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1.
安徽省合肥市民办养老机构发展的现状与问题   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
目的:促进民办养老机构的发展,推动我国社会福利社会化进程。方法:对安徽省合肥市33家民办养老机构以及入住的165位老人进行问卷调查,以了解机构情况和入住老人的需求。结果:自2001年以来,合肥的民办养老机构数、床位数和入住人数逐年增加;94%的养老机构收费处于每月500~1 000元的中档水平;27.27%的养老机构属于自建房屋,69.70%是租用房屋,3.03%属于改建房屋;21.21%的养老机构投资规模超过1 000万。结论:合肥市民办养老机构供需结构失衡,资金短缺严重以及人力资源匮乏。建议:合理调整机构档次和功能,加大资金扶持力度,培养专业人才队伍。  相似文献
2.
宁波市养老护理服务体系建设现状及对策分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的:分析宁波市养老护理服务体系建设现状,并提出对策以提升养老护理服务质量。方法采用文献研究、个人深入访谈及问卷调查相结合的方法进行。结果当前提供养老护理服务的机构有老年康复护理中心、社区卫生服务机构老年护理站、综合医院及社区医院康复科、家庭病床、养老院及社区居家养老服务中心,其中以养老院为主;养老护理提供者主要为养老护理员。结论当前宁波市养老护理服务由卫生系统及民政系统提供,服务数量不足且两部门间协作不够;养老护理服务提供者整体素质偏低,无法满足老年人需求。  相似文献
3.
Summary A study was conducted to investigate the existence of a specific neurotoxic effect due to long-term exposure to organic solvents. A comparison was made regarding diagnoses, symptoms and other relevant medical data between persons receiving a disability pension on the basis of a neuropsychiatric disorder selected from an exposed (painters) and non-exposed (construction workers) trade organization. Information was collected from their medical files at the occupational health department. Concerning diagnoses and symptoms, no significant differences were found between exposed and non-exposed patients. No indications were found for the existence of a typical complex of symptoms associated with exposure to organic solvents among painters in The Netherlands. The number of reported symptoms was not related to the duration of exposure, thus lending no support for a dose-effect relationship. If a neurotoxic effect does exist among Dutch painters, it is of a non-specific type and not clearly distinguishable from other mental disorders.  相似文献
4.
Summary In The Netherlands so far little research has been carried out to investigate the health effects of exposure to whole-body vibration at work. In a retrospective (10-year) follow-up study, the incidence of permanent work disabilities in crane operators exposed to vibration was compared to that of a control group. The emphasis in this presentation is on disablement because of back disorders. Among the crane operators with more than 5 years of exposure to vibration, more disability due to back trouble occurred than in the control group. The incidence density ratio (IDR) exceeded 2 for disability because of degeneration of the intervertebral disc, after adjustment for age, nationality, shift work and calendar year. With increasing years of exposure, the risk ratio for disability because of intervertebral disc disorders also increased. The risk ratio for a disability pension due to disease of the intervertebral disc for crane operators with more than 5 years of exposure was almost 3 compared to the control group. A combination of exposure to whole-body vibration, an unfavorable posture, and climatic conditions is responsible for the development of these health effects.Supported by a grant from the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment  相似文献
5.
The prevalence of disability pensions was investigated among5 birthyear cohorts (1926–30) of male residents in Malmö,Sweden (N=7,697). They were invited to a screening programmein the mid-1970s. Disability pension and mortality data wereidentified from national computerized databases. At the endof follow-up (the calendar year oftheir 58th birthday), 1,391(18%) had been granted a disability pension and 655 (9%) haddied. The most frequent causes for disability pension, accountingfor 74% of the cases, were musculoskeletal diseases, mentaldisorders (including alcohol dependence) and diseases of thecirculatory system. Alcohol dependence was more common amongthose who refrained from participating in the screening programme,while musculoskeletal and neurological diseases were more commonamong those who did participate. Mental disorders (includingalcohol dependence) predominated in younger and musculoskeletaldiseases in older age groups. Both alcohol dependence and non-participationin health screening were related to the risk of a disabilitypension. To be used for identifying subjects at risk for disabilitypension, health screenings should be designed to reach as manyof the usual non-participants as possible and should be targetedat men in younger ages.  相似文献
6.
These guidelines have been produced by a working party of theAssociation of Local Authority Medical Advisors to help doctorsarrive at equitable decisions when assessing applications forill health retirement. The general guidelines are intended toapply to all pension schemes and the specific ones to thosesuch as The Local Government Pension Scheme where there is arequirement for the applicant to have permanent ill health.  相似文献
7.
Sick-leave in 1984–1989 was higher in 269 women with industrialwork involving repetitive movements (total 76,540 days), thanin 290 referents with varying work tasks (26,421 days). Themedians of the individual ratios of the observed number of daysof illness versus expected (according to background population)were 1.26 and 0.24 respectively. Sick-leave with diagnoses inthe musculoskeletal system dominated in the exposed group, particularlyfor neck/shoulders (5.3 versus 0.6% of observed time, p<0.001)and arms/hands (2.4 versus 0.5%, p<0.001). Women leavingfor new jobs had, during the exposed employment, a higher sick-leavethan those who stayed (‘healthy worker selection’),and afterwards lower sick-leave. The risk of disability pensioning1980–1989 (observed/expected: 2.8 versus 0.7) was alsohigher among exposed women. Repetitive, industrial work causesextensive suffering and huge costs. Preventive measures areurgently needed.  相似文献
8.
Demographic trends are reported concerning three types of traumatic brain injury (concussions, cranial fractures, and intracranial contusions/ haemorrhages) among children in Denmark of ages up to and including 14 years, for a fifteen year period from 1979 through 1993. The data were derived from a national computer-based hospitalization register and include 49,594 children, of whom 60% were boys and 89% had suffered a concussion. Virtually all injuries were the result of accidents. A major finding was that there has been a general decline in the incidence of traumatic brain injuries, especially for boys from 5 to 14 years old, suggesting a degree of success in preventive measures, particularly regarding road safety. The incidence of fatal cases of intracranial contusions/haemorrhages approximately halved over the 15 year period. However, as a proportion of all diagnosed cases, mortality from intracranial contusions/haemorrhages remained fairly constant at about 22%, perhaps because there have been no markedly successful innovations in acute care. Among children surviving a intracranial contusions/haemorrhages, rather considerable numbers were found to have been awarded disability pension at ages under 30.  相似文献
9.
The aim of this study was to assess the relations between self-rated health (SRH), socioeconomic status (SES), body mass index (BMI) and disability pension. Five birth-year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmö, Sweden, were invited and 5313 with complete data constituted the cohort in this study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years. Of all subjects, 73% perceived their health as perfect and among obese men and blue collar workers, the corresponding figures were 67 and 68% respectively. The adjusted odds ratios for SRH less than perfect was 1.3 (CI: 1.1–1.7) for obese subjects and 1.7 (CI: 1.5–1.9) for blue collar workers. The interaction between low SES and obesity was estimated to 11% which was not statistically significant. The adjusted relative risks (RR) of disability pension was 3.3 for subjects with SRH less than perfect, 2.2 for blue collar workers and 2.0 for obese subjects, all statistically significant and only marginally less than the crude RR. Thus, SRH among middle-aged men was associated with obesity as well as low SES, but no evidence of synergism between obesity and low SES in relation to SRH was found. Furthermore, poor SRH in particular, but also low SES and obesity, independently predicted disability pension.  相似文献
10.
[目的 ] 分析南汇区乡村医生的现状 ,研究解决乡村医生养老保障的对策。  [方法 ] 采用表格式问卷 ,调查全区 675位乡村医生的情况。  [结果 ] 全区有 5 46位乡村医生退休养老进入了区社会保险事业管理中心。  [结论 ] 合理解决乡村医生的养老保障问题 ,有利于初级卫生保健和社区卫生服务等工作的开展。  相似文献
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