerve (MHN) to prevent nerve injury.

Methods

After CT and 3D reconstruction of 65 dry mandibles, 30 measurements were made on 3 planes for each hemi-mandible. This allowed analysis of the IAN and MHN pathways. Three groups of hemi-mandibles were created depending on their divergence, and a statistical analysis was performed.

Results

Eight out of the 30 measurements showed a significant difference among the 3 groups. There was no significant difference for the remaining 22 measurements.

Conclusions

The IAN seems to have a more superior position in the groups of mandibular hypo- and hyper-divergence. Orthognathic surgeons should use a more superficial retromolar bone incision in these cases. Finally, the Epker technique would be safer for preserving the MHN in normo- and hypo-divergent patients.  相似文献
4.

Purpose  

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a degenerative disease mainly found in elderly population. Valgus deformity seems to be directly related to lateralised gonarthrosis. Contradictory outcomes of surgical series are published in the literature and report satisfactory and unsatisfactory long-term results. Lower limb torsions disorders have been considered as being another factor inducing gonarthrosis. This paper presents an in vitro study aiming at quantifying the relationships between experimental femoral torsion disorders (medial and lateral) and the deformation of the cancellous bone of the proximal tibial epiphysis (CBTPE).  相似文献
5.
虚拟生理人(VPH)项目由欧盟强力支持,致力于人体生理在各层面的全身完整模型的建立,从器官、组织、细胞和分子水平到基因水平。该项目从STEP项目率先实施,由欧盟资助下的协调行动从2006年初正式启动。作者介绍了VPH项目及其最近通过physiome平台在世界范围的快速发展。最后,着重介绍了VPH项目在骨肌系统的一个子项目-Living Human项目和其在世界各地的类似的研究探索。  相似文献
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