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1.
This commentary highlights the importance of regular physical activity to the nation’s health and discusses some of the major challenges and opportunities currently facing the field.  相似文献
2.
转化医学发展现状及实施策略的初步探讨   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
以多学科合作为特征倡导以病患为中心的转化医学是当前医学领域的新方向,实施转化医学,必须通过推行系统生物学的理论与方法来打破基础与临床的固有屏障,还要更新和转变医学科研理念,建设公共研究资源库及交流平台,并加强科技成果的推广和转化。  相似文献
3.
科研管理促进转化医学的发展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
转化医学是近年来国际医学健康领域新出现的一个分支,目的是将基础研究成果迅速转向临床应用。如今医学基础研究与临床实际结合不够紧密已经成为当前医学研究和医学教育亟待解决的重要问题。为解决这一根本矛盾,转化医学应运而生。因此,本文对转化医学本质及现状进行分析,并立足医学科研管理的自身特点,提出加快转化医学发展的对策。  相似文献
4.
医学科教新任务——促进转化医学   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
近年来基础医学研究发展迅速,耗费不断增高,但是基础医学研究成果能够形成转化的却很少,对临床研究起到推动作用的就更少,因此,在基础研究与临床研究之间形成了一条严重制约医学科技进步和阻碍人民大众健康水平提高的“鸿沟”。为了消除基础研究与临床研究之间的“鸿沟”,转化医学应运而生,它作为新生的学科,正在被各国学者认识和应用。本文在总结和归纳了现有有关转化医学研究的一些特点和新进展的基础上,结合我国医疗改革的现状和医院科教工作的特点,提出了加强我国转化医学研究的新思路,以缓解政府、社会、民众对医学科学发展“错配”局面的不满,开创和谐医学科技发展的新局面。  相似文献
5.
CONTEXT: The process of knowledge translation (KT) in health research depends on the activities of a wide range of actors, including health professionals, researchers, the public, policymakers, and research funders. Little is known, however, about health research funding agencies' support and promotion of KT. Our team asked thirty-three agencies from Australia, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, the United Kingdom, and the United States about their role in promoting the results of the research they fund. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of key informants from applied health funding agencies identified by the investigators. The interviews were supplemented with information from the agencies' websites. The final coding was derived from an iterative thematic analysis. FINDINGS: There was a lack of clarity between agencies as to what is meant by KT and how it is operationalized. Agencies also varied in their degree of engagement in this process. The agencies' abilities to create a pull for research findings; to engage in linkage and exchange between agencies, researchers, and decision makers; and to push results to various audiences differed as well. Finally, the evaluation of the effectiveness of KT strategies remains a methodological challenge. CONCLUSIONS: Funding agencies need to think about both their conceptual framework and their operational definition of KT, so that it is clear what is and what is not considered to be KT, and adjust their funding opportunities and activities accordingly. While we have cataloged the range of knowledge translation activities conducted across these agencies, little is known about their effectiveness and so a greater emphasis on evaluation is needed. It would appear that "best practice" for funding agencies is an elusive concept depending on the particular agency's size, context, mandate, financial considerations, and governance structure.  相似文献
6.
Translational research is an emerging field of science, embracing disciplines in medicine and public health to create a full-spectrum research agenda. Often described as science "from bench to bedside and back again," translational research may be better described as "from bench to behavior," as it strives to apply laboratory results to clinical settings. Because the demand for translational research has emerged, it is critical for nutrition educators to ensure that translational research includes community and policy areas and to recognize themselves as translation researchers. The purpose of this report is to provide a framework for nutrition educators to better understand translational research and to recognize their role in translational research, using type 2 diabetes as an example.  相似文献
7.
我国卫生技术评估与决策转化研究概述   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
卫生技术评估在国际上已经得到广泛应用,并成为各国卫生决策的重要组成部分,发挥着越来越重要的作用。本文通过描述卫生技术的相关利益方,回顾卫生技术评估及转化的国际经验及潜在的影响因素,在结合我国卫生技术评估政策转化实际情况的基础上,提出了卫生技术评估知识转化程度测量、政策决策方和卫生技术评估研究方影响知识转化的因素挖掘以及转化程度测量等研究设想。  相似文献
8.
A test in Internal Medicine of the American National Board of Medical Examiners was given to Swiss medical students as a graduating examination. This study dealing with the feasibility of such an enterprise describes the technical procedures and investigates the problems of translation and the validity of foreign made items. Comparison of item analyses for the 369 Swiss candidates and for a sample of 370 American candidates reveals that most items are of close comparability in difficulty, discrimination and pattern of response to the distractors. In a cross-national comparison of students' responses to the items no systematic content characteristics can be found for items favouring one group or the other. Swiss experts, in judging the validity of the items for testing Swiss students, could indeed identify in advance some of the items that proved to be less valid and more difficult for their—but also the American—students. It is concluded that a National Board examination can be as valid and suited to examine Swiss candidates for licensure as it is to examine American candidates.  相似文献
9.
《Nutrition reviews》1983,41(6):194-196
Treatment of rats with triiodothyronine, ovine growth hormone or feeding a high-carbohydrate, fat-free diet stimulated formation of several proteins in common as a result of pretranslational effects which carry through some identical messenger RNA species.  相似文献
10.
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