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AIM:To describe and evaluate a new ophthalmic endoscope surgical technique combined with phacoemulsification andintraocular lens (IOL) implantation to treat goniosynechialysis and manage primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG).METHODS:Endoscope-assisted goniosynechialysis combined with phacoemulsification andIOL implantation was performed in 32 eyes of 29 patients with PACG. Regular follow-up was performed 1 week and 1 month, 3, and 6 months after surgery to assess complications, intraocular pressure (IOP), anterior chamber depth, visual acuity, and anterior chamber angle.RESULTS:Preoperative mean IOP was 24.88±7.22mmHg with pharmacological treatment, and was 13.70±4.02, 13.06±3.74, 14.29±4.70, and 14.33±5.01mmHg 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. The postoperative decrease in IOP was significant (P<0.05). The rate for all eyes with IOP of 21mmHg or less was 93.8% (30 eyes) at the final visit without ocular hypotensive agents. The average preoperative anterior chamber depth was 1.60±0.64mm, and this value significantly increased to 2.72±0.62, 2.76±0.70, 2.73±0.68, and 2.74±0.71mm at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months, respectively. Visual acuity was improved in 28 eyes (87.5%) at 6 months postoperatively. The anterior chamber angle had increased in 25 eyes (78.1%) at the final visit; it was adhesive 90°-180° in 6 eyes, 180°-270° in only 1 eye. Two eyes exhibited minimal hyphema in the early postoperative period, but it could gradually be absorbed. Fibrinous reaction was observed in five eyes and spontaneously disappeared within 7 days. No shallow anterior chamber, iridodialysis, choroidal detachment, or malignant glaucoma was found in any eyes.CONCLUSION:Endoscope-assisted goniosynechialysis combined with phacoemulsification and IOL implantation to manage PACG has several advantages, including optimized visualization, greater accuracy, and improved safety. Our results suggest that it has certain curative effects and clinical application value.  相似文献
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目的探讨眼内窥镜引导玻璃体视网膜手术治疗伴有角膜混浊的外伤性视网膜脱离的效果及安全性。方法 2010年8月至2011年6月我院13例(13眼)伴有角膜混浊的外伤性视网膜脱离患者,在眼内窥镜引导下行玻璃体切割、视网膜激光光凝术及玻璃体硅油或重硅油填充术,术后随访6~15个月,观察视力、眼压、眼前段及眼底视网膜复位情况。患者术前视力:无光感者2眼,光感者5眼,手动者3眼,数指者2眼,0.02~0.05者1眼。结果所有患者视网膜均平伏,裂孔均封闭。术中1眼玻璃体内发现术前未能诊断的非磁性异物(睫毛)。术后4眼早期眼压偏低,2眼一过性眼压增高,经观察或药物治疗后恢复正常。术后6个月最佳矫正视力:无光感者2眼,光感者2眼,手动者2眼,数指者5眼,0.02~0.20者2眼。结论眼内窥镜扩展了玻璃体切割术的适应范围,提高了对伴有角膜混浊的外伤性视网膜脱离,尤其是伴有周边部视网膜裂孔者,实施玻璃体视网膜手术的准确性和安全性。  相似文献
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Endoscopy-assisted ocular surgery is a relatively old technique that is increasingly being recognized for its application in cases of vitreoretinal disease. This technique is especially useful when both the vitreous and retina are difficult to access because of media opacity, a small pupil, or a microcornea. In this context, the anterior vitreous is often difficult to dissect because of its complex pathological changes. This article reviews the common anatomical features and pathologies that are observed in the anterior vitreous, as well as the applications and indications of endoscopy-assisted vitrectomy in the anterior vitreous.  相似文献
4.
Endoscopy-assisted ocular surgery is a relatively old technique that is increasingly being recognized for its application in cases of vitreoretinal disease. This technique is especially useful when both the vitreous and retina are difficult to access because of media opacity, a small pupil, or a microcornea. In this context, the anterior vitreous is often difficult to dissect because of its complex pathological changes. This article reviews the common anatomical features and pathologies that are observed in the anterior vitreous, as well as the applications and indications of endoscopy-assisted vitrectomy in the anterior vitreous.  相似文献
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