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1.
1986~1996年福建省居民恶性肿瘤死亡回顾分析   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
对福建省居民恶性肿瘤死亡状况进行了回顾分析,结果提示:城市居民恶性肿瘤死亡率处于下降趋势,农村则处于上升趋势。通过三个年代癌死亡谱的比较,可看出肺癌死亡率上升最快,宫颈癌下降最多,肝癌升至恶性肿瘤的第一位死因。男性死亡率高于女性,性比值为1.99∶1。中老年人是暴露于某些危险因素的高危人群。分析还显示,恶性肿瘤死亡率有着非常明显的地区差异。  相似文献
2.
南北地区武警战士、学员身体发育状况的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的:了解不同地区武警部队士兵的身体发育状况,为部队选兵、体质评价和人体功效学提供基础资料。方法;对1014名南北地区武警战士、学员进行调查研究。将身体发育指标作因子分析,确定权重系数,计算 发育分,按南北地区和性别进行分类比较。结果:南北地区战士、学员的发育分:男性分别为98.05、100.95;女性分别为98.15、101.13。南北方同性别发育分进行比较,北方高于南方,经u检验、p值小于0.01,差异非常显著。结论:不同地区部队战士、学员身体发育的差异与地球纬度的高低和诸多的气候因素有关。  相似文献
3.
我国水和环境卫生服务供给省际差异问题研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
随着我国经济的发展以及各级政府的高度重视,我国水和环境卫生供给总量不足的问题正逐步得到缓解,但是供给不均衡的问题尚未得到有效遏制。2008年卫生统计年鉴省际统计数据分析显示,我国水和环境卫生服务供给省际差距仍较大。水和环境卫生改善不仅是新农村建设"村容整洁"重要组成部分,也是公共卫生基本服务不可缺少的环节。同时也是当今被广泛认可的全球可持续发展目标———千年发展目标(MDGS)的重要指标。该问题如得不到应有的关注,将不仅影响到农民的生存和发展,也将波及东西部区域的均衡发展。因此,各级政府应将水和环境卫生改善纳入经济社会发展总体规划,并建立以公共需求为导向的水和环境卫生服务供给模式等促进水和环境卫生服务供给的均衡化。  相似文献
4.
Our objective was to investigate regional health differences among Finnish children using a population-based longitudinal register data. All live births born in 1987 were included in the study (N=59,546) and followed-up until the age of seven years. Statistically significant regional variation was found for all health indicators but diabetes. Background variables, such as maternal age and social class, explained only the difference in mortality. Various indicators gave different geographical patterns. Regional equity in childhood health has not been achieved in Finland. Existing health registers were feasible in studying regional variation in health, but a set of comprehensive morbidity indicators — preferably derived from different data sources — should be developed to monitor equity in health.  相似文献
5.
The Czech Republic, together with Slovakia and Poland, forms a region within Central–Eastern Europe in which the values of life expectancy at birth have been increasing during the period of transformation. However, the tempo of mortality reduction has differed spatially within the territory of the Czech Republic, as have other outcomes of the transformation process. This paper discussed possible socio–economic explanations of regional differences in the tempos of mortality change between 1990/91 and 1995/96. Standardized mortality rates for males aged 0–64 years specified for the three most frequent causes of death were examined by means of the regression and correlation analysis.  相似文献
6.
The purpose of this paper was to study regional differencesin the use of in-patient hospital services by adults in Spainand to explore how several factors are related to hospital utilization.We studied a sample of 20,741 individuals representative ofthe non-institutionalized Spanish population older than 15 yearsold interviewed in the Spanish health interview survey, carriedout in 1993. A logistic regression model was used to obtainthe odds ratios of using the in-patient hospital services forsocioeconomic status, health care need, health services resourcescharacteristics and for the 17 autonomous communities into whichSpain is divided. Aragon, Baleares and Navarra showed a highpercentage of people using hospital services while in Madridand Asturias a low percentage was found. Indicators of needfor health care were the most important predictive factors ofhospital utilization and neither socioeconomic status nor healthcare system characteristics were associated with the use ofhospital services. Although only 5 autonomous communities showeda high or low percentage of people using hospital services,the unexplained variance needs further research in order toidentify unnecessary reasons for utilization and accessibilityproblems.  相似文献
7.
Directly age-standardized rates of out-patient utilization ofantihypertensive drugs (antihypertensives, diuretics and beta-blockers)and stroke mortality in men and women (40–79 years ofage) were compared over 4 years (1987–1990) in a midwestern(Värmland) and a southern (Skäne) province of Swedenand in their 49 (16 + 33) municipalities. In both genders, thestroke mortality and utilization rates of the 3 antihypertensivedrug groups, both combined and separate, were higher in Värmlandand there were positive correlations between these rates whenall 49 municipalities were compared. On the other hand, foreach province and each drug group there were municipalitieswith every possible combination of stroke mortality and antihypertensivedrug utilization rates. In addition, antihypertensive drug utilizationrates were similar in men and women even though the stroke mortalityrates were much lower among the latter. The findings cast doubton the effectiveness of antihypertensive drug treatment in commonpractice.  相似文献
8.
Two regional categorizations in smoking were compared. A categorization that was based on historical folk culture was expected to predict smoking stronger than one based on administrative division. Regionally representative samples of 16- and 18-year-olds were surveyed. A data set for administrative (N1 = 23 478) and a data set for cultural categorization (N2 = 15 709) were constructed. In logistic regression analyzes regional variance was largest in snuff experiments. After socio-demographic background was controlled, cultural categorization did not predict snuff experiments, non-smoking and frequent smoking better than the administrative one. On this evidence regional smoking patterns are unlikely to be based on historical smoking cultures.  相似文献
9.
用关联分析法研究了儿童体格发育的地域差异,按体格发育的优劣排出了各地域的序次,结果满意,表明关联分析是一种多指标系统综合评价和综合排序的简单可靠的新方法。  相似文献
10.
BACKGROUND: Given the increasing prevalence of childhood overweight, we aimed to quantify the population burden and evaluate potential regional differences in anthropometric characteristics and prevalence of overweight in fourth graders in two German cities. METHODS: Data were analysed from a cross-sectional school-based study conducted in 1995-96 in Dresden (former East Germany) and Munich (former West Germany) as part of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Height and weight of the children were measured, and the parents completed a questionnaire. 2474 children age 9-10 years provided anthropometric data. Overweight was defined based on the age-specific and gender-specific international cut-off values for body mass index. RESULTS: Dresden children were on average 1.2 kg lighter and >1 cm taller than their Munich peers. The prevalence of overweight in Dresden was 15.2% in girls and 14.2% in boys compared with 24 and 22.2%, respectively, in Munich. Differences were observed between Dresden and Munich with respect to the proportion of children of non-German nationality, household smoking, breastfeeding practices, and individual dietary behaviours. Even in combination these factors were not able to explain entirely the between-city overweight differences. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of pre-adolescent children in Germany is now considered overweight with marked regional differences in prevalence. Comparison of population-level factors indicate that other unmeasured determinants of overweight may be responsible for the marked differences in the prevalence of overweight.  相似文献
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