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OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a core set of questions to measure patients' experiences of in-patient care. Questions were selected from the bank of items developed for use in in-patient surveys undertaken by the Picker Institute for the purposes of assessing the quality of care. DESIGN: The data reported here come from surveys of patients who had attended acute care hospitals in five countries: the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the USA. Questionnaires were mailed to patients' homes within 1 month of discharge, either to all patients, or to a random sample, discharged during a specified period. SAMPLE: A total of 62 925 questionnaires were returned, with response rates of 65% (UK), 74% (Germany), 63% (Sweden), 52% (Switzerland), and 46% (USA). RESULTS: Fifteen items were selected from the bank of questions included in the Picker in-patient questionnaires. These items have a high degree of face validity and when summed to an index they show a high degree of construct validity and internal reliability consistency. DISCUSSION: Fifteen items derived from the longer form Picker in-patient survey have been found to provide a meaningful picture of patient experiences of health care, and constitute the 15-item Picker Patient Experience Questionnaire. These questions comprise a core set that should be measured in all in-patient facility surveys. The Picker Patient Experience Questionnaire represents a step forward in the measurement of patient experience as it provides a core set of questions around which further optional modules may be added. Scores are easy to interpret and actionable. CONCLUSION: This small set of questions could be incorporated into in-patient surveys in different settings, enabling the comparison of hospital performance and the establishment of national or international benchmarks.  相似文献
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北京地区3所大型综合医院住院患者体验和满意监测   总被引:4,自引:2,他引:2  
目的了解北京3所大型综合医院的住院患者对医疗服务质量的看法和评价,为持续改进医疗服务质量提供科学依据。方法采用北京大学医学部住院患者体验和满意监测(PKU-VPSM)工具,对北京3所大型综合医院的住院患者进行信函问卷调查。结果3所医院的总体满意度平均得分为80.2分,医疗服务价值感知平均得分为74.4分,3所医院的总体服务质量指数平均得分为56.0分。结论3所医院为住院患者提供的服务和帮助总体上能够让广大住院患者满意和认可,反映出随着"医院管理年"和"创建人民满意医院"活动的持续开展,医院的服务水平和医患关系有了很大的进步和改善。虽然总体满意度得分接近或超过80分,但总体质量评价得分不到60分,说明医院服务质量仍然存在着较大的提升空间。  相似文献
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Rethinking quality in the context of persons with disability.   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
OBJECTIVE: To review the current health services literature related to quality of care for persons with disabilities and to highlight the need for a unique framework for conceptualizing quality and patient safety issues for this population. DESIGN: Drawing on quality measurement theory, we formulate a multi-dimensional model of quality of care for persons with disability. This model is then used to identify and summarize findings from existing health services research that relate to the quality, of care for persons with disability. STUDY SELECTION: We searched MEDLINE and other databases for primary research and review articles containing the phrases 'quality of care', 'patient safety', 'access', 'patient experience', and 'coordination of care' in conjunction with the words 'disability' or 'impairment'. RESULTS: A review of health services research suggests several potential issues in the areas of clinical quality, access, client experience, and coordination. Physical barriers, transportation, communication difficulties, and client and provider attitudes present barriers to receiving appropriate client-centered care. Communication difficulties between provider and client may increase risk for accidental injury and decrease the quality of the client experience. Frequent contact with the health care system and the complexity of an individual's situation also increase the risk of accidental injury. Coordination, the 'lubricant' that facilitates links for all areas of quality for a person with disability, presents the most significant opportunity for improvement, because multiple medical and social providers are typically involved in the care of individuals with disabling conditions. CONCLUSION: Health care providers need to embrace a multi-disciplinary approach to quality to meet the needs of persons with disabilities. Funders and purchasers need to provide flexibility in funding to enable a comprehensive primary care approach, while health service researchers need to adopt a broad view of quality to capture issues of importance for persons with disabilities.  相似文献
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OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine how diagnosis is perceived by a sample of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out in the Lothian region of Scotland using in-depth interviews of 40 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients recruited from 16 general practices in four Local Health Care Co-operatives and three hospital clinics. Purposive selection ensured that the sample's demographic characteristics were broadly representative of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients in Lothian/Scotland. RESULTS: Clarity, timing and authority of the diagnosis delivery were highly salient for patients. Many patients perceived their GP as unwilling to deliver/confirm the diagnosis. Patients who were not referred to hospital were unclear why a referral had not taken place. Those referred perceived confirmation of diagnosis by the consultant as a central reason. Waiting for a hospital appointment could be problematic for patients. Most wanted the diagnosis confirmed before they felt confident making lifestyle changes. Input from health services during the period prior to the hospital visit was highly valued. Waiting was taken by some asymptomatic patients to indicate that they did not have the condition. Others used a lengthy period of waiting to confirm their view that they had a 'milder' or 'less serious' form of diabetes than other patients. CONCLUSIONS: Adequate input from practitioners is needed to ensure that diagnosis is fully exploited as a crucial period in which patients learn to adapt to their condition. Being explicit about the diagnosis at first contact may avoid the problem of patients feeling 'in limbo' or uncertain whether they have type 2 diabetes. Practitioners should convey to patients that post-diagnosis/initial care is a process, stages of this process should be clarified to avoid misunderstanding and services should be integrated during this interim period to best effect.  相似文献
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PKU-VPSM工具在全面持续改进医疗服务质量中的价值   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
目的和方法北京大学医学部住院患者体验和满意监测(PKU-VPSM)工具是在维多利亚州患者满意监测(VPSM)的基础上开发出来的持续医院质量改进工具。2007年,北京大学医院管理研究中心使用该工具对北京地区3所大型综合医院实施了监测,并将其作为一个重要工具以辅助医院更好地持续改进服务质量。结果和讨论以被监测医院中的1所医院(A医院)为例,较为详细地介绍PKU-VPSM工具在应用PDCA循环法全面持续改进服务质量中的价值。PKU-VPSM可以在PDCA循环法的多个阶段发挥作用。  相似文献
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OBJECTIVES: This study uses the Consumer Assessments of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS((R))) survey to examine the experiences of Hispanics enrolled in Medicare managed care. Evaluations of care are examined in relationship to primary language (English or Spanish) and region of the country. DATA SOURCES: CAHPS 3.0 Medicare managed care survey data collected in 2002. STUDY DESIGN: The dependent variables consist of five CAHPS multi-item scales measuring timeliness of care, provider communication, office staff helpfulness, getting needed care, and health plan customer service. The main independent variables are Hispanic primary language (English or Spanish) and region (California, Florida, New York/New Jersey, and other states). Ordinary least squares regression is used to model the effect of Hispanic primary language and region on CAHPS scales, controlling for age, gender, education, and self-rated health. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: The analytic sample consists of 125,369 respondents (82 percent response rate) enrolled in 181 Medicare managed care plans across the U.S. Of the 125,369 respondents, 8,463 (7 percent) were self-identified as Hispanic. The survey was made available in English and Spanish, and 1,353 Hispanics completed one in Spanish. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Hispanic English speakers had less favorable reports of care than whites for all dimensions of care except provider communication. Hispanic Spanish speakers reported more negative experiences than whites with timeliness of care, provider communication, and office staff helpfulness, but better reports of care for getting needed care. Spanish speakers in all regions except Florida had less favorable scores than English-speaking Hispanics for provider communication and office staff helpfulness, but more positive assessments for getting needed care. There were greater regional variations in CAHPS scores among Hispanic Spanish speakers than among Hispanic English speakers. Spanish speakers in Florida had more positive experiences than Spanish speakers in other regions for most dimensions of care. CONCLUSIONS: Hispanics in Medicare managed care face barriers to care; however, their experiences with care vary by language and region. Spanish speakers (except FL) have less favorable experiences with provider communication and office staff helpfulness than their English-speaking counterparts, suggesting language barriers in the clinical encounter. On the other hand, Spanish speakers reported more favorable experiences than their English-speaking counterparts with the managed care aspects of their care (getting needed care and plan customer service). Medicare managed care plans need to address the observed disparities in patient experiences among Hispanics as part of their quality improvement efforts. Plans can work with their network providers to address issues related to timeliness of care and office staff helpfulness. In addition, plans can provide incentives for language services, which have the potential to improve communication with providers and staff among Spanish speakers. Finally, health plans can reduce the access barriers faced by Hispanics, especially among English speakers.  相似文献
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BACKGROUND: The relevance of continuity of care in chronic illness is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether experienced continuity of care for type 2 diabetes is associated with HbA1c, blood pressure or body weight. METHODS: Cohort study in 19 family practices in London, UK. Participants were 209 type 2 diabetic patients with 156 (75%) followed-up at 10 months. Main measures were experienced continuity of care (ECC) by patient questionnaire (mean score 62.1, SD 16.0), satisfaction with care, health-related quality of life [short-form 12 (SF-12)], HbA1c, blood pressure and body weight. Analyses were adjusted for baseline values, age, sex, ethnicity, duration of diabetes, diabetes treatment, education, housing tenure and whether living alone. RESULTS: Experienced continuity scores were obtained for 193 (92%) of participants at baseline and 156 (75%) at follow-up with no difference in outcome measures between those followed-up and those not. Subjects with the highest satisfaction ratings, compared with the lowest, had higher experienced continuity (difference in experienced continuity 7.87, 95% confidence interval 3.22-12.5, P = 0.001). ECC was not associated with HbA1c (adjusted difference per 10-unit increase in ECC score, -0.09%, -0.29 to 0.12%, P = 0.402), systolic blood pressure (-0.41, -2.88 to 2.06 mm Hg, P = 0.746), body mass index (-0.08, -0.34 to 0.18 kg/m(2), P = 0.562) or SF-12 physical component score (0.73, -0.88 to 2.35, P = 0.375). CONCLUSION: Experienced continuity of diabetes care is associated with greater patient satisfaction but not with improved intermediate outcomes during 10 months follow-up in this setting. Studies with more subjects will be required to determine whether continuity of care is associated with the frequency of adverse events.  相似文献
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