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基层医生满意度影响因素的因子分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的对基层医生满意度影响因素进行分析,为提高基层医生满意度水平提供科学依据。方法采用自行设计的问卷,对180名基层医生开展自填式问卷调查,进行基层医生工作满意度的因子分析。结果经过因子分析,抽取特征根值〉1的8个因子,可解释总方差的66.33%。按影响大小依次是职业发展、福利待遇、团队合作、管理制度、负担及风险、社会地位、胜任感和医患关系。从不同类别来看,年龄越大、职称越高者满意度越高;女性满意度高于男性;大专学历者满意度最低。结论政府及卫生服务管理者应努力改善影响满意度的各类因素,并关注不同类别医生间的差异,采取有针对性的措施切实提高基层医生的满意度水平。  相似文献
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One of the fastest growing immigrant groups in the United States is from the Indian subcontinent of South Asia. Included in this group are people from India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Although there is considerable heterogeneity within and between the populations of these countries, cultural similarities contribute to common challenges when South Asian immigrants are seen in primary care settings in the United States. This article describes aspects of the South Asian culture and of the acculturation process relevant to establishing rapport and providing competent biopsychosocial care to individuals and families from this region. We discuss the differing needs of recent immigrants, second-generation Americans from South Asia, and individuals temporarily in the United States for study or employment. We discuss linguistic and interpersonal style concerns in regard to the relationship between health care professionals and immigrant patients and use case material to illustrate cultural issues. We conclude with suggestions for culturally sensitive health care of South Asians.  相似文献
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目的 了解基层医生对国家基本药物制度的认知情况.方法 随机抽取江西省南昌县、重庆市渝北区、四川省新津县的共432名乡镇卫生院基层医生进行问卷调查,同时对相关人员进行深度访谈.结果 回收有效问卷385份,被调查者中,79.24%认为实施基本药物制度后处方金额有所减少,甚至明显减少;有66.9%认为国家基本药物目录基本符合当地情况;91.55%认为国家基本药物目录的出台对其行医有一定帮助;基本药物制度满意率为87.4%.结论 基层医生对基本药物制度接受程度较高,但基本药物制度的相关培训仍然不到位,基药实施后财政补偿不到位导致乡镇卫生院收入减少.对基层医疗机构进行综合改革,建立长效的补偿机制和激励机制是开展基层卫生服务的必由之路.  相似文献
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A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the clinical features of cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) seen in the Department of Dermatology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) and to assess the rate of correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors. Clinical records of all 31 patients with CLM seen between January 2006 and June 2010 were retrieved. The majority of patients were male. The mean age was 32.2 years. Pruritus was reported in 83.9% of cases and serpiginous tracts in 100%. The mean lesion count was 4.4 and the mean duration of disease before presentation was 3.1 weeks. The majority of skin lesions were on the buttock and lower extremities. Only 45.2% of patients had the correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors. Older age of patients and lower number of lesions were associated with a higher rate of correct diagnosis. The low rate of correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors to the dermatologists in this study warrants the need for education of not only primary care doctors but also future primary care providers, consisting of medical students, house officers and junior medical officers.  相似文献
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Primary care doctoring in the USA today (2007) bears little resemblance to what existed just 25 years ago. We focus on what is likely to unfold in the U.S. over the next several decades and suggest that by about 2025, primary care doctoring in the U.S. could be rare, possibly unrecognizable and even nonexistent. Seven reasons for the probable disappearance of primary care doctoring are identified. The most important reason is medicine's loss of state sponsorship: the U.S. state has shifted from a pluralistic orientation to a New Right approach. With less state protection medicine has become even more attractive for private interests. Six additional reasons include: (1) the epidemiologic transition (chronic diseases reduce doctors to a palliative role and monitoring of incurable conditions); (2) the overcrowded health care playing field (non-physician clinicians are supplanting primary care doctors); (3) the unintended consequences of clinical guidelines (the art of doctoring is reduced to formulaic tasks, easily codified and performed by non-physician clinicians); (4) the demise of the in-person examination (in-person examination is being replaced by impersonal testing); (5) primary care doctoring is becoming unattractive (physicians are dissatisfied, alienated and experiencing income declines. Applications by U.S. graduates to primary care programs continue to decline); (6) patients are not what they used to be (Internet access and Direct to Consumer advertising are changing the doctor-patient relationship). By 2025, many everyday illnesses in the U.S. will be managed via the Internet or by non-physician clinicians working out of retail clinics. Some medical problems will still require a physician's attention, but this will be provided by specialists rather than by primary care doctors (general practitioners).  相似文献
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