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尝试用数码相机,按照固定的方法,拍摄双耳,输入电脑。用自己编制的图形分析软件对于电子照片进行测量计算,然后进行数理统计,从而得到耳廓的电子数据。有了电子数据模型可以方便快捷地进行耳诊的各项研究。  相似文献
2.
Objective: To study the relationship between one polymorphism in the promoter of the DNA repair gene XPA and the susceptibility to lung cancer. Methods: Genotypes were determined by the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method in 310 histologically-confirmed lung cancer cases and 341 age and sex frequency-matched cancer-free controls. Results: The XPA A23G genotype frequencies were 27.1% (AA), 42.9% (AG), and 30.0% (GG) in case patients and21.1% (AA), 5218% (AG), and 26.1% (C-G) in control subjects. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that individuals carrying at least one 23G variant allele (AG + GG genotypes) had a significantly decreased risk for lung cancer (adjusted OR = 0.66; 95 % CI = 0.44- 0.98) compared with the wild-type genotype (23AA). Stratified analysis showed that the protective effect was more evident in subjects with a family history of cancer. Conclusion: These results suggest that the XPA A23G polymorphism may have a role in lung cancer susceptibility in this study population.  相似文献
3.
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) has recently been shown to be up-regulated in patients with non-valvular atrial fi-brillation (AF). The present study was aimed to determine whether the pathogenesis and development of AF is associated with the up-regulation of TLR2. Clinical data and right atrial appendage (RAA) specimens were col-lected from 20 patients with persisten AF (PeAF), 15 patients with paroxysmal AF (PaAF) and 13 patients with no history of AF undergoing valvular replacement. The results showed that g...  相似文献
4.
We report a case of myxoma with multiple recurrences in both the atrium and ventricle in a 26-year-old woman five years after the surgical removal of left atrial myxoma.Her 52-year-old mother had a similar medical history.To our knowledge,this was the first familial case who suffered multifocal cardiac myxoma recurrences without any sign of the myxoma complex.Based on our understanding of the mechanism of recurrence,the approaches to prevent the recurrence,and markers to predict recurrence,we propose that m...  相似文献
5.
Objective: The mechanisms by which lipopolysaccharide (LPS) pretreatment induces cardioprotection following ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) have not been fully elucidated. We hypothesized that activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and high mobility group box 1 (HMGBxl) signaling plays an important role in LPS-induced cardioprotection. Methods: In in vivo experiments, age- and weight- matched male C57BL/10Sc wild type mice were pretreated with LPS before ligation of the left anterior descending coronary followed by reperfusion. Infarction size was examined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. Akt, phospho-Akt, and HMGBxl were assessed by immunoblotting with appropriate primary antibodies. In situ cardiac myocyte apop- tosis was examined by the TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. In an in vitro study, rat cardiac myoblasts (H9c2) were subdivided into two groups, and only one was pretreated with LPS. After pretreatment, the cells were transferred into a hypoxic chamber under 0.5% 02. Levels of HMGBxl were assessed by immunoblot. Results: In the in vivo experiment, pretreatment with LPS reduced the at risk infarct size by 70.6% and the left ventricle infarct size by 64.93% respectively. Pretreatment with LPS also reduced cardiac myocytes apoptosis by 39.1% after ischemia and reperfusion. The mechanisms of LPS induced cardioprotection involved increasing PI3K/Akt activity and decreasing expression of HMGBxl. In the in vitro study, pretreatment with LPS reduced the level of HMGBxl in H9c2 cell cytoplasm following hypoxia. Conclusion: The results suggest that the cardioprotection following I/R induced by LPS pretreatment involves PI3K/Akt and HMGBxl pathways.  相似文献
6.

Objective

To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and surgical treatment of intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL), and outline the differences between Chinese and overseas cases.

Methods

Clinical data of two IVL cases, treated in our hospital, were analyzed retrospectively and the related literature was also reviewed. The data of preoperative diagnostic rate, surgical procedures, and postoperative recurrence between patients in China and other countries were compared.

Results

The first stage operation was performed successfully in 2 patients. However, they refused subsequent therapies, including a second stage operation to excise the remnants of the tumor, uterus, bilateral oviducts and ovaries, and anti-estrogen therapy. Both suffered from IVL recurrence, one at 6-month and the other at 9-month, and died at 16-month and 12-month respectively after the first stage surgery. Worldwide reports of 110 IVL cases were reviewed, which included 28 cases in China and 82 cases in other countries. In the majority of the Chinese patients, tumors only extended into the right atrium rather than the right ventricle (RA 22 cases vs RV 4 cases). However, among the overseas patients, the rate of extension into the right atrium was similar to that of extension into the right ventricle (RA 41 cases vs RV 38 cases). The rate of hysterectomies was not significantly different between Chinese and overseas patients (67.86% vs 55.9%, P=0.278). The rate of correct preoperative diagnosis in the Chinese patients was significantly lower than that in the overseas patients (32.14% vs 80%, P=0.000002), as well as the rate of complete excision of the tumor (22.7% vs 75.5%, P=0.000001). The proportion of patients who undergoing a single-stage or a two-stage operation was similar in Chinese and overseas patients. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in the Chinese patients than in the overseas patients (36.8% vs 9.1%, P=0.0055), and the patients with tumor recurrence were partial tumor excision patients.

Conclusion

The possibility of IVL should be considered if echocardiography in female patients demonstrates a tumor in the right heart and a mass in the inferior vena cava (IVC). Further imaging should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. The correct diagnosis and accurate preoperative delineation of tumor extension are essential for an optimal surgical outcome. The key point in IVL treatment is the complete excision of tumors (single-stage or two-stage surgical procedure).  相似文献
7.
Background Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although alveolar hypoxia is considered as a main cause of PH in COPD, structural and functional changes of pulmonary circulation are apparent at the initial stage of COPD. We hypothesized that an inflammatory response and oxidative stress might contribute to the formation of PH in COPD. Methods We measured the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and 8-iso-prostaglandin (8-iso-PSG) in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and serum in 40 patients with COPD only or in 45 patients with COPD combined with PH. Pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) was assessed by Doppler echocardiography and defined as PH when the value of systolic pressure was greater than 40 mmHg. Results Compared with the COPD only group, the level of IL-6 in EBC was significantly increased in all 45 patients with COPD combined with PH ((8.27±2.14) ng/L vs. (4.95±1.19) ng/L, P 〈0.01). The level of IL-6 in serum was also elevated in patients with COPD combined with PH compared with the COPD only group ((72.8±21.6) ng/L vs. (43.58±13.38) ng/L, P 〈0.01 ). Similarly, we also observed a significant increase in the level of 8-iso-PSG in both EBC and serum in the COPD with PH group, compared with the COPD only group (EBC: (9.00±2.49) ng/L vs. (5.96±2.31) ng/L, P 〈0.01 and serum: (41.87±9.75) ng/L vs. (27.79±11.09) ng/L, P 〈0.01). Additionally, the value of PASP in the PH group was confirmed to be positively correlated with the increase in the levels of IL-6 and 8-iso-PSG in both EBC and serum (r=0.477-0.589, P 〈0.05). Conclusion The increase in the levels of IL-6 and 8-iso-PSG in EBC and serum correlates with the pathogenesis of PH in COPD.  相似文献
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