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The aim of this study was to investigate test–retest reliability of the Isernhagen Work System Functional Capacity Evaluation (IWS FCE) in a sample of patients (n = 30) suffering from Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) and selected for rehabilitation treatment. The IWS FCE consists of 28 tests that reflect work-related activities like lifting, carrying, bending, etc. In this study, a slightly modified IWS FCE was used. Patients were included in the study if they were still at work or were less than 1 year out of work because of CLBP. Participants' mean age was 40 years, the duration of low back pain ranged between 5 and 10 years. Fifteen patients (50%) were out of work for a mean of 17 weeks, and they all received financial compensation. Two FCE sessions were held with a 2-week interval in between. Means per session, 95% confidence intervals of the mean difference, one-way random Intra Class Correlations (ICC), limits of agreement, Cohen's kappa and percentage of absolute agreement were calculated where appropriate. An ICC of 0.75 or more, a kappa value of more than 0.60 and a percentage of absolute agreement of 80% were considered as an acceptable reliability. Tests of the IWC FCE were divided into tests with and tests without an acceptable test–retest reliability on the basis of the kappa values, the percentage of absolute agreement and the ICC values. Fifteen tests (79%) showed an acceptable test–retest reliability based on Kappa values and percentage of absolute agreement. Eleven tests (61%) showed an acceptable test–retest reliability based on ICC values.  相似文献
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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Compare performance-based functioning over 2 years among elderly women hip fracture patients vs. community-dwelling older women. METHODS AND SETTING: 268 hip fracture patients from eight hospitals in Baltimore, MD, in 1990-1991, and 486 respondents from the Women's Health and Aging Study I (WHAS I) were assessed prospectively at 6-month intervals for 2 years. Usual and rapid walking speeds, and chair rise time, were calculated and standardized to the baseline distribution of the WHAS subsample. RESULTS: At baseline, all respondents were aged 65+ years, White, cognitively intact, and could walk across a room independently. Hip fracture patients had significantly poorer functioning than WHAS respondents at each follow-up interview through 24 months postfracture. The difference was greatest at 6 months: mean walking speed for hip fracture patients was approximately one standard deviation lower than for WHAS respondents for usual pace (adjusted difference = -1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -1.22, -0.89) and rapid pace (adjusted difference = -0.95, 95% CI = -1.13, -0.79). These differences were most pronounced among respondents who were aged 80+ years or had comorbid conditions. CONCLUSION: Elderly women had poorer performance-based functioning over 2 years following hip fracture than would be expected by normal aging in same-aged women.  相似文献
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The long-term care (LTC) insurance policy will be enacted in Taiwan. Under the proposed policy, people with disabilities will have priority in receiving insurance. The aim of this study was to compare the functional statuses of 3 disability groups and to investigate the coverage provided by the planned LTC insurance in Taiwan.  相似文献
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Introduction: Pain related fear and pain intensity have been identified as factors negatively influencing Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) performances in patients with CLBP. Conflicting results have been reported in the literature. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationships between pain intensity and pain-related fear on the one hand, and performances during an FCE on the other hand in two samples of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Methods: Two cross sectional observation studies were performed with two samples of patients with CLBP (study 1: n = 79; study 2: n = 58). Pain related fears were operationally defined as the score on the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia in study 1, and the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) in study 2. Pain intensity was measured with a Numeric Rating Scale in both studies. Avoidance behavior observed during FCE was in both studies operationally defined as the unwillingness to engage in high intensity performance levels of three different functional activities: high intensity lifting, prolonged standing in a forward bend position, and fast repetitive bending at the waist. Results: A total of 25 correlations between pain and pain related fear, and performance variables were calculated, out of which 7 were significant (p < 0.05). The strength of these significant correlations ranged from r = −0.23 to r = −0.50. Multivariate linear regression analyses revealed non-significant relationships in most instances. Pain and pain related fear contributed little if any to these models. Conclusions: The relation between pain and pain related fear and FCE performance is weak or non-existent in patients with CLBP.  相似文献
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