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杭州市城市社区老年护理现状与发展研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
浙江省人口老龄化程度居全国第二,而杭州市60岁以上老年人已达95.99万人,占总人口的14.52%。预计到2010年,杭州市60岁以上老年人口将占总人口的17.17%,并将出现高龄化的发展趋势。因此,进一步完善和推进社区为老服务体系,为居家养老提供保障,是杭州市老龄工作的重点,而社区老年护理服务正是社区为老服务体系的基础。与此同时我国老年护理服务远远不能满足老年人的需要,城市社区老年人的护理服务满足率仅为8.30%。因此,我们对杭州市社区老年人现状及为老服务现状进行了调查。分析社区老年人的护理需求和满足需求的现有条件,探讨社区老年护理服务的内容、形式和管理方式,探索加快杭州市建立社区老年护理服务的相关对策,为决策部门更好地应对人口老龄化提供依据,以促进杭州市社区老年护理工作快速有序地开展。  相似文献
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上海建立老年护理制度的分析与探讨   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
上海已进入老龄化社会,老年护理需求增加,如何保证“老有所养”成为一个急迫的问题。与此同时,家庭结构的变迁、人口流动性的加大,传统的家庭照顾模式又面临挑战。医疗护理与生活护理的边界不清,带来过度住院问题,造成医疗保险基金的严重压力。建立老年护理制度,成为探索解决这一系列问题的一种途径。  相似文献
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The care of older people in Sweden has undergone several major reorganisations during the past decade. The healthcare organisation, governed by the county councils, previously had the responsibility of providing care services for elderly people. However, the local municipalities have taken over that duty since 1992. The obligation of the health services is now restricted solely to medical issues. The present study focused on the understanding that politicians and managers have about caring for older people. A section of Stockholm with a population of 320,000 inhabitants was studied. The authors hypothesised that differences in understanding might have an impact on the services of care which older people receive. Interviews were conducted with eight leading politicians and 12 managers responsible for elderly care services. The main focus of inquiry concerned the participants' understanding of caring for older people. The results indicate that politicians and managers in elderly care sometimes have divergent views on how the care should be developed and produced to best serve older people. Five themes of understanding elderly care services and eight contradictory statements among the respondents were identified. A follow-up group session with the respondents was conducted to discuss the results of the interviews. The different ways of understanding elderly care services showed a complex and fragmented organisation lacking clear goals, structures and leadership. However, the authors found a willingness among respondents to collaborate with one another, as well as indications of positive attitudes toward improving healthcare, domiciliary and nursing care of older people.  相似文献
4.
上海市普陀区养老机构医疗服务现状调研报告及策略   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
在各级政府的领导和重视下,按照构建社会主义和谐社会和"加强老龄工作"的要求,在"十二五"规划的开局之年,上海市普陀区将全面推进养老院建设项目,新增养老床位500张。作为养老机构内医疗服务需求将随之增加,而目前普陀区养老机构内医务人员的资质不全、基本的医疗设备配备不齐,提供的医疗服务不规范,导致养老机构内医疗服务出现缺位,不能为老人提供方便快捷的医疗服务保障,入住的老人得不到规范的基本医疗服务成为现实问题。  相似文献
5.
社区卫生服务中心创办医院模式托老服务的探讨   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的探讨在社区卫生服务中心创办医院模式托老中心的发展前景,为政府应对老龄化社会到来提供决策依据。方法采用自行设计调查表,对华南师范大学社区卫生服务中心托老中心入住的的32位老人及家属进行调查。结果本校职工及家属占78.13%;生活完全不能自理者和基本不能自理者占87.50%,需要特殊护理或者全护理;生活基本自理者占12.50%,需要一般护理;老人及家属对托老的医疗和护理都比较满意,且能承受托老费用;所有的老人和家属都表示在社区托老中心养老比社会敬老院好。结论在社区卫生服务中心创办托老中心可以取得很好的社会效益和经济效益,可以为社会和家庭赡养老人提供一种减负的措施;为高校离退休教职工及家属的养老方式开辟了一个新的选择;为社区卫生服务中心的服务提出了一个新的挑战和机遇。  相似文献
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BACKGROUND: Older people frequently have poor food intake. This present study investigated the effect of dietary variety on food intake in younger and older people. METHODS: Eighteen young adults (mean age = 26 years) and 18 older adults (mean age = 70 years) consumed four consecutive courses of sandwiches on two occasions. In the plain treatment, each course of sandwiches was of the same type, while in the variety treatment four courses, each of a different type of sandwich, were served. Each time the participants were presented with a serving of sandwiches and asked to eat as much as they liked. RESULTS: In the plain condition, the older adult group consumed more than their young counterparts. This situation was reversed for the variety condition when the young group ate more than the older adults. Interestingly, the older adult group ate more when a variety of sandwiches was presented. This may be contrary to what is predicted by the sensory-specific satiety model of eating behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that presenting the older people with a varied meal may be a valid strategy to improve food intake in this group.  相似文献
9.
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems concerning older people in care can be affected both by their illness and by the standard procedures surrounding food provision, for example rigid routines of food supply and ritualized mealtime situations. METHOD: The aim was to study how organizational structure and staff members' routines and actions influence activities related to food and meals in different caring context in Sweden. The qualitative methodology chosen for this study was participant observation. RESULT: Care recipients were given different opportunities concerning what, how, when and with whom to eat, depending on where their meals were served. In restaurants, older people could choose from several foods and they could also choose the time of and company for the meal. At care units with 'part-of-day' care or 'around-the-clock' care, food choices, time and company were limited, especially at the units with 'around-the-clock' care, where the most ailing older people lived. CONCLUSIONS: Food provision and the mealtime situation for the elderly are shaped by the individual's living arrangements, and the social organization surrounding it, not determined by the individual's needs and wishes, including social and cultural meanings of food and meals, which could, thereby, affect nutritional intake.  相似文献
10.
Provision of welfare benefits advice to maximise financial benefit uptake is a shared goal for social and health policy in the UK. The study was designed to explore the wider impact on elderly people provided with specialist welfare benefits advice, in terms of their health and quality of life. This paper reports on a longitudinal postal survey of community dwellers aged 60 and over referred for specialist welfare benefits advice within social services and who were followed up at 5 months (over 2003-2004). Outcome measures included the Short Form-36 (SF-36), the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) and the Barthel Index (postal version), along with questions relating to chronic illness. We also report on the methodological issues that arise from conducting research of this nature. Out of 233 elderly people sent questionnaires, 77 (33%) returned a completed baseline questionnaire. Of the 156 who did not return questionnaires, 35 (22%) gave reasons of being 'too unwell' to participate. Between baseline and follow-up, 8 (10%) of the 77 respondents died; 52 of the 69 (75%) remaining participants completed follow-up questionnaires. Although low, these response rates are comparable with other similar questionnaire surveys examining the outcome of providing benefits advice to individuals. Elderly people (mean age = 80.3, SD = 8.6 years) receiving welfare benefits advice usually reported the presence of a longstanding illness or disability, and the use of healthcare services. Baseline SF-36 scores were extremely low and remained largely unchanged at follow-up; however, there were significant improvements in GHQ-12 scores (mean difference = -1.45, 95% CI = -2.63 to -0.27, P = 0.017). Significant increases in benefit income were identified in 65% of respondents with complete financial data sets (mean increase = pound14.73 per week; 95% CI = 5.27-24.18, d.f. = 39, P = 0.003). Participants were very vulnerable in their health status (compared with normative data for elderly people), and this may have contributed to the difficulty in engaging them in the research. There are methodological issues around establishing cause and effect in this type of study, which cannot be readily designed out on account of ethical issues. Extraction and analysis of financial status and benefit eligibility with a view to determining absolute changes in the material well-being of vulnerable individuals over time is a complex and challenging task. Use of suitable measures is essential. Innovative strategies are necessary to maximise survey response rates amongst the vulnerable elderly population.  相似文献
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