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目的:随着经导管主动脉瓣置换术的发展,了解主动脉根部的解剖对于主动脉瓣瓣膜支架的选择和减少并发症是非常必要的?方法:34例主动脉瓣狭窄患者及39例正常对照行双源CT(Dual Source CT,DSCT)及经胸心脏超声(transthoracic echocardiography,TTE)检查,DSCT在斜冠状面及矢状面分别测量收缩末期及舒张末期主动脉根部各径线,瓣环直径和左室流出道直径?超声测量主动脉根部及左室流出道直径,并且和DSCT测量值对比?结果:主动脉瓣狭窄组左冠状动脉(left coronary ostia,LCO)高度?右冠状动脉(right coronary ostia,RCO)高度?冠状窦(sinus of Valsalva,SV)直径?左右冠状窦高度与对照组相比,差异无统计学意义;主动脉瓣狭窄组瓣环(aortic annulus,AA)直径?主动脉窦和升主动脉连接处(Sino-Tubular Junction,STJ)直径?升主动脉 (ascending aorta,AO) 直径?左室流出道 (left ventricular outer tract,LVOT) 直径?主动脉瓣和二尖瓣之间纤维结构(continuity fibrous,CF)距离,室间隔 (interventricular septum,IVS) 厚度明显比对照组大(P < 0.05)?主动脉瓣狭窄组及对照组收缩末期AA?SV?STJ?AO直径?IVS厚度明显比舒张末期大(P < 0.05),收缩末期LVOT直径明显比舒张末期小(P < 0.05)?主动脉瓣狭窄组及对照组AA及LVOT直径冠状面测量值均大于矢状面测量值?主动脉根部直径(AA?SV?STJ?AO)TTE测量值与DSCT测量值相比,相关性好(相关系数分别为r = 0.84,r = 0.87,r = 0.82,r = 0.82),差异均有统计学意义(P < O.05)?结论:主动脉瓣狭窄患者主动脉根部扩张?左室流出道变长扩张?室间隔变厚及冠状动脉变异较大,由于TTE的诊断作用有限,因此经导管主动脉瓣置换患者术前进行DSCT检查对于瓣膜支架的选择及减少并发症有重要意义?  相似文献
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经导管主动脉瓣膜植入术(TAVI)是介入方法治疗严重主动脉瓣狭窄的一种新技术,经过十余年的发展,TAVI的效果与中期存活率与外科手术治疗效果相当。随着输送装置、支架瓣膜的改进,TAVI的适应证扩大,安全性、有效性进一步提升。本文将TAVI术中瓣膜植入途径的现状作一介绍。  相似文献
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经导管主动脉瓣植入术(TAVI)是治疗主动脉瓣狭窄患者的新技术,适用于无法外科手术和外科高风险的主动脉瓣狭窄患者,其常规植入途径为股动脉和心尖。该文介绍1例92岁高龄患者,经股动脉途径植入主动脉瓣失败后,改由经主动脉途径植入的成功经验。  相似文献
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Background Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as the treatment choice for non-operable patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) and may be a good alternative to sur...  相似文献
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Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a promising alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) who were deemed at a high surgical risk.This novel technique has kept evolving rapidly throughout the world in the past decade,but was not introduced to China until recently.Here we report our clinical experience in TAVI based on the largest cohort of Chinese patients in a single center.  相似文献
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Background  Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a rapidly evolving strategy for therapy of aortic stenosis. We presented the procedural results and analyzed the death causes of 30-day mortality and clinical events in patients who underwent TAVI with Edwards prosthetic valves in University Hospital of Caen, France.
Methods  The patients with severe aortic stenosis but at high surgical risk or inoperable were considered as candidates for TAVI. Forty-eight patients undergoing TAVI from July 2010 to September 2011 were enrolled in this registry. The Edwards prosthetic valves were solely used in this clinical trial.
Results  Overall 48 patients underwent TAVI, 28 of which accepted TAVI by trans-femoral (TF) approaches, 20 by trans-apical approaches (TA). The aortic valve area (AVA) was (0.70±0.23) cm2, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was (57.4±17.6)%, Log EuroSCORE was (19.2±15.8)%, mean gradient was (47.0±16.6) mmHg. There were no significant differences between TF and TA groups in all these baseline parameters. Device success rate was 95.8%, and procedural success rate was 93.7% in total. Procedural mortality was 6.7% (3/48): two deaths in TA group (10%), and one death in TF group (3.6%). Forty-six Edwards valves were implanted: 10 Edwards Sapien and 36 Edwards XT. Procedure-related complications included cardiac tamponade in 2 cases (4.2%), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in 1 case (2.1%), permanent pacemaker implantation in 1 case (2.1%), life-threatening and major bleeding in 3 cases; access site related major complication in 1 case, AKI stage 3 in 3 cases (6.3%), minor stroke in 1 case (2.1%). Thirty-day survival rate was 89.6%. There were 5 deaths in total (10.4%): 4 in TA group (20%) and 1 in TF group (3.6%).
Conclusion  The procedural success rate and 30-day mortality were acceptable in these high risk patients with Edwards prosthetic valves in the first 48 TAVI.
  相似文献
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目的 系统评价不同路径经导管主动脉瓣置入术(TAVI)围手术期常见并发症的发生情况.方法 通过对PubMed、Embase、Ovid Medline数据库和效果评价文摘数据库(DARE)进行文献检索,获得已公开发表的行经心尖(TAp)、经股动脉(TF)及经升主动脉(TAo)3种路径TAVI的随机对照研究,统计各路径患者术后早期(30 d内)病死率、人工瓣膜瓣周漏、严重出血事件、大血管并发症、卒中、急性肾损伤及起搏器依赖型传导阻滞等手术相关或常见的严重并发症的发生情况,用Review Manager 5.3软件行meta分析.结果 研究共纳入22篇文献,总病例数11 530例.TAp组、TAo组患者术后早期人工瓣膜瓣周漏发生率均低于TF组[4.6%(63/1 384) vs 9.2%(400/4 366),P<0.000 01;6.4%(33/518) vs 9.3%(331/3 541),P=0.002],而术后早期病死率均高于TF组[10.0%(271/2 711) vs4.8% (326/6 756),P<0.000 01;8.9%(46/518) vs 4.5%(160/3 541),P=0.002].TAp组、TAo组患者的术后早期严重出血发生率均高于TF组[8.4%(186/2 204) vs 3.9%(268/6 818),P<0.000 01;6.5%(35/542) vs 1.4%(50/3 569),P=0.01].TAp组患者术后早期大血管并发症发生率低于TF组[2.3%(58/2 524) vs 6.5%(417/6 367),P<0.000 01],而TAo组与TAp组、TF组相比差异均无统计学意义.3组患者的术后早期卒中发生率差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).TF组患者术后早期急性肾损伤发生率低于TAp组[8.3%(610/7 334) vs 22.8%(615/2 699),P<0.000 01]和TAo组[3.1%(110/3 569) vs 12.5%(68/542),P<0.000 01].TF组患者术后早期起搏器依赖型传导阻滞发生率高于TAo组[13.2%(472/3 569) vs 9.2%(50/542),P=0.003].结论 经TAp路径及经TF路径行TAVI路径较短,可以有效减少瓣周漏及大血管损伤的发生,具备独特的优势与潜在价值.  相似文献
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