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1.
PURPOSE: We describe the study design of the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Cohort (CPC) study characterizing men with chronic prostatitis/the chronic pelvic pain syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 488 men screened into the CPC study before close of recruitment on August 22, 2001 were selected for analysis. The National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index, including subscores, was used to measure symptoms. A comprehensive history, physical examination and demographic profile were obtained from each participant. Generalized Mantel-Haenszel procedures were used to investigate baseline associations between selected factors and symptoms. RESULTS: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a chronic syndrome affecting men over a wide age range. The majority of CPC study participants are white, well educated and affluent. However, lower education, lower income and unemployment were associated with more severe symptoms. Patients most frequently reported pain in the perineum and tenderness in the prostate. The highest self-reported diseases were genitourinary (55%), allergies (53%), neurological (40%) and hematopoietic, lymphatic or infectious (40%). This disease has a significant negative impact on mental and physical domains of quality of life. Almost all patients (95%) reported antimicrobial drug use. Of these 488 participants 280 (57%) reported the previous or current use of 5 or more categories of prostatitis related treatments. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a multifactorial problem affecting men of all ages and demographics. Patients with the chronic pelvic pain syndrome have dismal quality of life and many have benefited only minimally from empirical, goal directed therapy. Long-term followup of this cohort may answer important questions on the natural treated history of this syndrome.  相似文献
2.
护士工作倦怠与人格特征的相关研究   总被引:29,自引:9,他引:20  
目的 了解护士工作倦怠水平及其与人格特征的相关性,为有效干预护士的工作倦怠提供依据.方法 采用工作倦怠量表(CMBI)、艾森克人格问卷简式量表中国版(EPQ-RSC)和自尊量表对175名护士进行测试.结果 护士工作倦怠检出率为69.1%(121/175),其中轻度倦怠占50.4%(61/121)、中度倦怠占43.8%(53/121)、高度倦怠占5.8%(7/121);人格特征对护士的工作倦怠水平具有重要影响(P<0.05,P<0.01).结论 临床护士普遍存在工作倦怠问题,其人格特征对工作倦怠有显著影响,相关行政及护理管理部门应引起重视.  相似文献
3.
Sexual function in men with diabetes type 2: association with glycemic control   总被引:18,自引:0,他引:18  
PURPOSE: We evaluated the association of glycemic control with erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes type 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of men with diabetes type 2 at the Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center completed questions 1 to 5 of the International Index of Erectile Function. The primary outcome measure was erectile function score, calculated as the sum of questions 1 to 5. Details of disease duration, complications, medication use, patient age and level of glycosylated hemoglobin were obtained by reviewing the medical record. RESULTS: Mean subject age plus or minus standard deviation was 62.0+/-12.3 years, mean hemoglobin A1c was 8.1%+/-1.9% and mean erectile function score was 16.6+/-5.9 (range 5 to 23). Stratified analysis revealed that mean erectile function score decreased as hemoglobin A1c increased (analysis of variance p = 0.002). The test for linearity was also significant (p = 0.001). There were no statistically significant associations of levels of glycemic control with alpha-blocker, beta-blocker or diuretic use. Bivariate analysis showed a significant correlation of hemoglobin A1c with neuropathy but not with patient age, duration of diabetes, alpha-blockers, beta-blockers or diuretics. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that hemoglobin A1c was an independent predictor of erectile function score (p<0.001) even after adjusting for peripheral neuropathy, which was also an independent predictor (p = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Our data add to the growing body of literature suggesting that erectile dysfunction correlates with the level of glycemic control. Peripheral neuropathy and hemoglobin A1c but not patient age were independent predictors of erectile dysfunction.  相似文献
4.
PURPOSE: Anatomical nerve sparing radical prostatectomy provides excellent cancer control, although the recovery of sexual function is variable. We recently described a technique to preserve the prostatic fascia (veil of Aphrodite) that appears to enhance the quality of nerve preservation during robotic prostatectomy. In January 2003 we initiated a prospective study comparing patients undergoing prostatic fascia preservation with those undergoing conventional nerve sparing robotic radical prostatectomy. We report results at 12 months of followup MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January to August 2003, 58 potent men with a Sexual Health Inventory for Men score (SHIM) of greater than 21 without phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors underwent Vattikuti Institute prostatectomy, including 35 with preservation of the prostatic fascia (study) and 23 with conventional nerve sparing (control). Potency was assessed with self-administered SHIM questionnaires 12 months after surgery. The primary end point was achievement of erections strong enough for penetration with or without oral medications. The secondary end point was the ability to achieve normal erections (SHIM greater than 21) with and without medications. RESULTS: At 12 months of followup 17 of 23 control (74%) and 34 of 35 study (97%) patients achieved erections strong enough for intercourse (p = 0.002). Four control (17%) and 18 study (51%) patients achieved normal erections (SHIM greater than 21) without medication (p <0.0001). Six control (26%) and 30 study (86%) patients achieved normal erections with or without phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors (p <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Potency rates after radical prostatectomy vary with the measure used to define potency. Irrespective of the definition used patients undergoing prostatic fascia preserving radical prostatectomy have significantly better potency outcomes than patients undergoing conventional nerve sparing robotic prostatectomy at 12 months of followup.  相似文献
5.
AIMS: Symptoms of urogenital dysfunction are known to negatively affect health-related quality of life in women. To assess effectiveness of treatment, it is currently recommended to include measurements of quality of life in outcome analysis. One of the questionnaires that is commonly used is the combination of the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI) and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ). Unfortunately, the validity of the UDI and IIQ has only been tested in highly selected subgroups of female patients. Therefore, it is unclear whether this questionnaire is suitable for use in populations with different characteristics. METHODS: We analyzed the scale construction and validity of the UDI and IIQ in a random sample of 2,042 women, aged 20-70 years old and a clinical sample of 196 women. RESULTS: Our results show that the UDI can be divided into five subscales, namely discomfort/pain, urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, genital prolapse, and obstructive micturition. The internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) ranged between 0.74 and 0.82. In addition to the original four subscales of the IIQ (mobility, physical, social, and emotional functioning), we identified a fifth subscale with four items about embarrassment. Internal consistency of these subscales ranged between 0.83 and 0.93. In addition to the internal consistency, we tested the criterion and construct validity of these new subscale division. CONCLUSIONS: We found these subscales to be reliable and of clinical use. It is recommended to use the revised UDI and IIQ in outcome analysis of treatments for urogenital symptoms in women.  相似文献
6.
121例整形美容受术者心理状态初步分析   总被引:14,自引:2,他引:12  
目的探讨整形美容手术对受术者心理状态的影响。方法采用焦虑自评量表、抑郁自评量表、自尊量表、体像障碍自评量表及艾森克人格问卷的方法,对121例受术者进行问卷调查,并进行结果分析。结果在121例整形美容受术者中,术前焦虑、抑郁状态者分别为57%和27%。受术者术后自尊量表分值较术前上升2.631(P<0.01),体像障碍及精神质量表、神经质量表和掩饰程度分值分别下降6.131(P<0.01)、1.966(P<0.05)、3.458(P<0.01)和2.829(P<0.01)。术前受术者体像障碍与抑郁状态相关性r=0.193(P<0.05),回归方程为y=0.125x+30.278。结论受术者的自尊和体像障碍状态在整形美容手术术后有明显的改善。  相似文献
7.
The aim of the study was to develop an insight into the impairments in spinal fracture patients, operatively treated with an internal fixator, and also into their ability to participate in daily living, return to work and quality of life as defined by the World Health Organization. Nineteen patients operated for a type A fracture of the thoracolumbar spine (T9-L4) between 1993 and 1998 in the University Hospital Groningen, the Netherlands, aged between 18 and 60 years, without neurological deficit were included in the study. Operative treatment consisted of fracture reduction and internal fixation using the Universal Spine System, combined with transpedicular cancellous bone grafting and dorsal spondylodesis. No ventral fusion operations, laminectomies or discectomies were done. Restrictions in body function and structure were measured on radiographs and in functional capacity tests, such as lifting tests and ergometry. Restrictions in activities were studied with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) Spine Score and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Restrictions in participation/quality of life were analysed with the Short Form 36 (SF36) and described in the return to work status. The radiological results are comparable to the literature. The reduction of the anterior wedge angle was followed by a gradual partial loss of intervertebral angle and regional angle. The maximum oxygen uptake (VO2-max) was reduced in only 8.3% of the patients. Arm and trunk lift was within the normal range in 87% and 80% of the patients respectively, but only 53% of the patients were able to perform a leg lift within the normal range. A mean RMDQ score of 4.0 positive items (SD 6.0) was found, and the mean VAS Spinal Score was 79.4 (SD 25.0), both better than in other series. No significant differences compared to the values of a comparable (healthy) age group could be identified in any variable of the SF36. A high correlation was seen between RMDQ, VAS Spine Score and the SF36 categories. No correlation was found between the anterior wedge angle and the regional angle on the one hand, and functional capacity tests or questionnaire scores on the other. Of the patients in paid employment before the trauma, 87% had returned to work at follow-up. About 50% of the patients had been obliged to change the intensity of their work or the kind of work they performed after the injury and treatment. In this matter, leg (muscle) performance seems a more important factor than overall condition (VO2-max). The results of the study indicate that patients with thoracolumbar spinal fractures without neurological deficit, treated with dorsal instrumentation, perform like healthy people 3-8 years after injury, according to the RMDQ, VAS Spine Score and SF36 results. Physical capacity tests reveal that leg (muscle) performance seems a more important factor in impairment than arm lift or overall condition.  相似文献
8.
Quality of sleep in patients with chronic kidney disease.   总被引:11,自引:3,他引:8  
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common in patients with renal failure on dialysis; however, the prevalence of "poor sleep" in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not yet on dialysis is not known. This study aimed to measure the prevalence of "poor sleep" in CKD patients and to examine the association between quality of sleep and the degree of renal impairment in this population. METHODS: Quality of sleep was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in 120 prevalent CKD patients. RESULTS: Sixty-three subjects (53%) had "poor sleep" defined as a global PSQI score >5. There was no statistically significant relationship between the global PSQI score and the blood urea nitrogen level (BUN), serum creatinine level or calculated creatinine clearance, but the sleep efficiency component score correlated with BUN (r = 0.19, P = 0.04) and serum creatinine (r = 0.20, P = 0.03). A history of depression was the only independent predictor of "poor sleep" (global PSQI >5). CONCLUSIONS: "Poor sleep" is common in CKD patients. Quality of sleep decreases in the early stages of CKD and does not appear to be associated with the subsequent degree of renal failure. Large prospective longitudinal studies of quality of sleep in CKD patients are needed to confirm the high prevalence of impaired quality of sleep in this population and examine the association between renal function and quality of sleep while controlling for potential confounding variables.  相似文献
9.
PURPOSE: We evaluated pain, convalescence and health related quality of life in patients undergoing laparoscopic and open mini-incision donor nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the records of consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic and mini-incision open donor nephrectomy from our donor nephrectomy data base in retrospective fashion using 2 questionnaires. The first questionnaire evaluated postoperative pain, return to functioning time and satisfaction. The second questionnaire was the RAND 36-Item Health Survey, version 2, a standardized and validated health survey quality of life assessment tool. Mean patient sex, age and followup were similar for the 2 groups. All data were analyzed using the 2-tailed t test for independent variables with commercially available statistical analysis software. RESULTS: Pain in the laparoscopic group was significantly less than in the mini-incision group at all followup time points (p <0.05). Statistically significant differences demonstrated that laparoscopy led to more rapid recovery time in certain categories, including walking, discontinuation of prescribed oral pain relievers, return to driving, and resumption of normal work and home daily activities. More subjective questions in the survey showed high levels of acceptance for the 2 procedures. Using the RAND 36-Item Health Survey, version 2 health related quality of life was significantly higher in the laparoscopy group in 3 domains that measure bodily pain, physical functioning and emotional role functioning. However, each group scored at or above age matched American averages in all domains. CONCLUSIONS: The laparoscopy group had significantly less postoperative pain and required less time to return to normal functional activities than the mini-incision group. In addition, the laparoscopic group showed significantly higher quality of life scores than the mini-incision group in 3 domains.  相似文献
10.
Intravesical potassium sensitivity in patients with prostatitis   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
PURPOSE: Prostatitis and interstitial cystitis encompass similar symptoms and may be manifestations of a single pathophysiological process in the lower urinary tract. Most patients with interstitial cystitis have urinary epithelial dysfunction, as indicated by a positive intravesical potassium sensitivity test. We used the potassium sensitivity test for the presence of epithelial dysfunction in men with diagnosed prostatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered the potassium sensitivity test in men who presented with the signs and symptoms of prostatitis (urgency/frequency and/or pelvic pain) after being diagnosed with prostatitis and receiving at least 1 course of antibiotic treatment administered by a urologist other than one of us. We also surveyed the patients for urinary symptoms and pain locations using 2 self-evaluation questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of 44 patients with prostatitis completed the questionnaires and underwent the potassium sensitivity test. Of the 44 men 37 (84%) had positive potassium sensitivity test results, 89% reported urinary urgency/frequency and 82% reported pain. Pain locations included the perineum, lower abdomen, lower back, penis, testes, scrotum and rectum as well as dysuria and post-void pain. Pain with sexual intercourse was reported by 75% of the patients with prostatitis. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of positive potassium sensitivity test results in patients with prostatitis is almost identical to that reported in those with interstitial cystitis (84% and 79%, respectively), suggesting that prostatitis and interstitial cystitis may be a continuum of lower urinary epithelial dysfunction. Similar to patients with interstitial cystitis, most patients with prostatitis experience pain during sexual intercourse and perceive pain at locations throughout the pelvis. We suggest reclassifying the prostatitis-interstitial cystitis disease process as lower urinary dysfunctional epithelium.  相似文献
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