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1.
Thirty-five plant species were selected from the published literature as traditionally used by the Indigenous Peoples of the boreal forest in Canada for three or more symptoms of diabetes or its complications. Antioxidant activities in methanolic extracts support the contribution of these traditional medicines in a lifestyle historically low in the incidence of diabetes. In a DPPH assay of free radical scavenging activity 89% of the methanol extracts had activity significantly greater than common modern dietary components, 14% were statistically equal to ascorbic acid and 23% had activities similar to green tea and a Trolox positive control. Superoxides produced with an NBT/xanthine oxidase assay found scavenging was significantly higher in 29% of the species as compared with the modern dietary components and Trolox. The methanol extracts of Rhus hirta, Quercus alba and Cornus stolonifera performed similarly to green tea's in this assay. Assessment of peroxyl radical scavenging using a DCF/AAPH assay showed 60% of the plant extracts statistically similar to Trolox while R. hirta and Solidago canadensis extracts were greater than green tea, ascorbic acid and Trolox. The majority of the species (63 and 97%, respectively) had scavenging activities similar to ascorbic acid in the superoxide and peroxyl radical scavenging assays.  相似文献
2.
目的:探讨类风湿性关节炎寒热证候的基因表达差异。方法:采集类风湿性关节炎寒热证候患者及正常人空腹静脉血,纯化得到CD4 T淋巴细胞,利用基因芯片检测和分析技术,探索类风湿性关节炎寒热证候患者及正常人CD4 T淋巴细胞基因表达差异点。结果:与正常人相比,类风湿性关节炎患者有149条基因异常表达,主要涉及免疫应答和信号传导;寒热证类风湿性关节炎患者之间有42条基因异常表达,只有2条与上述149条基因重复,主要涉及功能代谢、信号传导;寒热证类风湿性关节炎患者与正常人之间有49条基因异常表达,与上述42条之间有20条基因重复,也主要涉及功能代谢、信号传导;这些差异表达基因涉及多个生物学途径。结论:寒热证候类风湿性关节炎患者的基因表达谱存在差异,这种差异与类风湿性关节炎患者和正常人之间的差异有所不同,提示中医证候分类学具有基因表达谱依据。  相似文献
3.
Activity of plant flavonoids against antibiotic-resistant bacteria   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
Thirty eight plant-derived flavonoids representing seven different structural groups were tested for activities against antibiotic-resistant bacteria using the disc-diffusion assay and broth dilution assay. Among the flavonoids examined, four flavonols (myricetin, datiscetin, kaempferol and quercetin) and two -flavones (flavone and luteolin) exhibited inhibitory activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Myricetin was also found to inhibit the growth of multidrug-resistant Burkholderia -cepacia, vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and other medically important organisms such as -Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Myricetin was bactericidal to B. cepacia. The results of the radiolabel incorporation assay showed that myricetin inhibited protein synthesis by -B. cepacia. The structure-activity relationship of these flavonoids is discussed.  相似文献
4.
Antifungal activity of benzoic acid derivatives from Piper lanceaefolium.   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Bioactivity-guided fractionation of a methanol extract from the leaves of Piper lanceaefolium resulted in the isolation of four new benzoic acid derivatives (1-4), together with taboganic acid, pinocembrin, and pinocembrin chalcone. Lanceaefolic acid methyl ester (3) and pinocembrin chalcone displayed activity against Candida albicans with a minimal inhibitory concentration value of 100 microg/mL in both cases.  相似文献
5.
Antibacterial activities of extracts from Nigerian chewing sticks   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Ten aqueous extracts from wooden chewing sticks widely used in Nigeria for teeth cleaning were studied for antibacterial activities against 25 different bacteria using an agar diffusion assay. The extracts from five sticks, namely Garcinia kola, Anogeissus leiocarpus, Terminalia glaucescens, Sorindeia warneckei and Vitex doniana, exhibited strong activities against a wide spectrum of bacteria including medically and dentally relevant bacteria. Notably, these five chewing stick extracts showed potent activities against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, and multidrug-resistant Burkholderia cepacia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Extracts from Vernonia amygdalina, Fagara zanthoxyloides and Massularia acuminata also showed activities against bacteria significant to periodontal disease. Methanol extracts prepared from G. kola, A. leiocarpus and V. doniana were further fractionated by solvent extraction. Results showed that the antibacterial activities were distributed into different fractions suggesting that the sticks contain different active antibacterial principles. In conclusion, the results showed that most of the Nigerian chewing sticks do contain antibacterial activities which may contribute to the reported anticaries effect of chewing sticks. These sticks may be sources for new lead antibacterial agents for therapeutic or preventive applications.  相似文献
6.
By using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality test-guided fractionation, a single bioactive compound (LC(50)=26 ppm) was isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the dried aerial parts of Impatiens balsamina L. and subsequently identified as 2-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (MNQ). The structure of MNQ was confirmed by UV, FT-IR, MS, and 1-and 2-D NMR spectroscopy. The antimicrobial activity of MNQ was evaluated using 12 bacterial and eight fungal strains. Five gram-positive and two gram-negative bacteria as well as all eight fungi (including multi-drug resistant strains) tested were highly sensitive to MNQ. A tea prepared according to traditional methods was found to contain sufficient MNQ to account for its antimicrobial properties.  相似文献
7.
As Ginkgo has been shown to improve age-related memory de fi cits and beta-amyloid-related peptides have been suggested to play a signi fi cant role in memory degeneration in Alzheimer's disease, the present study was carried out to examine the effect of two major ginkgolides, A and B, on beta-amyloid peptide-modulated acetylcholine (ACh) release from hippocampal brain slices. Addition of beta-amyloid fragment(25-35) (0.01-1 micro M) in the superfusion medium suppressed the K(+)-evoked [(3)H]-ACh release from the rat hippocampal slices in a concentration-related manner; a 40% reduction in ACh out fl ow was observed with the highest amyloid concentration used (1 micro M). Inclusion of ginkgolide B (GKB, 0.01-10 micro M) caused a concentration-related reversion of the inhibitory effect elicited by the effective concentration of beta-amyloid (1 micro M). The reversal of the beta-amyloid-inhibited ACh release by GKB (1 micro M) was not blocked by tetrodotoxin (1 micro M) indicating a direct interaction of GKB on the cholinergic nerve terminals. In contrast, addition of the same concentration range of ginkgolide A (GKA, 0.01-10 micro M) had no effect on beta-amyloid-inhibited ACh release. These results suggest that GKB may elicit its anti-amnesic effect by minimizing the inhibitory effect of beta-amyloid peptides on cholinergic transmission.  相似文献
8.
Complex C-glycosyl flavonoid phytoalexins from Cucumis sativus   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Extraction of cucumber leaf tissue expressing induced resistance against powdery mildew fungi revealed the presence of two new major C-glycosyl flavonoid products: vitexin-6-(4-hydroxy-1-ethylbenzene) (cucumerin A, 1) and isovitexin-8-(4-hydroxy-1-ethylbenzene) (cucumerin B, 2). In addition, the known C-glycosyl flavonoids apigenin-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (vitexin, 3), apigenin-6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (isovitexin, 4), luteolin-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (orientin, 5), and luteolin-6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (isoorientin, 6), as well as 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (p-coumaric acid, 7) and its methyl ester (p-came, 8), were found in higher quantities within resistant plants. The structures of 1-8 were elucidated using spectroscopic methods and unambiguously confirmed for 3-8 using co-chromatography experiments with authentic standards. On the basis of the results of this study and the reported biological activities of C-glycosyl flavonoids, these compounds would play a vital role in the defense strategy of this species by acting as phytoalexins.  相似文献
9.
A bioassay-guided isolation of antifungal compounds from an African land race of ginger, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, led to the identification of [6], [8] and [10]-gingerols and [6]-gingerdiol as the main antifungal principles. The compounds were active against 13 human pathogens at concentrations of <1 mg/mL. The gingerol content of the African land race was at least 3 x higher than that of typical commercial cultivars of ginger. Therefore, ginger extracts standardized on the basis of the identified compounds, could be considered as antifungal agents for practical therapy.  相似文献
10.
Synthesis and antimitotic/cytotoxic activity of hemiasterlin analogues   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
The antimitotic sponge tripeptide hemiasterlin (1) and a number of structural analogues have been synthesized and evaluated in cell-based assays for both cytotoxic and antimitotic activity in order to explore the SAR for this promising anticancer drug lead. One synthetic analogue, SPA110 (8), showed more potent in vitro cytotoxicty and antimitotic activity than the natural product hemiasterlin (1), and consequently it has been subjected to thorough preclinical evaluation and targeted for clinical evaluation. The details of the synthesis of hemiasterlin (1) and the analogues and a discussion of how their biological activities vary with their structures are presented in this paper.  相似文献
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